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Court, and demanded Oyer of the Exigent, which was the Warrant of the Outlawry; and shew'd the Exigent to be altoge. ther uncertain and insufficient, and consequently the Outlawry depending upon it to be null. And the Court gave Judgment accordingly, tho the Record of the Outlawry were never Revers’d by Error; which differs not from this case, where the Order of Commitment is Judicially declar'd illegal, tho not quash'd or revers'd by Error , and consequently what ever depends upon it, as the fine and Commitment doth; and the Outlawry in the former Case was more the King's Incerett, than the Fine in this.

The Lord Chief Justice deliver'd the Opinion of the

Court, and accordingly the Prisoners were discharg'd.

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Phenir XIII.

An Apology or Defence of William

the First of Nassau, Prince of Orange, &c. in answer to the Pró clamation against, and Proscription

of bim by the King of Spain. To which is prefixid the said Proscription at

length, with several Letters and Declarations of the Prince of Orange, c. re. lating thereunto.


The Copy of a Letter written by the King with his

own Hand, 10 the Prince of Orange. Have with great Affection receiv'd your Letter of the 27th of May, and since that other which you writ unto

me the 14th of June : And by that which I have written to my Sister, you have been able to understand the small Occafion that you have to think that which you write unto me in that Letter of the 27th of May, but rather the contrary. Also it is certain, that you should much deceive your self to think, that I would not have all Confidence and good Opinion of you: And albeit fome certain one should mean to perform a contrary Duty towards me, yet this thould remain,


hat I would not be fo light, as to give credit thereto, having o grear Experience of your Loyalty and Services. Wherefore you need not trouble your self therewith, but ftay your self upon the Letters, which heretofore I have written unto you in this behalf, and upon your own Deeds, but at no hand reft upon that which some Enemies (it may be of my Service, and of your good Estate ) would endeavour to cause you to under. stand.' Touching the Liberty you demand, to leave off your Charges and Offices, it grieveth me, that your particular Affairs and Businesses are in such Terms and State as you say: And I cannot but tell you, that the Affairs of those Countries, standing in such sort and manner as they do, it is not reason that such persons, as yours is (to whom I trust, and upon whom I stay my felf) should abandon and forsake the same, specially I my self being so far off from the said Countries : yea rather it were reason, that those that are in their own Houses, should speedily provide for, and help this present neceflity, and imploy themselves upon that whereunto they are bound, as ye have prefently done, in going to Antwerp, whereby I have receiv'd great Contentment and Joy; and am very well assur'd, that ye will there do whatsoever shall be most convenient for my Service, and for the quietness and peace of the said Town and Country, and for the avoiding of the Disorders that shall arise there. Which thing also I hope of you, and I know that ye will not declare your self to be any other, than such a one as ye have heretofore declar'd your self to be, all your life long. And to the end ye may perceive, that I do deal freely with you, I will not 'cease to advertise you, that there hath been in these Quarters a great Rumor concerning this; to wit, that your Brother hath been found to be a dealer in those things that are done there. And because I cannot cease much and often to think of this matter, I charge you ftri&tly diligently to confider, how it may be remedied and redreffed, that it proceed no further, and look that you do effettually perform it: and if it seem good unto you to remove, for a few days, your Brother far from you, do so. From the Foreft of Segovia the first of August.


And written upon the Back.fide
To the Prince of Orange,

And seald with the King's Seal.


A Proclamation and an Edict in Form of a

Proscription, made by the Majesty of the King our Lord, against William of Nassau, Prince of Orange, as the chief Captain and Disturber of the State of Christendom, and especially of thefe Low-Countries ; by which every one is au. thoriz’d to hurt him and to kill him, as a publick Plague; with a Reward to him that shall do it, and

fhall be affifting and aiding thereunto.

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HILIP, by the Grace of God, King of Castile, Leon, As.

ragon, Navar, Naples, Cicilia, Majorca, Sardinia, of the Isles, Indies, Firm Land, and of the Ocean-Sea, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Lothier, Brabant, Lemburg, Luxenburg, Gelderland and Milan; County of Hapsburg, Flanders, Artois and Bure gundy; Palatine both of Huynault, Holand, Zealand, Nemure and Zutphen; Prince of Suave; Marquis of the Holy Empire ; Lord of Friseland, Salines and Malines, and the City, Towns and Country of Utrecht, Overyfjet and Groningen, and Governor in Asia and Africa. To all those that shall fee these prefent Writings, Greeting.

It's known to all the World, how the late Emperor of moft Excellent Memory, Charles the Fifth, my Lord and Father, whom God absolve, hath favourably handled and dealt with William of Nassau, for the Succession of the late Rene of Chaalen, Prince of Orange his Cousin: and how from that time forward, even from his firft Age, he hath (altho he were a Stranger ) greatly advanc'd him, which thing we our felves also have always successively continued, and daily augmented more and more; having made him firft of our Order, afterward our Lieutenant-General in the Government of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht and Bargundy; and withal, of our Council of State, beftowing upon him sundry Benefits and Honours; whereby both by reaSon of the Oath of Fidelity and Homages, which he hath likewise made unto us; because also of the Fees, Pensions, Lands and Lordships, held of us in divers our Countries and Provinces, he was greatly subjected, and bound to obey us ; to keep and hold his Faith given, and to procure the Good and


Profit of our Affairs, and consequently to maintain all quietness and peace in our Estates and Countries. Notwithstanding every one knoweth, that we were not so soon departed out of those our Low-Countries, but that the said William of Nassau, made Prince of Orange by the means above-mention’d, did by

his finister Practices, Devices and Crafts, affay first to get the ! Good-wills of those whom he knew to be discontent, greatly

indebted, haters of Justice, studious of Novelties, and especi

ally such as were suspected to be of the Religion, banqueting !

them, provoking them, and drawing them after him by fair | Words, Promises and vain Persuafions, even so far, that he

was the principal Author, Promoter and Framer of the firfi Requeft, presented by certain Companies of young Gentlemen, who did daily frequent his House and Table: yea, that the very Plot thereof was laid in his said House, by and with the Allistance of Count Ludovick of Nasan his Brother, a great Heretick. And albeit, that he was the Director of all these Devices; yet, in that time, he daily haunted the Council of State, being present at all Consultations and Resolutions taken and made therein ; infomuch that every Man may eafily mark the faithful Trust that was in him, and the Observation of his Oaths. And afterward paffing from the said Requeft, and proceeding further, he and his Adherents brought in Heretical Preachings, and Publick Assemblies in sundry places of our faid Countries, whilft that the Dutchess of Parma, our most dear and best-beloy'd Sifter (then Regent and General Governor of our faid Low-Countries) had sent unto us, that we might give order concerning the said Requeft. And also, by the Advice, Knowledg, and Partaking of the said Prince of Orange, the Hereticks ( being guided by those Presenters of the aforesaid Requeft, who were favour'd by him) began tumultuously to break Images, Altars and Churches; to prophane all holy and sacred Things, yea, the Sacraments instituted by God. Nevertheless, by the Grace of God, and Forelight of the faid Lady, the Matters were so well governd and remedied, that he was inforc'd to depart out of our Countries, and to leave his said Governments, yet not without being full of Wrath and Threatnings that he would be reveng'd therefore : which thing he thought the Year following to perform by Arms, but in vain ; for he was so speedily pursu'd by our Army continually following him at his heels, that he was driven out of all our said Countries, without being able to remain in any part thereof. But as soon after there

did in sundry places appear some Discontentment of our said Subjects, against the Government of the Duke of Alva ( who succeeded the said Lady in the Government aforesaid) and amongft others, in the Pro



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