A Culture of Sufism: Naqshbandis in the Ottoman World, 1450-1700

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SUNY Press, Jan 1, 2005 - Religion - 285 pages
A Culture of Sufism opens a window to a new understanding of one of the most prolific and enduring of all the Sufi brotherhoods, the Naqshbandiyya, as it spread from its birthplace in central Asia to Iran, Anatolia, Arabia, and the Balkans between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. Drawing on original sources and carefully aware of the power of modern paradigms to obscure, Le Gall portrays a Naqshbandiyya that was devotionally sober yet not demysticized and rigorously orthodox without being politically activist. She argues that the establishment of this brotherhood in Ottoman society was not the product of political instrumentality. Instead the Naqshbandi? dissemination is best explained in reference to a series of little-appreciated organizational and cultural modes such as proclivity to long-distance travel, independence from specialized Sufi institutions, linguistic adaptability, commitment to writing and copying, and the practice of bequeathing spiritual authority to non-kin.
 

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Contents

From Transoxania to the Ottoman Lands
13
FROM KHWAJAGAN TO NAQSHBANDIYYA
14
AGENTS OF TRANSMISSION
17
IN THE SHADOW OF SAFAVID PERSECUTION
23
SAFAVID POWER AND CHANGING PATTERNS OF COMMUNICATIONS
28
CONCLUSION
32
Istanbul
35
SPIRITUAL LINES AND CONTINUITY
41
Devotional Practice and the Construction of Orthodoxy
109
ACTING WITH STRICTNESS
110
SOBRIETY IN DEVOTIONAL PRACTICE
113
COMMUNICATING WITH THE FRIENDS OF GOD
120
TEACHING IBN ALARABI
123
FROM A SPIRITUAL TO A POLITICAL MARKER?
127
CONCLUSION
134
Politics of Sunnism Battles over Orthodoxy
137

TEKKES AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
45
PENETRATING SOCIETY
55
WAQFMAKING AND THE WOMEN OF THE TARIQA
60
Anatolia and the Balkans
63
CAPITAL AND PROVINCE TOWN AND COUNTRYSIDE
64
THE BALKANS
67
KURDISTAN
70
A CHARISMATIC SHAYKH
75
BURSA
80
Arabia CONSTRAINTS ON EARLY TRANSMISSION
87
AN INDIAN TRANSPLANT AND HIS ARABIAN DISCIPLES
94
TEACHING IN MULTIPLE TARIQAS
99
CONCLUSION
103
The Politics and Culture of a Tariqa
107
AHRARIAN POLITICS AND THE OTTOMAN ENVIRONMENT
138
BRINGING THE HETERODOX TO HEEL
140
A THESIS REVISITED
142
A NAQSHBANDI KADIZADELI
150
Organizational and Cultural Modes
157
BEQUEATHING SPIRITUAL AUTHORITY AND SENDING OFF KHALIFAS
162
TARIQA SILSILA AND PRIDE OF AFFILIATION
166
TRAVEL LANGUAGE AND THE TARIQA AS INTERREGIONAL NETWORK
169
Conclusion
177
Notes
185
Glossary
231
Bibliography
243
Index
261
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About the author (2005)

Dina Le Gall is Assistant Professor of History at Lehman College, The City University of New York.

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