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Without residing upon his cure of upon the duties of the Sabbath. souls, the ,best man living cannot It is the Lord's day; and therefore đo his duty. The question once the Lord's servant should “make asked by the brethren of David, the Sabbath a delight.” may be fairly put to the conscience 2dly, The minister's example has of every non-resident clergyman, — great weight on this boly day. “ With whom hast thou left those The behaviour, likewise, of his few sheep in the wilderness?” It children and his servauts tends to will not be denied, that the most lead others into the paths of holisolemn oaths have been taken, and ness. the most sacred promises made; 3dly, The minister is at hand to and yet the minister of God, the advise lais parishioners in any little very character who should be ready emergency. , No intruder will atto explain the nature of an oath, tempt to make inroads when the and shew the tendency, of a pro- watchman is at his post. mise to others, is breaking these 4thly, The sick persous in his engagements himself. The lamp parish are constantly attended. which should illumine the sanc- The good impressions made in tuary, is rarely seen within its sickness are not suffered to wear walls.
off, without some remonstrance. To compare great things with An evening call when the poor man small,-as a country squire, 1 keep has left his work; a religious tract; a flock of sheep; no matter whe. a word in season; a friendly prayer: ther the Merino or the South Down. these may be blessed to the salvaI am curious in my wool, and pride tion of the soul. myself upon my superior mutton. 5thly, The resident minister is a My shepherd once said to me, father to the poor. Suppose bim “ Please your honour, I can have to have no children of his own, he a cottage with a nice bit of garden, can do the more for the children of in the next village; I will be sure others. Dr. Johnson, speaking of to come early, and go home late; the responsibility of ministers, once may I live there ?" Certainly not, said, “ that a clergyman was the my good man, said I, if you wish father of a larger family than be 10 continue in my service. I give could maintain.” Be it so: but it you a small cottage in my own he cannot maintain all the children, field; but you want a garden: if he will do something towards their the place suits you, live in it; but maintenance. if not, leave the employment, and 6thly, Sunday-schools, where choose for yourself. Now, sir, if a clergyman is resident, may do my shepherd must be on the spot, incalculable good. To these & to attend to his sheep, to watch over stranger caunot attend; and if they them, to administer medicine, to are neglected, persons of some enlarge the fold, and to change other religious persuasion step in, the pasture-how much more in a take up the young shoots, and spiritual sense ? Our Lord is said transplant them into a different to have had compassion on the soil. multitude, because they were as 7thly, We might insist upon the sheep having no shepherd. I fear exquisite pleasure to be derived that there are many such multi. from residence. As the good old tudes in the present day.
Rector, mentioned in the early part The benefits to be derived from of this paper, used to say, “Trees clerical residence are incalculable. after a week's labour in the yine, I will venture to name a few of the yard, that which I cannot describe: most apparent.
a joy with which a stranger inter. Ist, The minister is neither hur- meddleth not. To know a people, ried nor fatigued when he enters we must live in the midst of them
8thly, How rich the recompence another green, and the other black; of reward. To say before the tri- and I am of opinion, that the same bunal of God, Lo! I, and the chil. answer, which the animal returned dren which God hath given me! on that occasion, will be equally
Would to God that these hints applicable at present, might stimulate any one non-resi. “ You all are right, and all are wrong." dent clergyman to consider the vast weight of responsibility, im- With respect to the expenses of posed upon him. If he be a close some young men, mentioned by reasoner, let him take-1st, the RUSTICUS, no one will pretend to negative side of this question, and deny, that such may not, nay that calculate wbat are the losses, tem- such do, actually occur; yet every poral and spiritual, which his peo- one, who is in the least degree ple sustain by his absence from his acquainted with the University, benefice; and what are the wants knows, that these are not necessury which he has undertaken to supply. expenses, nor are they any other Then-2dly, let him turn to the than would probably have been positive good which the same peo- contracted in almost any other ple might receive if he were in his situation. To consider these, pulpit on the seventh day, and in therefore, as college expenses is cerhis appointed orbit of usefulness tainly to consider them in a very on the other six days in the week. erroneous point of view. Let this warning of our Blessed Again, the instances adduced by Master be written in letters of the OLD FELLOW are, I have no gold, « Cast ye the unprofitable doubt, perfectly true; but I would servant into outer darkness; there ask, "Is it possible to form a correct shall be weeping and gnashing of idea of college expenses, from sin. teeth.” Let the same characters gle instances of remarkably parsi. record this encouragement, “ Call monious characters, or of persons the labourers, and give them under particular circumstances ?" their hire"_" Thou hast been Surely not. Yet such are the cases faithful in a few things, I will make presented by your correspondents, thee ruler over many things : enter Such was Henry Kirke White's. thou into the joy of thy Lord.” But suppose it to be otherwise, it I am, &c.
must be recollected that he speaks • R. P. B. only of St. John's College ; and
since his time, such has been the
influx of sizars (owing probably to To the Editor of the Christian Observer.
his letters) that St. John's now, is
not what it was then. If, however, As so much has already been writ- your correspondent, the Old Felten on the Expenses of a College low, means only to shew what may Education, I really should feel be done, I could bring him an inashamed of offering any farther re- stance of one, whose expenses, durmarks on the subject, were I not ing the whole of his undergraduateconfident that erroneous opinions ship, were considerably less than must necessarily be formed, from 5ví. and this too, without having the statements given by your va- any scholarship, without having rious correspondents. I do not commons free, or, in fact, without mean, even to insinuate that eaclı having any emolument whatever. has not given a true account of But, sir, I need not say, that, most those instances which have fallen probably, this is the only instance under his notice; but on reading of the kind that ever did or ever them, I am reminded of the story will occur. of three travellers, who disputed The Old Fellow informs us, that about the colour of the camelion; he is speaking of “the actual col. que contending that it was blue. lege expenses of a sizar:" but needs he to be informed that, even these and I trust he will change his opivary very considerably? Does he nion of me. not know, that two sizars, whose I was placed at a college where habits and proceedings exactly I had no deduction whatever, except coincide, may, nevertheless, find about 161. per annum, arising from their accounts very different? In a scholarship. My account, theresome colleges a sizar may have fore, not only includes commons, commops and rooms free, while rooms, servants, &c. but also furat others he must pay for both. niture, expenses of degree, acaAgain, the expenses of one may demical dress, &c.; tailors' bills, be considerably reduced by emolu- booksellers', (for such hooks as inents arising from scholarships, were absolutely necessary); in fact, chapel-clerkship, &c. &c. while every other expense during my unanother may have no such deduc- dergraduateship. I must just obtion.
serve, however, that for near five Now sir, as I was a sizar not a months in the summer, and one in century ago, perhaps you will give the winter, I was with my friends, me leave to state what were my and therefore, during that time, had annual expenses. Be it remember- no expenses. ed, that it was of great importance Under these circumstances, I to me to be economical ; and on a conceive that no person can, with review of my accounts, I really any degree of respectability, pass cannot discover that I have been through college for a less sum. As otherwise. It must be understood I have said before, the expenses of also, that I take into account, not a sizar are very various : but, by only “ actual college expenses," knowing the amount of the emolu(wbich, by the bye, is so indefinite ments, it will be an easy matter to a phrase that nobody knows what compute with a tolerable accuracy is ineant by it), but every expense the necessary expenses of one in whatever, except that of travelling. that situation. I cannot take my Well then, sir, on an average, after leave of the Old Fellow, without every deduction is made, I find it informing him, that I have not exhas cost' me 105l. per annum. pended a single farthing in dinner Perhaps at first, the Old Fellow parties, wine parties, &c. &c. or in may startle, on comparing this with fact on any superfluites. his 471. and think me a very extra
I am, &c. vagant youth: let him, however,
A. B. suspend his judgment a moment,
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A brief Account of the Jesuits : or of the individuals who profess it. with historical Proofs in support It is difficult to condemn one memof it, tending to establish the ber of the Christian body, without Danger of the Revival of that feeling a momentary suspicion of Order to the World at large, and the rest-to detect a single spot to the United Kingdom in par- of leprosy upon the vestments on ticular. London: Rivingtons. the church, without fancying that 1815. pp. 56.
it has diffused itself over the whole. To those who desire the extension This circumstance, then, in itsell; of religion, no contemplation can has been sufficient to render that be more painful than the errors or part of our office which requires misconduct either of the churches the exposure of the faults of any
Christian church or body, pecu- criminal; and such a point is that, liarly irksome to us; and if we we conceive, to which modern ever enter upon the task, it is not Popes or Papists conduct us, when, to indulge our taste, but to fulfil instead of acknowledging and deour duty. Nor does this reluct- ploring the crimes of their prede. ance to investigate and condemn cessors, they re-erect the instituconfine itself to the various bodies tions in which those crimes chiefly of Christians existing in our own originated ; -- when they again country. It extends to the Church polish and sharpen what have been of Rome. Enougli, as it seems to ihe weapons of assasination-or us, and more than enough of the weave what has proved itself to be fiery arrows of disputation have the fatal web of political or relibeen discharged by the Romish gious intrigue. It certainly was and Protestant Churches. Long with deep regret, as well as astoenough have we viewed each other nishment, we perceived that, no through the dark medium of pas- sooner was the millstone of dession and prejudice. Long enough potism and usurpation taken from have all parties conceived that the the neck of Popery, no soover did best vindication of their own prin- she arise and shake herself from ciples is the unjust inculpation of the dust of oppression and insult, others. It is now time, not that than she proved that affliction bad we should forsake or compromise purged away few of her follies. the truth; not that we should call We saw, and we were shocked to good evil, and evil good; not that see, even in Paris, many of the we should deny the right and ne- ancient superstitions revived cessity for Christians to quit the ceremonies which had disappeared altar of Popery, if that altar ceased even before the Revolution, again to be erected on “ the foundation affront the eye of reason and comof apostles and prophets, Jesus mon sense-a disposition to invest Christ himself being the chief the pope with much of that authocorner-stone,”—but that we should rity which his predecessors had so maintain our cause with mildness, long and mischievously possessed. temperance, and truth ; that we all this, however, miglit have been should cease to misrepresent or to passed over in silence; because we magnify; that we should rather are convinced that the spirit of the mourn than triumph over the faults age, unless peculiarly controuled, of our sister; that we should en- will soon extinguish much of the deavour, under the Divine blessing, mummery of this artificial and to win her to a purer creed and a childish system of religious worholier temper, by the exhibition of ship; and that the pope is not the the practical influence of that better more powerful because a few of his creed upon ourselves.
followers choose to think him so. Acting upon this principle, it is But the pamphlet before us, with impossible for us willingly to mul- several other important documents, tiply the faults of Papists; to im- present a more important and pute to them either principles or alarming subject of inquiry, viz. : consequences of principles which the revival of the Order of the they disown; to visit upon them, by Jesuits, by a mandate of the Pope. a sort of posthumous sentence, all The pamphlet itself is well written; those crimes of their ancestors though occasionally it errs, we which sprang, perhaps, as much think, by colouring a very little too from the spirit of the times as the highly; by charging evils exclucharacter of the religion. But, at sively upon Jesuitism, of which it the same time, there is a point at was only in part the cause; by which forbearance must have an passing over certain concurrent end, and at which silence would be causes; by allowing too little to the spirit of the age, and to the that the concessions made to the individual villany of some calling Jesuits in Russia and Sicily, should themselves Jesuits; yet, in general, extend to all his ecclesiastical states, the arguments are just and forcible, and to all other states." All nethe historical references accurate, cessary powers are then granted to and the conclusion no stronger than the present General of the Society, the premises appear abundantly to “ in order that the said states may warrant. It is our intention to freely receive all who desire to be, pass over much the same ground or shall be, admitted into the Orwith the author; and, in so doing, der; and power is granted to the we shall either resort to our own members to apply themselves to the stores, or take the liberty of draw. education of youth-to direct col. ing upon him, as may best serve leges and seminaries- to hear conour purpose. If we are not mis- fessions, to preach, and administer taken, the whole view of the sub- the sacraments." ject will be such as to justify, if “ The bull is then directed to be not, what the author demands, a inviolably observed, in all future legislative interference to resist the times, and that it shall never be landing of a Jesuit upon our shores, submitted to the judgment or reviyet such representation from every sion of any judge, with whatever part of Europe to the Court of power he may be clothed, declaring Rome, as may at once teach her null and void any encroachment on that she caunot with impunity let those regulations, either knowingly loose the ministers of intrigue and or from ignorance." of crime upon nations where these The bull of Clement XIV. who crimes are already recorded in let, abolished the order, is then exters of blood.
pressly abrogated- and it is, last• And, in the first place, it may be ly, stated, that “if any one shall well to examine the instrument by attempt by an audacious temerity which the Order is restored. Je- to infringe or oppose any part of suitism had already been revived that ordinance, he will thereby in 1801, under the auspices of the incur the indignation of Almighty very wise and amiable Emperor God, and of the holy Apostles.” Paul, and in Sardinia, in 1804, by It has already been intimated, King Ferdinand. But such partial that had the crimes charged upon restoration ill satisfied the more the Society of Jesuits been chargeambitious members of that, at all able, rather upon the spirit of the times, ambitious body. Accor- times than upon the institution : dingly a bull was obtained from had they originated, rather in the Rome in August, 1814, in which vices of a few individuals connected the present pope declares that he with that Society than in the genius should deem himself guilty “ to- of the Order itself; bad they been wards God, if, amidst the dan- rather the accidental than necesgers of the Christian republic, he sary fruits of its constitution, we should neglect to employ the aids might have deemed it right to say which the special providence of less on the subject. But the fact God bad put in his power, and appears to be, that, taking human if, placed in the bark of St. nature and the state of society as Peter, and tossed by continual they are, we cannot conceive that storms, he should refuse to em- such an Order could exist in the ploy the vigorous and experi- world, and such consequences not enced powers who volunteer their arise. But this is a matter of services." It then declares, that proof rather than of assertion ; the pope, "in virtue of the pleni. and we will therefore begin by tude of apostolic power, and with laying before our readers some perpetual validity, had decreed, account of the Society,drawn partly