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thing to do with the journey be the great change, occupied by no was about to undertake, and busy earthly care, but for his future in the contemplation of spiritual widow. and eternal things. His friend re- The state of his mind was manitains a feeling recollection of his fest from the pious ejaculations last visit, when this venerable pas- which he repeatedly uttered, and tor, repeating a portion of one of especially from the frequency with his sermons, in which compassion which he fell on his knees, and for the souls of sinners was the poured forth his soul in silent asprincipal subject, was more than pirations to the God, who, above once interrupted from proceeding all other things, heareth the prayer by tears. This, it is known, was of the heart. neither the first nor the last time His burial, on the 5th of January, they were shed on the same sub- was, according to his express deject; and happy will it be for his sire, very private; and on the Sunflock, if they are so mindful of his day after, funeral sermons, both tears that they may be filled with appropriate and impressive, were

preached by the Rev. Mr. Evans, The illness which was fatal was who was his assistant. As a grateshort. On the Sunday previous to ful testimony of respect and love his death, which was likewise the to one so worthy of them, the pulanniversary of the Incarnation of pit was hung in black, and the the Redeemer, he took his place in principal inhabitants have put on ibe house of God, and officiated mourning. there, with more than usual vigour. The loss of this good man will be On Wednesday night, the 28th of long and deeply felt. The poor, December, he was violently seized and those in particular among with a complaint to which he had them who experienced his private, long been subject. He lived active, and extensive benevolence, through Thursday, part of the day will take their part in the general in great pain, but perfectly sensi- sorrow. And his memory will be ble; and after falling into a quiet cherished with peculiar tenderness sleep at night, he expired the next by those who best knew him, and morning at about two o'clock, unit- were most nearly related to him. ing rest in sleep with the sleep of The friend who was honoured with death, the beginning of the eternal the office of committing his mortal rest. From the first he was sensi- remains to the tomb, and who has ble, that he had received the stroke supplied this very inadequate meof death; and was henceforth anxi. morial, unites in the same feeling, ous only to set his house in order, and adds to it his fervent prayer, with respect both to temporal and that all to whom this departed spiritual things ; and in patience, saint was dear, will testify their heavenly-mindedness, and a good attachment by imitating his virhope, lie continued to prepare for tues.

POSTSCRIPT.

JUNE 28th.--All our anticipations of the been attended with the entire disorganifavourable consequences of the battle zation and dissolution of the French of Waterloo have been far exceeded by Army. A detailed account of it has the event. The defeat proves to have appeared in the Moniteur of the 22d.

In this account, Bonaparte lays claim arrangement with the allies. A Proto a great victory, which was wrested visional Government has been named, from him by an imprudent and precipi- consisting, it is said, of Carnot, Fouché, tate movement of his gnards, which Grenier, Caulincourt, and Qoinette. ended in their repulse, Being thrown The abdication of Bonaparte havins into disorder, they took to fight. Their thus been sanctioned by the legislative confusion communicated itself to other body, commissioners, it is said, have corps, and in a short time the panic been appointed to treat with the allied was universal. The whole army be- sovereigns. In the mean time, the cane a disordered mass; troops of all allies were fast advancing on the road kinds were huddled together; and it was to Paris. The duke of Wellington had impossible to rally a single corps. The reached La Fere on the 24th, and was enemy took advantage of this state of procecding to Compiegne, within 50 or things, and the rout became complete., 60 miles of Paris. Blucher was proEven Bonaparte's body guard was ceeding by Laon in a parallel line. broken up. The park of artillery, Large reinforcements had reached him. baggage, and all that was in the field Such is the astonishing issne of the remained in the enemy's power. “Such," victory which, through the Divine fait is said, “ was the issue of the battle voir, has been obtained by our gallant of Mont Saint Jean, so glorious yet so army. England will have the chief disastrous to the French Army." Bona- share of the glory of having purchased parte quitted, the army the following with her blood the peace and indeday, and reached Paris on the 21st. He pendence of Europe. May we be prefound the two houses in permanent sit- served from undue elation! Aud may ting. A proposition was made to them, we feel to whom our thanks are suto direct the levy en masse, as the only premely owing! A day of national means of saving their country. This thanksgiving, we hope, will witness was declined The Council of State in the grateful adoration of millions in this timated to Bonaparte, that his abdica- land to Him who hath taught our tion had become necessary. He has hands to war, and our fingers to fight;" accordingly abdicated a second time; who hath been our “ goodness, and our and is now supposed to be in reality a fortress, our bigh tower, and our deprisover, though continuing to occupy liverer, our shield, and he in whom we his palace. He issued a proclamation, trust." Nor ought we on that occasion announcing this event, and derlaring to forget those who are now expehis sou Emperor, by the title of Na- riencing every species of bodily agony poleon II. This has given rise to vio- from the wounds they have suffered in lent debates in the Chambers, which our cause; nor those who have been were terminated by a kind of compro. subjected to mental anguish, of a still less mise. Napoleon II. is, in the mean supportable kind, by the stroke which time, to be declared Emperor, that has severed from them for ever the light there may be a nominal head of the of their eyes, the support of their empire ; but with a manifest under youth, or the staff of their age. Let standing that this appointment should the wounded, the widow, and the ornot interfere to prevent a favourable phan, share our prayers and our bounty.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We have found it impossible to insert a tenth part of the Religious Intelligence

now lying before us. i . '
L. A.; Z; C. L.; E ; $idotatepwr ; have been received.
MODERATOR; LAICUS ; will appear.
Lord Byron's Corsair has been reviewed in the Christian Observer. .
The Epistles of the Apostolic Fathers have already appeared in this work

OBSERVER

No. 163.) ; on

JULY, 1815.

No. 7. Vol. XIV.

iisi RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS,

THE LIFE OF PASCALE .M. Pascal had been preserved, : . (Continued from p. 356.). by the peculiar favour of God, from AT PASCAL has been hitherto the vices into which young men are IV . presented before the reader too commonly betrayed : nor 'was in a very elevated point of view, he moved by those libertine dis. as a mathematician, a philosopher, courses in which revealed religion and a scholar; but he is now to be is insulted, as a subject unworthy exhibited under a much more illuş- the attention of a man of parts, trious character. Whatever ho- and some of its most important nourable distinctions his brilliant 'truths are treated, by men who acquisitions might have procured never seriously considered them, for bim, the attainments and the with scorn or raillery. Religion fame were alike perishable; but in was with him an object of too great the very superior sphere in which moment to be sacrificed to the he is about to be contemplated, he futile arguments, or the misplaced will appear adorned with the disc ridicule of unbelievers. He was positions, and animated by the often heard to acknowledge with prospects, of a Christian, Towards gratitude, that among the many the end of the year 1647, he was obligations which he owed to his afflicted by a paralytic affection of father, none were more valuable both his legs, which deprived him than the care and assiduity with nearly of the use of them during wbich he had inculcated this three months. It was probably to maxim; “Whatever is an object this circumstance, that his sister of faith cannot be an object of alluded, when she recorded his reason, much less be subordinate judging it necessary, from a par- to it.” Propositions like this, fresticular occurrence, to employ some quently repeated by a father, of time in the perusal of books of whose capacity, erudition, piety, piety. While he was thus engaged, and tenderness he had witnessed it pleased God to impress his mind so many unequivocal proofs, were with such a serious apprehension adınirably calculated to secure his of the nature and obligations of mind against that inconsiderate Christianity, and with so lively a scepticism under which the eneconviction that it is the duty of mies of Christianity attempt to all men to consider their Creator veil their immoral and licentious as alone worthy of their supreme principles. love and unremitting service, that The state of M. Pascal's mind his former pursuits lost much of at this period exhibits a remarktheir apparent excellency and im- able phenomenon in the moral - portance. From this period he world. We behold a capacious, renounced the study of those scie acute, and inquisitive genius, aniences whicb relate merely to natural mated by an ardent desire to peobjects, and devoted himself to the netrate the mysteries of natural acquisition of that one thing which science, and anxiously requiring a -Jesus Christ has taught us to be reason for every object of philolieve is alone necessary.

sophical inquiry, yet restraining CHRIST. OBSERY, No. 163. 31

his curiosity within the boundaries conviction, they be deemed unof physical truth, and receiving worthy of any answer. the word of God with reverence, Reason is that power of the soul. submission, and childlike simpli. by which axioms are formed from city. Nor was this simplicity only particular instances; and consethe companion of his early days; quences are deduced from acknowit seemed to govern the tenor of his ledged premises. When a book, life, and to direct the course of professing to be a Divine revelahis studies. His superior powers tion, is presented to us, it is the of intellection were not applied to province of reason to inquire into the discussion of curious questions the evidences of its authenticity: in theology, nor exhausted in spe- when these are established, the culations upon impenetrable myste- same faculty dictates inplicit subries. He considered the Bible as a mission to its contents. Whether practical book, from which he was the matter of Divine revelation be to learn the spirit and genius of such as the logician would have Christianity. With views like these expected, is a discussion unsuitable did he peruse the sacred volume, to his condition as an imperfect and employed the remainder of his and fallen creature; yet be is life in meditating upon the law of bound to understand what is God day and night. It may be plainly revealed, and to believe presumed, that there are few con. what the terms of the inspired siderate Christians, who have not writers convey. Whoever seriously on some occasions been desirous of considers the physical state of the assigning the due limits of human world, will feel himself surrounded reason in matters of religion; and on all sides by mystery; and it is although some variety may be not more strange that there should remarked in their opinions upon be mysteries in the moral than in this point, yet there are still fewer the material world. There are who would venture to deny, that few men, it may be presumed, so the inquiry is interesting. Dan- ignorant, or so audacious, as to gerous errors, it must be confessed, deny the omnipotence of God, bave arisen from investing human because the productions of his reason with prerogatives to which power cannot be comprehended by it has no legitimate claim; yet, on their mental faculties; yet the the contrary, to renounce all reli- wisdom of God being as infinite as ance on our natural faculties, when his power, the results of that attrirevealed truth is presented to the bute must equally exceed the boudanderstanding, is almost to assume, daries of a finite understanding, that a suspension of our rational and can never become an adequate powers is the surest mode of ac- object of human animadversion. quiring Divine wisdom. Of those - There is a wide difference bewho deny the exercise of reason on tween understanding the terms of religious subjects, it may be in. a proposition; the being able to quired, do they arrive at this con prove that such a proposition is clusion by the exercise of their indisputably revealed ; and the reasoning powers, or by a dere. ability of perfectly comprehending, liction of them? If by the former and correctly explaiving all that is mode, then it is very unfair to deny contained in that proposition-bethe same privilege to others : but tween not comprehending how a if they assent to the latter part of thing can be, and perceiving the the dilemma, they cannot con- impossibility of the thing itself. sistently address the understanding Yet these notions are too freof their opponents, nor be sur- quently confounded by the eneprised, if, where they convey no mies of Divive revelation. When

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we are informed by Moses, that their authenticity is established by “ in the beginning God created good historical evidence; and we the heavens and the earth," the believe the truths contained in them communication is sufficiently intel- because they are a revelation from ligible for every useful purpose; God. Authority, whether human yet it may be doubted, whether or Divine, supersedes all reasoning: any man, who is aware of the im- but the Protestant's faith rests only perfection of his own powers, on the Bible, while the Catholic would undertake to explain, in believes upon the mandate of his perspicuous and adequate lan- church. If the doctrine inculguage, all that is comprehended cated by Stephen Pascal were to in the word “ created." That the be received absolutely, and withheavens and the earth derived out any limitation or qualification their existence from God, the great whatever, we should incur the Maker of all things, is a very intel- same inconveniences as those which ligible declaration; and we can are attributed to the defenders of prove by unanswerable arguments, the Roman Catholic Church ; of that nothing can emerge into being resolving all religious questions by without a cause, or be the author the authority of men; of requiring of its own existence. The moral implicit credulity, and the suspenobligations deducible from this sion of our other intellectual powe information are sufficiently obvious, ers, wherever religion is concerned; and indicate the feelings and con- and of demanding as firm an assent duct which such a communica- to that which cannot be proved, lion requires : but how, or by as to that which admits of the what means, creatures with all most luminous evidence. Among their wonderful qualities were pro- some of the sad consequences of duced out of non-entity, into a state usurping such a dominion over the of actual being, never was, and faith of those who are in their probably never will be, fully com- communion, may be enumerated prehended by a finite understand the encouragement of a degrading ing. . But the general assertion, superstition and the cherishing of that “ whatever is an object of an unrelenting spirit of persecufaith cannot be an object of rea- tion. He who peremptorily affirms son, much less be in subjection to his own infallibility, will exercise it,” may deserve some further dis- little forbearance towards those cussion,

who refuse their assent to an asserIt is probable that a Roman tion before they are convinced of Catholic and a Protestant would its truth and reality. not have the same ideas excited by · The enthusiast, who pretends to the terms of this proposition; yet the privilege of supernatural guithere is a sense in which they may dance, with all his abhorrence, be adopted by both, without any true or affected, of the Romish material violation of their respec. Church, is involved in the same tive tenets. Faith may imply the animadversion. He boldly demands assent of the mind upon the ground to be heard, as a privileged perof authority, and where the autho. son, whose communications are rity of the Romish Church is ad- pot within the sphere of rational mitted inplicitly, all reasoning examination: and if he could prove upon her decrees, all examination his title to Divine inspiration, all of her articles of doctrine, must be further discussion would be terabsolutely excluded. But if faith minated. But while he fails here, be defined an assent of the mind he is not backward to anathemato the evidence of testimony, then tise and to hate those whom he we receive the holy Scriptures as cannot enspare. It must always sacred books, when the proof of afford a strong presumptiou against

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