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ry, they were in the highest degree them. They associated religion with prejudiced against it. They could Calvin's institutions, and nothing not separate in their mind the idola- else. Every thing was flat and trous from the innocent use of things stale-in other words, popish and in themselvesconfessedlyindifferent: anti-Christian- that was not on that and they ran into the common error model. And though the testimony of imputing effects to concomitant of many wise Reformers abroad was circumstances, rather than radical given again and again in favour of causes. Even a Dissenter would things, as they stood in England, now confess that Popery is no ne. rather than hazard all in a new cessary adjunct, either to a 'square change, still that change must be cap or a surplice; and that when made, or Puritans would be Puriwe kneel, we no more adore the tans still. They could not see how elements than they do when they sit. wholly inapplicable the discipline
2. The intervention of Queen of Frankfort, Strasburg, Geneva, Mary's reign, which gave to the or Zurich, was to such an extended, reformed Church of England, like diversified, and free, perhaps licenanother Hercules, a serpent to con- tious kingdom as England: nor that tend with in its cradle, humanly it was little short of a miracle, to speaking, produced the worst ef- have Calvinists in doctrine at the fects. It inevitably gave to Eliza. head of affairs, unless they could beth's forcible methods (though have Calvinists in discipline too. how different!) of establishing the They learnt that most pernicious reformation, the same complexion of all heresies, in ecclesiastical poto unwary observers that Mary's licy, the habit of tampering with previously had in abolishing it. the civil government: and crude The violence of intolerant Protes- sophisms deduced from the Judaical tantism had a most ill look after state, worked imperceptibly in their that of persecuting Popery: whilst system, till they finally burst forth the comparative lenience of the in the guilt of rebellion and regiformer rather fostered than repress- cide. Let the documents even of ed trivial scruples, and we believe, Queen Elizabeth's reign be fairly on the whole, left the balance in consulted; let the commendations favour of the persecuted party, as of Wyatt's rebellion in the precedto general profit and esteem. Pro- ing reign be considered; let the testantism was no game at all to various positions of Knox, Goodplay under Mary. Nonconformity man, and others, be properly weighwas not a bad game to play under ed; and little doubt will remain Elizabeth and her successors. how early and how deeply this po
3. But the most fatal of all the litical leaven began to work. The secondary causes of mischief was, Bible was made to serve a purpose that connection established with it never was intended to serve. the continental Reformers, particu- And in the rejection of all human larly those of Geneva, during the wisdom, all ecclesiastical authority, reign of Mary. Our travelled all primitive examples, (which it is English divines, who perhaps had true had been much abused by the better have stayed at home, and Papists), they devised from the wielded the sword of the Spirit by Scriptures alone a new wisdom of the side of their suffering brethren, their own; set up as supreme, their returned so strongly prejudiced in own self-constituted authority; and favour of the new discipline, and of gave a fresh and grand, but negaall the light and liberty they had tive, example of zeal without pru. enjoyed in those halcyon days of dence, loyalty without obedience, free religious converse and worship, purity without peace, and religion that nothing else could satisfy without amity. Fraill not
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
of the British Islands, by S. R. Mer-, In the press: The Life and Campaigns rick, LL.D., and C. H. Smith, Esq.;of Field Marshal Blucher, translated A Treatise on Theology, written by from the German of General Gneise. Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson, author of the nau, his Quarter-Mastér-General ;-A Life of Colonel Hutchinson, with a Life Treatise on Locomotive Machinery, of Mrs. Hutchinson written by herself. especially Steam-boats and Carriages, The edition of Stephen's Greek The with plates, &c., by Mr. Robertson saurus, edited by Mr. Valpy, late FelBuchanan*:-The Fifth and Last Num- low of Pembroke, Oxford, and Mr. ber of Mr. Britton's History and AntiBarker, of Trinity College, Cambridge, quities of Salisbury Cathedral ;-A Fa- will be published in parts, at a guinea miliar History of England, for the Use each-large paper, two guineas; to be of Schools, by Mr. Harris and Mr. W, completed in three or four years. The Savage ;- The Speeches of the Right copies to be printed not to exceed the Hon. Edmund Burke;-A new Edition number of subscribers. " of the Family Bible, edited tinder the . Sanction of the Society for promoting A steam yacht has been established Clfristian Knowledge, in parts contain between London and Margate. It will ing 20 sheets,' at 8s. each. 17.) ; go down one day, and up the next, and
Preparing for publication :--(By Sub- start and arrive at regular hours within scription) A Series of Practical Trea. the day. tises, on Mill-work, beginning with a Mr. Carpne is said to have succeeded Treatise on the Teeth, of Wheels, by a second time in forming a new Nose on Mr. R. Buchanan ;-In two vols. 8vo., the Asiatic Plan, (see our Number for Sermons and Norrisian Prize Essays, February, p. 119.) by the late Rev. Joseph Whiteley, M.A.; . It is expected that in the next session SA Topographical History of Stafford. of Parliament a law will be passed to shire, by W. Pitt, Esq., A Work on the establish an uniformity of weights and Costume of the Original Inhabitants measures throughout the British do
minions. Ten pounds avoirdupois of - Mr. RBuchanan has just pub pure water, at the temperature of 664 lished a Treatise on the Economy of degrees, is to be the new gallon, conFuel and Management of Meat, espe- taining 276.48 cubic inches, about 20 cially as it relates to heating and dry- per cent. more than our present wine ing by means of steam; wherein he gallon. The pound avoirdupois is to treals of the effects of heat, the means be regulated by a pound of pure water, of measuring it, the comparative quan- as above; that is to say, it is to be tity of heat produced by different kinds 27.618 cnbic inches of pure water. of fuel, gas-lights, &c.; of heating-mills, The present yard is to be retained, dwelling-houses, baths, and public being corrected by a pendulum vibuildings, of drying apd heating by brating seconds of mean time in the steam;' with observations on chimney latitude of London. A cube foot of fire-places, stoves, lime-kilns, furnaces, pure water of the above temperature chimnies, distilleries, &c. &c. Sunt
weighs 1000 ounces avoirdupois.
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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE an opportunity of uniting in such a SOCIETY.
glorious cause. I am decidedly of opiThe following is an abstract of the nion, that the Scriptures should be put Eleventh Report of this Society, which into the hands of every class of men, was read at the Annual Meeting on the and that even the poorest and the 3d of May last:
meanest should have it in their power At the last Meeting, the members to draw Divine instruction from the of the Society were encouraged to in- Fountain Head.” The president of dulge the pleasiug hope, that the paci. this society is his Excellency Baron Von fication of Europe would lead to a 'more Arnswaldt, minister of state, privy extensive adoption of the principle of counsellor, and president of the eccletheir institution. This expectation has siastical court. His royal highness been amply verified. The societies the duke of Cambridge is its patron. instituted on the continent, during the 4th. The Prussian Bible Society, year, are numerous and important. The established at Berlin, under the preCommittee will first notice those, the sidency of his Excellency Lieutenantformation of which was assisted by general Von Dierecké, tutor to the the presence and exertions of the Rev. Crown Prince of Prussia.--His PrusR. Pinkerton, while on his return to sian Majesty has approved of the SoRussia.
ciety, and confirmed its laws; and has Ist. The Netherlands Bible Society, granted to it the freedom of the letterestablished at Amsterdam, under the post. The Bible Society, which had presidency of his Excellency Mr. Roel, existed at Berlin since 1805, has merged Minister of the Interior; and of which in the Prussian Bible Society.-At many Catholics are members.-Another Königsberg, the printing of the LithuSociety has been formed at Rotterdam, anian Scriptures was rapidly advancing. of which his Excellency Mr. Van An additional grant of 2001. to the Bible Hoogstraaten, Member of the States Committee at Königsberg has enabled General, is President.-Thirty more them to procure additional types, and Bible Societies have been instituted in to print 3,000 extra copies of the Lithudifferent parts of the United Nether- anian New Testament. A Bible Society lands, which, together with Rotterdam, has been recently instituted at Königsare considered divisions of the Nether- berg, in connexion with the Prussian lands Society. A plan has been adopted Bible Society at Berlin. for instituting 32 Bible Associations in 5th. The Saxon Bible Society, esAmsterdam and its environs, compris- tablished at Dresden, under the presiing nearly 200,000 inhabitants.
dency of his excellency Count Holen2d. The Grand Duchy of Berg Bible thal, the minister for religion.-A most Society, established at Elberfeld.—The interesting account of the formation of population is large, and includes a great this institution, given by the Rev. Dr. proportion of Catholics. Many thou. Dæring, chaplain of the court of Saxsands of them had never seen a Bible; ony, concludes with observing, “ Uniand among some, even the meaning of versal was the impression, and loud the the word was unknown. His Excel. gratitude expressed both towards the lepcy Baron Von Gruener, governor Parent Institution in London, and its general of the duchy, was chosen pre worthy member, Mr. Pinkerton. Tears sident.
of joy glittered in many an eye, and 3d. The Hanoverian Bible Society. the name of the Lord was glorified. In Hanover, as in Petersburgh, the May he command his blessing on this Lutheran, Calvinistic, and Catholic holy union!” elergy, join hands to promote the good M r. Pinkerton, in passing throug cause.-When the chief Catholic priest Warsaw, held a meeting in the palace of entered the room, he grasped Mr. Pin- Prince Czartorisky, for the purpose of kerton's hand in the most cordial man- forining a Polish Bible Society; at per, and with a countenance beaming which meeting, certain regulations were witb joy, said, “ I rejoice that I have adopted, subject to the approbation OJ the Emperor of Russia. In Poland, it is of 5000 copies of the Georgian New asserted, that a copy of the Bible is Testament. A set of Georgian types, scarcely to be obtained at any price, which escaped the conflagration of MosMr. Pinkerton, before he left Warsaw, cow, las been discovered: and this made arrangements for the distribution work is now in progress, under the suof 250 Polish Bibles, and 500 New Tes- perintendance of the Georgian Metrotaments, as well as of a nnmber of Ger- politan Ion, and Archbishop Pafnut, man Testaments and Bibles.
both residing at Moscow. The societies above enumerated, were The Society at Dorpat has establishestablished in less than three months ed a Bible Association in every parish, after the last annual meeting. At the under the direction of the Pastor. This meetings convened for the purpose, the has been found a most efficient plan for greatest joy and harmony prevailed; promoting its success among the comand from the rank, abilities, and re- mon people, spectability of the presidents, vice. The Societies at Mittau and Riga are presidents, and directors, there is every printing 14,000 Lettish New Testareason to hope their example will have ments, and the Society at Revel an edi. an extensive influence, and their exer- tion of the Bible in the Revelian Esthontions a most beneficial effect. The Com- ian dialect. To the Societies of Mittau, mittee have granted 3001. to the Berg Riga, Dorpat, and Revel, 1000 copies of Bible Society, and 5001. to each of the the German New Testament have been four other societies: and they have since ordered from St. Petersburg, at the exgranted 1001, to the Auxiliary Bible So pense of the British and Foreign Bible ciety at Potsdam; and the like sum to Society. the Saxon Bible Society, for promoting The Committee have granted the sum an edition of the New Testament in the of 2001. to the Russian Auxiliary SocieWendish dialect, for the use of the poor ty, formed at Arensberg, the capital of Wendes or Vandals in Lusatią.
Oesel, for that and the neighbouring
islands. The scarcity of the Scriptures RUSSIA.
is so great in these parts, “ that even The Bible Society at St. Petersburg some, who are teachers of others, are has now assumed the title of “ The destitute of a Bible." Russian Bible Society.” The proceed. The printing of the Persian New ings of this institution, formed under Testament, translated by thelate revered the patronage of his imperial majesty, Henry Martyn, is printing at St. Peters. and superintended by a noblemian not burgh, from a copy brought thither by less distinguished by his piety and Sir Gore Ousely, Bart., Ambassador abilities than by his high rank, are con- from his Majesty to the Court of Persia, ducted with a zeal and energy which who has undertaken to superintend the promise substantial benefits to the Rus. press. The zeal, learning, piety, and sian empire. The great object of its diligence of Mr. Martyn, afford the exertions is, to distribute a large num- most satisfactory assurance of the acber of copies of the holy Scripture at curacy of this translation. A singular the lowest rate : its committee is now testimony in its favour has already apprinting them in seven different lan- peared in the interesting letter of the guages, while the committees of its King of Persia, to Sir Gore Ousely. auxiliary societies are printing them in Under the countenance of this soveseveral other dialects. The number of reign, the Persian New Testament will Bibles and Testaments now printing by probably be extensively read; and the the Russian Bible Society is stated at western provinces of Persia, now sub92,000 copies.
ject to Russia, afford a wide field for its The Moscow Bible Society, which als circulation. The Committee have as, most rivals that at St. Petersburg in the sisted this work by a grant of 3001. number of contributors, has undertaken Intelligence from the Crimea authoan edition of 5000 Bibles and 5000 Tes- rises the hope, that the Tartar New taments in the Slavonian language, for Testament, printed at Karass, will prove the use of the native Russians; the a blessing to the Mohammedans in that printing of the latter is nearly finished. quarter. A Mufti, to whom a Tartar În 260 years, not more than 50,000 New Testament had been presented, copies of the Slavonian Bible have been accepted it with gratitude: he has beprinted. This Society has also under. come an annual subscriber of fifty takeni, at its owu expense, the printing rubles to the Society at St. Petersburg