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And here, I am forcibly remind.' stance of our beloved friend; but ed of one peculiar feature in the not exactly, perhaps, as his piety character of our lamented friend:' might have led us to expect. We he was most eminently “a brother expected, it may be, that his dying born for adversity," so much so, testimony would have been as full that there are, even in this nume- and decisive as his walk had been rous congregation, but few of us exemplary: at the end of his shin. who have known sorrow, that have ing path, we, probably, looked for not benefited by his counsels and the perfect day!" But the will Christian sympathy.?!' ' of God was not so. For, by the
The truth was, that, by the dili- nature of his attack, the full exergent and devout study of the word cise of his powers was suspended : of God, his mind was so richly stored and in a few hours after his seizure, with every topic of Christian conso- the mortal scene was closed for lation; and his heart was so' ten- ever! derly alive to every plaint of human But though we may have been distress; that few men were better disappointed here, God has not, in qualified to minister consolation, the case of His departed servant, and by the “ comfort also, where left Himself without witness. I am with he himself was comforted of aware, that, by many Christians, God."
the extacies and triumph of a dying Nor can I forbear to mention believer are regarded as most inanother interesting and instructive teresting and desirable; but it may circumstance in the character of not be improper to suggest, that our friend-I mean, bis amiable at the EXAMPLE OF A GODLY LIFE, tention to the children and youth and especially when followed out of this congregation. His affeo- (as in the case of our friend) in all tionate disposition and peculiar its most important relations, and gentleness of manner, gave him an for a long course of years, should easy access to all, but especially by them be contemplated as a still fitted him to be a “teacher of more sure and instructive testibabes," and the guide of inquiring mony. youth; and to his important ser- Our friend has, by God's grace, viées in both these respects, I feel left us such an example; and I earit my duty, as your pastor, to bear nestly “ desire” aud pray, “ that my public and grateful testimony. every one of you may shew the
It were easy to add to these ob- same diligence, to the full assuservations, on the worth of this ex- rance of hope to the end: that ye cellent man: but you know the be not slothful, but followers of proof of him; and I must say it has them who, through faith and pabeen consolatory to my mind, tience, inherit the promises.” : i under this afflictive, dispensation, It will be interesting to this conto observe, that the deep regret gregation to learn, how our friend oecasioned by his loss is not con- spent the first Sabbath in the prefined to his family, or to our own sept year, and what was the state immediate circle: an evidence, I of his mind on the last morning of trust, that the grace of God was his life. The papers which I hold not bestowed on him in vain, and in my hand are extracts from his that bis life has been exemplary diary, and only seen, since his deand useful.
cease. From these it appears, that To the dying bed of such a man he began the year by a solemn sur: we look with peculiar expectation. render and dedication of himself, We * dark the perfect, man, and his family, and his concerns to behold the upright"-we expect the God; and I observe, in the last re* end of that man will be peace." cord of his experience, (March And doubtless it was so in the in- 20), how much his mind was occn.
pied by an increasing sense of his accustomed worldly duties, was our own infirmities; by a tender solici- friend found, when the messenger tude for his beloved family, from of death received bis commission; whom he seemed aware that he and before five o'clock on the same must soon be separated; and by a day," the Lord took him." But, profound and cheerful submission our friend is gone to bis longed-for to the will of God. .. rest, and his better record is on
It is remarkable, that, on the last high. Let us magnify the grace of morning of his life, the chapter God in hiin. Let us cherish the read, with Doddridge's Observå. memory of his eminent piety; for tions, in the order of his family that memory is and shall be blessworship, was the 7th of the Reve- ed. Let us more especially see, lation. He was observed to be that this event be made a blessing more than usually animated in every to ourselves. His removal confirms. part of this sacred exercise ; but the awful truth, “Behold, the Bride. more especially while contemplat- groom cometh!" and the suddening the state, the society, the em-, ness of the event further admoployments, the full and everlasting nishes as, that, “at what hour he, felicity of the blessed, recorded in cometh, we know not!". But, whethe last nine verses of the chapter. ther it shall be in the bloom of life, He carried the delightful imprese' or in the midst of our days at sion into his business, and appear- midnight, or at cock-crowing . ed in all respects better than he "Blessed is that servant whom, had been for some time before. when the Lord cometh, He shall
In this state of mind, my bre. find so doing?" thren, and in the discharge of his
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
AN INQUIRER; J. W.; LUCICS; SETH; BOCHARTUS MINOR; T: N.; A CLERGY.
MAN; W.W.R. MR. FRERE, have been received. C. 8. M. P. should explain his scheme. The letter of Dr. Hunt will appear in our next Xamber. It came too late for in
sertion in the present. c. i We are manch surprised, and not a little grieved, by the tone of a recent communi
cation from Birminghabi. The writer onight to have learned, from the friend whom he employed, the real state of the case, before he wrote his letter. We tbawk lim sincerely for his friendly wishes.
| ERRATA. : Last No. p. 387. col. 2. 1.14. for omission read emission. .
p. 391. col, 1. 1. 7. from bottom, for war read was.."
p. 433. col. 2. 1. 13. from bottom, for end read and
POSTSCRIPT. JULY 29.-This sheet was going to the press, when the French Mail hronght & reply to a part of the preceding speculations on public affairs. The king has issued an ordinance, in which he names 86 persons who are to be brought to trial or in some other way marked out as the guilty instigators of the late troubles. : 01 course, our apprehensions respecting the import of the convention of Paris were ill-founded. The private information we have received far more than confirms all we have said of the king's uppopularity. The oppressions and exactions of the foreign troops are laid exclusively to his charge. We have sincere satisfaction in adding, that every account concurs in giving the bigliest possible praise to the English soldiery, whose conduct is said to form a noble and gratifying coptrast ta the rapacity and ferocious insolence of their fellows in arms.
LIFE OF BLAISE PASCAL.
tirely to study, as greatly to in
jure his health, and even to en(Continued from p. 427.)
danger bis life. The advice of his M R. PASCAL's zeal did not physicians, powerfully confirmed by
I evaporate in the confutation the debility from which he suffered, of heresies; he paid diligent atten- induced him to suspend, absolutetion to himself, and seemed to be ly, all application to study and actuated by no other desires, than mental exertion, to use moderate those of walking worthy of his exercise in the open air, and to Christian vocation. A devotion mix frequently in general society so sincere and fervent, an example Although a soft tinge of melancholy of holy living so edifying, kindled, was visible in the manners and conas it were, a fame in the whole versation of M. Pascal, yet bis family, and even his father conde- superior sense and great attainments scended to listen to his discourses, made him always a very acceptable and to frame his conduct upon companion; and by associating maxims delivered by the son. His more with the world, he acquired younger sister, a young lady of so much faste for society, that he fine understanding, the brilliancy even entertained some thoughts of of whose genius had gained her à entering into the married state: most flattering reputation, was so But an unexpected and extraordideeply impressed by the conversa- nary event intervened, which protion and life of her brother, that duced a remarkable and permanent she renounced the world, with all change in his mode of life, and 10its seducing distinctions, and de tally subverted all his secular views voted herself wholly to the service and intentions. In the month of of God in the monastery of Port- October, 1654, as he was one day Royal in the Fields: in this retire- taking his usual drive in a coach ment she did honour to the institu- and four, and was passing over the tion, by a life exemplary and in- bridge of Neuilly, the two leading structive; but her career of piety horses became ungovernable, on a was not of long duration, for she part of the bridge where there was died the 4th of October, 1661, at no parapet, and plunged into the the age of thirty-six.
Seine. The first shock given by Mr. Pascal lost his father in their sudden descent happily broke 1651: his sister Jacqueline had the traces which connected them entered into the convent of Port to the hind horses and to the carRoyal in the fields in 1653; and riage, so that the coach remained his elder sister resided at Clermont immoveable upon the very brink of with her husband, M. Perier, who the precipice. The concussion held a public situation in that which the feeble and languishing, province. Being thus separated frame of Pascal sustained from this from his family, and residing alone accident, may be easily conceived : at Paris, under no restraint from he immediately fainted, and rethe society and influence of his re- mained during a considerable time latives, he devoted his time so en. in this state before he revived. His
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 164.
nerves were so violentiy agitated conduct and sanctity of manners, upon this occasion, that in many of Her endeavours were blessed with the sleepless nights which occurred success: he saw it to be bis indisduring the subsequent period of his pensable duty; and thus, she, who life, his imagination was often strong- had been indebted to her brother ly and painfully impressed with the (under God) for her first religious representation of a gulf, or precipice, impressions, was now, by the same by the side of his bed, from the edge grace, made an instrument of reof which he seemed ready to fall. viving his zeal and fervour. At
The impaired state of health, thirty years of age, M. Pascal began from which M. Pascal had been his new course of life, by renounclong suffering, and the little bene- ing all fellowship with the world fit which he derived from medicine, and worldly men : be considered had induced his physicians, as we self-denial, and the renunciation of have already observed, previously vanity, as essential to the Christian to this accident, to advise him to character, and therefore determin. discontinue all serious studies, and ed, through the remainder of his to upbend his mind, by mixing in life, to die to the world, and live society and partaking of its diver- only to God. sions. M. Pascal was sensible of The complaints which had been the danger to which he should be brought on M. Pascal by intense exposed on mixing freely with the study, now seemed to increase world, where splendor and elegance daily; and he would sometimes might chain his attention, or trea, remark to his attendants," that in cherous pleasures seduce his heart; the pursuit after human science, but his excuses against compliance sickness, always retarded his prowere not accepted, for it was urg, gress; but since his present busi, ed, that to use every means for the ness was to learn lessons of heaven. recovery of health was a duty be ly wisdom, afflictions, would acce. owed to his friends and himself. lerate his advancement in diving During this period, it seems proba. kuowledge.”. ble that bis religious fervours had 1 In this school of Divine disci. suffered some abatement; which pline, he became au admirable pro, had not escaped the vigilant ob- ficient in patient submission: hç servation of his younger sister, proved, ipdeed, an eminent illustrasince it is remarked by Madame tion of that beautiful sentiment, Perier, that, during the time that that," religion is like, precious he was following the advice of his odours, most fragrant whien it is physicians, he' frequently visited burnt or crushed." his sister in her retirement, who Among other instances of cheerquickly perceived an alteration in ful acquiescepce with pain and its the manners and conduct of her consequences, lhe following is rebrother, which greatly distressed corded; which, though secmingly her. But the late event seemed to trivial, marks his character in a revive his religious impressions : be striking manner. The disease unregarded it as an intimation sent 10 der, which he laboured, had for him from Heaven, to induce him to one of its symptoms, a considerable relinquish all secular engagements, difficulty in deglutition: so that he and to live henceforth to God alone. could not swallow liquids unless His sister Jacqueline, actuated by they were healed; and even then a tender concern for the welfare of they must be taken down in very his soul,, became very earnest in small quantities at a time. A Temonstrating with him on the dan.' complaint in his stomach rendered gers to wbich he exposed himself, it necessary for hin to take mediand in seriously pressing him to re- cine every other day during three turn to his former preciseness of mouths. The physic that be took
was extremely unpleasant, but it has recourse to amusement and was rendered more nauseous by dissipation, as remedies against being heated before he could swal- the progress of a mental distemper, low it; and in this state his sto- or as means to suppress the awful mach only received it by drops. forebodings of his own conscience, M. Pascal was never heard to utter betrays a folly similar to that of a complaining expression while en- the combatant, who should close gaged in this disagreeable course; his eyes amidst the dangers of an but steadily persisted in following engagement, as a protection against the plan as long as his physician the messenger of death. thought it necessary.
The better to accomplish the It is certainly within the pro- design of separating himself from vince of medical authority to pro- all seducing or unprofitable achibit an immoderate attachment to quaintance, he retired for some study and sedentary employments, time into the country; and upon and to restrain the feeble and de- his return he made his love of bilitated from an undue exertion of privacy so very conspicuous, that their intellectual faculties; to di- the world soon left him in an undisrect the nse of exercise, recreation, turbed possession of that leisure and such agreeable occupations as and retirement he so ardently des tend to refresh the mind, and ab- sired. When M. Pascal set out, stract it from dwelling on present as it were, anew in the Christian sufferings, or anticipating with life, the two principal maxims anxiety the incursion of future which he adopted were these, that evils. But to prescribe a life of he would renounce all pleasure, amusement and dissipation as an and lay aside all superfluity. In important auxiliary to medicine; conformity with this plan, he to advise such indulgences as dispensed as much as possible violate the rules of prudence, and with the attendance of his servants; infringe the precepts of morality, he made his own bed ; always went under the specious pretext of re- into the kitchen, to bring away his lieving actual or imaginary suffer- food when it was dressed ; and ings, is equally at variance with only employed his domestics in humanity and charity. The fan- such services as he could not with tastic diversions of the age may any convenience render to himself. indeed obstruct the current of He now employed the most conserious sorrow, or suppress the siderable portion of his time in voice of solemn reflection; they devotional exercises, and the study may repel that train of sober of tbe Holy Scriptures. The state thinking which conducts to peni- of mind with which he pursued tential remorse, and a dereliction this study, may be collected from of secular vamities: but, while they la sentiment which he often react as an opiate on a morbid mind, peated, " that the sacred writings they render the unliappy sufferer are not so much addressed to the equally inapprehensive of his pre- understanding as to the heart; and sent danger and of his future that, consequently, be who purdestiny. Which condition," says orposes by the mere efforts of genius St. Austin, « calls for the greater and intellectual acuteness to penecommiseration, that of the man, trate into those oracles of spiritual who, being in a state of great truth, will be more likely to meet wretchedness, is conscious of bis with obscurity tban information: situation; or of him, who, being they ought to be read with the plunged into the most deplorable same spirit with which they were misery, remains unconscious of it, written; and are only intelligible and is wholly unaffected with his sto those whose hearts are suitably sad condition?" The sick man, who prepared by divine grace.”.
2 SS 2 .