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M. Pascal was endowed with so eminent surgeons in Paris judged retentive a memory, that he said this fistula to be, in its own nahe never forgot any thing which he ture, incurable; but by the touch wished to remember. This tena- of a boly thorn, she was cured in city of impressions was remarkably a moment. This miracle has bech exhibited in his knowledge of the authenticated by the attestations of Bible; for he could accurately some of the most celebrated phyrefer to any chapter and verse it' sicians and surgeons in France, and was necessary to quote, and always was afterwards authorised by a quoted a text with uncommon solemn decision of the chureba precision. He possessed likewise My brother was so sensibly af an admirable eloquence of dis. fected by this instance of the course, so that he always expressed Divine favour, that he regarded it bimself in society with great cor, as if conferred upon himself; since fectness and facility. He was so she who bad received the benefit, great a master of style, that he not besides her proximity of blood, only could deliver perspicuousiy was his spiritual daughter in bapwhatever he chose to say, but tism. His soul indeed was peneçould say it in what manner be trated in so lively a manner with pleased : he consequently adapted joy and gratitude, that this event his language and expressions with engaged his contemplations for a such propriety to his company, considerable time; and as a fruit that his conversation was always of these reflections, he composed luminous, instructive, and delightsome interesting tboughts on miraful*. His writings exhibit a mind cles." . i comprehensive, vigorous, and sub- As the account of this miracle, lime; his reasoning was nervous, given by M. Bossut, in his edition mauly, and acule: his style noble, of the Works of Pascal, is somewhat animated, and perspicuous; .. al different from the relation of Ma. ways well adapted to the subjects dame Perier, and, contains a few under discussion; often enlivened additional circumstances, it shall by grave bumour or elegant wit, be here subjoined. : and occasionally rising to the ma- “ Pascal had been convinced, by jesty and force of au impassioned the miracles performed at the peand irresistible eloquence. . His riod of the first establishment of Letters to a Provincial, first pub, religion, that God has more than lished in 1656, may be classed once interrupted the ordinary among the finest productions of course of the laws of nature, for taste and genius in that, or any the purpose of instructing mankind. succeeding age.

Being persuaded that the same Madame Perier, M. Pascal's Providence ceases not to watch sister, to whom the world is chiefly over the church, he believed that indebted for the memorials of her even now, it is sometimes manibrother's life, introduces a circum- fested by miraculous interpositions; stance, which shall be related and he observed, as he thought, nearly in her own words.-"About an instance of this, in an extraorthis time it pleased God to cure, dinary event, wbich occurred my daughter of a fistula lachry. wbilst he was combating the cormalis, which had made so great a rupt morals of the Jesuits. A progress in three years and a half, daughter of M. and Madaine Pe: that purulent matter issued not rier, named Margaret, a resident only from the eye, but from the in the convent of Port-Royal at nose and the mouth. The most Paris, aged between ten apd eleven

: Vide Pascal's Addresses to the years, had been afflicted during Duke de Roannem, in the first volume tbree years and a half with a of the Christian Observer.i

fistula lachrymalis of the worst

species, which discharged purulent that it must have been supernatumatter by the eye, by the nose,' ral.' Thé miracle was published and by the mouth, that was in-' with the solemn attestation of the tolerably offensive, : On Friday, Vicars-General, who administered March 24th, 1656, she was touched the affairs of the diocese of Paris, with the relic of the holy thorn, in the absence of the Cardinal de which had been sent to the con- Retz. The manner in which it vent of Port-Royal, by M. de la was received by the public, comPoterie, an ecclesiastic' of great pleted the confusion of the Je." piety; and it is asserted that she suits." They denied its reality; was instantly cured. Racine, in and as the ground of their disbe: bis history of Port-Royal, says, lief, they emploved this ridiculous that such was the silence babitually argument: - The miracle must be maintained in this convent, that; false; since Port-Rovalis heretical, at a period of more than six days and God never' performs miracles after this miracle had taken place, in behalf of heretics.' It was rethere were some of the sisters who plied to them: The miracle is unhad not even heard it mentioned. deniable; you cannot call in ques It is not in the ordinary course of tion an established fast: the Jana events, for those whose faith is the senists, therefore, are in the right, most ardent, to see a miracle per- and you are calumniators. "A parformed under their eyes, without ticular circumstanice gave weight being struck with astonishment, to this reasoning: the holy relic and being eager to glorify God by wrought no miracles, except at communicating it to others. The Port-Royal: when transferred' to reserve of the mans of Port-Royal, the convent of the Ursulines, or on tbis occasion, may appear cal- the Carinelites, it did not perform čulated to excite doubts in the any; because these nuns had no minds of some persons respecting enemies, and therefore, as they the truth of the fact asserted: but themselves said, they had no need to minds more favourably disposed, that God should work a miracle to it will shew that the cure of the prove that he is with them. Pious young lady was not one of those persons were offended at the Jesupreviously prepared engines, one its; men of wit and satire ridiculed of those' pious artifices, in which them; and nothing was wanting to the heads of a party too frequently complete the triumph of the Janallow themselves, for the sake of senists.' Pascal remained satisfied drawing over to their side the that the cure of his niece was the credulous multitude. Pl. work of God; and this young lady

“ The directors of Port-Royal, had the same conviction ;-a consincerely convinced of the truth of viction that she retained during the miracle, did not think them. her life, which was prolonged to a selves permitted to conceal so great age. The belief in a partisignal an instance of the favour of cular 'miracle, which is neither Providence, and one which re- related in the Holy Scriptures, nor flected so much honour on the sanctioned by the decisions of the Catholic religion, at the same time church, is not a matter in whicit that it was so well calculated to our faith is concerned: the quesa render their own cause triumphant. tiou reduces itself to a simple point They sought to give the greatest of fact, upon which opinions may possible authenticity to the fact. vary. But the sincerity and the Four celebrated physicians, and eandour of Pascat do not admit of several surgeons, who iliad previa being called in question: his recously examined and treated the dis titude and love of truth have never ease, certified that the cure of it been found defective. Indeed, was impossible by human means, and there are none with whom hic authority ought not to be of great bility than to the irremediable weight: if he was deceived, we character of the disease. The must respect him even in bis error; most serious part of the difficulty in and we should reflect that it is natural this narrative, is the suddenness of for a suffering Christian to receive, the cure, which Mad. Perier affirms with humble and grateful faith, the “ was completed in a moment." consolations which religion appears If we are to receive these expreso, to offer him, without first submitting sions stricily and literally, the cure them to the rigorous examination of must be allowed to be a very excold and distrustful scepticism." traordinary one, and not explicable,


A few remarks shall be offered on according to physical principles, or the preceding narratives, as intro- common experience. Whatever ductory to a more enlarged discus. opinions may be formed of the sion of the subject of miracles. correctness with which this narra-This child, we are told, was af- tive has been detailed; no one would flicted with a fistula lachrymalis, be justified, at this period, in imwhich is a disease that affects the puting a studied want of veracity soft parts, and sometimes the bone, to Mad. Perier, or an inteutional at the inner angle of the eye. The dishonesty to Pascal and the Jancomplaint is usually attended with senists : yet when it is recollected, an obstruction of the ducts that that, at the time when this event is convey the tears into the nose: said to have occurred, the friends hence matter forms in the part, of Port-Royal were eriga ged in diswhich bursts through the skin, and cussions which endangered not is discharged externally. Mad. Pe- only the reputation but the very rier informs us, that the matter was existence of that society, it may be discharged by the eye, the nose, consistent with candour and chariand the mouth. These expressions ty to suppose that the ferinent and are extremely formidable, when agitation of mind, connected with a read by a person who is unacquaint. state of daily conflict and persecued with the nature of the complaint; tion, gave a tinge and colouring to but in reality they are decisive some of the circumstances of a proofs of the mildness of the dis- story, which might still be substanease. They shew that the tubes tially true.. passing from the eyelids into the .. (To be continued.) . lachrymal sac, and ihe duet going from thence into the nose, were frce from obstructions; and it is in con

LETTER, OP MŘ: CUNINGHAMĖ sequence of the nasal ducts being

ON THE PROPHECIES. pervious, that the inatter will some. . . (Concluded from p. 130.) tines fall into the mouth. Thus BEFORE I close, I must request we may reduce this frightful repre- your permission to say a few words sentation to a disorder of minor in reply to some strictures upon my importance, which sometimes re- theory of the vials by a writer of quires but little medical assistance, the present day. Mr. Frere, in his and admits of a cure hy the natural volume on prophecy, bas undertaken efforts of the constitution. But we to shew the inconclusiveness of my are informed “ that the pbysiciaus arguments to prove that the vials and surgeons judged it to be in ils are synchronical. The first arguown nature inourable."im., If Mad. ment wbich I have advanced to Perier did not misunderstand the prove this point, is met, upon the opinion they delivered, the decision part of Mr. Frere, by a denial that may be insputed to the imperfec. the earthquake in Rey, xi, 19 takes tion of surgery at that period, or place immediately on the sounding to the unskilfulness of those whom of the seventh trumpet, or, in other she consulted, with more proba. words, immediately on the opening


of the temple in heaven. Now Mr. ranged the vials from their proper Frere himself admits, that in Rev. order, for the purpose of preserrxv. 5, 6, the passage which is ing consistency with my previously parallel to chap. xi. 19. the seven formed theory of the seals. angels with the vials come out of Now to all this, my short and the temple as soon as it is opened. simple reply is, that Mr. Frere has But if the language of chap. xv. incautiously, and I am persuaded 5, be thus understood, then the unintentionally, fallen into a missimilar language of chap. xi. 19 take. My scheme of the vials was must also be interpreted on a like laid before the public in the year principle; and we must infer from 1808, and is to be found in your it, that the earthquake immediately 7th vol. p. 759–764. My theory of succeeded the opening of the temple. the seals was adopted by me from If, in two parallel and synchronical the work of Archdeacon Woodhouse passages, an expositor beat liberty to on the Apocalypse; and I did not interpret similar forms of expression meet with this work till two or ppon dissimilar principles, the Apo- three years after my paper on the calypse is rendered unintelligible. vials had appeared. It is evident,

Instead of directly answering my therefore, that Mr. Frere's conjecsecond reason for the parallelism tures, as to the order and manner in of the vials, Mr. Frere attempts to which my inquiries were conducted, overthrow it by a sort of indirect are directly the reverse of that argument. He first represents it which is true. I shall add, that, (but without any truth, as I shall even if my theory of the scals were afterwards shew) to be" founded overthrown, it would not affect my upon the supposition, that the period scheme of the vials, &c. of the sixth seal synchronises with Since, however, Mr. Frere bas tbat of the seventh trumpet." He said so much against that part of then endeavours to combat the cor- my scheme which makes the sixth rectness of this synchronism, and seal to synchronise with the seventli infers, that, since my scheme of the trumpet, I shall here point out an vials is only a consequence of ano- error into which he has fallen in his ther false arrangement, it must be reasoning upon this point. erroneous*. That I have here cor. Mr. Frere thus reasons:--In rectly apprehended Mr. Frere's Rev, vi. 17, the day of wrath is meaning, appears pretty evident said to be come at the close of from several other passages of his the sixth seal; but in Rev. xi. 18 book. Thus, in pages 69 and 70, the day of wrath is said to be arhe says, that I adopted my syn- rived at the commencement of the chronical view of the vials be- seventh trumpet: therefore, since cause the consistency of my scheine the close of the sixth seal and of the seals and trumpets required the cominencement of ibe seventh it. In page 71, he thus expresses trumpet both synchronise with the himself, with reference to my day of wratb, they must synchronise scheme a commentator cannot with each other; and it follows, make the seventh seal to precede that the sixth seal precedes the the second, third, &c. without dis- sevenib trumpet, instead of being covering that consistency obliges parallel with it.- Such is Mr. him to make the seven successive Frere's argument, when reduced to yials synchronical." - 9m the syllogistic forin; and I have no

In these different passages, it is fault to find with the conclusion, if manifest that Mr. Frere means to the premises be correct. , But; şir, represent me as having contrived there is a niistake in the premises. my scheme of the vials, and de- In Rer. vi. 17 is expressed, not the

Frere's Combined View of Pro- coming of the day of wrath, but the phecy, p. 62. 20 edition . Do tardy and unwilling conviction of

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