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1815.) .: An Inquirer in Reply to M. J.-A.

-501 the opinion, that,, before the de- believed Josephus, we must believe struction of the Roman empire, the him on his bare assertion, without Roman imperial dignities are to be a shadow of historical proof.; revived; por does the , mistake whereas there was yet extanta alļuded to interfere with my scheme variety of historical facts and doof Apocalyptic synchronisms, or cuments, which absolutely demon my general system of interpreta- strated that the Scythians were nut tion. . . .

descended from Magog, but from: an entirely different patriarch., So

far, in short, from requiring the To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

etinn hen reader to take my bare affirmation

in preference to that of Josephus, I I SHOULD not have thought it distinctly stated, that the afirma. worth my while to take any further tion of Josephus was capable of potice of an attempt to vindicate being easily overthrown by a direet Mr. Penn's extraordinary view of reference to historical documents. the prophecy of Gog and Magog, These, indeed, I did not bring forwhich has been made by your cor- ward, because they were not calrespondent M, J. A., if that cor. culated for your publication respondent bad not been pleased a matter which I distinctly stated : grossly to misrepresent me in your but I never either have opposed, Number for June last, p. 365. or thought of opposing, my, bare He asserts, that the whole of what affirmation to the bare affirmation I have said relative to the pre- of Josephus.

It tended descent of the Scythians So much for my affirmation, In: from Magog, amounts , to this:- return, I should be glad, to heart ..“ That, Josephus was not to be some account of one hazarded by: believed, when. be affirmed the M. J. A. . He says (p. 360),, that Scythians to have been the de- y yarade duty may surely be renty scendants of Magog; but that he dered that same generation. I (the Inquirer) was, when he affirmed have always been taught to unders, the contrary.” ,

stand, that ó autos, not o Gutes, is In making this assertion, if the Greek phrase which denotes, M. J. A. believed himself to be the same, Your correspondents speaking the truth, he can very however, asserts, that such is the little have attended to what I wrote import of ý aytn, which every on the subject...

a school boy knows to be the femiHe represents me as rebutting nine of stos. , If he will prove 2 mere affirmation of Josephus, by his assertion by a reference to any another mere affirmation of my Greek author, I shall be happy to own; and is thus pleased to fasten attend to it; at present I can only upon me an absurdity, which is, say, that I am not aware of o guras, altogether of his own excogitation, ever bearing such a sense. j no

Josephus does indeed make a wi isi : AN INQUIRER.O. mere assertion, that the Scythians .,.

.. Pellt ei (as he acknowledges that people to have called theinselves) were the Tọthe Editor of the Christian Observer." children of Magog : but did I repel I RESUME my examination of part, this simple assertion by another of the third chapter of Dr. Marsh's -simple assertion to the contrary; Comparative View of the Churches and did I require your readers to of England and Roine (see p. 227), prefer 'my bare affirmation to his under a strong impression of the bare affirmation, as M. J. A. thinks danger which attends a high and it expedient to represent the mat- well-founded reputation for argųter? 'Nothing of the kind. On mentalive powers and logical dexthe contrary, I said, that, if we terity.

CHRIST, OBSERV. No, 164. 3 T


*. Dr. Marsh, I cannot help think- and rendered capable of producing

ing, would never have brought for- the most salutary effects. ward so new, so erroneous, and so ? Such are the happy results which dangerous a doctrine upon the mo- Dr. Marsh appears to expect from mentous subject of justification, if this his new hypothesis, from this he had not confided in his contro- at least unusual inference, which versial eminence ; if he had not he professes to derive from thie wished to surpass all his prede- authentic representations of the cessors and confederates, as wel} doctrines of our church.. as to overwhelm his antagonists, by It becomes, then, my business some unexpected stroke of argu to inquire into the proofs and aumentation, some unexplored and thorities for this distinction. surprising train of reasoning. , · 1st, I look for this distinction "" Justification, as explained in the in Scripture, and find no traces of 11th, 12th, and 13th Articles of our it. There is but one sound, proChurch, is the subject' which Dr. fitable faith ackuowledged there, Marsh proposes to consider, and, viz. that which “purifies the heart," rightly dividing the truth, to draw and “ works by love." All other from them the full view which our faith is reckoned dead, vain, and church'entertains of this most es- nseless. “Being justified by faith," sential point in religion,--a view we are said to “have peace with distinguished from the tenets of the God;" and if justifying faith thus church of Rome, on the one hand, produces peace with God, it gives and from a fatal error of certain surely no mean evidence of its Protestants, on the other. ' 1111912 opvitality.. * To follow him through the whole ..“ Life and peace,” in Scripture, chain of his arguments, and to un- go hand in hand, and 'constitute ravel the certainly ingenious so- together “ the spiritual mind.”. As phistry of his fictitious controver- there is “ one baptism, one Lord," sialist on the Papal side, would be so there is.“ one faith,”-the instrů. tedious to your readers, and irre- mental cause by which the merits levant to my present purpose. of Christ's death are applied to the His 'capital argument is obvi- believer for his justification and ously, and by his own express de- salvation. claration, the distinction between 2dly, I have recourse to the

justifying and lively faith. He Articles; and I there only find ** says, “ According to the tenets of (in the 11th) a high commendation our church, justifying faith neither of the doctrine of justification by

is, nor can be, lively faith.”, : faith only, as most wholesome and Bi By this distinction our Articles very full of comfort, and a refe

are to be delivered from their rence to the Homily of Justificaapproaching contact with their tion, which is universally allowed abhorred rivals, the decrees of the to be the Homily of Salvation. Council of Trent: By this dis. 3dly, To that Honily, then, I tinction the hitherto foiled de would apply: before its tribunal fender of the Church of England we are carried : by, its test' and is to quash the triumphant boast of standard we must be tried, and by his subtle antagonist: By this dis- its decision we must abide. I would

tinction « the numerous joconsis- earnestly entreat DrMarsli to -tencies and contradictions, in wbieh - peruse the three parts of this Ho

the doctrine of justification bas 'mily carefully, without prejudice, within these few years been in- . with serious prayer for enlightews volved," are to be entirely done . grace, and with an humble willing away, and that doctrine, by these ness to submit as a faithi sono means of course, established upon his mother church; and be wonder principles sound and invariable, I think, rise up, delivered from



Discourse on Justification, Oxford depth of his learning, and he will edition, vol, iii.; if an Arminian, find him, in the Charge published Burnet on the 11th Article; and he' by the Society for promoting Chriswill find both agreeing in the dis- tian Kuowledge, defining justifying claimer of any faith, as available faith' to be “ the first principle of unto justification, which is not that communion between the bed lively.

liever's soul and the Divine Spirit, Even. Bishop Bull, from whom on which the whole of our spiritual perhaps Dr. Marsh would expect life depends." And again, in the support, and to whose general conclusion of his last Charge, views I would not give an unquali- which well deserves to be placed fied assent, bears a decisive testi- side by side with the other in the mony on the opposite side, with catalogue of our venerable Society, the whole weight, not only of his defining “ good works" to be “tho own opinion, but of his extensive necessary fruits of that faith which learning. Vide Harmonia Aposto- justifies, and the symptoms of the lica, chap. vi. §. 2. . . believer's sanctification.". .

Quotquot sunt. Ecclesiarum Re Some little difference is surely formatarum Theologi (pauculis for- observable between these definisan e rigidioribus Lutheranis ex- tions, and that lifeless inoperative ceptis vel eo nomine indignis, qui faith, to which Dr. Marsh assigns in Reformatorum albo recensean- the office of instrumental justifica. tur) ii omnes consentientibus suf- tion. Indeed, so unanimous is the fragjis agnoscunt fidem vivam, non opposition which his opinion meets mortuam, fidem, quæ conjuncta with in all the eminent writers of sibi habet bona opera, imó, quæ our Church, in every age, that it sine bonis operibus nec est nec esse must, we believe, be content to rest potest, fidem illam esse veram et upon bis own ipse dixit, unless the justificantem.' :

Lady Margaret's Professor of Di Chap. xviii. $. 8. Atqui hic vinity will condescend to avail binstatuendum omnino est ad primam self of the ingenious and able, but justificationem opera tantum in- rather suspicious and ill-omened, terna fidei, pænitentiæ, spei, chari- support afforded to him by the fatis, &c. esse absoluté necessaria, noted Mr. Taylor of Norwich, with cætera verd externa opera, quæ in, whose statement in this point he factis exteris conspiciuntur, signa appears singularly to coincide and tantum esse fructusque pietatis in- agree. Vide Taylor's Key,upp: ternze et justificationi posteriora, 100, 101. eâque demum lege præstanda, si

(To be continued..!!! non desit oportunitas.

If Dr. Marsh is impatient of an. tiquity, and wishes for more modern FAMILY SERMONS, No. LXXX. hght, let biin look to Dr, Water- Heb.x. 26. If any man draw back, Jand, esteemed in his time, and by my soul shall have nd pleasure in many since, as the champion of him*.'. i . 1937 örthodoxy, and he will meet with PRIDE is the great cause of our an express declaration, that "faith, departing from God. As the Wise as the instrument of justification, is nothing worth, (i. e, does not The following Sermon is an abridgjustify) if it be not a vital and ope- ment of the Eighth Homily of the First rative principle."

Book, entitled, “ A Sermon, how dan: * Let him look to Bishop Horsley, gerous a Thing it is to fall from God." confessedly pre-eminent amougst

In this abridgment, though the style be

somewhat modernised, no liberty what. our contemporary theologians for the soundness of his views, the vi- tative sentiments of our Church. Tuto

ever has been taken with the authotigour of his understanding, and the remain wholly untouched 18315337***

Man instructs us, it is the begin- endeavoured to exeuse bis conduct ning of sin." And if we thus depart to Samuel, pleading his fear of the from God, he will also depart from people, and his intention to honour us. While we continue to indulge God by a sacrifee, Sámuel con pride and sin, in vain shall we hope demned all such religious services by the most costly sacrifices to re-as are inconsistent withi obedience gain luis favour, or induce his returu. to God's word: “ Hath the Lord

Some depart from God by wor- as great thelight in burnt-offerings shipping idols, as Israel and Judah and sacrifices, as in obeying the did; others, by a want of faith and voice of the Lord ? Behold, to obey confidence in him, bas those in is better than sacritice,' anck to Isaiah's time, who placed their trust hearken' than the fat of ramy.” in the horses and chariots of Egypt, “ Bécanse thou hast rejected the and put no confidence in the word of the Lord, lie hath also rei God of Israel; and others, by jected thee froin being king."!!, neglecting the commands of God Such examples prove, that as we respecting the exereise of cordial forsake God, so will he førsake us! love to our neighbour. In short, And to be properly impressed with all who hearken not to the word of the dreadful eonsequences of glich God, “but walk in the counsel and a state, we need only consider the in the imagination of their evil threatenings of the word of God, hearts, go backward and not for which are sufficient to cause the wardt! For he, whose heart and stoutest heart to tremble. " life are framed according to God's . The displeasure of God is com word, and devoted to his service; monly expressed in Scripture by who meditales in his law day and either shewing us his fearful coun night, and exercises himself in bis tenance, or hiding bis face from us. commandments, is truly turned to By the former is signified his visiGod. On the other hand, the man ble judgments, which plainly maniwho is occupied with lying vanities, fest his wrath-as the sword, faor has his mind engrossed with this mine, or pestilence. "But hy hiding world's business or gain, and his af- his face, much piore is intended: it fections set on this world's wealth implies that he forsakes us, and or honour, is turned from God. gives us over. This le does, by He may do many things which ap- withdrawing from us his word, the pear to be religious, and which may right doctrine of Christ, and his Seem in his own eyes, and those of gracious influence and aid, and others, to do more honour to God leaving us to onr own wisdom, will, than this inward love of his word and strength. For as God' bias and devotion to his service; vet if shewed, to all who truly believe his these be wanting, his other doings Gospel; his face of mercy iu Jesus are nothing worth; he is plainly Christ, which doth so enlighten turned from God. I

t their hearts, that, if they view it This is illustrated by the case of aright, they are transformed into Saul. He was commanded to de- bis image, made partakers of heastroy the Amalekites, with their venly light, and of lis Holy Spirit, goods and cattle; but moved partly and fashioned to him in all' goodby pity, and partly by a desire to ness; so if they should afterwards make a splendid sacrifice to God, be negligent, or 'unthankful, and he saved Agag the king, and the should not order their lives accordbest of the cattle. With this con- ing to the example and doétrine of duct God was so much displeased, Christ, he will take from them his that it repented him that he had kingdom; that is, his holy word, made Saul king. And when Saul whereby he should reign over them,

Se because they bring not forth the * Ecclus. X. 13. Jerem. vii. 24. fruit which he expected from them.

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