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here is seen the effect of the con- which necessarily follow in her stant and undue cultivation of ima- train, require the continual stimugination. The continual excite- lus of novelty, and of a stronger ment it requires, gradually renders excitement, which will be administasteless even its own better pro- tered in due time, as the public ductions; and the enervated judg. taste calls for or is able to bear ment and palled affections sink in the display of passion : for of what the intellectual as in the moral scale; do these productions consist, but of and pantomime and buffoonery suc- the war of inclination and folly ceed, while true genius is neglected against duty and prudence? And or condemned. Does not the same behold their effects in the dissipaspirit pervade and lower even the tion, the low toną of public morals, first poets of the age; poets whose and I will add, in the numerous and genius inight have sustained a loftier disgraceful divorces of the day. NoHight, and introduced a higher vel reading connects as naturally taste into their country? Are not with dissipation, vice, and want of their purest productions mere love- conduct, as good principles and a tales, mere delineations of nature, sober course of reading with exholding no rank, diffusing no influ- cmplary habits and all the better ence in the moral world?
affections. How is the female I can make no concession in mind, in particular, to defend itself favour even of what are called good against the continual influence of novels : indeed, I only consider these popular and amusing producthem as so much tle more injurious. tions, when they see them the chosen The foundation of the building study, the frequent subject of is radically wrong, and the super conversation, among those they are structure and ornaments are of accustomed to respect? And if ballittle consequence. I think, there. lads alone are considered as suffore, with regret, of those illustrious ficient at once to indicate the taste writers, who have added to the and influence the conduct of a oarespectability of other names what tion, what must be the effect of they have taken from their own, by such a mass of immorality and folly enlisting under the degrading ban- continually bearing upon young ners of the Porters and Owensons untutored minds and ardent affecof the day. They have sanctioned tions? by their talents and example a I have bitherto avoided consi. species of writing, which must have dering novels in a religious point fallen into contempt from its own. of view, both because I considered weakness, and ridicule might then them as so wholly incompatible, have been more efficaciously appli- that no arguments which were need; but vice and folly become cessary to prove them so in a moral bold, when genius and virtue deiga point of view, but must be doubly to become tbeir leaders. The last strong in a religious one; and be. age in France was characterised by cause I meant to propose religion the number of profligate novels, as the only possible remedy for this and behold the consequences in the widespreading evil. This scarchtolal corruption of the present. I iug principle can alone at once do not in general say, however, point out and remedy the mischief; that those at present read in Bri- for such is the slow and subtile na, tain come exactly under that de- ture of this poison, that it is not till scription; yet I maintain they lead the patient is nearly incurable that directly to it, by substituting ima- any proof can be produced of his giuation for the qualities of the illness. The spear of truth can heart, and show, and sentiment for alone discover this tempter in dis. the social and domestic affections, guise, and shew, that, however spes Imagination, and all the passions cious the prelexts, how small som
ever the deviation described, the details; I hope to be believed; tendency of the whole is injurious, when I say, that if they are inconwhile it endeavours to increase that sistent with the statements of love of the world which it ought others, those persons may have been to be the object of all our efforts to acquainted with facts unknown to subdue, and that we cannot feel me, and that if there be any ininterested for the passions of others consistency in my correspondence and our own remain untainted. itself, it has arisen from wishing to
I conclude with earnestly warn- furnish even faint and imperfect ing and entreating my fair country- recollections, on a subject in which women to consider impartially what the public, and particularly a broI have advanced ; to compare it ther, naturally feel the most lively with their own personal experience, interest. and with their observations upon The effects of Mr. Tweddell others; and if they cannot disprove that were sent by our Consul at my reasoning by experience and by Athens, were, I suppose, directed facts, let them for ever exclude officially to his Excellency Spencer from their libraries a silent but Smith, British Minister at the Porte: powerful engine, which is quietly but before they reached Constanbut surely undermining both their tinople, the Earl of Elgin had arriva principles and happiness. U t ed there, as Ambassador Extraor
I have already, sir, trespassed so dinary and Plenipotentiary: to him, largely upon your time and pages, I presume, they were officially, that I unwillingly omit both illus- brought, and placed under his trations and observations, which orders.. even this one limited view I have How long they remained at taken of this important subject Rodosto, after having been there almost forced upon me. I shall wrecked, or how long they remaintherefore hastily conclude, with fer- ed in the 'ware-rooms' of the Chanvent wishes for the success and in- cery at Pera, I know not. : Nor do creasing influence of your excellent I know how soon his Lordship, in publication, and of every work the midst of much public business whose tendency is, like yours, to (for the French army was then in promote the only true good of Egypt), found leisure to attend to mankind.
1 A. A. them. But, when the trunk and tog duor
cases were opened, it was observed
you are that the medals had been plundered, Pothe Editor of the Christian Observer. and other little gold articles gone, As my name' has been very con- which probably had taken place at spicuously introduced in your re- their recovery from the shipwreck, view of the Memoirs of the late The manuscripts and drawings, also, Mr. John Tweddell; and as an were so much spoiled and defaced appeal is there made to me on the by sea-water and mouldiness, that loss of his valuable manuscript his Lordship employed some genjournal and drawings; I beg leave ilemen of his suite, and Mr. Barker to state, 'that at different times I the Panoramist (then at Pera), to have sent liis brother (the author dry them in the best manner they of those Memoirs) an account of could, and to preserve every article, such particulars as I could recol- however trifling, of so accomplished lect, concerning the arrival of Mr. a scholar: his Lordship taking J. Tweddell's' effects at Constan- charge of them, and waiting for a tinople from Athens, and of their favourable opportunity to send subsequent history. And though them to England..! you have thought proper to express .In the absence of Lord Elgin's in very strong language yonr opi- Secretary of Embassy, and of bis nion of the inconsistency of those other Secretaries employed on dife
CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 164,
ferent missions, a great deal of I must, however, repeat, that I public business, connected with the never had reason to suspect, during embassy, devolved on me, so as my residence or acquaintance with entirely to occupy my time ; and Lord Elgin, that any scrap of Mr. his Lordship generally consulted T'weddell's journals or drawings Mr. Professor Carlyle (then in his bad been withheld by him, after a suite) on matters of a private or favourable opportunity occurred literary nature, and on such as form of transmitting them to bis friends : the subject of this letter. I therefore that I well remember to have seen expressed my belief to Mr. Robert the journal of a Tour in SwitzerTweddell, that Mr. Carlyle had land (the only manuscript that apassisted Lord Elgin in packing up peared to have been trauscribed and transmitting Mr. Tweddell's with care, as if for publication, by papers to England; and that I Mr. Tweddell), but I only saw it know he recommended their being for a few minutes, as it was directed and consigned to Mr. amongst the property which I supLosh, a merchant at Newcastle or pose Mr. Thornton delivered to Carlisle, and a friend of Mr. Twed. Lord Elgin undanaged: that I dell's family. I have already sent have no recollection of the portMr. Robert Tweedell án enumera- folio of sketches, views, and drawtion of every part of the effects ings of costume, said to have been which I saw ; but, after an interval given at the same time to Lord of so many years, I could only state Elgin ; and that, consequently, I my firm belief that they were sent can say nothing about those views home in the manner I describe, and drawings having been seen in without being able to vouch for the Lord Elgin's possession after the accuracy or precision of my recol. Lord. Duncan sailed, except that lections of the time, or the ship in such an assertiou grieves and surwhich they were embarked, or prises me by the manner in which what the trunks contained, as I it is made. was not personally engaged in that
i I am, sir, &c. business.
PHILIP HUNT . Bedford, July 7th, 1815.
Sermons, by the late Rev. Walter which, at the best, studies, not im · BLAKE KIRWAN, Dean of Kil- pression, but effect:' and this cer.
lala. With a Sketch of bis Life. tainly has little place on any serious London. Longman. 1814. 8vo. subject, and the least place on the pp. 418.
most serious of all subjects. Such If the object of eloquence be per- eloquence may be compared to a suasion, no man has greater occa- telescope, the glasses of which sion to be eloquent than a preacher should be so euriously cut and of religion. . 'The truth is, that the frosted and flowered, as entirely to "disputes on this subject have chief- exclude those licavenly objects ly risen from a confused and inac- which it is the sole use of the incurate use of terms. There is a strament to make plain to our eyès. species ofeloquence which employs But ibat other and better sort of itself, not in convincing men, but eloquence, that graver and loftier in delighting them; which 'loves árt, -- which aims at displaying, not to shine, rather thau to warm; itself, but its subjects which has
both its origin and its end in a pro- priest's orders, and was soon afterfound impression of important truth; wards promoted to the chair of nawhich is merely the heart becom- tural and moral philosophy. This ing audible to the heart; which office, however, he did not hold directs its beams rather to animate long, being named, in 1778, chaplain and purify, than to dazzle-of this to the Neapolitan Ambassador at kind we may surely say, without the British Court; an appointment impropriety, “ against such there which may be thought to have laid is no law." It is the legitimate ally the foundation of his subsequent of reason and virtue; a weapon, of oratorical fame. His residence in which no cause has need to be London gave him the opportunity ashamed, and by wlich the best of attending those exhibitions of may be promoted.
public speaking by which the EnIn introducing to our readers the glish senate and bar were at that remains of the most celebrated period eminently distinguished, and sacred orator of our times, it seem- in which some of his own country. ed natural to define what we meant men bore a very conspicuous part. to convey by the term eloquence ; Mr. Kirwan was diligent in turning and at the same time to state our this opportunity to account; aphigh estimation of an art, which can parently, in order to fit himself for be undervalued only where it is the duties of the pulpit by a study misconceived, and which becomes of the best forensic and parliamendebased only in its tnisapplication. tary models. He practised also, as
The prefatory pages of the pre- well as studied, his art, by preachsent work exhibit an interesting, ing in the chapel of his patron, though somewhat superficial, ac- the Neapolitan Ambassador; where count of the extraordinary person his discourses gained him much whose memory it is designed to credit, though not that fulness of perpetuate. It appears that Dean fame to which he was ultimately Kirwan was born in the county of destined. Galway about the year 1754, ihat At this point the biography seems his family were Roman Catholics of to exhibit a chasm. We are not an ancient and respectable stock, told how long he remained in Lon. and that he was educated in the don, nor why he quitted it. What College of English Jesuits at St. we next hear is, that, after two Omer's. The seclusion of monastic years past in retirement in the life has occasionally bred active bosom of his family, he, in 1787, spirits and great geniuses;-it was took the resolution of quitting the in the bosom of the establishment communion in which he had been at St. Omer's that Mr. Kirwad first bred, in order to join that of the imbibed that ambition to do good Established Church. The biografor which he was remarkable through pher conjectures, with great seem
ing probability, that the two preAt the age of seventeen he em- vious years of seclusion had been barked for the Danish island of St. employed in deliberating on this Croix, under the protection of a important step. The occurrence relation who had large possessions attracted much attention, and, on there; but, after enduring, for six the 24th of June, an overflowing years, a climate pernicious to his congregation attended at the church constitution, and spectacles of eru of St. Peter's, Dublin, to bear the elty shocking to his feelings, he re- first protestant sermon of this disturned to Europe in disgust. Bytinguished convert. It was exthe advice of his maternal uncle, at pected that he would take the opthat time titular primate of Ireland, portunity of censuring the princidie next repaired to the University ples or practice of the church from of Louvain, where he received wbicb he bad seceded; but be wholly avoided the subject. He he quitted, and that which he joinseems, indeed, to have avoided it ed. In the absence of any such both then and afterwards. For account, it would have been desirpolemical divinity he had no taste; able to receive something like an por did he ever, it is said, “even equivalent from his confidential in his most confidential communi friends; from those who bad the cations, breathe a syllable of con- opportunity of becoming familiar tempt or reproach against any re- with his mind, and who therefore, ligious persuasion whatever.” if they did not actually know the
The biographer states, that the reasons that actuated him on this resolution of Mr. Kirwan to con- remarkable occasion, might at least form to the Establishment was conjecture them with certainty. greatly promoted by the conviction The narrative before us says, as (as he himself declared) that he has already appeared, that he wishshould thus obtain more extensive ed to do good; and it says no more; opportunities of doing good. But an account extremely general and envy or uncharitableness assigned imperfect. The truth apparently worse motives for the act, as may is, that Mr. Kirwan held the points be learned from the following para- of difference between the two creeds graph.
to be wholly non-essential, and that, “ They who are conscious of interests so believing, he suffered the coned inferiority, naturally suspect the mo- sideration of doing good to turn tives of a line of conduct apparently the scale. Those points be no calculated to invite promotion : but his where insists on in the present unblemished and amiable life, fervently volume; and, in a summary of esdevoted to the public good, may vindi. sential doctrines, which he gives in cate his preference of a spliere in which
one of the serions, and to which he could pursue that great object with the best effect: and, if he sometimes
we shall hereafter have occasion to adverted to public events, it was not
refer, they are altogether omitted. surprising that a zealous divine should They were therefore thought of be shocked at the sudden crush of all po moment; and, though we are religious establishments in France, of far from acquiescing in this opiwhich (during the captivity of the ille nion, we willingly believe that Mr, fated Louis) he was partly an eye-wit: Kirwan held it very conscienti. ness. As the habitual advocate of hu. Quelu manity, he felt peculiar horror at the
nu: ously, and entirely acquit him
and entirely atrocities of an ungovernable multitude;
of the interested motives to which but they wlio were most gratified by his
gratified by his his conformity was sometimes as vehement invectives against such out- cribed. rages, were often no less surprised and For some time after he conformhumiliated by the manly boldness with ed, he preached statedly in St, which he intermingled severe, though Peter's church, His discourses, general, reprehension of their owu vices. turned chiefly, we presume, on pp. vii. viii,
works of beneficence ; for the colThe transition of a highly gifted lections for the poor are said to person of mature age from one re- bave risen four or five-fold above ligious communion to another, their level. Before the expiration from the Romau Catholic to the of his first year, he was wholly reProtestant Church-and, above all, served for the task of preaching from the priestly office in the one charity sermons; and, soon after church, to the priestly office in the wards, the governors of the generas other-sis an event sufficiently re- daily schools of several parishes markable to excite attention and entered into a resolution for calling inquiry. We are pot indeed sure vestries, to consider the means that Mr. Kirwan did not owe some securing bis valuable labours to pe public exposition of bis motives to metropolis. So the biography both societies-both to that which forms us, but without stating