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the Babylonish captivity. This though not justified, by the decapiece is accompanied by another sion. In the poem, on the other on the saine subjeet, in which we hand, he, before the battle, enjoins observe wbat seems to us an in- the armour-bearer to slay him in stance of inaccuracy. "The Baal- the case of a defeat, without any adorer" (it is said) « bows on Sinai's reference to his being wounded : steep.” The only persons that at that is, he chooses at all events present bow on Sinai's steep are rather to perish than to fly. But, Mahometans and Christians; and even so, it does not appear why we know not that a Hebrew would he should choose to be slain by his stigmatise either of these as adorers own attendant; and it should have of Baal. is

been explained that it was to avoid Next to the present state of the a worse death from fnes whom be Jews, it is natural to think on the detested, The explanation shouldi striking passages of their past his-, have been given, for it is not obtory, and to ask what use Lord vious; as it might have seemed at Byron bas, made of these. The least equally natural that he should . poems are too few to afford any have rushed into the thickest bate considerable, number of examples tle, and, after a desperate resists in, this department. :. We perceive ance, have found a bloody bed on but five or six; and of these we the corpses of his victims. 17 shall particularise, only two, the: The other historie piece to which song of Saul before his last battle; we alluded, is on the destruction and the destruction of the army of of the army of Sennacheriby and we Sennacherib. The former has the shall transcribe it entire: following spirited lines :

1 g 110 teed

«The Assyrian came down like the, «Warriors and Chiefs! should the shaft An

wolf on the fold, or the sword

" And his cohorts were gleaming in pun Pierce'' me in leading the host of the

ple and gold; Di Lord, 110

And the sheen of their spears was like Heed not the corse, though a king's, in

1When the blue waves roll nightly on your path :.... Bury your steel in the bosoms of Gath! deep Galilee.'wi ''! " “ Thou who art bearing my buckler “Like the leaves of the forest when qo's and bow, ... ',,.

· summer is green, Should the soldiers of Saul look away That host with their banners at sunset from the foe,

were seen: Stretch me that moment in blood at thy Like the leaves of the forest when al.. w?" feet!'

tumn liath blown, .. . * Mine be the doom which they dared not That host on the morrow lay withered -1995 to meet." p. 24.

and strown.

I 195 In the second of these quad- “ For the Angel of Death spread his ruplets, the poet bas deviated from wings on the blast,

211 the truth of history. According And breath'd in the face of the foe as to the original narrative, Saul, after he pass’d; . sustaining a grievous defeat, finds. And the eyes of the sleepers wax'a hinself too much disabled by his

de deadly and chill, wound š to escape the pursuit of

And their hearts but once heaved, and

for ever grew still! the victorious Philistines; and then, it o :

S

nwool he calls, on his armour-bearer to “And there lay the steed with his stãy him, that he may not more Bite the

i nostril all wide,

1. si ignominiously perish by the hands t

de But' through it there , rolld not the of an evemy wbom le hated and.. And the foam of his gaspiog tay white on

breath of his pride:

} despised. The act well comports: Lithe turf," til chest with the unhallowed ferocity of his . And cold as the spray of the rock beata eharacter and it is fully explained, i, ing surf a ' bs 99 100

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“ And there lay the rider distorted and are qualities of Deity of anqe pale,

other poem we shall give the first With the dew on his brow, and the rust

and the best half. '.. 111ber 1870 on his mail; . And the tents were all silent, the ban: « If that high world, which lies beyond sl. ners alone, The lances wlifted, the trumpet un.

Our own, surviving Love endeart; 16

If there the cherish'd heart be fond, 912 blown.'

The eye the same, except in tears And the widows of Ashur are loud in How welcome those untroddenspheres their wail,

How sweet this very hour to die! Min And the idols are broke in the temple To soar from earth and find all fears, . of Baal;

Lost in thy light-Eternity!" p. 7, :, And the night of the Gentile, unsmote w! by the sword,

These lines are natural, and very Hath melted like snow in the glance of elegant; but the sentiment is inof the Lord!" pp. 46-48. .' complete, and the sequel of the

14.... .... .: ' poen (which seems to'us' very hasty

In the first of these stanzas we and obscure) only makes the inatter wish that the image were clearer; worse. It ought surely to have and, in the last but one, we could been added, that those who would willingly part with those lagging, realise these lofty views, must be lazy words, unlifted and unblown. careful to found their friendships But we will not by slight objec. in such diligent preparation for that tions violate the dignily of this higher world, and such a sympathy animated production. Considered of eternal prospects, as may give altogether, it appears to us the assurance to bope, and confidence best in the collection. It has ge-, to affection. All else is' darkness." mus, propriety, and felicity, And That passionate desire of re-union. it has that rushing flow of lyric which we all feel on the loss of impetuosity, of which Lord Byron's friends, will be but ill quieted, unless writings furnish no other eminent it is soothed by other promises than instance, excepting the boldly gra- those of reason or pature. Thesei phical, and rudely characteristic things we say plainly; but a poet song of the Sulliotes in Cbilde may say them poetically; and why Harold. :

: should he omit tbem? 21.Will" Of compositions directly allusive We bave only one farther chapter te sacred subjects, or to subjects of remark. ' In searching through which ought to be sacred, there are the collection, we find no one poem ałyout three or four. One of these,' of a decidedly pastoral character, o entitled, “ When coldness wraps nor any properly pastoral allusion this suffering clay, describes with Surely, à Hebrew melodist sacri. great vividness some of those thril- fices one of his greatest natural ling bquestions and anticipations advantages, when he wholly neg.. that occur tó a thinking miod, lects this ground.", No book, whett reflecting on the state of dis- ancient of modern, exhibits the embodied spirits. But the subject pastoral life in such amiable and is heitlier filled up by any notice attractive colours as the Bible. of those awful moral questions, Ainong the most beautiful of our which it inevitably suggests, 1:r Divine Saviour's parables, are those followed out into any one of those which we may call păstorals; important moral results to which it those in which he describes the naturally leads. Besides this, the,, care of the good shepherd for his poet, 'in describing a finite imma- flock,--the geotle kindness with terial being, which is all eye, all, which he feeds and 'folds them ear, all sense, -has insensibly slid- the devoted courage with which he degs into a description of omnia defends then when in danger.al presence and omviscieuse, which the tender anxiety with which be

.seeks out the lost. We would say herd; I shall not want. He maketh it with reverence,-but perhaps it me to lie down in green pastures : may not be a presumptuous con- he leadeth me beside the still jecture, that, to his human na- waters.” The description is most ture, these images sometimes came tender, and, in the original, we doubly recommended by the idea doubt not, exquisite. It came from of those blameless men who, while a mind where the deepest feelings diligently discharging the duties of of gratitude to Heaven were blended their simple station, “ keeping with the purest among eartbly aswatch over their flock by night,” sociations, with the recollections were honoured with the earliest of a well-instructed childhood, intimation of his earthly advent, the cherished memory of early and first did homage to the Re: hopes and guiteless pleasures;- for deemer of the world.

we are elsewhere told concerning The pastoral allusions in the him who so spoke, that he had Psalms appear peculiarly touching, once been accustomed to “ feed when we recollect that the early his father's sheep in Bethlehem;" youth of the Royal Author himself It will, on the whole, be perhad been past in the occupations ceived, that, if the work before us of a shepherd. Filled, indeed, has not effected much, it is because with a grateful sense of the Divine it has attempted little. The result, bounty, he has not scrupled to however, is, that the task with record, and that even in a solemn which Lord Byron has rather chaunt, intended for the public played than grappled- we inean, the service of the temple, that he had task of founding a set of short been exalted to the throne “ from popular poems on the basis of the the sheepfolds*.” How graceful, Hebrew Scriptures-remains subhow beautiful a confession, in the stantially untouched. Whenever mouth of a sage distinguished for that task is undertaken with adehis writings, a monarch governing quate powers and qualifications, a rich and populous country, a war- we have little doubt that it will imrior followed by numerous and mortalize him who makes the trial. puissant armies! But it is still It is well known that the introducmore interesting, though perhaps tion of any new military weapon or less obvious, to observe that he method in war las generally inscarcely ever refers to the images sured brilliant successes to the inof pastoral life, except in a tone novators. On this principle, Lord of pleased tenderness. The allu- Crawford, an English soldier dission, indeed, may sometimes be linguished in the Russian service, conjectured, where it is not pro- was disposed to revive the use of minent: “ Behold, He that keep- the bow and arrow. The same

eth Israel shall neither slumber vor principle has been strongly exem- sleep." Is it not a natural sup- plified in literature, in our own position that there is here a covert day. The poet wbo equipped himreference to the nightly vigilance self with a new set of poetic engines which the shepherds of Judea were and tactics from the neglected arobliged to exercise in a country moury of the border-winstrels, abounding with beasts of prey ? baving talents to wield these exThe best comment on the passage traordinary means, rose at once to is, perhaps, another already quoted; the first rank of fame. The HeAnd there were shepherds, abid- brew minstrelsy affords not less -ing in the field, keeping watch over rich, and in some respects infinitely their flock by night." In other richer, materials. It has already instances, the metaphor is more furnished out the noblest of epic extended: “The Lord is my shep- poems; and it would be found

Psalm lxxviii, se equally favourable, in their ne

sure, to the lyric and elegiac muses. a similar labour, prepared himself, We could wish that some of our not “ by the invocation of dame eminent living poets would think Memory and her sirea daughters, on this subject We cannot help but by devout prayer to that eternal saying, " Exoriare aliquis." But Spirit who can enrich with all utteit would be no light enterprize to rance and knowledge, and sends adopt, and one not to be adopted out his seraphim with the hallowed without due forethought and pre fire of his aitar to touch and purify paration. The spirit of those the lips of whom he pleases*.writings should be imbibed, that A singular invocation,--and how their beauties may be duly trans- singularly rewarded !--for it proved fused. Nor should be who shall the consecration-prayer of PARAmeditate the achievement, be DISE LOST. ashamed to follow the example of The Reason of Church Government, that exalted person who, projecting lib. ii.

· LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

Browne's gold medals have been gained In thic Press: An Account of the King- as follows:-Greek Ode, J. H. Fisher. dom of Cabul and its Dependencies, Trin. Coll.; Latin Ode, Geo. Stainforth cotoprising a View of the Afghauns, &c. Trin. Coll.--The subjects were, for by the Hon. M. Elphinstone ;-A Trea- the former, “ In Angustissimum Galliæ tise on Consumptive Diseases, by Dr. Regem solio avito redditum;" for the Young:-Edinburgh Fugitive Pieces, by latter, “Vivos docent de marmore vul. the late Mr. Wm. Creech;--Observa- tus.”—The subject for the Epigrams tions on a Tour through certain Pro- was, “ Quidquid dicam aut erit, aut vinces of Eastern Russia, by Dr. Halli non.” No prize was given.-The Chanday, of Birmingham;-Plans for Ame cellor's gold medal for the best English fiorating the Condition of the Lower Ode has been adjudged to Mr. Smirke, Orders of Society, by the Author of the Scholar of St. John's College ; sabject, Battle of Nevil's Cross.

“ Wallace.”

On Wednesday the 19th of July, the The prizes, given annually by the Re- premiums of the Society for promoting presentatives in Parliament of Cam- Christian Knowledge and Church Union bridge University, to two Senior and in the Diocese of St. David's were ad. two Middle Bachelors of Arts, who judged as follows: shall compose the best Dissertations in The premium of fifty pounds (by bene. Latin Prose, have been this year ad- faction) for the best Essay on the Di. judged as follows:- Senior Bachelors-- vine Origin and Succession of the Chris. Rey. J. Scholefield, Scholar of Trinity tian Priesthood; on its Necessity as a College.--Middle Bachelors-Mr. J Bai- Divine Appointment; and on the Rela. ley, Scholar of Trinity College; the tion which it bears to the Jewish PriestRev. J. Pearson, Fellow of St. John's hood, was adjudged to the Rev. Hector College.-To the Senior this year but Davies Morgan, Minister of Castle one prize was awarded. The subjects -Hedingham, Essex. A premium of ten were:- For the Senior Bachelors, “ Quid pounds for the second best Essay on the causæ est cur apud Romanos, postqnan same subject, was adjudged to Mr. sub Imperatoribus essent, eximia minus George Moodley, of Truro, Cornwall. florerent ingenia."--For the Middle Ba- Also, a premium of ten pounds for the chelors, “ Utrum clementioris sit animi, best Essay on the Evidence bat St. leviter delinquentes suppliciis, pro ra- Peter never was at Rowe, wax adjudged tione culparum adhibitis, coercere, an to Mr. James Clarke Fraak, 'Scholar of impanitos djuvittere?” Sir William Trinitv College, Cambrise. CHRIST. OBSERY, No. 164.

4B

imagination, which some British author EAST INDIES.

has not clothed in British phrase, with It appears by letters from Java, that a nicety of definition, an accuracy of "the Rajal of Bali had made an attack portraiture, a brilliancy of tint, a delion the Company's territory in that cacy of discrimination, and a force of quarter, and that an expedition was pre- impression, which must be sterling, be. paring to punish the aggression. The cause every other nation of Earope, as 'cause assigned for the hostility of this well as our own, admits their perfection prince is the diminution of his revenue, with enthusiasm? Are the fibres of the In consegnence of the trade in Slaves heart to be made to tremble with being abolished; as under the former anxiety, to glow with animation, to sistem, an immense number of these mi. laill with borror, to startlc with amaze, "serable beings were annually brought to shrink with awe, to throb with pity, to Java from Bali and Macassar. In the or to vibrate in sympathy with the tone Patter place also, some symptoms of dis- of pictured love: know ye not the contentare said to have appeared among mighty inagicians of our country, whose the clieftains, originating in the same potent spell has commanded and concause. U

gita Opis rigtinues irresistibly to, command those ". On the 20th of June, 1814, the public varied impulses? Was it a puny, engine, disputations in the College of Fort Wil a feeble, art, that achieved such won. liam, took place 'before Earl Moira, drous workings? What was the sorcery? attended by his Countess, lady East, Justly conceived collocation of words is lady Nugeut, and other ladies. His the whole secret of this witchery, a Lordship opened the business of the charm within the reach of any one of day by a splendid speech, which, not you and remember that there was a a hasing been committed to paper, is period, not remote, when all these re. more imperfectly reported than the corded beauties of our language were a former speeches on the same occasion. blank; were without furn and void. Enough, however, isi preserved, to give The elements of those compositions, 'it a decided pre-eminence in eloquence. which now so uncontroulably. delight We have room only for a few brief ex- and elevate our souls, existed; but they tracts..

I existed as dormant powexs, inert capa« Among the languages of modern cities, they were the unconnected notes Europe, specious but subordinate pré. of the gamut; the untouched strings of tensions have been advanced to cadence, the harpa The inusic was in the instruterseness, or dextrous ambiguity of insis ment; but theymaster's hand had not naation, while the sober inajesty of the thrown itself across the chords to rouse English tongue stood aloot and disdain them from their sinmber, and bid them ed a competition on the gronnd of such scatter ecstasies. Then do you make inferior partieularitiesI eveni" think trial of their force; fear not that the

that we have erred with regard to Greek combinations are exhansted, Possess : 'and Latin. Our sense of the inestima. yourselves of the necessquyi energies,

ble benefit we have reaped from the and be assured you will find the lantreasures of taste and science, which gnage exuberant beyond the demand of they have handed down to us, have led your intensest thought. It has no asus into an extravagance of reverence signable compass.” Vorber5, for them. They have high intrinsic "While I thus display to you the permerit without doubt, but it is a bigotted fections of the English language, det me gratitude, and an inweighed admira- not bersupposed to hold forth any temption, which seduces ns to prostrate the tations by which I wish to divide your

character of the English tougue before attention from your present studies. It : their altars. Every language can far. 9would be a frand upon your friends and visli' to 'genius casually a forcible ex. upon yont native country, if you suffer

pression, and a thousand turns of peat. ed any other object to hold a rivalship · ness and delicacy may be found in most with your professed studies in the Col

of them; bnt I will confidently assert, -dege, But to those who will wholly,

that in that which shonld be the first and, as they may think, exclusively, de'object of all language, precision, the cote themselves to those studies, I will

English tongue surpasses them all; give this enconragement; I will assute while in richness of colouring and ex: them that in proportion to the progress *'tent of power, it is exceeded by none, which they make in the Asiatic lan*1x nqualled by any. What subject is guiages, they will find an augmented there within the boundless range of facility in bending the English tongue

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