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he may, on the other hand, be meet him again as an author with armed with additional strength to upfeigned, and, we doubt not, with convince us of our own errors. increased pleasure, upon some fuHowever this may be, he will allow túre, and we trust not very distaut, us to assure him, that we shall occasion.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
&c. &c. ?
GREAT BRITAIN., edition of his « Letters on the Evi. Is the press:--Memoirs of Jobo Duke dences, Doctrines, and Duties of the akariborough, from Papers preserved Christian Religion," with many correcat Blenheim, by Archdeacon Coxe;- tions and improvements, and several Speeches of Mr, Fox, from 1768 to 1806, additions ; also, the third edition of his ia 6 vols, 8vo. ;-The Pilgrims of the Treatise of Mechanics, with considerSan, a new Poem, by Mr. James Hogg, able improvements, especially in the vothe Etrick Shepherd;-A practical lume devoted to the construction of Treatise, on finding the Latitude and machines. Longitude at sea, with Tables, by Themas Myers, A. M., of the Royal Aca- . The following subjects are proposed demy, Woolwich, in 1 vol. 8vo. ;-The for the Chancellor's Prizes, in the UniPrayers, Catechism,- and Hymns, in versity of Oxford, for the ensuing year, Greek and Latin, for the use of St. ~-viz. For Latin verses : “ Europæ PaPaul's School, by Dean Collett, its foup- catores Oxoniam invisentes," For an der, under the superintendance of the English essay: “ The Effects of distant Rev. Dr. Sleath, the present high-mas- Colonization on the Parent State.” For ter;-A full Exposition of the Contro a Latin essay; " In illa Philosophiæ versy respecting Col. Mudge's trigono. Parte, quæ Moralis dicitur, tractanda, metrical Survey of England and Wales, quænam sit præcipue Aristotelicæ Disby Dr. Olinthus Gregory ;-and A trans- ciplinæ Virtus?” Sir Roger Newdi. lation of the Campaign of Paris in 1814, gate's Prize, English verse: “ The by M. Giraud.
Temple of Theseus." Preparing for publication : A Trans. The subject of the third gold medal lation of the Travels of Ali Bey, or the in the University of Cambridge, for the Chevalier Badia, in Morocco, Egypt, best English ode or poem, in heroic Arabia, and Turkey, between 1603 and verse, for the present year, is“ Wallace.” 1807, written by limself, in 2 vols. 4to., -The following is the subject for the with plates;-A Translation of the next Norrisian prize-essay: “ The trea. Psalms of David, with Notes, by the 'chery of Judas, and the failings of the late Bishop Horsley, in 2 vols. 8vo.; other Apostles, are consistent with the Elements of the Natural History of In- Divine Mission of Jesus Christ.” Sects, by the Rey, W. Kirby, B. A. and It is said to have been determined by W. Spence, Esq.;-Ay Historical In- observation, that the mean annual quanquiry into the Ancient Ecclesiastical Ju- tity of rain is greatest at the equator, risdiction of the Crown, from the ear and decreases as we approach the poles. liest Ages of Christianity to the Reign of Thus at Granada, ip 12°. N. lat. the Henry VIII., by Mr. J. B. Brown, of 'mean quantity is 126 inches; at Cape the Inner Temple ;-A Treatise on "François in N. lat. 20°. 120 inches; at prerperal Feyer, by Mr. W. Hey, jun. Calcutta, 81; at Rome, 39; in England, of Leeds.
32; and at Petersburgh, 16. Mr. Ackerinan proposes to publish by As some workmen were lately digging abscription, the History of the Relief a road from Burford to Barrington, they afforded by Great Britain, to the Suf- discovered, near the surface of the lerery by the War in Germany, in 2 vols. ' earth, a stone coffin, of an immense size, royal svo., price 25s.'
and extremely irregnlar, weighing Dr. Gregory, of the Royal Military nearly three tons, which, on examinaAcademy, has in the press the third tion, was found to contain the perfect skeleton of a man, of middle stature, hundred and ninety-eight, eight cases having his teeth entire, also a great were deemed to be of that description number of short nails, completely oxin which called for extraordinary assistdated and matted together in pieces of ance, leaving two hundred and ninety hide, of which materials it is probable a persons, among whom the sum of 141. shield was formed. From the size and 3s. 8d. was distributed. appearance of this coffin, and from the Some very important improvements circumstance of its being found near to have recently been introduced into the a place known by the name of Battle art of Printing, by which both the press Edge, it is conjectured to have been work is greatly facilitated, and renderdeposited there after the battle record- ed more expeditious as well as perfect, ed by many of our early historians to and the ink is more equally and speehave been fought near Burford, about dily distributed. This last has long the middle of the eighth century, be- been a great desideratum. tween Ethelwold, King of Mercia, and the West Saxon King Cuthbert.
GERMANY. A Society has been forined at Oxford, In constructing a causeway in the for the relief of distressed travellers and county of Hont, an enormous skeleton others, which merits general imitation of a Mammoth is said to have been dis. through the kingdom. It appears, that covered, and, at the same time, the fossil in the space of five months (viz. to Mi- tooth of an elephant. chaelmas 1814), three hundred and twenty-one persons (exclusive of chil.
FRANCE. dren) applied for reljef. Of this num M. de Guignes, late French Resident ber twenty-three were rejected, after in China, has published his Chinese minute examination, as improper ob- French and Latin Dictionary. The jects ; nine of whom were committed as number of characters is 14,000. It was vagrants, either on account of disorderly began in 1809, under the auspices of conduct, or because they were convict. Bonaparte. ed impostors. Of the remaining two
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GENEVA. n ously looked for here, you may judge of The following is an extract from a let- the happy feelings created by the arri. ater dated at Geneva the 21st Dec. last. val of Mr. Wilberforce's Letter to Prince
The great moral question of the Slave Talleyrand. Some transient clouds may Trade, as conrected with the proelaim- have gone over Geneva during Vol. ed intention of France for its continua- taire's residence here; but it is well tion during five years, excites here the known, that his detestable doctrine was Thighest degree of interest. When the always lamented, and strongly reprobatreligious and enlightened mind of Louis ed, by the respectable and larger part XVIII. is considered, no doubt ought of its iuhabitants. It was, therefore, to en be entertained as to the solution in be expected, that at this present great the negative, his decision being anxi- moment, Geneva, one of the first, se, minaries of Protestantism --Geneva, ed from this circumstance depends very emerging from a state of slavery,--Gene- much on the casual presence of such va, loudly and thankfully acknowledg. English Divines as may be visiting ing the hand of the Almighty in her Geneva in their travels. Hereafter, per. deliverance,-shonld not remain silent haps, as the English Congregation inon the subject of the Abolition of the creases, it may be thought advisable to Slave Trade ; a subject equally sacred appoint a resident clergyman, and thus to religion and humanity. ter to give full effect to the liberal and un:-"It mast, however, be evident to every precedented grant of the Genèvese one, that from its geographical situation, Council.” this little State (now become of more: An abstract of the Reports of the political weight from its being lately British and Foreign Bible Society har. made one of the Swiss Cantons) could ing been published, and widely circn. not with propriety present a law prohi. lated in Geneva, it gave rise to the biting a trade in which it could have no formation of a Bible Society in that direct concern: bat some invitations from city. This event took place on the merchants in the French ports, having 31st of December, the day on which, by been whispered to a very few monied a national feast and religious thanks. individuals at Geneva, to assist and par- givings in their temples, the Genevese take in the supposed profits of the exe celebrated the first anniversary of their crable trade, the Great Council of this restoration to liberty and independence. place, glowing with its own religious Apother Bible Society has been fortaed, feelings, and additionally elevated by at Lausanne, for the whole of the Pays Mr. Wilberforce's Letter (of which large de Vaud. parcels have been sent hither from . Paris, and greedily bought up), have
THE WALDENSES.. availed themselves of the present mo. A memoir respecting the Waldenser ment, to manifest nem. con. their religi- or Vaudois, who inhabit the vallies of ous abhorrence of the trafñc. They Piedmont," the result of observations have done it in a solemn, impressive made during a short residence amongst manner, becoming the high situation in that iuteresting people, in the autumn which the Chorch of Geneva stands, and of 1814," has just been pnblished by a in a manner which has for ever stamped respectable Clergyman of the Charch of the universal opinion of its inhabitants England. It is well known that the on the sale and purchase of their fellow. . Waldenses were eminently our Redeemcreatures."
er's witness, dnring the dark ages of the Nor is this the only instance in Church; and it is supposed, not without which Geneva has shewn a marked re.' reason, that Wickliffe derived some spect toward the British Nation. We portion of his light from them. The anlearn from the same letter, that“ very cient history of this people is well known lately, some of our countrymen being to the Christian student. The details of there, and finding themselves destitute their sufferings during the fifteenth, of a place of public worship, according sixteenth, and seventeeth centuries, to the rites of the Church of England, have also been fully recorded. Our joined with a few of the inhabitants in author, therefore, judiciously confines requesting of the Council the allotment himself to some brief sketches of their of a building for that purpose. The more recent history. The last dreadful Council received the request with tokens persecution to which they were · sab. of great satisfaction, and instantly jected, commenced in January 1686. A granted it in a manner, and with ex- minister of the Valleys made the author pressions towards our Sovereign and a present of a manuscript relation of nation, truly gratifying. The Diploma their sufferings at that period, the truth under the Great Seal of Geneva was of which is attested by ten ministers asissued the next day by the Syndics, and sembled in Synod, on the 19th October, presented by one of the Council in per. 1716. From this manuscript he has exson; so that our countrymen resorting tracted whatever is material; omitting, to that city, ipany of whom are on their however, the account of some refinements first arrival deficient in the French lan- in cruelty of too horrid a description to
guage, may now find a place of worship, be repeated : * and a service intelligible to the ear, as . An edict having been issued, forbid
well as accordant with the belief. 'At ding their religious worship, requiring present, indeed, the benefit to be derive their temples to be destroyed, their
ministers banished, and their children enemies were compelled to admit that baptized and educated in the Roman he died like a saint." Catholic Church, the Valleys were at.. About fifteen thousand men, women, tacked by the troops both of France and « and children, who had thrown themSavoy. The Vaudois made at first con- selves on the Duke's clemency, were siderable resistance, but, deceived by a confined for about nine months in fourfalse promise that their persons and teen castics in Piedmont, with a scanty families should be safe, they threw allowance of unwholesome bread and themselves on the Duke of Savoy's cle- water. They lay on brick or rotten mesey. This, however, proved no se. straw, and in such crowds that the air curity. The author details various was infected: eight thousand died in cheelties which were exercised on these consequence of these barbarities. Most faithful followers of their Lord. Of of the survivors were permitted to rethese we shall mention only two in- turn to Switzerland, after threatenings
and allurements had been tried, for the Daniel Moudon, elder of the church most part in vain, to induce them to of Rora, after seeing his two sons be- forsake their religion. Those who did headed, the wife and child of the one, apostatize, did not regain their possesand the two children of the other, mas-' sions, but were conveyed to a distant sacred, was compelled to carry the province. In many cases, however, the beads of his sons upon his shoulders, to children were not permitted to accomwalk two hours barefooted, and was pany their parents to Switzerland, but afterwards banged.
were taken away and dispersed in Pied• M. Leydet, Minister of Pral, hid. mont. Their pastors were also removed himself in cavés, but was at length taken, from them, and eighty men were forced and conveyed to Luzerne, to the palace to work in chains for three years in the of the Marquis D'Angrogne, where the citadel of Turin. Even those who were Duke of Savoy was also at the same allowed to seek refuge in Switzerland time. He was imprisoned and fed on endured great hardships. They were bread and water; and, in addition to made to travel in the severest weather. other hardships, was constantly assailed Numbers died on the way, whom their by the monks, over whom he as con- friends were not even permitted to restantly triumphed in argument. When main and bury. Women were seen threatened with death if he did not ab- lying in the snow, with their infants jare bis faith, he replied, that he could still in their arms. Many expired at the not be justly put to death, since he was very gates of Geneva. These wretched not armed when taken prisoner; be. exiles, while they remained in Switzersides, the Duke of Savoy had promised land, were supported by the charitable a pardon to all his subjects: Still, contributions of the English and Dutch. said he, I am ready to die for the name Most of them afterwards obtained of Jesas Christ. His example and ex. grounds in Wirtemberg, Dourlach, hortations exceedingly fortified his fel- Hesse Darmstadt, and Hanau, where low-prisoners. When the sentence of they established fourteen : churches, death was pronounced, be heard it with and where seven ministers and schools Christian resignation. Although he masters were supported by our King begged to be left alone, in order to pray William. with freedom, the monks still harassed In 1689, a party of from six to nine kim with disputes till tbe time of execu. bundred of the exiles, who remained in tion, which took place at Fort St. Min Switzerland, joined by about three hunchel, arrived. On quitting the prison, dred French exiles, resolved to return he said it was a day of double deli. and re-occupy their native Valleys. On Ferance; that of his body from captivity, the night of the 17th of August, they und that of his soul from imprisonment crossed the lake of Geneva and landed in the body; for he cherished the ex- in Savoy, and thence forced their way, pectation of partaking shortly in full at the point of the sword, over Mount liberty of the joys of the blessed."" At Cenis, till they arrived at Guigon, a the foot of the scaffold he prayed in a bamlet annexed to Pral, where they enmanner that very much affected the by- gaged in worship, singing the , cxxixth staaders, and on the ladder said, "My Psalm, their Colonel and Pastor Arnaud God, into thy lands I cominend my preaching to them. Here they mainSpirit. -A nartyr worthy of the best tained themselves, displaying on all ocages of the church of Christ! Even his casions extraordinary valour, but exbi