« PreviousContinue »
biting more of the martial than of the is ill, the neiglibours cheerfully and evangelic spirit, till at length the Duke i gratuitously sit up at night in the sick of Savoy was induced to conclude a chamber; and there is, even a strife peace with them, and to permit the re among them who shall pay the first and : turn of their wives and children. Hence greatest attentions. If a poor man has the origin of the present race of Wal.. met with an accident, a collection is denses, a population of seventeen thou often made for him. Nor do they consand souls. Subsequently to their return, . fine their benevolence to their own sect, they were long subjected to many but are ready, from their scanty means, hardships. They were compelled to to relieve their Catholic brethren also. desist from work on the Romish fes. Their respect and grateful attachment tivals, and forbidden to practice phy. to the English is remarkable. The sic or surgery, or to purchase land; English they regard as their best friends; and their children were often taken their chief resource in difficulty: and from them, to be educated in the Catholic it is to the British Minister they have faith.
now confided their interests at the Cor. The Vaudois inhabit the three Valleys gress of Vienna. I was forcibly of Lazerne, La Perouse, and St. Mar- struck," says the author, “ with the ting containing thirteen parishes or remark of the amiable wife of one of communautés. Their grounds were their ministers, who told me that they formerly more extensive; but they have made a point of instilling into their been dispossessed of them; and these children respect and esteem for the three Valleys have been left to them English, from the very dawn of reason rather as places of exile than of enjoy- in their minds." ment. With the exception of a few Their manners are in general very spots, it is by dint of hard labour that correct, though of late injured by their the barren soil of the sides of the moun- necessary communication with the tains yields the means of subsistence. French. Their great amusements are The principal. diet is black wheat, po- firing at a mark, with a view to become tatoes, cow's or goat's milk, and chese skilful marksaren; and dancing. This nuts. The roads wind through rocks, last exercise was prohibited in 1711 by. where the noise of the rushing torrent the Synod, but the prohibition was not is generally heard; and sometimes the attended to. dreadful avalanche overwhelms the tra- Their schools were once flourishing, veller, or buries a family in their cote About 3001, sterling were annually sent tage.
from Holland for the support of fifteen The Vaudois preserve from their great, ninety little or winter, and two forefathers a sincere respect for pure Latin schools, and for relieving disabled and undefiled religion. Public wor- ministers and widows of ministers. ship is generally attended; and on the Since the year 1810, however, only 1001. day of celebrating the Lord's Supper, a-year has been received from this the church was full, and the beha. source. The schools have therefore viour of the communicants solemn and fallen into decay. With the exception pleasing. It is usual, on the winter of the Latin schools, indeed, they still evenings, for several families to meet exist; but barely exist. Our Queen together to unite in religious exercises. Mary had also granted pensions to thir
Notwithstanding the persecutions they teen schoolmasters; but since 1797 this have endured, they are loyal subjects.' resource has also failed. Each of the They rejoiced in the recent restoration thirteen parishes has a minister; and of the King of Sardinia ; and when at a to each of them several hamlets are former period Louis XIV. ipvaded annexed, in which there are also Turin, Victor Amadeus II. took refuge churches. Queen Mary established a among them, and remained secure till grant of 201. annually to each pastor; relieved by Prince Eugene. They are but of this nothing has been received also an honest people. Wbile the coun- since 1797. Besides this, there is an try near them is infested by robbers, annual payment, the product of a colthey devote themselves to useful labour. lection made in England about forty They shew even a generous disinterest. years ago, which has been regularly edness, refusing rewards for the ser- received; and from which the ministers vices they render to strangers, and and the widows of ministers derive exercising hospitality as if they received some assistance. From the failure or instead of conferring a favour. If one the Royal grant, however, several of
the ministers (some of them men of condition of the Waldenses through the taste and learning), and also of the medium of this imperfect Memoir, British widows of ministers, are reduced to Christians found theniselves actually in very narrow and even distressed cir- the Valleys, and, holding a history of the cumstances. The Swiss Cantons for- Vaudois in their hands, cast the eye merly assisted in the education of can- around spots consecrated by the sufferdidates for the ministry among them, ings of so many disciples of the Lord which was conducted at Geneva and Jesus, they would be filled with esteem Lausanne, but it is uncertain whether for the people, and a desire to promote the same aid will be continued. They their happiness. The evening before I hase lately erected two new churches, quitted them, a solitary walk afforded ose of which had been destroyed by an me full scope to indulge such a train of earthquake, and the other by bostile feelings :-a sacred luxury it may be hands. In this they were aided by the well termed, since the sensations of deUnited Brethren, and some friends at light were really such as neither the Turis. The ancient. Waldenses were treasures of art deposited in the Louvre, Episcopalians. At present a moderator nor the stupendous views of nature is chosen, who presides over their little unfolded in the cantons of Switzerland, Synod. Each church has a deacon, had possessed in an equal degree the who attends to charitable objects, and magic to impart. All around seemed several elders; but their discipline is to have a tendency to foster the dispoless perfect than formerly. The Litur: sition:- a tortent rushed by on the left; gosed in their churches is that of the evening was so mild, that the leaves Nepfchatel. The festivals they observe scarcelý stirred; and the summits of the are, Christmas, Easter, Ascension, and mountains, behind which the sun had Pentecost.
just set, appeared literally above the The Waldenses are clearly in want of clouds. The emotions produced by the pecuniary aid; and it cannot be sup scenery and recollections associated posed, observes the author feelingly, with it; will not be soon effaced : it that a people “so eminently protected might be the last time I should see those by us in the eighteenth, will be neglect mountains, which had been so often the ed by us in the nineteenth, ceptury refuge of the oppressed-those churches There was a time when the Waldenses where the doctrines of the Gospel had did not so much receive as impart be- been so long and so faithfully mainDefits. Their college of Angrogne sent tained-and those friends, from whom forth zealous missionaries to convey a stranger from a distant land had repure religious knowledge to several ceived so many proofs of affectionate parts of Europe, then involved in ig. regard! Full of sach thoughts as I norance and superstition. They were walked along, I arrived at length at the indeed, according to the import of their house of one of the pastors, to pass the imorial bearings, a light shining amidst night. The next day be accompanied dick darkness. If, in these latter me to the limits of his parish, on the days, something of the ancient splen. Col de Croix, which separates Pieddour of their piety should, through mont from Dauphiné. The walk being Divine grace, re-appear, those Chris long and tedions, he had brought bread tians will have reason to esteem them- and a flagon of wine, and observed, as veltes very happy, who, by their ge. he gave me the refreshment, it was Nerous etiorts, may be in some degree une espèce de communion'--might be konopred as instruments of the revival. almost eonsidered a sort of communion: It is unquestionably the duty of be. We then parted, with expressions of lievers to endeavour to promote, and to Christian esteem, and, descending the pray for such a revival of vital piety in other side of the mountain, I soon losť churebes ouce renowned, as well as sight of the lands belonging to the the diffusion of Divine Truth aipong the Vaudois--descendants of a class of men. heathen. L 2 ,
who were, for a series of ages, des C 1, he adds, " instead of seeing the titute, afflicted, tormented; but of
den h . whom the world was not worthy!»
. The author states, that a Committee 44 Lux in tenebris : the anns of the will shortly be formed, and a treasurer
of Luzemne, which once belonged appointed for managing any sums of Die
courir 1 money that may be entivsted to theme CIRIST. OBSERV, No. 157 , K
for the Vaudois; and should any profits arise from the sale of his publication, they will be devoted to the same object.
The Memoir is published by 'Hatchard, and well deserves the attention of our Christian readers,
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The present month has been remarka: aster and failure, if it be not accombly sterile of events. The Congress at panied by the Abolition of the Slave VIENNA, to which the eyes of Europe Trade. What the French Government are at present anxiously directed, still will now do in respect to this great continues its labours; but we are left in measure, it is impossible to say, but as utter ignorance respecting either the they must be fully convinced, by the nature of the discussions which are information recently received, of the passing there, or their probable result. impracticability of re-establishing the Conjecture and rumour are indeed very plantations of St. Domingo, they may busy, and each continental mail is possibly be more accessible to solicitafraught with fresh tales of quarrel or tion on this point, conciliation, of demand or refusal, of We are happy to understand that in renewed hostility or universal harmony. the Treaty with the UNITED STATES, We see no grotind for giving the smallest there is a stipolation binding both councredence to those varying reports. tries to do all in their power to abolish They are evidently fabricated to amuse the slave trade universally.-No fresh the public, or to serve some sivister end events of moment have occurred on the
In Spaix the persecution of the pa. Western side of the Atlantic. The very triots continues with apabated rigour, great difficulty, however, which is exand the state of the country is repre- perienced in raising woney, and the sented as critical and alarming. We growing discontent of the Eastern cam hardly regret any crisis which shall States, afford a strong pledge for the issue in the overthrow of the Inquisi, ratification by Mr. Madison of the Treaty tion, and in the punishment of pertidy of Ghent. so black as fras been shewn towards. Hayri is almost the only part of the those poble and gallant men, who world which has furnished any thing achieved the independence of the Pens very interesting in the way of news, insula, and, in evil hour for thejnselves during the present month. We former. and for Spain, eflected the restoration ly stated, that M. Malouet, the Minister of Ferdinand VII. Bonaparte, by the of the Colonies, lad sent over to Hayti, single act of preserving, and at length before his death, three Commissioners liberating, that Prince, has amply aveng for the avowed purpose of obtaining ed himself on the Spanish Nation.
and transmitting to Government, infor: . Tlie Legislative Assemblies of FRANCE motion respecting it's state and the dishave been prorogued to the Ist of May. position of its chiefs. They arrived in The 21st instant, the anniversary of the Jamaica in the month of Angust. On murder of Louis XVI, has been observe the (th of September, the Chief of the ed as a day of general mourning, and Mission, M. Dansion Lavaysse, address: religious humiliation in Paris, and we ed a letter to the President Petion, in presume in other parts of France. --The which tre endeavoured to allure hin, in bigotry of the Romish priesthood in re. a marxer, however, bat ill adapted to fusing the usual rites of sepulture to a the end he had in view, to acknowledge tragic actress of eminence, who lately the authority of Louis XVIII. On the died, at Paris, had nearly produced a 1st of October, he addressed to Chris formidable commotion in that city, tophe, a letter of a very different deserip. The seasonable interference of the Go- tion, fortning a strange mixture of stu: vernment, in overruling the determina: pid flattery, and still more stupid inti. tion of the Church, quieted the tumult, midation. He threatens him with the and prevented the threatened explosion. united force of Europe, if he refuses to
A plan is said to have been adopted for proclaim Louis XVIII. Great Britain, founding a free French Colony in Africa, he affirmas, is the soul of the confede on the model of Sierra Leone, Such a racy, which has been formed to overtura plan must uccessarily terminate in dis- every tet clutionary Government, and Imong the rest that of Hayti, should he spcak of muster and stare? To us, a peo. be so blind to his interests as not to ple free and independent; to warriors rield to the invitations of that monarchi covered with noble wounds, gained in The slaves which the French are at this the field of honour, who have destroyed, boment porchasing on the coast of to their very roots, ancient prejudices Africa, he adds, will be converted into and slavery; to those warriors who, in oldiers for the purpose of destroying a thousand combats, have made so the refractory. He intimates at the many of these barbarous colonists bite ame time, that Christophe is too wise the dust; the residue of whom, escaped not to prefer becoming a great lord from our vengeance, now dare to speak and a general officer, under the great of restoring their abhorred system, which wavereign of France, to continuing in we have proscribed for ever.” The the precarious situation of the chief of a conduct pursued by the French shews maxber of revolted slaves. The letter that they place us beyond the pale of is id of the grossest mistatements of nations; for to what other people on fact, in respect to the recent events earth would they dare to propose constach bare taken place in Europe, and ditions so vile and degrading? They abundantly proves the entire ignorance contémn us; they are so impressed with of M. Dauxion Lavaysse, and of his the idea of our stupidity, as to suppose, måster Malouet, as to the state of inform that we want the ordinary instinct ention in Hayti. Every occurrence which actuates animals to seek their which takes place in Europe is as fully own preservation. Is it in return for known there as it is on the Exchange of the benefits we have received from the Landon.
Freneh, that we are now to resume the This foolisi and impolitic proceeding chains of slavery? Is it for a sovereigu, tas lrad precisely the issue which might who is wholly unknown to ns, who has Eave been expected. Of the course never done anything for us, and in parsued by Petion, on the occasion, we whose name we are insulted, that we anty know in general, that he has turn. should now change our state? Is it to ed a deaf ear to all the solicitations of be delivered anew to torture, or to be M. Dauxion Lavayse, who repaired devoured by dogs, that we are to rekimself to Portag Prince. There he was nounce the fruit of twenty-five years of almost immediately taken ill; and he still. battles and blood? What have we still contioned so ill at the date of the last in common with this people? We have dispatches, as to be incapable of attend broken every tie which bound us to mig to business. This emissary appears them. We have now no points of union to have been a member of the Committee with the French, who have never ceasof Pablic Safety, under Robespierre; à ed to persecute us, and whom we abhor. circumstance which was knowo to the Why then must we be condemned to Haytians, and wbich was by no means groan under their oppressive yoke calculated to inspire them with confi: “We desire to be free and independent, dence in his intentions.
and ever shall be so in spite of tyrants." We hase received much more ample
If it were a question, they observo, details from Cape Francois. Christophie, whether they should prefer the renunon receiving the letter of Dauxiov La
ciation of freedoin, or extermination, Fayse, sammoued a General Council of
they would unanimously embrace the the nation, to whom it was submitted,
latter alternative. But no; they say, Esgether with a copy of the same per
that is impossible: “ Hayti will be insea's letter to Petion. The Council un
vincible. The justice of her causc will animously voted an address to the king
enable her to triumph over all obstacles." ruched in very energetic terms.
They conclude with offering their arms, The most abominable of tyrants,"
their lives, their property to the service they observe," when they have wished
of their king, their country, their liberty, to impose their oppressive yoke on the
their independence. people, have employed treachery, and The same packet which brought us Lave covered their criminal purposes
this account, brought over also to this under some specious pretexts; but the
conntry several very able Ilaytian pube eavay of the king of the French, has
lications. One of these is a refutation inpudently dispensed with all disguise.
of the calumnies of M. Malouet, against He has dared to propose to a free peo.
the negró race, and of that minister's deple, the alternative of slavery or death."
fence of the colonial system ;- inother, * Aud to whom do they dare thus to a refutation of the letter of Daixion
Lavaysse; both written by Le Chevalier tials from the French Government, he Prezeau, Secretary of Christophe, was arrested, and his papers seized, These works manifest not only a tho. From these papers it appeared that his rough knowledge of the particular real mission, which he pretended to be questions at issue, but much general wholly pacific, was to excite discord information, and great acuteness of in- and insurrection among the Haytians. tellect. “I perceive,” he says, “ in the It is therefore intendad to bring him course of your letter, that one of your to trial as a spy. great objects is to generate distrust . We are happy to observe that the between us and the brave and loyal king of France has formally and offiBritish Nation, by threatening us with cially disclaimed any participation in the co-operation of her arms against us. the proceedings of M. Dauxion LaBut could you for one moment persuade vaysse. His mission is stated to have yourself that we should be the dupes been directed to the single point of of your perfidy and falsehood, .when in 'procuring information to guide the de. the public prints we witness all the liberations of the French Government. efforts wbich the English Government The tone adopted, thercfore, in bis and the virtuous philanthropists of that letters to the Haytian Chiefs is wholly nation have been making in our favour? disavowed. We are glad of this for the I can, moreover, assure you tļiat. we king's own sake. But knowing the have various extra-official documents, character of M Malquet, we can have which prove to us that the views of no doubt that the conduct of the agents the powers of Europe towards us are has been conceived in the spirit of their very remote indeed from those you employers' secret instructions. It has, would assign to them. Far from having howerer, as far as we can judge, been gained your end, see what you have in a very fortunate circumstance for the effect done. You have thrown light on cause of negro freedom that these in. our course. You have given us new structions were framed with such entire motives for attaching ourselves to the fatuity. It has extinguished for ever great British Nation, and new grounds the hopes entertained by the Colonists of execration against you, and for dis- of regaining their ancient footing in 'trusting your criminal schemes."
St. Domingo. It has confirmed the A General Medina, who was attached liberty and independence of Hayti. to the mission of Dauxión Lavaysse, The President Petion has testified his was sent by him to Cape François, to gratitude to Great Britain, for the ar. conduct the negociation with Chris- dour with which she has espoused the 'tophe. He was there recognized as a cause of the African race, by reducing person who had served in the army of the rate of duties on British merchan. Toussaint Louverture, and who baving dize imported into his dominions to five been entrusted with an important post, per cent. instead of ten per cent, which betrayed it to the French force under is the rate levied on the goods of all Le Clerc. On this account, and be- other countries, .. cause he was also without any creden
GREAT BRITAIN. The dull uniformity of our domestic arguments there is no reply. They history has been relieved only by the have been driven from this refuge of extension and modification of the Order lies; but doubtless the same blind cre. of the Bath, so as to embrace a great dulity and drivelling folly which led number of meritorious paval and mili- them to enrol themselves in the list tary officers--and the death of that of Joanna Southcott's 'followers, will noted impostor, Joanna Southcott. We make them fit dupes of the first prehave hitherto avoided any reference to tender to supernatural revelation who that unhappy woman or her deluded may assume the same confident tone, followers, feeling that it was 'a case and denounce on all that is superior in equally beyond the reach of reason and tank and station the vengeance of Hea'ridicule. The bubble, however, is at ven. A Brothers and a Southcott have length burst. Her imposture has been had their day; and it is not a little detected; and the folly of those who remarkable that, with few exceptions countenanced it has been exposed, even the followers of the former have been to their own conviction, by one to whose the most devoted disciples of the latter.