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telling the king, at the moment they are France and of the whole world, that Jahouring to subvert his throne, that if the French are not yet sufficiently " he must know their devotedriess to convinced that Europe is strong enongh his sacred person, and the share they to restrain them, they should be made to have had in his dangers, his misfor- feel that the day of just retribution tunes, and his exile !"

must at length arrive. In the opinion Such a documeut as this is obviously of his grace, not only would it be uncalculated to produce all the evils it just on the part of the sovereigns to affects to deplore. But it contains, we humour the French in this instance, believe, too faithful a representation of but it would be impolitic, as it would the disorder and disaffection wliich deprive them of the opportunity of pervade France, and which nothing but giving a great moral lesson to that an union of extraordinary vigour in people. act, with great wisdom and moderation The opening of the chambers took in council, is likely to prevent from place on the 7th instant. The king's exploding in another revolution. speech is remarkable only for the cau

Much discussion having arisen re- tion with which it shuns every topic of specting the propriety of restoring to peculiar interest at the present crisis, the different countries of Europe the and confines itself to vague and general monuments of art of which the French expressions of regret for what has armies had plundered them; and the passed, ot' gratitude for the affectionate allies, in sanctioning this restoration, attachment he has experienced, and of having been charged with a breach of confidence in the devotedness of the the convention of Paris; the duke of nation and the zeal of the two chiamWellington has addressed a letter to bers. He invites them to a frank and lord Castlereagh, in which he vindi. loyal union with the king in maintaining cates the measures which have been and, if need be, ameliorating the conpursned.--The French commissioners stitutional charter; and to join in his who concluded that convention, he ob- efforts “ to make religion re-flourish, sarves, had wished to introduce an article pacify minds, fonnd liberty on respect which should provide for the security for the laws, give stability to credit, of those monuments; but this was po- recompose the army, heal the wounds sitively refused by the allied comman that have but too deeply torn the bosom ders; and it was distinctly notified by of our country; in fine, insure interpal them at the same time, that they had tranquillity, and thereby make France the promise of the king of France him- respected without," belf for their restitution, and that it The proceedings of both chambers was their purpose to avail themselves have hitherto exhibited little that is of it. The allies being in possession of remarkable. It is evident that the the Museum, could have done nothing party which professes attachment to a wbich was more proper in itself than mixed constitutional monarchy, lias the to restore the works of art to those preponderance, and that the ministers from whom they had been taken, in are of this description; while some of the contempt of the received usages of royal princes, supported by the more civilized society, during the frightful violent of the returned emigrants, and periods of the French Revolution and the more bigotted Catholics, are eager the tyranny of Bonaparte. In 1814, to establish the monarchy and the hiethe allies, indeed, bad hoped to con- rarchy in their ancient plenitude of ciliate the French army, by leaving the power, splendour, and influence; and, Museum undisturbed; but circumstan- perhaps, to degrade the Protestants from cés were changed, now that that army that equality of rights, and to deprive had proved traitors to their king, and their clergy of that public pecuniary drawn together Europe in arms to remuneration which they enjoy by the crush their nefarious attempt to re-seat constitutional charter. The prosessed Bonaparte on the throne. That army constitutionalists, however, it is obvi. has been defeated and dissolved, and ous, though by far the larger body, are its wishes need no longer be consulted. composed of very discordant mater There was no reason why the sovereigos rials, including within their pale, not should now hesitate to do justice to the merely the sincere though moderate claims of their own subjects in order royalists, but the jacobins and tire to please the French. The very ex. Bonapartists. These two last descrippectation of it marks the uational arro- tions of men are only to be relied on as sance. They wish to retain the works a barrier against the nnmeasured roval. of art as tlie fruits and trophies of con- ism of what may be called the Angou. quest. A similar sentiment may be lême party, and are not likely to sup. supposed to operate on the minds of port the government in those measures the allied sovereigns and their subjects of vigour and firmness which the preto effect their restoration to the lawful sent exigency requires. la the ad. proprietors. Besides all this, it is dresses of the houses to the king, a call desirable both for the happiness of is made upon him for justice on the

the ev

agents in the late Revolution, which country so imperiously reguires, or, out gave rise, it is said, to warm discussions; of false tenderness to the king, so to but in general the terms of these ad diminish the amount of their force there, dresses partake througlont of the as to tempt the disaffected to movements vagueness and tameness of the king's which might issue in the renewal of all speech. The propositions made by the the horrors of both foreign and domestic minister of justice, for a law to repreys warfare. We really believe, that if &editious cries, and for another law si- the allied troops were withdrawn, or milar in its effect to the suspension of our even greatly reduced, very few months Habeas Corpus Act, furnish a strong would pass before the throne of the proot of the unsettled state of the public Bourbons would be again shaken to its mind in France, while we fear they will foundation, go but a short way towards a care of

SPAIN. The duc de Feltre, the new minister An insurrectiovary movement in Coof war, is said to be proceeding vigo- runna and its neighbourhood, headed rously with the reformation of the army, by a gallant partisan in the peninand to have placed at the head of the sular war, general Porlier, afforded a new regiments none but men whose loy- momentary hope that the melancholy alty is unquestioned. An inquiry is despotism, re-established in Spain, about to be instituted into the propriety might be shaken, if not overthrowu. of coutinuing those pensions, whether · Porlier has paid with his life the forfeit military or civil, which were granted of his attempt. The alarm it has caused by the king to individuals who after- to the Spanish Government, has, howwards joined the party of the Usurper. ever, been attended with some salutary

On a view of the whole subject, com effects. Taking counsel of his fears, paring the information given by public the king has banished from Madrid the acts and documents, with that derived mimons whose coupsels have hitherto from private sources, we are far from swayed him, and by whom he had been sanguine in our hopes of soon seeing incited tothe various oppressive and ty. France so tranquillized as to relieve her ravnical measures which have led every neighbours from the apprehension of friend of humanity and justice to regret another convulsion. We sincerely hope his restoration. Whether any change that the allies will not be induced to of measures will follow this change of relax the vigilance which the present men remains yet to be ascertained. agitation of the ferocious spirits in that

GREAT BRITAIN. Our domestic history would present present system. The subject deserves at nothing worthy of notice, were it not least to be fully and dispassionately in. for the disturbed state of some counties vestigated; and, if the result of such an in Ireland, and the insubordination investigation shonld be adverse to the which has prevailed among the seamen abolition of tithes, the reasons on which on the river Tyne.

the decision would be founded might In Ireland it has become absolutely tend to remove many of the existing necessary to proclaim martial law in prejudices against them. In the mean several districts; and we trist that the time we are clearly of opinion, that noearly application of a vigorous resis- thing is to be conceded to banditti armed tance will stifle the criminal hopes of with fire and sword, and that their laisthe disaffected.. The grievance that Jess violence must be put down by the is alleged as the pretext for the vio- employment of force. lences which have been committed, On the same principle we are happy and the illegal combinations which have to learn that measures of vigour have been formed, is the exaction of tithe3. been adopted by Government to repress This, however, is probably no more than the refractory spirit of the seamen at a convenient watch-worl, which covers Newcastle, Sunderland, and Shields. a deeper design than the merely getting The lawless projects of these misguided rid of this particular burden. At the men may now be considered, we trust, same time, we book regard it as a as effectually defeated, and that withmeasure of true paternal wisdom, if the ont bloodshed, throngli the united firmimperial parliament woald maturely nes; and moderation of the naval and weigh the expediency of removing this inilitary commanders, ordered upon ceaseless gronnd of tumult and disatiec- that service. tion. The powerful'arguments which S ome fresh successes are said to oppose the abolition of tithes in this have been obtained in India, over the country are but partially applicable to Napaulese forees; but the war still the case of Ireland; and we are persuad- continues to be carried. on with ob ed that there the clergy wouid be gain: stinacy. ers by a judicious modification of the

We have frequently stated, that we can make no use of Literary intelligence

which does not reach us before the 20th of the month. The Rev. Mr. Budd is Chaplain of Bridewell Hospital. W. E.; and C. C.; will be inserted. N os may be assured that the whole matter to which he refers is not forgotten. We feel ourselves wholly incompetent to satisfy the ingriries of “A Constant * Reader and a Presbyter of the Church of England." The questions which be

moots are questions to be submitted to the consideration of learned civilians. T. C. L. E. S; R-- -; A HINDOO; DIACONUS, are under consideration. Our neglect in noticing the communication of T. H. Y. was very far from being

intentional: it was purely accidental. We felt too highly gratified by that part of his communication which was personal, not to be desirous of fully meeting his wishes. The discussion, however, which he proposes is one which

does not strike is as particularly called for. The proposal of BENEVOLUS will be considered. The information he requires may for the most part be found in any Court Calendar. He will there find that the address of the Refuge of the Destitute is, Middlesex-house, Hackney Road."

The address of Mr. Hervé we do not know, We participate in the feelings of E. Y.; and yet we dread the innndation of

papers which his inqniry would provoke. MINIMUS is somewhat too recondite for a popular miscellany. We will thank AMELIA for the continuation of her paper. If it correspond

with the commencement, we shall be desirous of giving it a place. J.A. must excuse us if we hesitate to inflame religions animosities without better proof of the truth of the statements to which he alludes, than we have yet seen. If in our anxiety to bring no charge against any set of men without clear evi. dence of their guilt, we should appear to J. A. or any of his friends to be “ criminally silent," where we ought to be lond and indignant, we are willing to submit to the imputation. But we shall not be moved, either by hard words, or by the examples he cites of the Evangelical Magazine, the Times, and the Courier, nor yet by the wish to consult the prejudices of his friends, to lean to

one side rather than another in a dry question of fact. We must acknowledge no, small degree of surprize to find THEOGNIS, at the end

of fourteen years, asking us “ What has the Christian Observer to do with Roderick?"-and intimating an opinion that we should contine our attention solely to theological works. We shall only answer, that this is not tbe plan of

our work, and that we should deem such a plan highly inexpedient. WILLIAM will find, on application to his bookseller, that Pascal's “ Thoughts" al

really wear an English dress, We are obliged to Philos for lis suggestion; but we do not think it wonld add to

the interest of the Chrtstian Observer to reprint works which now form a part

of the library of almost every Christian. Mr. HOLMES has done as great wrong, in supposing that we had any design to

injure his reputation as an author, or to favour, Mr. Faber and Mr. Cuninghame (we could hardly be guilty of partiality to both!) by omitting to mention his work on Prophecy in our List of New Publications. We were not aware, * indeed, that it had been omitted, until we received his somewhat strong expostulation on the subject. We have always disclaimed (and we now renew the disclaimer) the slightest degree of responsibility for any omissions in our List of New Publications; because we collect no list ourselves, but professedly extract our list from that contained in another periodical work. Had the title of Mr. Holmes's work occurred in that list, it would doubtless have been inserted in ours. We should not have said so much on so very trivial and unimportant a matter, had we got been desirous of satisfying a gentleman for whom we entertain a very sincere respect, that his imputation is altogether unfounded. He has construed an accidental omission into an act of delibe. rate hostility; whereas, we did not even know the fact of the omission until he charged us with having contrived it with the express view of doing him an injury. We hope he will accept the mention of bis work in this Number as a peace-offering. We can honestly assure him, also, that so little had the subject occupied our minds, we did not know, or had forgot, that his work was particularly opposed to the systems both of Mr. Faber and Mr. Canioghame, We ought, perhaps, to apologize for our ignorance; but, in truth, this department of sacred research-- we mean the attempt to explain unfulfilled prophecy-has happened to attract less of our attention than, per: haps, any other. We should at least scarcely become partizans in support of any one system of prospective interpretation, viewing, as we do, all of them with almost eqnal doubt and suspicion. We hope this frank confession will satisfy Mr. Holmes..


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NOVEMBER, 1815. [No. 11. Vol. XIV.


LIFE OF BLAISE PASCAL. 'requisite for the preservation of (Continued from p. 644.)

his health, and on no occasion

whatever would he exceed those The disordered state of M. limits. If any person, surprised

1 Pascal's health seemed to in- at his precision, inquired his reacrease daily, so that he was shortlysons, he would reply; “It is a afterwards constrained to relinquish proper and necessary thing to supevery literary pursuit. But in the ply the wants of the stomach, but midst of his afflictions, be reso. it is not my duty to satisfy the lutely adhered to his first maxims; cravings of appetite." When his and at those seasons when frail sister used to express her anaze"nature seems to require more than ment, at his taking the most unordinary indulgence, he persisted pleasant medicines, without manifirmly in rejecting all the blandish- festing the

festing the least aversion, or, dis"ments of sense. M. Pascal had a

gust, he would rally, her in his complaint in his stomach, which ingenious and entertaining manner: required bim to live upon delicate « Why do you wonder," he would food: he was determined, however, say, that I swallow a nauseous poto derive no pleasure from this cir- tion, without expressing any discumstance, and therefore avoided

taste ? Do I not know that it is dis.

taste ? Do I not know. th paying attention to any thing he agreeable before it is presented to eat. If he were asked, after a

me? And do I not take it volun. ineal, whether the viands had been tarily ? Surprise or violence may agreeable; he would reply, "I produce aversion ; but how can I really took no notice of their taste."

pretend to dislike that which is the When any one, in his presence, mentioned with vivacity the excel.

tious sophisms as these would lead lent relish and delicious nature of us to conclude, that the author of any article of diet, he would serithe Provincial Letters, while he ously condemn such a disposition: practised the severities of an asce. “ It argues," said he, “great sen- tic. had not renounced his sprightsuality in those who talk thus: they liness and vivacity. — M. Pascal seein to have no better motive for was well acquainted with the writ· eating, than the flattering of their ings of Epictetus: he had formed appetites.” He was naturally fond a just estimate of the tendency of of acids, and such other articles the stoical philosophy, and regard. as tend to excite the appetite and ed many of their admired, maxime heighten the flavour of food; but as being no less subversive of true lest he should be seduced, insen. piety, than their paradoxes were sibly, into the practice of what lie

repugnant to the 'dictates of comso much disapproved, he never

mon sense and natural feeling. permitted any leinon or vinegar to

Christianity requires no man to be mixed in his diet. With respect

violate the constitution of his nato quantity, at his first retiring from the world, he assigued to . Pensées de Pascal, sur l'Epictète et - himself that portion which seemed

Montaigne, Art. XI, CHRISTI ODSERV, No. 167.

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ture; to renounce the precepts of and unreasonable to the “ carnal sound wisdom and discretion in mind," not less remote from ordithe conduct of life, or to extinguish nary conceptions will his sentithose kindly affections which con- nents be found, concerniog pover-stitute the bond, and contribute ty, and the vanity of worldly splet most essentially to the comfort, of dour and greatness. He saw and society. But it must be allowed to lamented that numbers of persons possess this peculiarity, that while who seemed to possess a serious it imposes the duties of condescen- regard for religion, and professed sion, tenderness, sympathy, and to be deeply concerned for the loving-kindness towards others, it salvation of their souls, were neveropposes all effeminacy, self-com- thesess living in great conformity miseration, and fond indulgence: to the world; complying with cusit commands courage, fortitude, toms and usages of a very doubtful hardiness, patient endurance, and and hazardous nature, and obeying all those manly, robust, and noble the caprices of novelty and fashion, exercises of the soul, which qualify like the rest of mankind. He obthe individual to maintain his sta- served, among those who thought tion as “a good soldier of Jesus themselves Christians, a frivolous Christ.” Many persons will pro- solicitude to emulate others in the bably consider those rigid atten- gaiety and expense of their appa. tions to the subjugation of the sen- rel; that they courted applause ses, as indicating an over-strained and distinętion from the superior precision, as characteristic of one architecture of their houses, the that was " righteous overmuch.” elegant taste and exquisite workReligion, they will tell us, and tell manship displayed in their furnius truly, does not consist in such ture; and were absurdly ostentaminute observances, and unrelent- tious of appearing splendid and' ing severities. But does it hence luxurious in their social entertaio. appear, that the piety of M. Pas- ments. “ Those," he would say, cal consisted in humiliating chas. “who aspire to have every thing tisements and corporeal mortifi- about them executed in a superior cations ? The holy Scriptures, in- style, and are solicitous vot to em. deed, have not assigned the spe- ploy any but the best workmen, cific manner in which we are to seldom consider that they are in. “ crucify the flesh, with its affec• dulging that · lust of the eye, tions and lusts,” but the duty it. which the Scripture condemps, and self is unequivocally insisted on: are cherishiug a disposition, which every one is required to “ deny bas a dangerous tendency to extinhimself,”- to “ take up his cross," guish that poverty of spirit, and colo - not to “mind earthly things," - tempt of the world, wbich the Goto be dead to sin and to the spel requires. Choose the artificers world,”--to be an exemplary fol- that are poor and honest, without lower of the holy Jesus, whose life curiously hunting after that sort of presents no common exhibition of excellency which is neither useJabour, self abnegation, and suffer. ful nor necessary, but is a mere ing. Should any reader be in- creature of the imagination. O! clined to brand M. Pascal with the were my whole heart penetrated odious epithet of Pharisee, let him with those sentiments of poverty not forget his own vocation, but which my understanding dictales, remember that “except his righ- what felicity should I enjoy ! ana teousness exceeds the righteousness I am firmly persuaded, that unless of the scribes and pharisees, he 'we become in reality poor 10 shall in no wise enter into the king- spirit,' we shall not see the king dom of heaven."

dom of Heaven." - It inay be said of If M. Pascal's notions of Chris- M. Pascal with great truth, that he tian mortification appear excessive not only exercised a tender cold.

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