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They must allow that the prospec- ers are made roundly to affirm that tive construction is very natural they have already obtained the and easy.

very deliverance for which they If they mean to deny either of are so fervently imploring." Is these assertions,-if they mean to there a critic in Christendomi who contend, either that the clause can. would contend for such an inter: not be construed prospectively, of prétation of the passage?"' . that it cannot be so construed with. Our forms furnish many other out harshness, I beg leave to sub- instances of the same or a very simit to them the following instances milar structure of sentence, in of exactly parallel phraseology which the prospective sense is equaltaken from other parts of the ly necessary or natural. It is inPrayer-book, and to ask whether deed (speaking as on a dry point of these also are to be understood re. syntax)"always the more natural. trospectively.

To an unprejudiced apprehension, 1.« Graciously hear us,-that we,' the Christmas - Collect would (1 thy servants, being hurt by no per- doubt noty always appear, what it sécutions, may evermore give thanks seems always to have appeared to unto thee-." Prayer against Per- the Bartlett's Buildings' Society be. secution.

' fore the present century, namely, a " Grant that thy Church, being prayer for regeneration. At the alway preserved from false apo- same time, I'admit that the words stles, may be ordered and guided by will also bear a retrospective, or (as faithful and true påstors ". Col- I would rather call it) à conditional, lect for St. Matthias's Day.": construction; and that such a 'con

"O send thy word of command struction seems favoured by paralto rebuke the raging winds and the lel passages in the offices for Priroaring sea ; that we, being deliver- vate and Adult Baptism, My own ed from this distress, may live to inclination certaivly is to believe serve thee-," Prayer to be used that the composers of this prayer in Storms at Sea.

in 1549) intentionally used a Now if it be necessary to un- somewhat indefinite mode of exo derstand the Christmas Collect as pression, in order that the petition speaking of retrospective regenera- might suit different classes of wortion, it must be necessary to un- shippers. But having already' ilderstand these parallel passages lustrated this privciple, I will not as speaking of retrospective safety now farther encroach on your pafrom persecutions, retrospective tience. Hereafter, slould 'my ferpreservation' from false apostles, sure servė, I may perhaps venture and retrospective deliverance from to trouble you with some additional the raging winds and roaring sea. remarks, with a view of more di On that principle, in the last of rectly shewing that our Church these prayers, which by the 'sup- holds spiritual regeneration to be position proceeds from men on separable from the regeneration of the point of perishing, the petition- water'' ! AHALA:)

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at or dhaman To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Sol.99 ZG

not be left exclusively to the learnWHEN singular and ingenious theo- ed and able. But no sooner is ries in philosophy are proposed to the novelty announced, than, like the world, it is very unfortunate sweets opened, if attracts a swarm

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of buzzing triflers, who rush into My father educated me for the the seductive element, drown them- Church, and intended me for the selves in its rich embrace, and University; but a growing family, render it ever afterwards offensive and the times, had nearly disquato all the rest of mankind. What- lified him, in point of finances, for ever the merits of any given sys- the execution of this purpose, when tem, or of its authors, may be, the I received from a rich uncle an cause of truth is surely served by invitation to a splendid seat in one exposing the folly of such shallow of the home-counties, accompanied partizans. ,

by a proffer of patronage. Every one has heard more or The proposing party was one of Jess of the new system of Crani. two brothers of my father's, both ology, recently imported into this greatly his juniors, and to both of country. Of the system itself, I whom he had once supplied a have little knowledge, and still less father's place. One of them, my capacity of judging. It may be volunteering patron, entered into right, or it may be wrong, for what trade, and, by what the world is I know. Nor have I a prejudice pleased to term some lucky hits, or a prepossession respecting it, acquired a very considerable forexcept that the rudeness, with tune, opulent illiteracy and vulwhich it has been attacked in our garity in the shape of a wife, a popular reviews naturally tends to princely mansion in the country, rally in its favour the feelings of and, to crown all, a title. Mean the impartial and ignorant; and to time, some part of his conduct to. that class of persons I belong. wards my father was so offensive Nothing indeed can be more offen as to cause a deep breach between sive than the manners of our modern them: the great man chose to be critics. If the theory in question irreconcileable, and my father was be as absurd as they allege, this so much hurt that, for years, be could be shewn in calon language. could not bear the mention even And certainly, it is not shewn the of his brother's name. He, howbetter for violent imputations of ever, still bore towards him a fra. ignorance, fatuity, and fraud; ternal heart; and when at length which, as it seems to me, can be received from him overtures of, produce no effect but to irritate friendship accompanied by a tender instead of confuting the parties, of patronage, joyfully closed with and to disgust instead of con- the former, thougb much doubting vincing the candid inquirer. the propriety of accepting the

So much for the theory and latter. I shall call this mighty theorists in question :--I neither man Sir Arthur, applaud nor coudemo either. But, The other brother, whom I shall as for some of their shallow, eager name Richard, took orders, obabettors, read (alas !) this melau, tained by his “merit a fellowship choly letter! Indeed you will soon at the University, and afterwards perceive that I have shewn some a college-living. He ever maincandour in speaking nentrally of a tained, so far as distance would system which has occasioned me allow, a close intercourse with our (however innocently) so many eyils, family; and was, in fact, the me, Hear, then, sir, the narrative of my diator of the present reconciliation woes, and, if you think proper, between his brothers, and the inrecord it for the benefit of man- stigator of the proposal in my fa. kind.

vour. "I am the eldest son of a labo. I pass over the long negotiation rious clergyman, situate in a very that ensued, which at length terkemote part of this United Kingdom. mipated in our acceptance of Sir

Arthur's offer. Neither will I re. uncle's. He thought much might count the particulars of my journey depend on the first impression, and, from my fathers, which to my in- well knowing both parties, conesperience seemed an Iliad of ceived that his presence would proadventures; nor detain you on the bably be advantageous in smooth'circunstances of my arrival at the ing the mutual approaches between magnificent mansion of my patron; oddity and shyness. '' pie of my introduction to himself and My uncle Richard met me with his lady; of my surprise at the ap- the most affectionate cordiality; pearance and the burried yet self- and I, on my part, was overjoyed complacent mauner of the former, at the sight of one whom I love so unlike my father and other and venerate as the exact dupliuncle; or of my deeper horror at cate (if I may so say) of my father. the eternal war waged by his obsè- Sir Arthur welcomed his brother, quious partner against all the cases, not exactly with affection, but with persons, moods, tenses, and con much important kindness and much cords, I had ever heard of. On ill-dissembled respect. And as for my part, I was extremely confused the lady, she attempted to play a and awkward; while my uncle had similar part, but succeeded still an air of the niost provoking be. worse. The truth is, she had felt nignity.

the inconvenietces of a want of The first thing that roused me education, and could not help reto any distinct feeling of personal verencing a scholard, though unidentity, was a remark made by adorned hy a title, and unpossessed Sir Arthur while we waited the of a shilling's worth in the three annunciation of dinner. Speaking per cents. of my uncle Richard, he said, On our introduction into the « Poor Richard !.-a good fellow, dinner apartment, new forms of eh!- But I'm surprised what made splendour struck my amazed eyes. him think of going into the church. I was oppressed by the magnifi

Not fit for it, not fit for it at cence of the table, and epibarrassed all.- Why, man, there's no such at the number, figure, and solemvity thing as hope, veneration, consci- of the waiting-servants; for entiousness, or benevolence, in his

« Head to foot whole head.-No, not ever-a-one Now were they total gules ; of them.--"'I had not time to and they stood round us staring recover from the vague astonish- like a gallery of whole-length pora ment into which this speech had' traits. However, the dinner proved thrown me,' when my attention most welcome, not merely as it nawas diverted from it by the un- turally would to a weary traveller, folding of the door, avd the en- but in two other very important trance of the very person thus respects. First, it rid me of the calumniated.

: trouble of disposing of my hands; I know pot whether my uncle which appendages of my person I Richard hås benevolence in his bad for the last half-hour found so hedd: 'I am sure he has it in his intolerably in the way that I really heart; as, indeed, was now proved, thought them multiplied to six at by his bảving røde from his parish' least. Secondly, it found equal (thirty miles distant), with great employment for Sir Arthur's eyes, inconvenience to himself, for the which, for about the same space of purpose of meeting nie at Sir time, had been fixed on my unforArthur's. However, it was not tunate head, and with glances, now merely for the pleasure of an in- direct, now transverse, now staterview; but he was anxious' to' tionary, now vibratory, were inter, superintend my debût at my titled jecting it in all directions. His

looks had inconceivably disturbedence of heads,-head-science, -eh? me, nor could I at all divine their All accident;—but as good as if I object. · However, 'I 'pursuaded had meant it, eh?” myself that he was studying my “ Perhaps better," said my uncle likeness to my father.

Richard, smiling; and then, turnMy uncle Richard soon made me ing to ine, he said, “By the inost feel at home in more senses than valuable science in the world, Sir one: he asked particular question's Arthur does not mean what you about my father,' inother, each of conjectured, but the science of my brothers and sisters, and after heads, or Craniology; the science wards about various persons in the taught by Drs. Gall and Spurzparish, dilating on each, and inter- heim. lie limself has been demixing remarks of a general nature. voted to it these six months; and Sir Arthur was very capable of his lady,” added my uncle, rather attending to more than one subject (as I thought) piquantly, “ is'his at a time; but the table afforded very humble convert and pupil.” him such a variety of them, as « Ay, and a charming science completely to divide and subdivide too,” said the knight; “ do you his whole miod. His converse, know it nephew, eh?” , therefore, never wandered from the “Ye-e-es,-No,-not much of it, matters in fiand (I mean those li. sir," said I; and here false sbame terally so) till towards the close of prevented my being completely the first course; wben, hearing my honest, for which I very justly sufuncle Richard talk of the studies fered afterwards. I ought to have I had been pursuing with my fa- confessed that I liad heard little ther, he abruptly asked what they more of this science than the name, had been. "

However, the motive of Sir Arthur I answered the question pretty for reconnoitring my head now minutely, and, on my completing flashed upon me; and ( what with Algebra (the last of my ac- fearful thrills past through that quisitions), and then pausing head in every direction! I now I must own with the hope of a began to guess also what was Jittle compliment -Sir Arthur said, meant by brotlier Richard's hay. * Well ?" .

ing neither hope, veneration, con, “ Well, sir;" said I; " that is scientiousness, nor benevolence, in all.",

his whole head. .."All? Then haven't you learned « Well, well,” said Sir Arthur, the most valuable science in the “we shall soon find out how much world--the head-sciencc-eh?" you know of it.- But doesn't the ." Why, sir," said I, “ if you old parson study it, eb?" mean (as I suppose) theology, I “My father, sir,” answered. I, certainly liave not as yet studied and the paternal blood ran a litit systematically; but my father tle hot in my check at the irrevehas always taught me to attend to rent appellation used by Sir Arthur, religion as the chief business of “ has too many other calls on his my life." .. . il

.. time and attention. He has a large A laugh with which Sir Arthur parish and a large family." heard the beginning of this reply, And now Sir Arthur paused 4 was overcast, towards' the conclu moinent; and, leaning over to me sion, with a certain look of awk with a look of eager cunning, and wardness, which made it assume half-suppressing his voice, said, the 'semblance of a cry. ""Why, “And how many organs are there, yes,” said he "right, very right; my man, eb?" *that's 'wbat we should all do, * Organs, sir?" said I, rather certainly ;-; but, Richard, that was embarrassed. omnitalnna of nine ah? Cai « Va u aanne who

man, don't you know what an or-you say,” replied the lady: “ I'd gan is, eh ?"

lay a crown as the poor dears is " Why, my father has sometimes a-longing to come.” And a servant talked of persuading the vestry to received some most ungrammatical set on foot a subscription for an directions to summon the youug organ; but at present we have gentlemen from above-stairs, pone. The parish is very poor.", “I not fond of children, sir!?",

“Ha, ha," roared out Sir Ar- exclaimed I. .. . . thur-" caught! fairly caught!- “ Eh now, you Jalf think me a Why, man, I meant the organs of magician now, don't you, eh ??the head ; -never was any thing said the knight, affecting coolness, better ;-el, my dear?”

while he was twirling his watchi “Upon my word, Sir Arthur, as chain with agitated pleasure. I you say,” answered her ladyship, “Why a magician?' said my setting the tune of his bass laugh uncle Richard, quietly: “ for trans. to a pretty high treble. Aud both forming him into a brute ?" por laughed immoderately.

“Come, I'll tell you how I dis* Why, man," resumed his covered it;" continued the pleased knightship," there are no fewer knight, still to me and not noticing than thirty-three organs ;-organs, his brother; “ your head sbews I tell you, of the head; such as you have no philo-progeoy." . benevolence, firmness, caution, and “ Discovered what?" said I, in plenty more besides; and, accord- amaze. ing as any of these appears promi- “ Why, that you dislike chilnent on a man's head, just so is dren.” bis character.---What, not know " Dislike them? - I, doat on Craniology!- Not know the thirty- them !"-and I spoke vehemently, three organs !-Wby, man, this is for I thought on my little brothers being downright gothic;-why, all and sisters, whom I had just left the world are gone out of their for the tirst time.

me.

V senses about all this; and where “ Doat on a fiddlestick!”, said can you have been, eh ?",

the impatient Sir Artbur, bis vaIn his senses, I suppose," said nity and pride mortified at once : my uncle Richard,

o can't you feel the back of your :“And your father too,”. conti- head, ehl-The back of your bead nued the eager Sir Arthur, “a par, says quite plainly that you dislike son and a scholar! and not study children;-can't you feel it's quite the thirty-three organs!” . flat, eh?"

"I suppose," said my uncle “ It must be fat indeed," said Richard, “he is content to study warmly,“ pot to fiad out that I the thirty-three Homilies." - delight in them."

Do The second, course, now .epter- “ You don't delight in them, ing in all its unsubstantial and sir !" cried the knight, raising bis transitory glory, silenced all Sir voice. ... !! ! Arthur's organs (including his vo- “ Indeed, sir, I do!" replied. cal ones) in a moment; and, for a and (I fear) in my turn a little time, my uncle Richard and I loudly..

17 again talked a duet. “At length; “You know you don't, you know on the approach of the desert, our you don't,” exclaimed be, enragera host, looking to his lady with an." I doat on them," said I, once air of studied indifference but real more.. . Polis Bop triumph, said, “ My dear, though “ You don't," cried be, now my nephew here is not fond of grown furiouslyou hate theme children, I suppose the boys had you delest them, you, abhor them better come in, eh ?”

-you kpow you do you would "Upon my word, Sir Arthur. as kill them if you could. Richard,

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