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tremendous obstipacy with which that it almost seemed as if a wagnithe battle was contested:

fying-glass would convert the re

presentation into life, would surely “ Feast on, stern foe of mortal life,

I have found po mean field for its Feast on!-but think not that a strife,

" dexterity in Waterloo. Even the With such promiscuous carnage rife, Protracted space may last;.,

last scene of the engagement the The deadly tug of war at length poet describes vaguely : and his Must limits find in human strength, description appears liable to this

And cease when these are pass'd. farther and more serious exception, Vain hopel-that morn's o'erclouded that it by no means attributes that " sun

importance to the co-operation of Heard the wild shout of fight begun

the Prussian army wbich both his. Ere he attain'd his height, And through the war-smoke volamed torical accuracy and national gene

rosity would dictate. high,

The truth, however, is, that, at Ştill peals that unremitted cry,

Though now he stoops to night. ' this stage, the poem falls oft, and For ten long hours of doubt and dread, never afterwards effectually reFresh succours from the extended head covers itself. Probably, the time of either bill the contest fed,

which the author had allotted for Still down the slope they drew, * . his composition and bis tour, be: The charge of columns paused not,

gan to'narrow faster than he had Nor ceased the storm of shell and shot;

" distinctly apprehended ;- he was, For all that war could do Of skill and force was proved that day,

in consequence, compelled to jour, And turn'd not yet the doubtful fray“ ney with greater rapidity :--aod On bloody Waterloo," pp. 18, 19.,

with this double difficulty of con

tracted time and increased interrup• In advancing beyond this point, tion, no muse could possibly strog however, we find nothing like a gle.' “ Barbs, barbs, alas, how graphical representation of the or- swift ye flew !" To write against der or events of the figbt. The time is hard enougb; but to write author paints generally the onset$ speedily on a speedy of the French against certain “ser to write against time and tide af ried squares" of the English, and

20 once. Symptoms of haste seem

once particularly. that last dreadful every where discerpible in the secharge, which the happy arrival of quel of the work: as, for instance, the Prussians, and the eagle-glance the anbiguity in the last of the four

prompt resolution of the Bri- following lines : To tish commander, converted into a

u d wiras: still more dreadful rout. But it “ Lightly ye rose that dawning day,'. may fairly be questioned whether From your cold couch of swamp and

clay, any reader, not already acquainted

To fill, before the sup was love... with the general nature of the bat


The bed that morning cannot know."-P. 39. tle, would be able to collect it from this account. Here, therefore, a It costs 'some thinking to disdisappointment occurs; for the cover that, by the concluding line poet had spread out so clear and is meant “ the bed which is pever minute a map of the scene of action, to see a'morning dawn." that it was natural to expect an. To the same liurry may be as equally detailed and luminous ex cribed such verses as the following: hibition of the awful drama which which appear little better than the ensued. And, here also, Mr. Scott diction of bewspaper-eloquence has lost what to bis powers would adapted to metre have been an admirable opportuni

s ang ty. That pencil which sketched .." Shall future ages tell this taler !! the battle of Flodden in characteris , of inconsistence faint and fruilosit la to exact, 50 exquisite, so animated, S. And again, the author-tbas It


minds Bonapaste that he had em. lofty visions which haunt only the ployed some of his leisure hours in bower of leisure and the pillow of reading the Roman history: ". repose. There are indeed occa"The Roman lore thy leisure louds visional exceptions to the remark;

for the system of the human facul The poem offends, however, ties is very singularly constructed. rather negatively than positively,: Cases occur in which the fancy, from the absence of those preg, self-willed as she is, promptly obeys nant proofs of a master's hand the spur of exigency. A fever of wilh which it might have been ex. effort is produced, the heat of pected to abound. It is remark, which throws off noble, and sublime, able that the effect of hurry on and original imaginations. But poetic composition, is not only to this is not the ordinary rule, and prevent fimish, but to impoverish will least answer when a continued ihought. The former, indeed, con- course of poetic thinking is demandstitātes one of its evils; the poet, ed. The purest and most ethereal ever precipitating forwards, is 'une associations of the mind are of a able to work up bis conceptions nature so capricious, so delicate, so with due effect, or properly to fuse fragile, that their fine threads are and polish the precious ores of not only unable to sustain " the fancy. But it is a worse misfortune various bustle of resort," but wilk attendant on such a case,' that suap beneath the nere stress of a there are scarcely any conceptions too-eager mind. In mental operato be worked up, scarcely any pre- tions of some kinds, the rapidity cious ores to be fused. The rea- of our progress is, within certain son is, pot that fine thoughts res limits, proportionate to the intenquire a certain length of time for sity of our voluntary exertion. It their growth, imagination is not a is not so in poetry, where unexstill, which produces its sweets by pected resemblances are to be the hour, but that the want of a started, where singular analogies feeling of leisure incapacitates the are to be struck out, where fire is mind for its finer exertious. The to be kindled rather by electric pressure of urgent haste, if it does darts than by a regular process. not discompose and distract us, at . Here, the miúd is nearly passive, least suggests ideas of task-work, and must resign herself to the caand diligence, and punctuality; sual suggestions and flashes of her ideas, admirably proper in every own thoughts. Here, we can only service but that of the Muses. It place our faculties (as it were) in a is got, therefore, time which is re- situation to be affected, and must quired, but leisure Were the leis then contentedly wait till they are sure afforded greater, the time in roused into melody by viewless im fact employed might possibly be pulses and airy hands. It is witla much less : the author, having an more than poetical reason, thereunlimited credit on time, might fore, that poets celebrate the proactually draw to a very small pitious effect of silence and solitude amount. The wh

on their favourite studies; and that "To constitute a poet," says they

o they seek in some untroubled at Juvenal, “a mind is required, free mosphere, for those rieh and exfrom anxiety, exempt from every quisite forms of ideal beauty, which, harassing care, in love with shady like birds of paradise, will fly only groves, and delighting to drink at in a calm sky, ta handyb de the springs of the Muses." If the b In application, however, to the principle be thus general, the anxie- present poem, these remarks must ty of effort, no less than the anxiety not be taken too strongly. Alof distress, must disqualify men for though the sequel of it is not all poetic reveries, and exclude those that might have been wished, yet




rudiments of excellence may be « Thou, too, whose deeds of fame found in various parts of it, and brenew'd woman det b il sometimes lines of considerable Bankrupt a nation's gratitude, power. A long address to Bona- To thine own noble heart must owe Up parte is not without spirit or vigour; For not a people's just acclaim,

More than the meed she can bestow. and it contains two images of sin- Not the full hail of Europe's fame, gular merit,had they only been Thy prince's smiles, thy state's decree, executed as well as they were con- The ducal rank, the garter'd knee, te ceived. Both these are comprised Not these such pure delight afford in the following quotation : Sup As that, when, hanging up thy sword, 890 9

sotadt Well may'st thou think, This honest " And art thou He of Lodi's bridge, Su steel':

' ' Marengo's field, and Wagram's ridge! Was ever drawn for pablic weal;

Or is thy soul like mountain-tide, And, such was rightfol Heaven's decret, That, sweird by winter storm and Ne’er sheathed unless with victory!** au shower,

1919 The securite Houess wila victory Rolls down in turbulence of power

pp. 34,85.

to the ducal mnk.”, however, in BOA torrent fierce and wides t *'11 PReft of these aids, a rill obscure, on this address, seems a very prosaie Shrinking unnoticed, mean, and poor, expression, Migbt it not advant. Whose channel shews display'd . tageously be changed into the ducal The wrecks of its impetuous course crown ?. . . But not one symptom of the force r One only extract shall be added :

By which these wrecks were made! it is the short commemoration of Spur on thy way!--since now thine ear the worthies wbo fell on the British Has brook'd thy veterans' wish to hear, side. The poet is addressing the

Who, as thy flight they eyed, us up day of the battle:tru mai po Exclaimed, while tears of anguish thou sawit in seas of gore expiro ! Wrung forth by pride and race and Redoubted Picton's soul of fire . shame, sest

Saw'st in the mingled carange lie in

All that of Ponsonby could diem , 3* Oh that he had but died stadises But yet, to sum this hour of ill, sa

De Lancy change Love's bridal-wreath, Look, ere thou leav'st the fatal hill,

For laurels from the hand of Death b Back on yon broken rankschaatsb

Saw'st gallant Miller's failiog eye' Upon whose wild confusion gleams

Still bent where Albion's banners is;

And Cameron, in the shock bf steel, The moon, as on the troubled streams When rivers break their banks,

Die Hke the offspring of Loekiel ;-1)" And, to the ruin'd peasant's eye,

30. And generous Gordon. 'mid the strife, Objects half seen roll swiftly by

Fall while he watch'd dis leaders alfc." 30 Down the aread current huridus


Di So mingle banner, wain, and gun, These lines, the reader way per: Where the tumultuous flight rolls on all haps be aware, have been Tithicules Of warriors, who, when morn begun, in a public print; and an attemp

Defied a banded world." pp. 28-30. has been made, by stripping them 9 The comparison, which concludes of their metre, and giving them the above extract, of the moon-light prosaic form, to "shew that they rout of an army to the flow of a want the essentials of poetry, abu river which has broken its banks, are pure common-place. The ar appears to be original; and, had it tempt shewed rather a common been finished as the author could place critic. The expedient have finished it, would surely have transprosing verse (as Bayes' wo furnished one of the most magni. call it) affords, at the best, bu ficent resemblances in the whole very doubtful test of its mer compass of poetry.stboitou 50 For, independently of the differe av The address to the fallen Em- which may be made in the delica peror is contrasted by the follow. bf a thought by the mere col ing short and spirited apostrophe tion of the words in which to his great antagonisti de expressed a difference sometid



very great), it should be remem: either way think on the gloomy bered that a harmonious and in- suspense of the last hour before spiring cadence is an important the welcome flashes of the Prussian qualification in a poem, and one, artillery were descried in the disof the advantages of which a critic tance: observe, during this horrid has no right to deprive it. These interval, the fast-thinning ranks of are sufficient objections to such an our inestimable troops, and the attempt, even supposing it fairly personal danger of their great niade, which it seldom will be by a commander, when only a narrow professed laugher. With respect square of men protected him from to the lines themselves that were the whole fury of France, -when the subject of it in the present almost every individual of his galinstance, after the influence pro. lant staff fell bleeding beside his duced by the first sound of the stirrup :-consider the innumerable mighty or cherished names which circumstances, any one of which they celebrate has expired, an im- might have rendered abortive all partial reader will probably still that constancy of conduct and think most of them, if not of a prodigality of valour, a random very superior order, yet pleasing shot, an adverse storm, the mise and animated. A yet higher com- take of an order,--the bursting of mendation seems due to the couplet a tumbril, and the thousand other on De Lancy, which is turned with casualties of battle:-muse on all great elegance and beauty.

this, and surely it must be a heart It is now time to close. How of uncommon mould which is not far the general estimate which we filled with trembling thankfulness, have submitted of the merits of On such a field, it would scarcely this poem will accord with that have required the purified vision of formed by the public, we pretend a prophet, or the creative eye of a not to conjecture. But, in con- poet, to descry other than human clusion, we will venture to offer one combatants, to see what was criticism on it, which, we should once beheld in a like dreadful hope, cannot but have occurred to crisis, a super-incumbent orb of many of its readers. In recording “chariots and horses of tire." And, by far the most signal triumph if it be important that instances which this country has achieved on thus extraordinary of Providential shore since the battle of Malpla- favour should be popularly felt and quet, it is surprising that the poet acknowledged, rif it be desirable should not have intermixed his that national successes should be celebration of heroes with some made the subjeets of national comdevotional reference to the "Giver memoration and doxology,-- it must of all victory." The vague, paren- be highly proper and expedient thetical remark that rightful that the triumphal poetry (if it Heaven" has always crowned Wel- may be so called) to which those lington with success, evidently af- successes give birth, should confords no exception worth mention- tain a recognition of the source ing, The vietory of Waterloo was from which they have proceeded, one of those singular events which and should thus be made to harforce the idea of over-ruling Deity monise with the more sacred voice on the most insensate mind. Re- of religious offices. By these flect for how many hours the des- means, not only will the sentiment tinies of Europe hung in the most of national gratitude be brought trembling poise, when every sin- more intimately home to the bogle life became invaluable, -- when soms of men, but a more expressive the day seemed balanced with such testimony and memorial of that dreadful nicety, that a sabre more sentiment will be provided : for, or less might have turned the scale after all, the feelings of a nation

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