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M. A: Sidney College. Taxors. The humanity, of giving money to street-
The University of Cambridge las te. part on the Committee of the Strangers ceived from Government, during the Friend Society, which has led me to be last seven years as a drawback for acquainted with the general state of paper printed within it, the sum of the poor throughout the metropolis, 13,0871. 788 6d.; the University of 04. In the course of my observations I have ford, tlie sum of 18,6581, 2s. 6d. The tioticed the condition of many beggars: number of Bibles printed at Cambridge, their cases have been inquired into, during the last seven years, was 392,000; and in the general way they have been of New Testaments, 423,000; of Prayer found to be impostors; and I am per. books, 194,000. At Oxford, the pum suaded they are the most profligate and ber of Bibles printed, of all kinds, was idle description of character: I am con460,500; of Testaments, 386,000 ; of vinced that very few, if any," honest, Common Prayer Books, 400,000;" of industrious, and sober people ever Catechsims, Psalters, &c. 200,000,- have recourse to 'begging. In the What a satisfactory reply does this neighbourhood where I live there is a increased impression of Prayer-books great resort for beggars ; and I have furnish to the moanings of the enemies made some inquiries into their condi. of the Bible Society !
! tion. There are two public-houses ir The Regent's Canal, Mary-le-bone, Church-lane, St." Giles's, whose chief proceeds rapidly. Workmen have been support depends upon beggars ; one some time past employed in excavating called The Beggar's Opera, which is a basin within a few yards of the Hamp. the Rose and Crown public house, and stead-road, around which warehouses the other the Robin Hood. The numare to be built, and facilities afforded ber that frequent those houses at va for landing goods of all sorts. By this rious times, are computed to be from arrangement the expense of land car- two to three hundred. I have been riage, which has hitherto been so great credibly informed, they are divided to the villages in that peighbourhood, into companies, and each company is will be much reduced. Another basin subdivided into what are called walks, is to be excavated near Pancras, and at and each company lias its particular various other populous districts on the walk : if this walk be considered bene. line of the cut to Limehouse. There are ficial, the whole company take it by to be several collateral cats from the turns, each person keeping it from half main stream to more distapt villages,' an hour to three or four hours: their
Dor d sodhi receipts at a moderate calculation can-
not be less than from three to five shil* The Minutes of the Evidence taken lings a day each person, frequently before a Committee of the House ap- : more. They cannot be supposed to pointed in the last Session, to inquire in spend less at night than ball-a-crown, to the state of Mendicity and Vagrancy and they genera!ly pay sixpence for in the Metropolis and its Neighbour their bed. They are to be found in bood" have been published, and are those' honses throughout the day, but deserving of general attention, They in great numbers from eight to nije establish beyond the possibility of doubt o'clock in the morning, and late in the alle impolicy, and we may add the in evening. It is their custong to sally
teachers are gratuitous, as I find that man, and an excellent husband. She no persons who are paid do the work added, that they now had their lody half so well as those who do it from moings well furnished, and that they lived tives of real benevolence. 3. A large very comfortably; and her dress and school 3 which frequently visit in appearance fully confirmed her testiDrury-lane, which has upwards of 600 mony. I have made particular inquiry children, kas prodneed many instances of a great number of teachers who act of greatmental and moral improvement gratuitously in Sunday Schools, and they amongst the lower classes of society. are uniformly of opinion, that Sunday. At this time there are no less than scliool instruction has a great tendency twenty chimney-sweep boys in that to prevent mendicity in the lower school, whe, in consequence of coming classes of society. One fact I beg to there, have their persons well cleaned mention, of Henry Haidy, who, when every week, and their apparel kept in admitted a scholar at Drury-lane School, decent order: I have the names of was a common street-beggar; he con. their masters. Some of the employers tinued to attend very regularly for of those chimney-sweep boys are so about eight years, during which time well satisfied with the school, that they he discontinued his former degrading will take no child but what shall regu- habits : on leaving the school, he was larly attend it, as they find it greatly rewarded, according to the custom, with improves their morals and behaviour. a Bible, and obtained a situation at a In another school in Hinde-street, tobacconist's, to serve behind the Mary-le-bone, there are eleven chim counter. His brother was also a schon ney-sweep boys. Some time ago, when lar; afterwards became a gratuitous I happened to be the visitor for the teacher in the same school ; obtained a daya bwoman attended to return situation; and, up to the period of his thanks for the education her daughter quitting London, bore an excellent had received in Drury-lane School! I character. The visitors of the Straninquired whether her child had re- gers' Friend Society well knew a negro ceived any particular benefit by the beggar, who, about two years since, instruction in the school; she said, she used to stand by Messrs. Elliott and had indeed received much good. And Robinson's tea-warehouse, Dear Fins1 believe the woman's words were, She bury-square, who has retired to the should ever have reason to bless God West Indies, with a fortune, it was that her child had come to that school; supposed, of about 1,5001. obtained by that before her girl attended there, her this mode of life." husband was a profligate, disorderly From much observation, I am conman, spent most of his time and money Vinced that begging has a direct ten. at the public house, and she and her dency to degrade the mind, and that . daughter were reduced to the most ab- when poor people once find they can ject poverty, and almost starved : that easily get money by begging, they very one Sunday afternoon the father had seldom afterwards have recourse to habeen swearing very much, and was bits of industry; and I believe, from somewhat in liquor; the girl reproved the great nunber of petitions which I the father, and told him, from what she have had occasion to examine, many had heard at school, she was sure it was persons are made beggars from the in. very wicked to say snch words. The judicious kindness of real benevolence father made no particular reply, but and I am also of opinion, the generality on the Monday morning his wife was of petitions that are carried about are surprised to see him go out and procure either impositions, or, although hegun. food for breakfast, and from that time from motives of charity, they are frehe became a sober, industrious man, quently carried on for the purposes of Some weeks afterwards she ventured to idleness and profligacy. I conceive ask him the cause of the change of his and this observation is founded on long character; his reply was, that the words experience) the best method of afford of Mary made a strong impression upon ing relief in cases of real distress, is for his mind, and he was determined to benevolent persons to make private col lead a new course of life, This was lections themselves, and to bestow the twelve months prior to the child being produce upon worthy objects, but not taken out of the school, and his charac to give them petitions to carry about ter had become thoroughly confirmed as it only teaches them the art of beg: and established, he is now a virtuous ging, which tliey seldom farget wher
once acquired; I have often had peti- to make soldiers' clothes : I called inpon tions of three and four years old, with the mother; she was so offensive from real, signatures, and those petitions drinking spirits, I could scarely stand three and four times over.- I wonld near her.". also add, that there are many persons
(To be continued.) who live by writing letters and peti- 608
h e tions : a man in Rose-street, Long Acre
SSIAs buntou gets his living entirely by that employ C ount Nicolas Romanzow, a priblicment; he is nevertheless so idle, that spirited Russian nobleman, hag at his he frequently will not write letters when owur expense built and eqnipped a ship applied for, and the money brought to for a new voyage of discovery. This be paid to him at the time. There is vessel sailed from Cronstadt on the 31st also another person in the Broadway, of July last, and has since touched at Westminster, who gets his livelihood in Plymouth on her way out. She is called the same manner.--I happened last the Rurik, carries the Russian military night to see a girl in the street, of the flag, and is commanded by Captain name of Cafe, aged twelve, whose case Kotzebue (son to the celebrated author I mentioned yesterday. She informed of that name), a lieutenant in the Rusme she had been six years engaged in sian Navy, and who has already sailed begging for her motlier; that on some round the world in the Nadeshda, Cap. days she gets three and four shillings, tain Krusenstern. Dr. Eschholz of the and often gets, to use her own expres-university of Dorpat; M. Chammisso, sion, a silver sixperice or a shilling, be the naturalist from Berlin; the Danish sides copper; that on Christmas-day naturalist, Wormskild; and the Russian last, she earned four shillings and six- painter, Choris, accompany the expedia pence; that she usually gets about eigh- tion. The expedition will visit in the teen-pence a day, the very common South Seas those places which have not days a shilling ; that all the money she been as yet sufficiently examined; will earns is spent at night; and notwith- coast along the inner shores of America standing what was lately given to her to Behring's Straits, and return by the mother, she has no clothes to attend the Straits of Torres, to the Cape of Good Sunday School. The mother pretends Hope. si
les now Sy
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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE founds its claims to the cordial support · .. SOCIETY.
of every real friend of God and man; W: bare never been insensible to the unless they can prove that it does not services of those distinguished indivi- circulate to an extent unknown before duals who have undertaken the public the life-giving Gospel of Jesus Christ vindication of the British and Foreign amongst all nations, and kindred, and Bible Society from the calumnies with people, and tongues ; unless it can prove whicb it has been assailed; neither have either that it has not distributed upwards ve been backward in expressing our gra- of fifteen hundred thousand copies of the fitude. They have done much to frus. Scriptures in little more than ten years, trate the efforts of bigotry and prejudice, or that by this distribution it has done and to secure the free circulation of the evil, and not good ; unloss, in short, it Word of Life in this and every land. can prove that the light of Heaven is We have, nevertheless, always felt that darkness. On this account, we hail the most powerful plea in favoar of this with satisfaction every fresh record of Society, a plea which speaks directly the progress of this mighty institution, and forcibly to the heart, and leaves and eagerly embrace the opportunity far behind the slow and more laboured of giving it publicity.-These obser deductions of argumentation, is the sim. vations suggested themselves to our ple tale of its beneficence: Thus and minds as we perused a sheet of " Exo thus has the Society done. “One thing tracts from the Correspondence of the I know; may the weakest of its friends British and Foreign Bible Society since reply to the most subtle reasoning of the publication of the Eleventh Report," its most powerful adversaries — "One which has recently reached us, and the ting I know, that it has done, and is substance of which we have much pleadoing incalculable good; and is a mighty sure in laying before our readers.si instrument in the band of the Almighty 1. The first article is a letter of for spreading the kpowledge of his will. thanks from the Sheriff of a district in I should not dare to oppose such a Iceland (the North Pole itself is not Society, being as sure as facts can safe from the penetrating influence of make me that I should be opposing this Society), in the name of the whole the work of God. Even in not sup population of the district,” for the Ice porting such a Society, shall I be en landic Seriptures sent there in the årely guiltless? The assailants of the summer of 1814. The letter was offia British and Foreign Bible Soclety, cially communicated through the Bishop therefore, may be assured that, how of the island. ever goodly may be their array of ab 2. A letter from the Rev. J. Pater stract reasoning, and prospective appre- son, dated St. Petersburgh, April 24, hansion, and solemu warning, and epise 1815, assures the Committee, that the copal denunciation-however keen their 2001. allowed by them for distributing satire, and however loud their anatbe Swedish Bibles among the Swedish in mas-they will find all their opposing habitants of Finland, had prodaced the dtförts vaia, antens they can disprove happiest effect in awakening a desire the facts on which chiedy the Society for the Scriptures, and that he hoped,
CHRIST. OBSERV, No, 167.