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mitted, or that it is inconsistent with to enliven the remembrance of extinthe aim of the Bible Society, to bestow guished faith, by causing the rays of the gift of this daily bread, containing the Gospel light again to shine upon it. eternal life, on the nations beyond the “ The inhabitants of Mingrellia have borders of the empire. On the con- been more fortunate than their neightrary, the Russian Bible Society, during bours, the Abhazi. They have prethe short period of its existence, has served the faith of their fathers in the already shewn, in its intercourse with midst of the heavy yoke of bondage the British and Foreign Bible Society, which has lain upon their country for as stated in its Report of 1813, the several centuries; and, notwithstand. universality of its spirit of Christian ing the persecutions of cruel Mohamlove, and its desire to pnt the Word of medans, they still continue to hold the God into the hands of those who are Christian faith according to the Greek without the boundaries of the empire. Confession, and perform their religious
“As the town of Theodosia is inhabit services in the Georgian language. If ed chiefly by foreigners of different re- the poverty of the inhabitants, the ig. ligious persuasions, it will be necessary norance of the clergy, and the strony to inform them, that the spirit and rules liold of national customs, have hitherto of the Russian Bible Society do not prevented the better organization of prevent it from sending the lioly Scrip- the Mingrellian Church, which remains tures to their friends beyond the bor- without pastors, and almost desolate; ders of Russia. The Bible Society has yet now, when this country is joined to limited the olject of its undertaking to the Russian empire, we may surely exthe distribution of the holy Scripturespect that some help will be given, parin different languages, without note orticularly from the exertions of the Bible comment. The object, in its simplicity, Society, provided it were only possible is exalted, and worthy of the spirit of to find means for printing the holy the Gospel.
Scriptures in the Georgian language, "The Theodosian Branch Bible So- for distribution in Mingrellia, where ciety will strive to distribute the Word church books are very searce and very of God among unbelievers, having be- dear From what has been here fore it a vast field--first in the penin- stated, it is evident, that the spiritual sula of the Crimea, and secondly in the wants of the inhabitants of Mingrellia neighbouring countries of Caucasus and are excessive, and demand immediate Anatolia,- for making known the Gospel attention. It is also well known, that to all nations who still remain in Hea- the same scarcity of the Scriptures exists then or Mohammedan darkness. But in Imeretta, and even in Georgia itself. without exactly fixing the extent of the After Mingrellia, the next in order sphere of its operations, it is easy to is Guria, or Gurial, a small state inhabit. observe, that it will comprehend par, ed by Christians belonging to the Greek ticularly the countries lying on the Church. They speak the same language shores of the Black Sea. Abhazia, as the Mingrellians, and their state is Mingrellia, and Anatolia, being in the the very same, in regard to Christian closest commercial connexion with organization; that is, they are denomi. Theodosia, present a wide field for the nated Christians, though almost stran. Bible Society proposed to be in that cers, not only to Christian civilization, city.
but even to the external form of it. * It is well known, that in former 1 At length, the coast of Anatolia times the Abhazi were enlightened by presents itself to view, extensive, and the faith of Christ, and belonged to the well peopled mostly by Greeks and Ar, Greek communion, possessed their own menians, who compose the labouring, bishops, and were reckoned to the or what is there styled the black, part of Eparché of Alanie, the seat of which the coinmunity. The lot of these Chrissee was Theodosia, and afterwards tians, yet our bretliren, sonk in ignoPhanagoria. After the fall of the rance and poverty, under the iron rod Greek empire, however, the nation of of Turkish dominion, surely merits our the Abhazi, like the Circassians, being 28 deprived of preachers, and not pos. At the time when this idea came sessing a written language, returned to into the mind of the writer, his desire their heathenisli customs, and at length was already begun to be accomplished many of them embraced the Moham- by the efforts of the Committee of the medan religion. Surely, it is possible Russian Bible Society" anshing
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compassion. Poverty, produced by Mr. Pinkerton adds: 1 rejoice to oppression, has deeply rooted ignorance say, that our Committee have wnanianong them, and this has at length be- mously resolved! to give every encougotten indifference to the knowledge of ragement to promote the final establishthe Word of God. These poor people ment of the Theodosian Bible Society, are reduced so far, that they have for- and to relieve the spiritual necessities gotten their native tongues, and now of the poor Abhazi, Mingrellians, and pray to God in the Turkish language. Anatolians, so affectingly described in There are still Greek and Armenian the above statement, and also, without churches among them, in which divine loss of time, to send off a quantity of service is performed; but this is done Greek and Armenian New Testaments, in a very unedifying way, which may so that no time be lost in trafismitting easily be conceived, when it is known, the treasures of the Gospel with the that even the priests themselves have first merchant vessels which leave the but a very small knowledge of letters. port of Theodosia for the shores of Certainly, God is not contined to mag. Mingrellia and Anatolia. I leave yon, nificent temples, and a splendid ritual my dear friend, to make your own ob of worship, but accepts for a prayer servations on this wonderful opening every sigh which ascends from the bot. of Divine Providence, to rekindle the tom of the heart; yet such deformity in Christian flame among the churches of his service, humanly speaking, appears Asia Minor, where first the great Apoto be a dishonouring of his glory, and stle of the Gentiles preached the doctrine ought to touch the brotherly love of of the Cross. For my part, I coufess every Christian, and powerfully rouse that no communication ever laid before compassion for the unfortunate lot of the Committee of the Russian Bible the Greek and Armenian inhabitants of Society, afforded me more pleasure, and, Anatolia, who are deprived of every in my opinion, promised such fair openmeans of extricating themselves out of ing to the Word of God into the Turkish their present lamentable condition. To empire, where so many hundred thoufurnish them with the holy Scriptures sands of Christians alone are destitute in the Greek, Armenian, and Turkish of it, that the Turkish Bible were languages, is the only aid which the ready for distribution! Pray use every Bible Society can afford them. Thereby means to carry iton in Berlin with speed. you will pour into their sorrowful souls There is great encouragement at present the sweet consolations of the Gospel, to put the Word of God into the hands and strengthen their patience to bear of Mobammedans. As a proof of their up under the temporary evils of the strong prejudice against Christianity present life, with the hope of blessed- having abated, I shall "instance two Dess in the world to come; for their pleasing incidents. The other day, only hope at present is in the Divine met with a Tartar prince, arrived a few blessing, sent down upon suffering days ago from the Crimea, who is humanity, by means of Bible So-major-general in the Russian service, cieties, 16107104
9 . and is about to march for the frontiers 474 The Theodosian Branch Society at the head of four regiments of Tartar will take upon itself the sacred obliga. cossacks, belonging to that peninsula. tions of promoting these views, having I made inquiries of him respecting the mumerous facilities by the central com- character of the Mufti of the Crimea, mercial intercourse which the port of who subscribes 50 rubles annually to the Theodosia has with Abhazia, Mingrellia, Bible Society, and is at the head of up and Anatolia. From these short rewards of 10,000 Mohammedan priests. marks, it is easy to observe, how impor: The General said, that the Mufti was an tant and extensive the field is, which enlightened man, that lie recommended presents itself to the zeal and activity to the priests to read the Tartar New of the Members of the Theodosian Testament; that he had granted per Auxiliary Bible Society. Success, and mission to himself, for he is still a Musfurther extended views, depend upon sulman, and the other Tartars under God. He, by his omnipotent goodness, his command, to wear the crosses of diswill directPalt for the best, and will tinction conferred by his imperial make even impossibilities possible to jesty for acts of valour, and lastly, that contrite spirits, that hunger after his he teaches them, that religion does not righteousness. Tadb191998 consist in meat and drinks Theodosia, April 3, 1815.
The second incident is also interest
ing. I remarked to you, in my last, He has begun to pript the Old Testa, that the Bacharian Ambassador had, ment. The Society has granted 1000l. with his own band, copied part of the to extend the circulation of the Chinese manuscript of the Persian New Testa, Scriptures.
A a ngesig til ment. I have since been informed, 917. The Rey, Mr. Supper, secretary that this Ambassador, lately arrived to the Java Bible Society, in a letter from the city where poor Abdalla suf dated Batavia, Feb. 4, 1815, states that fered martyrdom for his attachment to the Arabian merchants and scheiks read Christ and the New Testament, has with eagerness the Bibles they receive already in his possession a Tartar New of him; sitting in companies for whole Testament, which be brought with him, nights for this purpose: the Chinese ia and in which he is said frequently to this island also read eagerly the New read." . !,.
Hey Testaments distributed among them last The Committee of the British and year by Mr. Milne from Canton. “I Foreign Bible Society have recently sometimes," he says, “ go round on purgranted to the Russian Bible Society, pose, and often find Chinese parents for the Theodosian Auxiliary, 6001. reading to their families, in the morn14. A second letter from Mr. Pinkering, out of the New Testament.", jo ton, dated June 15th, transmits some. 8. The Rev. T. Robertson, in a letter extracts from the printed Report of the from Calcutta, March 27, 1815, observes, Moscow Bible Society, which he states that by the efforts now using, "knowto be drawn up in a masterly style of ledge, the best of knowledge, will be inlanguage, and to be full of piety and creased.” “ Indeed,” he adds," there seal for the advancement of the good are manifest tokens of the fall of idolatry cause." Among other striking facts, it at least ; and I observe, that all those states the following: neiu, ker who have learnt the English language, -28 According to the most authentic even imperfectly, have acquired new sources of information, it appears, that sentiments with respect to the Author during 234 years, since Bibles were first of their being, without themselves being printed in Russia, no more than twenty- aware of it. Thus the fouodations of tuo editions of the Slavonian Bible have Polytheism are undermined daily, and appeared, consisting in all of but about a liope excited, that in a little time we sixty thousand copies !",
may bear the whole building tumble to Aud this for all the succeeding ge- the ground. With the sacred Scrip, perations, of a population consisting of tures in our hands, we cay have no so many millions of souls! No doubt, as to the temple that will rise
5. Commonications from Mr.Paterson, upon its ruins, We look up to your dated at St. Petersburgh, Aug. 11th, and Society, as the great instrument, under Sept. 2d, contain some interesting state- God, for the raising of this house of the ments. The Archbishop of Georgia Lord, where the nations of Hindooshas informed the Committee, that some tanee may flow together under the ban. of the Mohammedan tribes in the Cau: pers of Jesus Christ," casus had requested persons to be sent 9. The Seventh Report of the Philadel. to teach them to read, that they might phia Bible Society, states, that there are be able to use Christian books. A now within our national limits, seventyprince of the Mongolian tribe, has ear six societies, who have taken their reDestly requested to have the Scriptures spective shares of this great design, sent to him and his people, in a language But lest, it should be inferred, that they can read and understand. The there is the less need of the liberality of Committee have resolved to print 5000 professing Christians in this city and its copies of the Scriptures for the inhabi vicinity, the managers take occasion to tants of Moldavia and Wallachia (the make known, that their , proceedings ancient Macedonia), making their six- have continually. tended to enlarge teenth language. n
tut their views and opportunities of use -The British and Foreiga Bible Society fulness." # 975itadata tai bas granted to the Russian Bible Society 1000l. for its general parposes, and 3001. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. for the Moldavian Scriptures., - sais in. The Angual Report made to this Som
26. Mr. Morison sends from Canton in ciety on the 2d of May last has been China, (Jan 80, 1815, a copy of a 12mo. some time before the public, and we edition of the Chinese New Testament. bave regretted that it has not been in The cost will be half a dollar a copy. our power sooper to notice its contente.
It is preceded by a sermon preached nators to plead; we have citizens to on that day by the Rev. E, T. Vanghan, enrich, and soldiers to pray for us. M. A., Vicar of St. Mary's and All What are all these, but so many enSaints, in Leicester, from 1 John v. 11, couragements to go on with our work, 12. The general doctrine which the looking to ourselves that we lose not those preacher endeavours to establish, is that things which we have wrought, but that we « the reception of Christianity is essen- receive a full reward. tial to salvation.” If then, the heathen «I beseech yon, tlierefore, brethren, “withont Christ, having no hope, can- by the mercies and by the judgments of not be saved," if there be none other God; by dawning hopes and by revived name under heaven given amongst men terrors; hy the ashes of yonr dead which can avail to this end, " let us friends, and by the spirit of the dead rejoice that there are so many different which breathes in-the living; by the communities even in our own country groans of perishing heathens, and by pursuing separate and combined efforts the joys of heaven-born, laborious, con in this great work. Let ns give to bistent Christians ; by the pajns of hell, each our right hand of fellowship, our and by the glories of heaven; come, good wishes, congratnlations and pray lengthen the cords, and strengthen the ers. Let us see whether we cannot stakes of your tent-come, bring the make our own labours more abundant gold, the silver, and the stones, which and more successful." Give your alms are to form the gates, the walls, and to-day, under the awakening convic the battlements of the last city to be tion, that thus only sliall the heathen built-come, enlarge the commission of come to God! Look at the world-it is your angel, and bid him fy with his not only a world which lieth in wicked- everlasting Gospel to every pation, and ness, but a world in convulsions; a kindred, and tongue, and people-to world groaning and travailing in pain preach unto all them that dwell on thie together, till all the kingdoms of the earth, from the river to the sea, und from earth become the kingdoms of the Lord the flood to the world's end.» and of his Christ. The decree, long The following is an abstract of the since gone forth, seems now to be on Report :the eve of its accomplishment! Jeru- The pecuniary resources of the Sosalem shall be built: the foundations of the ciety have been greatly augmented. temple shall be laid.
For twelve years its income was 20001. "Onr favopred island and its depen- The 13th year it was 30001. The 14th dencies have an exalted share in the year yielded 11,0001: Its amount during vast enterprize. It is remarkable, that, the past year has exceeded 16,0001. whether a faithless and ambitious Con. Considerably more than the half of this queror, or the meek successor of St. sum has arisen from the efforts of Anxo Louis, fill the throne, Britain, it seems, iliary Associations. Since the last Reis to be the model of the new frame of port, many fresh Associations have been things: our polity is to be their polity, added to the former list; among the rest, so far as a dissimilar national character an Hibernian Auxiliary Society, of which and state of things can bear it. True an account was given in our Number religion, too, is on the increase here for April, with various associations de and makes known her march by sound- pendant upon it, has been instinted. ing her trumpet in many excellent in. Extensive associations have also been stitutions, by which her combined formed for Hull and the East Riding of eause is to triumph. Her sons and her Yorkshire, for Plymouth, for Birming daughters die, and thus prove tliem- ham and its vicinity, for the town and selves to be no better than their fa- county of Bedford, for Manchester and thers; but other sons and daughters Salford, for the town and county of rise up, and are baptized for the dead. Derby, for York, Newcastle on Tyne, We lose our Venn, to model; our Cecil, Lancaster, and other places. This en: to paint; our Robinson, to enforce; largement of its funds, and increase of our Buchanan, to explore; our Thorn- auxiliary institutions, we may jnstly re ton-son worthy of thy father!-to gard as the indication of an enlightened counsel and support: but we have a conviction of the duty of all Christians to veteran pioneer or two, still left to lead contribute their utmost to this work of the way: we have still inventive genius mercy; the evidence of a growing sense to plan; we bave still laborious industry of gratitude to Christ, and of compassion to prosecute: we bave nobles and se for the perishing souls of men. .