Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic]

The Committee advert with peculiar knowledge of agriculture and the sim. satisfaction to the sliare which is now ple arts, and for qualifying some of them borne in works of Christian benevo- to become teachers of their country. lence by the labouring classes and the men, and others, if it shall please God, young, and to the benign effect of this preachers of the Gospel. These Instiparticipation on their minds. From tutions will serve as points of support this source many thousand pounds have to the exertions of the Society in their been added to the Society's find daring respective quarters : they may be ren. the past year, and it is obvious that dered the asylums of its widows and the minute contributions of the great orphans; and they will become, in vamass of the people will prove the most rious ways, a source of beneficent ineffectual and unfailing support of the fluence over the surrounding tribes. efforts of clarity. But they have to Such an institution is about to be es. record, also, particular instances of ex- tablished within the Colony of Sierra traordinary munificence. An anony- Leone. It is proposed to receive into mous lady has presented 8001. to the this institution the multitudes of African Society. A respectable but plain children, who are liberated from smugcountryman, and his sister, lately paid gling slave vessels. A very laudable to the secretary a benefaction of 300l. ; regard has been paid to education in and in reply to an expression of sur. the Colony, and exertions are now prize, observed, “ God, sir, has put it making in this respect; but the rapid into our power, and he has also given accession to the number of these des. us the will."

titute children, by the liberation of The exertions of the Society have them from slave smugglers, and the kept pace with the increase of its large increase which may yet be ex. resources.

pected from the same source, demand In Western Africa and in New Zea- more energetic and systematic efforts land, they are attempting at once to to rescue them from ignorance, and to civilize and to evangelize. "In the en- train them up in the knowledge of deavour to evangelize a nation wholly Christianity, and of such occupations or partially civilized, the expense is as may benefit themselves and their better known and more definite; and it conntry. On whom does this office of is comparatively small. But, where the Christian charity so naturally devolve. first rudiments of letters are to be made as on the Church Missionary Society? known; where the langnage of the na. A grant of land having been made to tives is first to be fixed, and then taught the Society by Government, the way is to themselves; where the very children prepared for an establishment adapted who receive Christian instruction, must to carry these plans into execution, be fed and clothed; where even the There a school-house will be erecta simple arts of life must be made knowned, for 1200 or 1500 children; with a or improved; where the servant of God church or chapel, and suitable accomnot only can derive little toward his modations for the children, for a master own support from all around him, but and mistress, and a missionary and his must maintain the character of a liberal family; all in a plain and substantial benefactor-it is obvious that the ex- style. The Society's printing press pense of such efforts must be large, may also be there established, at which fluctuating, and indefinite. But shall the Scriptures in the languages of Wes. these forlorn heathen be, therefore, tern Africa, with various elementary abandoned? Shall injured Africa plead books, may be printed. This proposal in vain ? Shall that noble race of half has been laid before his Majesty's Minia million of men, who inhabit the New sters, who have very liberally promised Zealand islands, be left to the wanton to assist the design, and to place all the cruelty of men who disgrace the Bri- liberated children under the Society's tish name ?"-One very important part care. The prayer also of a memorial to of the Society's plans is the establish Government, on the erection of a church ment of Christian Institutions, under at Sierra Leone, and the augmentation the proteetion of British anthority, in of the Chaplain's salary, from the Comthe most favourable stations for dif. mittee, and from that zealous and unfusing the light of truth among the wearied friend of Africa, Governor heathen. In these institutions, it is Maxwell, has been readily granted proposed that provision shall be made The Committee have great pleasure for training up the native youth in the in stating the success of the plan pre

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

posed in the last Report, of taking un- the slave trade shall give security to the der the Society's protection such Afri- plans of the Society, there is reason to can children as might be named by hope, that, by the produce of the soil, persons in this country, willing to con- its settlements may be brought, id & tribute five pounds per annum for the great measure at least, to support them support of each child. The names of selves. more than a hundred children have Mr. Butscher has accepted the office been received, and upwards of 6001. is of Chaplain to the Colony, by permis annually paid to the Society for the sion of the Committee, and will probably benevolent purpose of their mainte- occupy that station until a suitable nance and education in Africa. Chari. English Chaplain shall be found. table persons, who feel for Africa, can. In India, the Society's labours appear not apply to a nobler purpose an annual to have been very eminently successful. benefaction of five pounds, than in the In the former Numbers of our work, we support and Christian education of a have already alluded to the efforts of little African pensioner, to be succeed. the Society, to extend the benefits of ed by another when the instruction of instruction among the native youth, on one may have been completed.

the plan suggested by the late Dr. The West-African Mission has, how- John; and we have detailed largely the ever, to contend with peculiar difficul interesting and beneficial results of its ties. The habits and supposed interests mission at Agra. The unlooked-lor of the native chiefs, lead them to sus- success which has crowned the labours picion and jealousy of the motives of of the Society in this extensive field of the Society and its Missionaries, and service has opened new prospects and these feelings have been cherished by plans of usefulness. A proposal has men who live on the misery of Africa. been transmitted to the Corresponding The adherents of the slave trade have Committee at Calcutta, for founding an persisted in ealumniating themi as spies extensive institution in the neighbour and informers; and the efforts of his hood of that city, for the education of Majesty's Government at Sierra Leone, native youth; and in the mean time an for the eradication of this commerce, annual sum of 15001, has been placed at have been revenged on the Society's the disposal of that Committee. The establishments. One of the houses in mission at Agra commenced in March, the Bashia settlement has been burnt; 1813. Before the close of that year, 41 and the school-house in the Canoffee adults and 14 children had been bap settlement burst into flames, in the dead tized into the faith of Christ, all of of night, while the children were asleep; whom continued to walk in the truth. but they were alarmed in sufficient time But the effect of the Society's labours to escape. In short, the Society's Mis are of a still wider extent. A growing sionaries on this coast are called to en- attention is excited on the part of resicounter difficulties from the climate, dent Europeans to the wants of the from the habits of the natives, and from natives. Schools are formed by indithe machinations of bad men, which viduals for the instruction of children, seem unequalled in any other part of the Copies of the Seriptures are circulated, great missionary field. One of the lay- which excite reflection and inquiry men and one of the females had died since Christian truth gradually diffuses itself, the last Report, and the Missionaries and the fabric of idolatry seems to totter generally had suffered much from ill- more and more. Even the native posts ness. In dependence on Divine aid, begin to make the popular superstitions the Committee, however, determined to the subject of their satirical effusions, continue, in the face of difficulties, its Mr. Martyn's Hindoostanee New Tes: efforts for the good of Africa. Seven tament in the Persian character has persons connected with the Society been completed, and is in extensive cir have lately been sent out to strengthen culation. the Mission.

*** -The principal parts of the Liturgy The attempts of the Society in Africa have been translated, by Mr. Corre, are unavoidably attended with a great into Hindoostanee, and an edition expenditure. In the state of insecurity printed for the use of the native con under which the settlements have hi- gregations. The Liturgy is pecewa therto laboured, little or nothing could adapted to the habits and state of teet be done by them toward their own sup- ing of many among the couverts, port. When the total destruction of the Committee trust that they shame

[ocr errors]

Tong witness the wide diffusion of our the sum of 5001. per annum has beeu apostolical formularies in the most assigned by the Society for its promo. popular languages of India. The Rev. tion, Messrs. Schnarre and Rhenius have Mr. Marsden had purchased the brig arrived at Madras. . About 500 persons Active; of 110 tons; and two of the sowere on board their ship, and they ciety's missionaries, Mr. Kendall and had maintained Divine Service when Mr. Hall, visited New Zealand in her, circoinstances admitted. They were and brought back some chiefs and received with Christian cordiality by others, who, after passing some time the Rev, M. 'Thompson, chaplain of the with Mr. Marsden, were to return, ac Company. Here they were met by the companied by him, to New Zealand. afflicting intelligence of the death of On this snbject Mr. Marsden thus Dr. John ; and with the news, still more writes:afflicting to them, of the decease of the ..! « Parramatta, Sept. 20, 1814. Rev. Mr. Jacobi, with whom they were « The chiefs coming over to Port personally acquainted. Mr. Caemmerer, Jackson will, I trust, lay a firm founda. who has become, by the death of Dr. tion for the work of the Mission, and John, Senior of the Royal Danish Mis- secure the comfort and safety of those sion at Tranquebar, inviting them to who may be employed therein. Were proceed to Tranqnebar, they left Ma. I young and free, I should offer myself dras on the 20th of July ; Mr. Thompson to this work. It would be my delight having, with great kindness and care, and my joy. provided for their convenience and “The chiefs are all happy with us at comfort. ***

Parramatta, and their minds enlarging They reached this place on the 28th very fast. Beholding the various works of July, and were very kindly received that are going on in the smiths' and by Mr, Caemmerer and his coadjutor carpenters' shops, the spinning and Mr. Schreivogel, and there, in the weaving, brick-making, and building mean time,'they are diligently employed houses, together with all the operations in the acquisition of the Tamullanguage, of agriculture and gardening, hasa for which Tranquebar affords the very wonderful effect on their minds, and best opportunities. "

will excite all their natural powers to The school establishments of the late improve their own country. The idea Dr. Joho were preserved from disso. of my visiting them is very gratifying lution by the timely application of the to their minds. At present I spend all Society's funds, and have been since the time I can spare with them, in con. supported and extended by an allow. versing with them ou all the different ance of about 1801. per annum. The subjects that appear necessary for them number of children in these establish to be acquainted with, particularly on

ments amounted, on the Ist of Juve, the subjects of religion, government, - 1814, to 869.

and agriculture. The Society's missionaries are already *** With respect to religion, I talk to rendering good service in the inspec. them of the institution of the Sabbathtion of the English schools and will day by God himself; and they see it extend their care to the Tamul esta observed by us with particular attenblishments, as their knowledge of that tion. They see the prisoners inustered tongue shall increase

on Sunday mornings, their names called In the island of CEYLON, Government over, and then marched to church. have pursued the wise and liberal policy. They see the soldiers and officers marchof inviting and encouraging the efforts ed to church likewise; and most of of Missionary Societies, to diffuse the the people of the town of Parramatta. light of Divine truth among the Mo. " As I have many complaints to settle hammedan and Pagan 'inhabitauts, as a magistrate, they freqnently attend Three of the Society's missionaries have when I explain to them, afterward, the proceeded to this island, with the view different crimes that each has commit of fixing nemselves there or on the ad-, ted, and what sentence is passed upon joining continent, as may be deeped them--some men confined for one moon, on their arrival to be most expedient. and some for more, in prison, accord

The projected mission to NEW ZEA ing to their crimes. LAND engages the unwearied attention a With respect to agriculture, they visit of the Rev. Mr. Marsden, the principal different farms, observe the plaigh at chaplain of New Sonth Wales; and work, soins mon with the boe, some . CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 107.". 5 G

threshing, &c. &c. They tell me, that, tance, and the greater part of it into when they return, they shall sit up Persian. Tracts in several languages whole nights, telling their people wbat are also preparing, with a view to circula. they have seen; and that their men will tion in Africa, in India, and in the Levant. stop their ears with their fingers: 'Besides the missionaries already sent 'We have heard enough,' they will say, out, four German students are under a

of your incredible accounts, and we course of preparatory instruction, and will hear no more; they cannot be no less than pine English students are true.'.

preparing for holy orders, and three “I am fully convinced that the chiefs, laymen with their wives to act as teacha and particularly Duaterra, and Shungers of schools. The Committee, how. hee who commands seventeen districts, ever, renew their call on the younger will apply all their strength to agricul part of the English Clergy to consider ture, if they can obtain hoes and axes. the spiritual wants of the heathen

“ I think no society was ever engaged world, and to rival the zeal of those in a greater work than the Church Mis- holy men who have already devoted sionary Society is in this. The ground themselves to this blessed work. W is wholly occupied by the prince of desire cordially to second the call, darkness; and many and powerful dif. ficulties will. no doubt, one way or BAPTIST MISSION IN INDIA, another, spring up to oppose this great

(Concluded from p. 704.) work. But the Lord is King amongst the V. The mission at SURAT is as yet in Heathen, and will, I have no doubt, its infancy. The missionary C. C. Ara: Establish his throne there."

toon, is employed in translating the A Society has been established in Scriptures into the Gujuratee language, New South Wales, for affording pro- and in conversing with the Massulmans, tection to the natives of the South Sea Armenians, Parsees, Jews, Hindoos, Islands against the oppressions of Eu- Portuguese, &c. who resort thither, and ropeans, and for the advancement of in distributing copies of the Scriptures their civilization and their instruction among them. in the principles of Christianity. This VI. At Columbo, in the island of CEY. institution owes its existence to the LON, Mr.Chater is labouring to acquire deep interest 'which Mr. Marsden has the Cingalese and Portuguese lan. long felt in the improvement and con- guages, and in the mean time preaches version of the islanders of the South in English to as many as choose to attend, Seas. The Governor is patron; the and attends also to the instruction of Leutenant-governor, president: the De' youth. puty Commissary-general is appointed' VII. Two missionaries, Mr. F. Carey. treasurer; and Mr. Marsden, secretary. and Mr. Judson, are stationed at Ram This philanthropic' sociéty cannot fail, goon, in BURMAH, and continue to reby due exertions, to rescue the British ceive the countenance and protection name from the opprobrium to which it of his Burman majesty. The only thing, has been too often exposed in those which occurs in the account of this mis. seas, and to facilitate the efforts of sion worthy of remark, is the extraor. Christian societies to diffuse the bless.' dinary freqdency of crime, and the still ings of the Gospel throughout their more extraordinary and revolting severishores.

.. ty of the punishments inflicted for these The Committee bave been desirous of crimes. Human ingenuity seems to be contributing to the translation and cir: exhausted in contriving more exquisite culation of the Scriptures in the lan- modes of torture to punish criminals, guages of Africa and the East. The and deter others from their practices; translation of the New Testament into but the only effect of these tortnres two African languages, Susoo and Bul.' (the very mention of wbich is sufficient lom, has been begun, The Committee to harrow up the soul of the English are endeavouring also to add the old reader) seems to be, to produce a sa. Testament in Hindoostanee and Persian vage ferocity of character, delighting to the New Testament already trans- in blood, and indifferent to life; ad lated into these languages by Mr.Martyn. thus to multiply crimes rather than to A translation of the Scriptures into Ara. diminish them. What a stiking illoso bic is also proceeding at Calcutta. tration do the facts here brought before The Liturgy, as has been already meii. Us furnish of the justice of those praci. toned, bas been translated into Hindoos pies on wbich Sir Samuel Romily .

founded his benevolent efforts to abate person was formerly appointed upon the rigour of our own criminal code! 'the recommendation of the clergy only, . VIII. At Java Mr. Robinson is ac- who were responsible for his conduct quiring a knowledge of the Malay and and qualifications, as he is not only Portuguese languages, with a view to charged with the education of the chil. preach the Gospel to the natives. He dren, but has to perform all the duties speaks very farourably both of the of a minister to the church, except country and of its inhabitants,' The administering the sacrament and performer he represents as abounding in forming the ceremonies of marriage every comfort of life; the latter as a and baptism; for which purposes a re. very superior race of men,

galar clergyman would formerly make, IX. Mr. J. Carey has recently been from time to time, a tour to the dif. placed at AMBOYNA, and has obtained ferent islands, and visit the churches from the Government there the super- on them.”- There is, however, at preintendence of all the Christian schools, sent, we are sorry to say, no clergyman 42 in number. He is studying the in the island. The Malay Scriptures Malay language, and finds the Malay are now printing, at Serampore, for the. Christian school-masters well acquaint- use of the Christians of Amboyna. .ed with the Scriptures. How greatly X. To the account of these different does this fact redound to the credit of stations are subjoined some general the Dutch Government. The Chris. observations on the best means of contians, amounting to about 20,000, are, ducting and multiplying schools, In he says, the best of the people. The addition to the Scriptures, and the following extract from an account of more usual elementary books, the misthis island, by a gentleman long resi. sionaries recommend “A simple and dent there, will interest our readers :- concise Introduction to Arithmetic;"

“ The government of Amboyna com- * A concise System of Geography;" prises several islands, situated almost “A chronological Epitome of General all within sight of each other, the in- 'History;" "A Selection of the best habitants of which are partly Christians

Ideas found among Native Writers relat. and partly Mahometans who live in ing to the Duties of Life;" and “ Se. distinct villages. These villages are lections from the Sacred Qracles." This governed by hereditary chiefs, as the recommendation they support by very inhabitants of Europe were, not many . cogent reasons. They dwell strongly hundred years ago, that is, the people on the necessity of an active and graare fixed to the village in which they tuitous superintendence. If this could happen to be born, and the males are be obtained, the expens

of forty scholars would not exceed 'vereigp, that is (at present) the Ho- (including every charge) 120 rupees, nourable Company. The Mahometans or 151. sterling per annum: 15001. anhave the Koran and other religious „nually would, therefore, maintain a hunbooks in manuscript in the Arabic ,dred village schools, containing 1000 character, and they make use of this children ;-and they add,“ Whoever character in all their transactions. considers that these 4000 youths will

" The Christians have the Bible and probably impart to others the knowother books printed in the Malay lan- ledge they have received in history, guage with the Roman character, and geography, &C., to say pothing of the they make use of this character only Gospel of Christ, must be convinced in all their transactions. Every Chris. . that such a sum could scarcely be extian village has a church, in which the pended in a more profitable manner." congregation, not only on Sundays but We omit the account of the horrible once or twice in the week, assemble. immolation of four women in Bengal, The Government maintains in every

which is given by the Missionaries, and Christian village a school-master: this close our extracts with their remarks nelle WEL L

.on. a. swinging festival, which lately

occurred. ** The mountainous parts of some of "In May, 1813, this abominable fes. the islands have become the retreat of tival was held, according to the annual the Aborigines, a savage people, whom custom, on the last day of the Hindoo the other inhabitants call · Alfoores, year. There were fewer gibbet-posts and of whose religion very little is erected at Serampore; but we hear that known." . !!

amongst the swingers was one female. A

5 G 2

IT

« PreviousContinue »