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man fell from a stage thirty cubits bigh, leave their houses and hide themselves; and broke his back; and another fell from but they are sure of being beaten if the swinging-post, but was not much caught, or of having their huts pulled hurt. Some days after the first swing down. The influence and power of ing, certain natives revived the ceremo- the rich have a great effect on the mulmonies : as Brother Ward was passing titude in most of the idolatrons festhrough Calcutta, at this last period, tivals : when the lands and riches of he saw several Hindoos hanging by the country were in few hands, this the heels over a slow fire, as an act of influence carried all before it; but it devotion. Several Hindoos employed is still very widely felt in compelling in the printing-office applied this year dependants to assist in public shows, to Brother Ward for protection to and to contribute towards the expense escape being dragged into these pre. of splendid ceremonies. Through Ditendedly voluntary practices; this vine goodness, however, the influence brought before us facts which we were of commerce, the more general diffusion not aware of. It seems that the land- of wealth, and the intercourse of EuroJords of the poor, and other men of peans, are raising the Hindoos from property, insist upon certain of their this state of abject dependence on their tenants and dependants engaging in spiritual tyrants; and thus, providen. these practices; and that they expect, tial events are operating with the Go. and compel by actual force, multitudes spel to produce a happy change on the every year to join the companies of great mass of the population, especially sunyasees in parading the streets, pierc- in the more enlightened parts of Ben. ing their sides, tongues, &c. . To avoid gal." this compulsion, many poor young men
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
THE Treaty of Peace between the subversion. Every art of misrepreallied powers and France has been at sentation will be employed to render length happily concluded. It was sign. the possessors of it odions in the eyes ed at Paris on the 20th instant, and of their own people, and of other na. arrived in London on the morning of tions. We know by experience how the 23d. We reserve our observations skilful in the use of this weapon is that apon it uptil its stipulations shall have jacobin party, still so numerous both been made public, At present they in France and England : for so success. are only subjects of conjecture.
fully has this country been assailed by We are happy to observe that the their nyisrepresentations and calumnies, French government has begun to act and so inefficacions have been our with a degree of firmness and vigour efforts to repel them, that the name which affords the best security for the of England is, even at this inoment, most maintenance not only of its own internal strangely associated, by the general tranquillity, but of what every consi- population of France-we may even derate man must feel to be deeply in. 'say, of the continent at large--with 'volved in it, the general repose of Eu- whatever is insincere and hypocritical
rope. The harmony which seems to sub, in profession, and selfish and base in sist between the king's ministers, and the policy. chambers, and the disposition shewn. It was to have been expected that the by both to omit no means which may partizans of jacobinism would leave no 'be necessary to repress the turbulenct means antried to bring the Bourbon ' of those revolutionary spirits, whose race into general discredit. They have proper aliment is civil commotion accordingly laboured, and in this effort and foreign rapine, tend to generate they have been but too successful, to in the friends of order that confideuce connect the atrocities which have rewhich is not only favourable but indis- cently, taken place in the South of pensably necessary to the stability of France with the Bourbons, avd to ascribe the Bourbon throne. The enemies of them to the persecuting spirit of the that throne will doubtless be indefa. French government, as their origine tigable in their endeavours to effect its so effectually, indeed, have they su
ceeded in filling the public mind with account for it, their advocates have ad. the persuasion that these acts of vio- mitted the fact that they were generally lence and blood have emanated from favourabe to the cause of the Usurper, the bigotry of the Bourbons, that it has and averse to the return of the Bourbecome unsafe to question the truth bons. Even Mr. Cobbin says, “ The of the position, We, however, shall Protestants expected this persecution, not be deterred by any degree of po- and the restoration of the Bourbons pular clamour-even though that cla- was a matter of dread to them for some mour should be heightened by the time before it occurred, as the Cathovoices of many whom we love and lics bad shewn such a disposition to venerate--from declaring, that, after persecute on their first return." But having examined with inpartiality when, or where, had this disposition much that has been said, and we be- manifested itself? We call for evilieve all that has been published, on the dence. Every part of France was trå. subject, we remain of the opinion versed during the summer and autumn not only that there is no evidence to of 1814, by English travellers, many prove that the Bourbons have had the of tbem deeply interested in the reli. remotest share in exciting or encon- gions state of France. As far as our raging the atrocities in question, but information has gone, not one of thein that even the evidence produced by ever intimated that any such disposition their adversaries, as far as it has any had shewn itself This charge was first weight at all, goes directly to their heard of when it became necessary for exculpation.
certain persons to blacken the characThe work which appears to have racter of the reigning family in France, made the strongest impression on the in order to extenuate their own dis. public, to the disadvantage of the loyalty. But it is said the Protestants French government, is one to which expected persecution, and the return the name of the Rev. J. Cobbio is of the Bourbons was therefore a matter prefixed. But we must say, with all due of dread to them. This fact is impordeference to those whom that work . tant. We all know that Protestants, may have influenced, that the effect as well as Papists, are susceptible of produced on our minds by its perusal wreasonable prejudices; and to 'what has been to remove every latent appre lengths of opposition such expectations hension which lurked there of the par- and apprehensions as it is admitted the ticipation of the Bourbons in the enor- Protestants generally entertained, were mities which it describes. Had the likely to excite them, is sufficiently ob'case been as clear as that writer previous.
tends it is, why should he have swelled The truth, in this instance, seems to his pamphlet with a history of all the be, that the animosities which were persecutions which have ever taken first excited by political events assumplace in France, in order that the ed, in their progress, a religious cha. accumulated odium of them might fall 'racter; and that the bigotted Catholics on the devoted head of Louis XVIII.? of the South availed themselves of the Is not this a striking exemplification favourable opportunity which the 'conof the usual artifices of the jacobin "vulsed and agitated state of the country school of those artifices by which they gave them, for gratifying their religious succeeded in persuading the French 'no less than their political hatred. pation that Louis XVI., the mildest of But we might with as much fairness · monarchs, was a cruel and bloody attribute the riots at Birmingham, in
tyrant, whose crimes the national jus. 1790, to George III. and Mr. Pitt, as tice required him to expiate on the the atrocities perpetrated at Nismes to scaffold?
Louis XVIII, and his ministers. • We admit that great atrocities have. But we are asked, why did not the · been committed at Nismes; and we are French government reply to certain
disposed to believe that religious ran- memorialists and pamphleteers, who ''cour has had a great share in instigat. 'äcensed them of favouring persecution ? *ing them. The Protestants, indeed, are They did what was much more be. . anxious to prove that their sufferings coming their dignity, they sent à mihave been in no degree cotinected with "litary force to restore quiet, and ordered their political delinquencies." But' by their courts to bring to justice the the very attempts they have made to 'actors in these tragedies. What can be a more convincing proof of the earnest the government, and was zealously pro. desire of the French government to moted by the prefect of the Seine. vindicate the right of the Protestants It is undoubtedly true that Bona. to the fullest toleration, than that their parte's government introduced the new own commander was shot by a inis. plan of education, but they wished to creant while carrying into execution make it subservient to their anti-christheir orders to that effect?
tian views. The commissioners under · It will be argued, however, that whose direction it was placed, most more prompt and sujumary measures peremptorily interdicted the use of the should have been taken to protect the Scriptures, or even of any extracts Protestants. It may be so: but the from the Scriptures, in any of their assertion remains to be proved. It schools. The Bible, they pronounced would, perhaps,, be even more just to to be a mischievous book, fit only to attribute to our government a favourable make monks of the people. Since the leaning towards the London rioters of return of the Bourbons, however, a new 1780, or the Nottinghamshire rioters of commission has been appointed, who 1813, on account of the tardiness with have not only entered with zeal into the which their progress was arrested, than scheme of extending the benefits of ele. to accuse Louis XVIII, of favouring mentary education througliout France, the insurrections of Nismes, because, but have restored the Bible to its just in the then distracted state of his rank in the institution of youth. The Bicountry and of his councils, they were ble is now read in all the schools. Nay, the not instantly suppressed. Indeed, the very same pious Protestant clergyman, same feebleness and lauguor were M. Martin, who filled the situation of shewn in all the public measures of that superintendant under Bonaparte's com. period; and in this case the king's jacobin missioners, retains that situation still, ministry might possibly not wish to de. and daily receives from the royal comprive their adherents of a popular topic missioners the most unequivocal marks of declamation against the royalists. of their approbatiou and esteem.
But it is assered, as a strong colla. Under these circumstances, we cannot teral proof of the alarming bigotry of but deeply regret the injust clamour the. Bourbons, that they have shewn against the Bourbons which has been themselves adverse to the scheme of excited in this country at the present pational education, which was com moment,-a clamour tending to weaken menced by the short-lived government the hands of the French government, to of Bonaparte, and which is still pro- diminish the just influence to which the ceeding in France under the superin. voice of the British public is entitled, tendance of a Protestant clergyman. and to serve the cause of jacobins and
If Roman Catholics bad felt some dis. 'revolutionists. Let us at least not like to a plan which confided the na- assume the Bourbops to be guilty of tional education to a Protestant, it was a profligate departure from every pledge no more than we had a right to expect. they lave given, until their guilt is prove Should we like to see a Catholic clergy. ed. And certainly that proof ought to man at the head of the central school of be very clear and unequivocal before our. National School Society! We can we venture to interfere, by means of remember the alarm (an alarm even now popular meetings, between a govern. in active operation) which the idea even ment situated as that of France now is of Quaker superintendance diffused and its subjects. over the whole kingdom.-But, is there. We were on the point of sending to any ground for the insivuation which the press what we have written abore, has been so invidiously brought for when the newspapers of this morning ward of hostility to this scheme of edu. (Nov. 27) brought us an ordinance of eation on the part of the Bourbons? On the king of France, dated the 21st inst. the very foreroon of the day on which « Au atrocious crime," says his majesty, , we write, it was announced in the Free “ has stained our city of Nismes. In masons' Hall, by the Committee of the contempt of the constitutional charter, British and Foreign School Society, which acknowledges the Catholic relithat the king himself, and the duke of gion for the religion of the state, but Berry, had liberally coutributed to the which guarantees protection and liberty support and extension of the system, to other forms of worship, seditions that it had been expressly sanctioned by assemblages haye dared to oppose
themselves to the opening of the Pro- jects of persecution, in 'aný legitimate testant church. Our military command sense of that term. But this is by no' er, in endeavouring to disperse them by means the prevailing sentiment on the persuasion, before he resorted to force, continent. There is scarcely an indihas been assassinated, and his assassin vidual in France who does not believe has sought an asylum against the pursuit that the Roman Catholics, especially of justice. If such an attempt should those of Ireland, are a persecuted peo' remain unpunished, there would no ple. Even so enlightened a man as the longer be public order nor government, Abbé Gregoire, in a pamphlet lately and our ministers would be guilty of reprinted in this country, stigmatizes the non-execution of the laws." It then our conduct towards the Irish Catholics, directs measures both civil and military as finding its parallel only in the enors to be taken against the disturbers of mities of the African slave trade. If, the public peace.
acting on this impression, meetings . We need not point out how strongly should be called in France and Italy, in this document corroborates all our pre- Spain, Portugal, and Austria, in order vious reasonings on the subject.
to urge their respective governments to Having thus fully expressed our opi. remonstrate with England on her connion, as indeed it was our bounden duty duct; wonld the effect be salutary? as Christians Observers to do, we are Should we not be disposed to say, that' anxious to deprecate its injurious ap- the Irish Catholics had vilified their plication to those benevolent individuals own government, and, insensible of the who have seen it to be their duty to pub- favours conferred on them, bad, by their lish to the world a series of strong reso- misrepresentations and unfounded cla. lutions on this delicate subject. The mours, excited the unwarranted interonly charge we feel in the slightest de- ference of foreign nations? And should gree disposed to prefer against them, is we be the more disposed on that acthat of precipitation. They have lent count to slew them fresh favour? themselves, as we think, without due. But we have heard the case of the consideration, to the designs of those who slave trade adduced as a precedent in have only factions and party purposes point. But what was that case? Be. to serve, by implicating the French go- sides that the slave trade is properly an vernment in the guilt of persecution; inter-national qnestion, a subject belongand while we are persuaded they have ing of right to the great community of been actuated by the purest motives nations, England had given back to and most upright intentions in the steps France several valuable colonies in they have taken, we confess that we which she herself had abolished the regard those steps as at least prema slave trade, not only without stipulating ture. Had they privately made their for the continuance of that abolition, but application to his majesty's ministers in with an express agreement that the the first instance, and ascertained from slave trade should be permitted for five them the facts of the case; had they years. Here, it was our own conduct even urged them to exert their powerful chiefly which was the subject of com. influence with the court of France, to plaint. give full efficacy to the liberal prin The cases would have been parallel ciples of the constitutional charter, they had England given its sanction by treaty would have had our best thanks. to the oppression and persecution of the
The course they have pursued, (sup- Protestants. But what is the fact? It is posing the Bourbons to be entirely inno- this, that the constitutional charter, procept of the weighty charge which those mulged with the privity, and sanction, resolutions imply, and from our hearts ed by the express approbation, of all the we believe them to be so,) is certainly allies, makes it, in the most explicit mancalculated to alienate their minds from ner, a fundamental law of the state, that their Protestant subjects, rather than to all Frenchmer, of whatever faith, should conciliate their favour towards them. be equal in their civil rights; that per.
Let it be considered for one moment fect liberty of religious worship should what would be the effect, on the govern- be enjoyed by all denominations; and ment and population of this country, of that not only the Catholic ministers, bat a similar proceeding, on the part of fo the ministers of other churches, should reign nations, with respect to our Roman receive salaries from the state. What Catholic fellow-subjects. We know, it more could be desired than this? And, is true, that these are not now the sub. this is the law of France, solemnly insti. tuted by the concurrent voice of the been found guilty and condemned to three estates of the realm, universally death. promulged and known as such, and even recognized as such in the new treaty. A descent made by Murat, accoma We should no more, therefore, charge panied by a small band of followers, on the French government, without the the Neapolitan territory, with a view to clearest evidence, with being parties to the recovery of the throne from which the infraction of this law, which has he had been driven, has ended in his taken place at Nismes, than we should capture and execution. He was shot charge our own goverument with being by the sentence of a military court, parties to the fraudful and nefarious practices of English slave traders on the Weare happy to observe, that the Na. coast of Guinea, and of their abettors paul campaign, in consequence of some in Loudon or Liverpool, because, in de brilliant successes obtained by General fiance of the most solemn enactments, Ochterlony,has terminated by the cession such practices were still continued to the British government of a consi.
derable province, After all, we cannot too highly honour. that warm and generous ardour in the The whole of the island of Ceylon is cause of the oppressed which has called now subjected to the direct and immeforth the expression of feeling on which diate government of Great Britain. we have taken the liberty to comment. The pative dynasty is wholly excluded,
and the authority of the king estaThe court-martial appointed to try hlished in its room. The native proMarshal Ney, has declared itself incom- vincial governors are to exercise their petent to the office assigned to it of trye accustomed authority under the coning a peer for the crime of treason, troul of the governor of the island. On His trial has therefore been transferred one part of the arrangements, that to the house of peers, which is now site, which stipulates for the maintenance ting in judgment upon him, Lavalette, of the temples and priests of Budhoo, the director of the posts, who was so we shall take a future opportunity of active a co-adjutor of Bonaparte, has making some observations,
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
B. S. has been misinformed respecting the subject of inquiry proposed by his
Friend. His observations, therefore, are ont of place. Mr. Holmes requests us to state, that his work is not an attempt to explain unful.
filled prophecy, but an explanation of fulfilled prophecy, from A, D. 96, to the overthrow of the French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte, and only professes
to give hints on futurity. We do not consider the discussion respecting “ the probability of the reneral and
perpetuation of particular friendships in a future state," of sufficient practical import
ance to occupy the space it would require. C. C.; C. 0. G.; S. L.; Oudus; A CONSTANT READER AND FRIEND; CLERICUS
DAMNONIENSIS; A LAY MEMBER OF THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND; J, B, L.;
CLERICUS ; and CHRISTIANA, bave been received. J. A.'s second letter has not produced any more conviction than his first. And
as for the pamphlet he recommends, we have read it with care, and each succeeding page only served to increase our doubts, both of the grand fact which
it attempts to establish, and of the motives which have influenced that attempt. The subject proposed by OBSERVATOR OBSERVANTISSIMUS, involves in effect the
essence of the Calvinistic controversy. We are not anxious, therefore, to bring it forward. ANGELO ; K. K.; AN OLD FRIEND AND CORRESPONDENT, whose further como
munications we shall welcome, and w. will appear. We wait the continuation of P. A.'s favours...* We shall be glad, if possible, to attend to the wishes of Laicos.
ÇOS, sel3 We are much obliged to Mr. Prust for his communication to angels