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in a mean condition; he is rich in to go out as a robber upon the the midst of poverty, and poor in bighway." o

2004 the midst of great riches; though Nothing, certainly, is more optossed and shaken, he is as mount posite to the genius of Christianity, Zion, that cannot be moved : le ihan a discontented, turbulent, and is a lion, and a lamb; a serpent, factious spirit: its foundation is and a dove; a reed, and a cedar; laid in pride and selfishmess, and by as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; infusing distrust, exciting discord, as having nothing, and yet possess. and fostering insubordination, it ing all things."

leads to a contempt and dissoloWhile M. Pascal was this con- tion of all lawful authority, and cerned that his whole life should may be justly charged with all the be consecrated to the gloryof God, horrors and wiseries consequent he was likewise remarkable for a on a state of tumultuous aparchy. steady unvarying spirit of byalty to That lofty unbending spirit of proud his king, and always manifested a independency, which disdained the determined disapprobatioi of those, government of Heaven and etwho, by revolting against lawful pelled the rebel angels from their authority, dishonour the Divine go- mansions of bliss into the shades of vernment, and violate tle express darkness and misery, when trans precepts of the Gospel During ferred to earth, like a pestilential the commotions which ocurred in vapour, blights the whole harvest Paris about this period he was a of human hope and comfort, and, zealous loyalist, opposiig the ene- carrying the principle of destrue. mies of the king with vigour and jion into every source of prospe. firmness, and treating ll the rea. rity and enjoyment, reduces society sons that were addued by the to the condition of a tree withered opposite party to justif their con- to the root. i s a

93 duct, as mere pretencs to excuse The seeds, of opposition to all rebellion. " It is ouiduty," said lawful authority are sown early in he, "to pay obedienceto that form the liuman heart; the principle of of government unde which we rebellion is indeed connatural, and live. If we were the ubjects of a strengthens with our growth; hence republic like Venice,it would be the mind requires no preparation criminal for an indiidual to at- to listen with avidity io censures fempt to introduce monarchy; .on our governors, and declama: but where the regal power is al- tions against our laws. ,! He that ready established, it is a species goeth about to persuade a multiof sacrilege to violatelie reverence tude that they are not so jweli that is due to it. The king ought governed as they ought to be, shall to be regarded as be vicegerent never want attentive and favour of the Most High ; as possessing able hearers. And because such an authority which i delegated to as openly reprove supposed dise him by the King of zings, so that orders of state, are taken for prin. rising up against the sovereign is cipal friends to the common benefit resisting the ordinince of God. of all, and for men that carry się Rebellion,” continu:d be, “is not gular freedom of mind; under thid only sinful in itsel, but dreadfal plausible, colour, whatsoever they in its effects, by involving a king, utter passeth for good and current dom in all the inconveniences that That which wanteth in the weight can result from disorder, and in of their speech, is supplied by the all the horrid conséquences of a, aptness of men'sı miuds to accept civil war." He often said, "that and believe it."d on medias he abhorred this crime as much - Men of lively imaginationale as he did that of assassination, and bu

9 cipedibuued Telt no more temptation to it than Ibu29

it than • Hookers Lccles, Pol. Book I.

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satile genius, and unsubdued pas- sider myself at all times as in the sions, are in great danger of mis. immediate presence of that God, taking an impatience of lawful who will one day judge my actions, restraint, or the love of conse- and to whom I have consecrated quence, for zeal in the cause of all my powers. I bless my Recivil liberty, and a disinterested deemer every day of my lile for concern for the welfare of the peo. giving me such gracious affections. ple. Hence they may be betrayed By nature I am a man full of pride by a fondness for novelties, a restless and concupiscence, perfectly helpavidity of change, an eager passion less, and wholly miserable; but by for innovation, into proposals and the power of his grace he has promeasures which, had they the saga- cured me deliverance from every city to foresee the issues of things evil, and to that grace be all the in their causes, would startle and praise." appal the most intrepid champion (To be concluded in the Appendix.) of revolutions, who had not divested himself of all fear of God and charity towards his fellow. To the Editor of the Christian Obserder. citizens. Amendment and reform HAVING obtained, through a friend, are good things, both in the body a French New Testament, printed in natural and body politic; but à Paris, A. D. 1731, with the royal man ought to be pretty certain, approbation and licence, chiefly that in attempting to prune exu- for the purpose of gratuitous disberances, and rectify disorders, he tribution, I send you a translation shall not assassinate where he pro- of the greatest part of its valuable poses to heal. .

preface and advertisement, which, But while the zeal of M. Pascal I hope, will obtain a place in your induced him to be firm in his useful publication. This edition opposition against those who were is published in a small volume, hostile to the king, he exercised and contains, besides the New an admirable mildness towards all Testament, a preface, an advertisewho injured or affronted himself. ment respecting the numerous mara He was not only free from all re- ginal references which accompany sentment, but endeavoured to for- the text, a list of the chief duties get every injury he received, and recommended in the New Testawas never observed to withhold ment to the different ranks and his kindness, nor restrain his civi. conditions of Christians, and a lities, but maintained a great equa. table of the Epistles and Gospels lity of behaviour towards every annually read in the Gallican ones. About this period he is sup. Church during mass. . The royal frosed to have written the follow licence is dated 5th July, 1726, ing picture of the state of his mind, and is granted to Gabriel-François upon a loose piece of paper found Quillau Fils, Imprimeur.Libraire after his death :"I love poverty, juré de l'Université de Paris. By because Jesus Christ loved it. If bim it was transferred, on the 4th I have any esteem for money, it is February, 1727, to Monsieur de only beeause it enables me to re- Barneville. The printer of the lieve the distressed. I return no edition before me, which appears evil to those that injure me, but to be the fourth, is Joseph Bullot, rather wish their condition to be Rue de la Parcheminerie, pres S. likeilmine a situation - in which Severin a S. Joseph. they would receive little good ayd" On many accounts, this preface little barn from the greatest part and advertisement are well deof mankind u wilt is my constant serving of an 'attentive perusal. aim to be undisguised, sincere, and We learn from them, that an atfaithful towards all meu. I con- tempt has been made more than



eighty years ago, a time when zeal These pious Catholic Editors; for the propagation of Christianity though dead, yet speak to us no less was far less active than at presents than to their own countrymen. It by some French Catholics, "per- seems as if I now heard a voice from sonnes de piete, et zelées pour le their honoured tomb, exhortiøg us to salut des aines,” to distribute the promote the distribution of the BiNew Testament in the vulgar ble" to every kindred, and tongue, tongue, to their beniglited country-d and people, and language, and to men; and that in a short time, that recommend its daily perusal by our is to say in less than five years, own examples. It seems as if I they had the satisfaction of distri. heard them calling on us in a parbuting three of the largest editions ticular manner to come to the help that had bitherto been of their wretched country, sunk as

Your readers will observe with it is in infidelity and licentiousness. pleasure the weighty, arguments It seems as if the voice of the Son which pious Catholics have adduced of man were sounding in awful ac for the free distribution of the word cents to each of us from heaven: of God, and the powerful autho- while he points to their labours of rities of antiquity by which these love, Go, and do thon likewise." arguments are enforced ; and they have I am, &c. al barrad will thus be enabled to prove to Holwell, Sherborne. J. N. C. Catholics of the present day, by

som tort W a referenee to those Councils and Extracts from the Prefacen those Fathers they profess to ve- The Son of God, having des nerate, that it is the paramount scended upon the earth to save duty of Catholies as well as Pro- men, to shew to them the way to testants to give the Bible to their heaven, and to give them the means brethren. show

B o ots of ascending thither, hath left to They will rejoice, that in a the human race three benefits, in church, which is unhappily defaced finitely precious, and such as the by so many errors, such exalted world could never receive but. notions should have been enter- from God. He hath left us his tained of the supreme authority body in the Eucharist, bis priest of the holy Seriptures. What true hood in the Cburch, and his doo Christian can read without emotion trine in the Gospel." De doo the energetic exhortations of the “But it Jesus Christ employed Catholic Editors to thei perusal only a short period in giving to the and study of these Divine Writings, faithful two of those three benefits, "far surpassing all that all the saints he employed the entire period of have taught, which constitute the his public ministry, as Messiah, in essential and indispensable rule of preaching his word and in pubs life for all Christians, and the law. lishing his Gospel. In a word, he by which they will be judged at ceased not, until his death, to teach the last. tonboy 70 sm old eat the Apostles and the people who

They will compare the spirit of followed him, instructing them, faith and love, which actuated these sometimes in publie bot more frezealous Catholics, with the infide- quently in private, either in the lity and indifference which now'un- cities on the fields, where he relle happily prevail in France; and they dered subservient to their instrucwill supplicate the Throne of Grace, tion whatever was passing before that the same spirit wbich aniinated biin oor natnrally presented false their labours may revive in their Even upon hish cross hie instructs deseendants of the present day, and them. He continues so te do even issue in the same blessed diffusion after his resurrection. Lastly, alter of the light of Heaven to many who II omit as merecessar/what is salu on wow sit in darkness, Bebe

t ke two first particulars, 017

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having in his own person promul- the Gospel. There were also rich gated his word, and caused that and charitable persons who took a word during his mortal life to be share in this work. These were not promulgated in Judea by his Apo- content merely to provide this work stles and Disciples, he quits not the for themselves and their families, but earth, nor ascends into heaven, they voluntarily incurred the exuntil he has commanded his Apo- pense of purchasing a large num. stles to go through all the world to ber of copies, which they gratui-. preach the Gospel to men; or, ac- tously distributed to the poor in cording to the striking expression Paris and in the provinces. No of one of the Evangelists, to preach pains were spared to reduce its the Gospel 'to every creature, price as low as possible; and we

« Thus we may affirm, that if our have had the consolation of witLord ceased not, during the whole nessing, that, in a very short space period of his public ministry, to of time, three of the largest editions promulgate his word, his disciples hitherto strack off have been distriare under a strict obligation after buted.. his example assiduously to promul "The blessing, wbich God bath gate it; nor are the faithful less vouchsafed to this work, has bound bound to instruct themselves there- those who undertook it to collate in, and to meditate upon it day and it anew with all the versions of this night. We are not always in a Divine Buok in our language, made state to receive his body, which he not only in France, but in the other hath left to us for our spiritual nucountries of Europe, where the triment; nor do we want every mo- French appears to have become ment the fuuctions of the priest- an universal language, or at least hood, which he hath left to us in a language which is spoken in their the different ministrations of his different courts and understood by church; but we ought unceasingly the most considerable of their citito profit by his word, and to purify zens." ourselves by those instructions to " It is hoped, that Providence which he referred when he said to will bless this as he has done the his Apostles: Now ye are clean preceding editions s and those who through the word which I have give it to the public will do all in spoken unto you.''

their power, that the poor may be .." With this view, some persons, furnished with it as well as the rich, eminent for piety, and zealous for They exhort them all not only to the salvation of souls, have under- read, but still more to meditale contaken to make the New Testament tinually upon, the Divine doctrine more common, and to use their en- which it contains, and which deavours that the poor should be doubtless infinitely excels the doc. furnished with it more especially trine of all the saints. It is the in the country, where they are vei- essential, the peculiar, and indisther so conveniently por sofre- pensable rule of conduct to every quently instructed as iu cities, Christian. It is by this law that

"For this purpose, they some they shall be judged at the last years ago procured a new version day. Por isso . .. of this Divine Book, which has been “ St. Paul conceived in tlie third printed with the approbation and beaven those magnificent ideas privilege of the kiog. And we are wbich he conveys to us when he bound to bear this testimony to the calls the Gospel the power of God, zeal of some individuals of a very or the powerful instrument which moderate fortune, that they contri. He einploys for the salvation of buted mostl willingly according to every one who believes... He calls their power, yea, and beyond their it, moreover, the Gospel of grace, of power, to this method of spreading peace, and of glory. It is on ac

CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 168. 51

count of these titles that the Couo- upon their breasts in their tombs. cils have pronounced the words of During the persecution by Dioclethe Gospel to be holy and adorable. tian, holy women, who were afterIn truth, the law of our Saviour, wards honoured with martyrdom which only contains eternal truths, for the sake of the Gospel, replied is, worthy of every kind of respect, to the judge, that they would choose and constitutes tbe most solid ob- rather to be burnt alive iban to ject of the love and enjoyment of deliver up to him their sacred Christians. This is the sentiment, books. i n itially which the faithful of every age “ St. Jerome, whom the Clurch have entertained, as may be seen regards as one of its greatest lumi, by ecclesiastical history and the naries, more especially on account lives of the saints, It will suffice of his knowledge of the sacred to produce here some edifying ex. Scriptures, charged those who were amples to this effect. The first is intrusted with the education of taken from the Acts of the Martyrs youth, to make them learn by heart, of Scillita, A. D. 200, records most from the age of seven years, the certain and original, which, Cardi. Psalter, the Book of Solomon, the nal Baronius protests, were more Gospels, the Writings of the Apo: precious to him than the greatest stles, the Prophets, &c. He advised treasures of the world *.

women also as well as mento com "Saint Speratus and his compa+mit to memory, every day a certain nions, who were taken during the number of verses of the holy books, persecution, and three holy women He informs us, that this was the were brought before Saturninus, custom in the monastery of Bethle. proconsul of Africa, who demanded hem, and that there was no one in of them what books they read and that holy edifice who was exempted venerated. This holy martyr re- from this exercise. wiring and plied in behalf of all the others, “The Council of Aix-la-Chapelle ihat the four Gospels of Jesus held A. D. 816, under the Emperor Christ, the Epistles, of Saint Paul, Louis le Debonnaire, which assem. and all ihe Holy Scriptures iu bled in his palace, ought to be respired by God, were the books they garded as the key, the epitome, and read and venerated. vet o ve the treasure of ecclesiastical and

"It appears, also, by St. Paulinus, monastic discipline ; because it that in his time they preserved the comprehends in two books, which book of Ibe Gospel in the church deserve to be read in their original, with the same care and respect as whatever is most beautiful, most they kept the body of our Lord, energetic, and most excellent in the This ancient practice might easily writings of the Fathers on the sub be imitated by keeping this holy ject. This Council, in the second book in the most bonourable and book, recommends nothing so much most appropriate part of the house. to monastic, females, as, The com.

The boly fathers afford, us mitting to memory the sacred Scrip: proofs of the love which Christians tures; and for this purpose item. entertained for the Gospel, when ploys the very words, the advice, they point out to us the care which and the rules, which Saint Jeronie the faithful always took to carry it had prescribed to persons of their about them, to commit to memory its sex. wir whose text,and to communicate it to others, In truth, nothing is more pro:

" We learn from Saint Chrysos per to produce, to preserve, and to ton, that many Christians of his augment the warmth of Christian age carried the Gospel near their piety. This is a sure apd easy heart, and ordered it to be placed method to consecrate and sanctity Li

, in the memory, to furnish perpetually * See Milner's Church Hist. vol. i. p.320, to the mind the means of meditar

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