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ing on the truths of religion, and to law which converteth souls, and the heart the means of being nou- gives knowledge to the simple. rished with divine food. It was to This, says St. Cyprian, is the founrecommend this practice that Saint dation of our confidence, the Jerome pronounced with great nourishment of our hearts, the judgment this oracle, upon which light which illuminates us, the the Church has founded a' rule of power which 'sustains us, and the her canon law, that not to know remedy which heals the maladies of the Scriptures is not to know Jesus our soul. Christ. - It is now necessary to "Let us then always have in our prove by some examples of primi- hands this Divine Word, and let us tive Christians, that zeal in diffus- imitate the holy Virgin, who preing the Gospel and placing it in the served, reflected upon, and dihands and the houses of the faith- gested in her heart, the truths, the ful is one of the most solid acts of mysteries, the virtues, and every piety that can be performed, and circumstance of the life of Jesus one of the greatest spiritual bene. Christ. hits that can be conferred on man. “ Lastly, whenever we are about kind. .
. .it is to read, or to meditate thereupon, .“ We read in Eusebius, that the let us ask of God, through the inillustrious martyrs Saint Quadratus finite merits of his Son our Saviour, and his companions, whom the to put us in a fit state to underChurch commemorates on the 20th stand, to love, and to practise whatday of May, and who, though only ever we read or meditate upon in laymen, were yet'termed Evan- this Divine Book." gelists, went into different couritries to perform the office of Evan
“ Prayer proper to be used before gelists. to publish Jesus Christ to we read the holy Scriptures.
do not hefore heard of." Come, Holy Spirit, prepare my bim, and to place in their hands mind to receive thy Divine Word the sacred book of the Gospel. with perfect docility, and profound The same author adds. that the humility: purify my heart by the priest Pamphilus, who was ho feelings of a sincere repentanee, and noured with the crown of martyr- of a lively faith, working by love : dom, purchased a large number of and grant, that being filled with a copies of the sacred Scriptures, saving knowledge of thy truth and which he distributed with joy both will, I may exert all the faculties of to inen and women, and which he my soul to reduce them to practice, exhorted them to read. The Royal through Jesus Christ our Lord. Prophet informs us, that the law of Amen. . the Lord is the delight of the just " Whilst we read, we should elemàn, and the subject of his medita- vate our souls to God; and we may tion day and night. Saint Augus, turn into prayer both what we read, tin, the most sublime of the doctors and what we hear read to us. For of the Church, calls the sacred Scrip- example ; Lord, give me the untüres his ravishing and chaste 'de- derstanding to comprehend, the lights. - This was also the senti- memory to retain, and the will to ment of our king Saint Louis, and love and to practise the wonders of of Robert, one of the most pious thy law.' and most learned of his predecessors, wbó hesitated not to affirm, in “ Prayer proper to be used after common conversation, that he would
we have read the holy Scriprather be deprived of his crown... tures.
mbs. Di , than of the privilege of reading the "I give thee thanks, O my God, sacred Scriptures: : svatore for that thou hast condescended to
* This is that pure and undefiled speak to me, and to instruct me in
thy eternal truths. Engrave them, of itself, but because it frequently Lord, upon my heart, and inspire suffices and frequently facilitates me with thy holy love, that I may the use of all the other rules. This bring forth all the fruits of good is the method to which all good works, through Jesus Christ our commentators have had recourse. Lord. Amen."
Nothing gives greater weight to An advertisement is subjoined, their reflectious for the elucidation for the purpose of explaining the of different passages, than to see use of the marginal references them supported by parallel places which accompany the text. The of the holy Scriptures.si Nothing following are extracts from it: can be more consolatory to those,
“The Epistles of the Apostles who read and meditate upon the serve as a commentary to the Gog- Scriptures, than to see those places pel. The Gospel is the foundation which may appear to them obscure, of all the Divine truths, and of all explained by other passages the the holy rules, wbich the Apostles sense of which is clear and indubitplace before the faithful in their able." By this comparison of difEpistles. The Old Testament com- ferent books, and different passages prehends the New Testament, as it of the holy Scriptures, we behold were, in embryo; and prefigures with sensible pleasure both the its mysteries. The New Testament types, and their fulfilment :-proexplains the old, and enables us to phecies are elucidated by the porgather its fruit. All the several lions of Scripture, which mark their parts of the sacred Scriptures have accomplishment; and the event is been dictated by the same Spirit, substantiated by the prophecy. which is the Spirit of God; and they This comparison of different pasall tend to the same end. Thus it sages furnishes, moreover, an inex. is easy to comprehend the connec- haustible fund of reflections which tion which the several parts bear conduce to self-instruction and edito each other, and how they re- fication, and which are necessary ciprocally elucidate and establish more especially to those who are one another.? 19 1910 191134 intrusted with the instruction of kor" At the same time, it is easy to others. Hence originated the idea comprehend how a comparison of of giving numerous marginal rethe different passages of Scripture, ferences.
toy sleet .. which relate to the same subject, ." It is true, that this method of can throw light upon particular studying the holy Scriptures, and texts, and enable us to understand particularly the New Testament, them; as what is announced more requires a mind, both attentive and obscurely in some places is gene- paiient of labour. · They, who fear tally explained more clearly in the labour, and who conteät then others. We may even aftirm, that selves wiih a superficial "perusal, no commentary upon the sacred will not easily resolve to examine Scriptures is more useful, more all the references which we bave agreeable, apd more consolatory, noted to 'one single verse.' But than that which is obtained by a ought they to estimate thieir labour comparison of their different page as any thing, when it is undertaken sages. In other commentaries, the to procure a blessing so great servants of God explain the word so useful as the right understandof God; in a comparison of passages, ing of the Testament of Jesus Christ, the Spirit of God explains his own which contains the title of our in meaning! Usia' vited ti. .1. beritance ? Men fear no labour, ... ** This is one of the principal when they are employing them
tules," which Saint Augustin gives selves in digging and exploring for the right understanding of Serip- precious mine, that they mayo lure not that this rule is sufficient lain treasures from it. But w
mine is more rich, what treasure is Paris. His object in this, as in the formore precious, than the word of mer instance, is to defray, by means Jesus Christ himself? We may rest of charitable contributions, the exassured, that they who regard it pense of the plates, and of an imas their duty to fathom its depths pression of ove or two thousand shall fiyd all their efforts to that copies, so as to reduce the cost of end abundantly rewarded." did all the future impressions ofthework 25 goiasse 300tshib 20 to the poor, or to those who may
*** We have been much interested wish to distribute them gratuitously, by the preceding communication; to the mere expense of paper, pressand we hope that some of those bene- work, and binding. This is surely volent individuals who have exerted an object which merits the countethemselves to promote the circula- nance of Christians generally; and tion of the Scriptures in France, will they may confidently rely on the be induced to republish the original due application of any sum which preface at Paris, in the form of a they may devote to it. --Subscriptracta. It may serve, both to an- tions will be received for M. Leo's nounce the stereotype edition of Le stereotype edition of Le Maistre de Maistre de Sacy's version of the Sacy's version of the New Testa. New Testament, which is now ment, by the Publisher of this printing in that city, for the use work, No. 196, Piccadilly; by M. of the Catholics of France; and to F. A. De la Croix, No. 13, Rue du procure for it a more welcome Mail, Paris, the Treasurer of the reception among that body. Our fund, or by Messrs. Treuttel and readers may not, in general, be Wutz, No. 17. Rue de Bourbon, aware, that about two years ago, by Paris, a shootoride it a dois the exertions of an individual, Mr. Frederick Leo, a stereotype edition of the New Testament, of, Oster. Although the following discourse vald's , version, was published at cannot with strict propriety be Paris, for the use of the Protestants denomioated “a Family Sermon," of France. . The whole expense of yet the subject of it is so deeply the plates, and of the first impres- interesting to every indiyidual sion, was defrayed by means of in the kingdom, that no apa. charitable contributions, which the logy seems to us to be necessary zeal of Mr. Leo had procured. The for admitting it into our series plates are now deposited in the of Family Sermons. It was hands of a commission formed from be preached with signal effect on the members of the Protestant Con- behalf of the wounded at Water, sistories at Paris, who have under- gloo, and of the widows and or. taken to furnish successive impres ni phans of the slain, on the Sunday sions as they are called for. As se after the news of the splendid soon as this important work was bo victory achieved there, reached completed, Mr. Leo announced his this country. 1o. .
. intention of publishing, in like man. PAMILY SERMONS. No. LXXXIV. . ber, a stereotype edition of the New Testament, for the use of the
i Cor, xiii. 3.-Though I bestow all
Core , Catholics of France. The version my goods to feed the poor, and he has selected is that of Le Mais, though I give my body to be tre de Sacy, which we haye no he- burned, and have not charity, it sitation in saying, though a Catho- . propteth me nothing in lic version, is a very unexception. It would be difficult to point gut, -able one. He has already procured even in the writings of St. Paul, a considerable part of the funds a more noble delineation of any tequired for carrying his plan into Christian grace than that which is execution, and the plates are now given us, in this chapter, of charity, preparing by M. Firmin Didot of The Corinthians. it appears. were anxious to possess those miracu- dice the high and paramount claims Jous gifts which were imparted in of religion, and holiness, and trutb: the first ages of the church, for the it is not charity, but a want of good propagation of the Gospel: but the principle and good sense, which Apostle seems to fear on their be levels the barriers between Christ half, that their views were not duly and Belial, which lowers the stanregulated, and that they bad not so dard of the Christian faith, or vainly perfectly imbibed the spirit of the hopes that piety and impiety, the Gospel, as to perceive the peculiar worship of God and the worship of excellence of charity. To this sub- the devil, will be equally acceptable ject, therefore, he calls their parti- with the Most High, and lead to cular attention; and proves, by a the same reward. The charity of series of striking illustrations, that the Gospel is perfectly consistent it is of the very essence of religion; with an undeviating regard to the and that he who is destitute of doctrines and precepts of the Gocharity, however splendid his other spel: and at the same time that it attainments, has made no real pro- enjoins us to act with long-suffergress in the things of God.
ing and gentleness, still requires us The subject, therefore, is one of to reprove, rebuke, aud exhort. the highest importance : and it is Neither, in the second place, does my intention to examine it, by con-' charity consist in alms giving.-It sidering,
not unfrequently happens, that per- I. The nature of charity. sons, who form their creed from de
II. Its peculiar excellence. tached passages of Scripture; .per-' lll. Its source.
suade ihemselves that, however I. We are to consider the nature careless and even ungodly have of charity. . !
been their lives, a few acts of beAnd here I would observe, that neticence will compensate for the it does not consist in that undis. whole, and plead for them effectinguishing liberality of sentiment tually before the tribunal of their which frequently assumes the name. Judge. Now it is certain, that this It is undoubtedly consistent with notion implies a 'most remarkable the most determined condemnation degree of ignorance, with respect of bad principles and bad conduct. to the entire purport of the Word If we turn to the example of Christ of God. It is impossible that it and his Apostles, of men who were should be maintained by any perunder its especial influence, and son, who is acquainted with the of one in whom it shone in its first and simplest principles of rebrightest lustre, where shall we velation. It is directly at variance find more awful reprobation of evil, with all the knowledge which we and more determined zeal against possess of the Supreme Bcing, and vice and irreligion? Was it want of with every description that is given charity, which dictated our Lord's of ourselves. It derogates from the indignant rebukes of pharisaioal justice of the Most High, and from hypocrisy, or St. Paul's reproof of the glory of man's redemption; and those who for sinister motives im- reduces the life of faith and the peded his progress? Was it a spirit power of religion to an empty wame. of intolerance, which denounced The opinion is also directly opposthe just judgments of God uponed to the express declarations of the enemies of Christ, and disclaim Scripture.' Froni them, it appears, ed all connection with the workers that the principle of charity is perof iniquity? It is plain, that how- fectly distinct in its nature from ever indignaut we may be to the deeds of beneficence, however it frailties and errors of men, there is may be connected with them no rule of charity which requires resulte; and that the world might us to compromise our principles, admire, as a perfect inodel of chaor to concede to any man's preju- rity, the man who is a total strada,
ger to its power., ." Though I be- the love of Christ, he sacrificed stow all my, goods to feed the poor, every object of worldly interest, and though I give iny body to be and was prepared to give up life burned, and have not charity, it itself, that he might extend the profiteth me nothing.". .., knowledge of God, and promote
The errors, which have prevailed the salvation of mapkind. on this subject, are partly to be at r II. We perceive something, then, tributed to the use of the word of the nature of charity. Let us, in Charity, a word which in common the second place, consider its peculife we restrict to acts of mercy: liar excellence, and it has frequently been lamented .. 1. And here let us attend first to by wise and good men, that this the statement of St. Paul. Chaterm should be continued in our rity suffereth long, and is kind : chatranslation of the New Testament, rity envieth not: charity vaunteth where the sense, in which it was not itself; is not puffed up; doth formerly understood is nearly ob- not behave itself unseemly, seeketh solete. The original word proper- not her own, is not easily provoked, ly means Christian love, and it has thinketh no evil; rejoiceth not in relation both to God and man: iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God beareth all things, , believeth all with all thy beart, and with all thy things, hopeth all things, endureth mind, and thy neighbour as thy- all things.” It would ask a long disself.”
? course to afford any adequate illus-. In this chapter, as in other parts tration of these distinguishing proof the New Testament, it seems perties of Christian love. It is of particularly to denote the love a mild, patient, and humble chawhich we ought to entertain for racter: adorned by a gentleness of our fellow-creatures. This dispo- carriage which no opposition can sition is not in its nature distinct destroy, and ever ready to put the from the love of God: it is rather most favourable construction upon to be considered as the same prin- the sentiments andconductof others. ciple applied in another direction. The principle of self-love is assoHe that loveth God, will love his ciated with pride, and a supreme brother also : the disposition which regard to our own interest or, enleads him to admire the several at- joyments: but love seeketh not its tributes of the Almighty, and to own, and is not puffed up: it is glorify him with all the faculties of clothed with humility, and is glad the mind, will overflow likewise to to perform the meanest offices of them that reflect the image of their benevolence, where consolation is Maker. If the love of God be shed to be afforded or affliction to be abroad in the heart, it will consume soothed. There is in some minds the sordid passions of our nature; a strange tendency to distrust and it will enlarge and purify our affec- suspicion; they never hear even of tions. It is to be considered as a a good work, especially if carried boud of union; as uniting the chil- on upon a large scale, but they disdren of God to himself, and to cover symptoms and possibilities of each other. It was this principle evil : instead of looking at the good by which the Psalmist was intiu- to accrue from it, they attempt to enced, when he declared that his penetrate the secret purpose, and delight was in the Divine command dwell with much of self-commendaments, It was this which filled the tion upon the sinister design. But heart of Peter, when he exclaimed, Charity Urinketh no evil : it rather “Lord, thou knowest all things, takes pleasure in looking at the exthou knowest that I love thee." And cellence of the plan, and lends itsuch also was the animating motive self with ready zeal to every proof St. Paul, when, constrained by ject, the tendency of which is to