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diffuse happiness and to promote have all faith, so that I could rethe glory of God. And where an move mountains, and have not chaoffence is actually committed, Cha- rity, I am nothing. And though I rity beareth all things. The original bestow all my goods to feed the word is remarkable, and strictly poor, and though I give my body to means concealeth all things; that is, be burned and have not charity, it instead of delighting to exaggerate profiteth me nothing." We are not what is wrong, Christian love will to imagine that these extraordinary rather throw it into the shade. To gifts of the Holy Spirit could exist, this effect we read, in another place, where the principle of Divine love that "charity shall cover the multi- was unknown ; but the Apostle tude of sins; that is, it will not look magnifies the excellence of love by upon the failings or sins of others stating an imaginary case. If it with a severe or rigid eye, but will were possible that he could unite be anxious to conceal them, to hide in his own person every gift and them from the view, and on no ac- endowment, which can belong to count to expose them to others. men or angels, yet would they be This is the precise meaning of the utterly without value if destitute of passage just cited from St. Peter. Christian love. It is this which It is not an act of Christian Charity gives to other graces their full efto throw a veil over our own of- fect. It is by love that faith fences, but over the offences of worketh, and by love also that hope others; to apologize for them is perfected. It sheds a lustre pewhere apology can be made ; and culiarly its own over the whole charather to adopt an unsatisfactory racter of the Christian. It is by excuse than to be harsh in con- the spirit of love that we seem to demnation. For Charity believeth partake more especially of the Diall things, hopeth all things, en vine nature, and to be transformed dureth all things. It is not meant into the image of God. "God is that Christian love believes what is love, and he that dwelleth in love evidently false, or hopes for that dwelleth in God and God in him." which is impossible: but where the Whatever be our resemblance to evil is uncertain, it will place it the Deity, we derive it not from in the most favourable light; and faith; for how can faith be ascribed where no excuse can be found, and to the Most High? nor from hope, it is scarcely permitted either to for what to Jehovah cau be the obbelieve or to hope, Charity will at ject of hope ? Faith and hope are least be moved to compassion: necessary for him who in this state where it cannot approve, it will of probation is marching to immorweep; and where another spirit tality; but love is the bond of would condemn, the spirit of love perfectness, the very nature and will be content to pray.

image of God. We mean not 10 2. We perceive, then, that this prin- assert that this sacred principle can ciple of charity is excellent in it- be substituted for other principles; self on account of its distinguishing for the Apostle tells us, that now properties : but I observe, second- abideth faith, hope, charity, these sy, That it is excellent in relation to three" each has its own province, other Christian gifts and graces. and each its peculiar excellence: Such is the argument of St. Paul in By faith we are brought to the Lord this chapter « Though I speak Jesus Christ, and receive pardon or with the tongues of men and of an- our sins and reconciliation with gels, and have not charity, I am be. God: by hope we are taught to come as sounding brass or a tink- surmount the difficulties of our ling cymbal. And though I have Christian course, and to pursue out the gift of prophecy and under- war with courage and perseverance: staird all mysteries: and though I but both are 8o be considered


means, by which we are led to love this charity. We hear much of the God and our brother : and in this generosities of our nature, and are spirit of love they have their end told to follow the impulse of our and completion.

feelings; as if some transient, and For there is yet a third point, defective, and feverish impression in which charity is distinguished could be substituted for that great from all other graces, and that is in and purifying principle which is to its duration. “Charity never faileth: assimilate us to the Lord Almighty but whether there be prophecies, and to burn with imperishable they shall fail'; whether there be lustre, when heaven and earth shall tongues, they shall cease ; whether have passed away. We cannot but there be knowledge, it shall vanish recognize its high descent from its away: for we know in part, and we glorious qualities. It is derived prophecy in part: but when that from the Deity: it is implanted in which is perfect is come, then that the heart by the power of the Holy which is in part shall be done Ghost; and it can be obtained from away." -The comparison is made him alone who is the Giver of every with the other gifts and graces good and perfect gift. Hence we which adorned the first days of the are taught to pray, in the language Church of Christ. We behold the of our Church, that being filled wonderful effusion of the prophetic with the Holy Ghost we may learn spirit, and are struck with admira- to love and bless our persecators: tion at the scene : but let a few and again still more according to ages pass away, and this miraculous the tenor of the text, " O Lord, influence shall be withdrawn. Many who hast taught us, that all our are now able to speak, in the lan- doings without charity are nothing guage of strangers, the wonderful worth; send thy Holy Ghost and works of God; but the diffusion of pour into our hearts that most exthe Gospel must soon be accom- cellent gift of Charity, the very plished by ordinary means : all that bond of peace and of all virtues, we now value and admire will dis- without which whosoever liveth is appear, and our highest attain-counted dead before thee.". We ments in knowledge will vanish acknowledge in these prayers, that away. But charity never faileth: the charity of the Gospel--that when faith is converted into sight, Christian love which seems to and hope is lost in fruition, then it comprise within itself every exis that love will appear in all its cellence, and is inseparably conunutterable brightness. If we ask, nected with peace and joy in bewhat principle is that, which forms lieving-has no natural dwellingthe joy and the glory of heaven? place in the human heart: and that It is love: it beams from the Eter- till it is imparted from above, nal Throne: it walks forth in all its we are not only incapable of beauty among the armies of the abounding in the fruits of righteblessed: it fills every heart: it ousness, but are even accounted as animates every countenance. The dead while we live. If we have not image of the Creator is reflected by charity then, according to the deall who adore him, and that image claration of St. Paul, we are nois love. Charity never faileth: it thing. dwelt in the Eternal Mind when Should it be thought that by this the morning stars sang together, plain statement of scriptural docand all the sons of God shouted for trine I seem to check the active joy; and it will for ever inspire the spirit of benevolence, I would recompany of heaven, and breathe in ply, that the feeling of benevolence their eternal harmony. Data is never so ardent and overpower

III. Let us now proceed, in the ing, as when it proceeds from the third place, to consider the source of genuine operation of Christian



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love. You have heard the descrip- country, I speak not of the mere tion of its effects as given by St. glory of victories and triumphs: I Paul: and wherever it exists, it will consider it here as only another be known by its fruits. “If a man word for national safety. It is by see his brother have need, and shut deeds like these that the national up his bowels of compassion from character is upheld; and very in. him, how dwelleth the love of God timately associated with national in him ?" If compassion be want character is national security. The ing, the principle of charity is history of that eventful day will wanting: if there be no evidence never be forgotten; and its effects of love in the conduct, ibere is no will be felt throughout the world. influence of love on the heart. It I will not violate the sanctity of is because I intend to appeal to this place by introducing topics your charitable dispositions that I which are foreign to the subject of have endeavoured to illustrate the Christian Cbarity. My concern is doctrine of charity, under the full not with the march of a victorious conviction that you will thus be in- army: I would rather lead you to duced to give most heartily and sympathise with those whom that most liberally to those destitute day of triumph has overwhelmed and afflicted persons for whom I with suffering and sorrow. You this day venture to solicit your aid. cannot indeed restore the dead to

My plea is for the families of the life; but you may do much to combrave men who have recently fallen fort the living. The wounded soldier in your service, and for the benefit and the widow and the orphan are of the wounded sufferers in the in a condition to profit by your beBritish army.

nevolence; and they have a claim Seldom indeed has it happened, upon your charity which it is imthat so loud a call has been made possible for a Christian to resist. upon the gratitude and liberality Let it then be seen on this occaof the nation : seldom has it hap. sion that your Christian love is an pened that such momentous issues operative principle. Let no man seemed to hang upon the fale of suggest to himself, as an excuse for one battle, or that victory was ob- an uncharitable disposition, that we tained by so dear a sacrifice. Not have recently been contributing to many days bave elapsed, since the other objects of distress : Charity stoutest heart in this country look- seeketh not her own: she rejoiceth ed with awe and apprehension upon to do good to all men. Let it not the approaching conflict : and the be argued that another victory may most sanguine among us hardly ven- require another contribution; or tured to anticipate a favourable that the triumphs already obtained result till the arrival of those pu- may be followed by a reverse. We merous forces that were Lastening know the uncertainty of human to the field. How wonderfully have things, and are assured that the the clouds disappeared! That mighty battle is the Lord's. But will any storm which threatened the desola- change of circumstances alter the na. tion of Europe has been dissipated ture of the present claim ? Will some in a day. The armies of Britain new victory or unexpected reverse were placed in the post of honour raise the thousands that have fallen ? and of danger, and it must be con- Will it call back the 'life's blood to fessed that they have well main the heart, and restore the basband tained it: they felt that the ho to the widow or the parent to his nour of their country was commit- child ? Had our brave defenders ted to them, and assembled Europe listened to selfish suggestions, very bas borne them witness that it has different at this hour might have been nobly preserved.

been the situation of Europe. They In mentioning the honour of the might bave reflected, and with good





reason, upon the misery which (if we speak as to the inward spiwould be entailed by their loss ritual part of it), and must, if ever upon the objects of their affections: they mean to be saved, some time they might have asked, What will or other, undergo a real change become of those that are dear to and transformation, both in their us ? Who will provide for our fa. principles and their course of liv. milies, if we are removed? But ing." "Vol. III. 13th sernion, p. whatever were their feelings, their 294. Again " If a man, to his determination we know-" This is baptism and his faith in Christ, join the post of duty, and we will not a serious conformity to the laws of desert it." Their courage failed Christ-a sincere endeavour to not: let not your charity fail. Let please God, and to save his soulit be seen that you have hearts and strives against open, kuown, to feel your obligation, and that, and wilful sins, and still rather under the influence of Christian grows better than worse ; more love, you will not be slow to dis- inclined to good, and more averse charge it.-Now to God, &c. to evil: this is the best mark in

the world; nay, I will say it is the

only mark whereby one can discern To the Editor of the Christian Observer. that he is in a regenerate condiI HAVE lately perused some of the tion--in a state of God's favour.'' publications edited by the Society Ibid, pp. 300, 301. The same for promoting Christian Knowledge. prelate afterwards adds (p. 305), Among others, two tracts compiled “The truest mark (of regeneration) by a clerical member of the Esta- is that of our Saviour: The tree is blishment, and purporting to con- known by its fruits. If a man be vey the sentiments of this Society baptized, and, heartily believing regarding Regeneration and Conver- the Christian religion, doth sinsion, were lately put into my hands. cerely endeavour to live up to it; The view there taken of the subject if his faith in Jesus Christ be so appears to me to be altogether at strong that by virtue thereof he variance with the doctrines of the overcomes the world, and the evil Reformation, and certainly with customs thereof, such a man, howthose of our old and most distin- ever he came into this state, and guished divines, whose clear opi- with whatever infirmities it may nion seems to have been, that spi- be attended (of which infirmities ritual regeneration is not insepa- yet he is deeply sensible, and fails rably connected with the rite of not both to pray and strive against baptism. In proof of this, I beg them), yet he is a good man, and to refer to the writings of Arch- gives a true evidence of his regebishop Sharp and Dr. Hammond. neration."-See also the same ser

It is Archbishop Sharp's opinion, mon, p. 297. that regeneration “ holds only as 'Dr, Hainmond asserts (15th ser. to those persons among us that mon, pp. 238—244), “ That nohave always lived virtuously and thing is efficaciously available to innocently, and have never fully salvation but a regenerate heart.departed from their baptismal vow. He then proceeds to shew that As for those that, either through God's supernatural agency somethe occasion of a bad education times interposes in the mother's or by the abusing a good one, have womb; sometimes at baptism, when engaged themselves in vicious the Spirit, accompanying the outcourses, and accordingly, from ward sign, infuses itself into the the time they came to years of heart; sometimes on occasional discretion, have lived in a state of emergencies, the sense of God's sin and ungodliness; these persons judgments, reflection on his merare not yet in the regenerate state cies; the reading good books ; but most eminently at and with in the conclusion he prays, “O the preacbing of the word. There, holy Lord, do thou awaken us out by, he observes, “ are we ordina- of the darkness of death, and plant rily to expect this guest, if we a new seed of holy light and life in have not yet found him."

us: infuse into our heathen hearts In the same sermon, p. 238, he a Christian habit of sanctity, that goes still further, and asserts, we may perform all spiritual duties " that they who have long lived in' of holiness, that we may glorify an erroneous anti-Christian course, thee here by thy Spirit, and be do many times find themselves glorified with thee hereafter. struck on a sudden, and are able Amen." to state their regeneration." And

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Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. At eight o'clock we breakfasted,

and soon afterwards proceeded in If you should be of opinion that the our char à bane into the city. following account of a Sunday The service was to begin at nine spent at Geneva, extracted from o'clock, and the congregations the journal of a late tour upon were said to be very large. We the continent, in a series of letters found from a friend that the clerto a friend, would prove at all gyman whom he wished us to hear interesting to your readers, you was not to preach at the cathedral, will perhaps allow it a place in but at the Temple Neuf. Thither the miscellaneous department of we accordingly went. The church your valuable work.

is not quite so large as that of

C ; but it was so crowdSecheron, near Geneva,

ed, that it was with difficulty we Sunday, August 27th, 1815. procured three places near the door. · I rose this morning at an early A young man was in the pulpit hour: the day was not quite so when we entered, who soon afterbrilliant as the two last, and Mont- wards rose and read the Ten Comblanc was enveloped in misty obscu- mandments. He then left the pulrity, I thought but little, however, pit, and the preacher ascended it. of the scenery before me, but was He began with a short prayer, rather anxious, after a deprivation which consisted chiefly of the conof more than six weeks of any fession of sin, supplication for par. opportunity of Protestant worship, don, and for suitable dispositions, to begin a Sabbath, which I hoped and the Divine blessing during the would indeed prove a day of spi- services of the day. He closed ritual rest and refresbient, in a with the Lord's Prayer. I was at devotional manner. The peculiar so great a distapce, that I could subjects of the day chiefly occu. not hear every sentence distinctly'; pied my mind; and though from but the prayer appeared to be very the accounts I had received from scriptural, and the manner of devarious quarters, I rather feared livering it touching and devotional. that I should hear more of politics, The minister next gave out two philosophy, or mere sentimental verses of the xliid Psalm, from the murality, thau of religioo, from the version ised in the French ReGenevan preachers, I earnestly formed Churches, which was chiefly prayed that the Divine blessing made by Beza and Marot, at the remight attend their ministrations. quest of Calvin, who also procured

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