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two of his friends to set the Psalms various ways. This was twice to music. The tunes we heard here' afterwards repeated. The preacher and at Schaffhausen are some of then proceeded. He said, that his those, ancient melodies; and they subject might be applied to every are remarkably simple and devo- kind of distress ; but that he tional. The words of the first should confine himself to the casc Psalm, which were particularly ap- of the sinner. He defined bis propriate to my own circumstances meaning of the term --not merely and feelings, are as follows: the more open transgressor, but
the irreligious though correct moComme un cerf altéré brâme
ralist, and the man of the world. Aprés le conrant des eaux Ainsi soupire mon ame, Seigneur,
He described with much strength Aprés tes ruisseaux :
and liveliness of colouring,' the Elle a soif du Dieu vivant;..... course pursued by each of these Et s'écrie en le suivant,
characters, and the misery to Mon Dieu, mon Dieu, quand sera-ce, which, sooner or later, it leads. Que mes yeux verront ta face? What were they to do, when conPour pain je n'ai que mes larmes
vinced of guilt and danger ? To Et nuit et jour en tout lieu,
wbom could they go? To what Lorsqu'en mes dures alarmes, refuge could they fiy? «Come On me dit que fait ton Dien ?
uuto me," says the Saviour of sin, Je regrette la saisson,
pers; though you have wandered Que j'allois en ta maison,
far from God and from happiness, Chantant avec les fideles,
yet come unto me, and I will re: Tes louanges immortelles.
ceive you, and in no wise cast you The whole congregation joined out. But in what manner must in singing these beautiful verses, they come? He replied, excel. and the effect was very soleinn lently, With deep humility and and delightful. After the Psalm sorrow for sin; with faith in the followed another prayer, chiefly Divine mercy; with entire resignaconsisting of thanksgiving for mer- tion; and with humble and steadcies temporal and spiritual. This fast purposes of obedience to Christ, was of the minister's own compo- as their Lord and Master. Then sition; the first, and a third, with the rest and peace which would which the service concluded, he follow such an application to the read from a book, but in such a Saviour were beautifully repremanner as to have the air of being sented--a happiness which they extemporaneous. After this se- had never experienced from the cond prayer, followed the sermon. pleasures of sin and of the world : The clergyman requested the at- a peace which passeth all undertention of his audience to those standing. The sermon was conDivine words of our Lord, Matt. cluded with a lively and affectionxi. 28, “ Come unto me, all ye atę application to the conscience that labour and are heavy laden, and the heart; in wbich he spoke and I will give you, rest." He strongly and feelingly of the grace began by some observations on the and compassion of Christ, and time and occasion upon which his with an earnest prayer that it text was originally spoken; and might be blessed to some who were having connected it with ourselves, present. Reference was also made he distributed his discourse into to the Lord's Supper, which was two parts, comprehending the in- to be celebrated that day in anovitation of our Lord, and the ther place. After the sermon, blessing cousequent upon its ac- which lasted forty, minutes, fol. ceptance. After whicb, pausing, lowed an intercessory prayer for the congregation took the oppor- all conditions of men, by no means tunity of adjusting themselves in equal to our Liturgy, but comprehensive and devout. Then the in a small church opposite to it, and Lord's Prayer a second time; and immediately joined it. The course after that the Apostle's Creed, but of the service was the same as in without any response or accompani- the morning, except that the exment on the part of the people. At temporaneous prayer before the the close of the Creed the following sermon, which was very pious and verse of the ciïd Psalm was sung: animated, was louger; and that the A qui le craint, à qui pleure sa faute,
confession and intercession were Cette bonté se fait voir, aussi haute different, being, I presume, the form Que sur la terre il éleva les cieux; appointed for the evening worship. Et comme est loin le couchant de The preacher in the morning was l'adrose, .
a man of sixty ; this in the afterCe Dieu, clement, quand sa grace on noon appeared younger than myimplore,
self. His congregation was also very Met loin de nous nos péchés odieux.
large. He preached from Hebrews The assembly was then dismissed ii. 3. “ How shall we escape, if we with the Mosaie blessing, -" The neglect so great salvation ?" I was Lord bless thee, and keep thee," again gratified by a very able, elo&c. &c., with the following addi- quent, and affecting discourse. He tion, “ Go in peace, and the God began by a short contrast between of peace be with you."
the two dispensations of the Law You will perceive that the re- and the Gospel, pursning the geformed service somewhat resembles neral argument of the Apostle in that of our Dissenters, or more this Epistle. He then described nearly that of the Church of Scot- the nature and greatness of the land, except'as to the reading of Christian salvation. It was great some of the prayers. And you as to its Divine Author, its myswill observe, too, that, as in some terious, inportant doctrines, and of those assemblies, the grand de- its heavenly promises. What was, fect was the omission of any read it to neglect this salvation? Not ing of the Scriptures, the recital merely to apostatize, or to disof the Commandments alone ex- grace our profession by open vices; cepted. In most other respects, I but to act inconsistently with that confess I was much pleased with profession- to believe, or profess the whole service. I was offended to believe as Christians, and to at the sight of some men in their live like heathens--to be carehats (during the sermon only, I less, worldly, vain, lovers of pleathink), and surprised that neither sure more than lovers of God. on entering nor leaving the place Much and excellently did he say of worship did any one pause to upon these points. How could beg the blessing of Gud upon the such escape? The Gospel had service. Every person put some- its judgments as well as its mer. thing, on going out, into a box for cies, its terrors as weil as its prothe poor, as the custom also is in mises. But this was St. PaulScotland. As it was only eleven What did Jesus Christ say? (mark o'clock when the service was con. how human nature is the same at cluded, I returned to Secheron.. Geneva as in England.) He re
I remained reading and writing plied admirably, by quoting sonuç till a quarter past one, when I again of the awful denunciations of the walked into Geneva, though it was Saviour himself, against careless and now very hot, the mist having en impenitent sinners. How could the tirely disappeared, and the scenery negligent escape? Would they plead around us having resumed all its their honesty, their harmlessness, brilliant magnificence. There was their charity, their professions! no service to-day at the cathedral; Could they escape the vigilance or but I found an audience assembling the power of their Judge ? Could
they endure his frown, or conciliate private fortune, and may be theolohis mercy ? Every thing of this kind gical, though not philosophical, was equally vain : there was but professors in the academy, and enone way of escape, and of safety. gage, as in England, in private It was, to be really Christians --it tuition. The singing was not so was to repent, believe, and obey good this afternoou as in the mornthe Gospel. He concluded with ing; but the words of the last hymn, some' persuasive arguments, with a evidently referring to those who had particular allusion to the previous previously partaken of the Lord's celebration of the sacrament in that Supper, struck me as peculiarly church ; with expressing what he beautiful. trusted were the desires, and the Heureux celui qui t'est toujours fidéle, resolutions of many of his auditors, Seigneur Jesus, et qui, brûlant de zèle, if they had followed him in the Te suit partout, t'embrassant par la foi; train of his exhortations; and with A qui peut on, Seigneur, aller qu' à toi? an earnest prayer that the Almighty Tu nous promets une vie eternelle,
Tu nous promets une gloire immortelle: would rouchisafe his effectual bless.
Toi seul nous peux faire entrer dans les ing.--I was much delighted with
cieux this sermon: though more labour. C'est vers toi seul que nous tournons les ed and eloquent than that in the yeux. morning, it seemed equally sincere, Such were the religious services and certainly upon my own mind in which I was engaged this day at was equally impressive. In both Geneva; and judging from their cases, there was monotony of tone effect upon myself, I cannot but in the delivery ; but this was com- hope that they must prove benefi. pensated by great propriety and cial to those for whom they were force of action. The morning more immediately designed. The preacher is indulged, I understand, general appearance of the city was from his age, with reading his ser- certainly more decorous and grave mon; but it was not perceptible. than we had hitherto observed upon
In the afternoon, the discourse the continent:-most of the shops was pronounced entirely without were shut, and the congregatious notes, and I presume, from its un- were as large, I understand, at the common correctness, memoriter. In other churches, as at those which I each case, the preacher, after hav- attended ;-yet I am sorry to say, ing read his text from a Bible, shut that the close of the Sabbath, even the book, and laid it aside on the at Geneva, but little corresponds edge of the pulpit. There sat a with the seriousness of the publie clerk in the desk below, who, how. worship. Evening parties are uniever, took no other part in the ser. versal, in which the elderly inbavice than in singing, which he did bitants do not scruple to play at standing: while the rest of the con cards, and the young people are gregation to my great annoyance permitted to dance. I took the lisat, like our Dissenters. I must not berty of expostulating with a re. forget to add, that the doctrine of spectable man upon this glaring inboth preachers was far from being consistency. He defended it upon strictly or formally Calvinistic; the plea of the necessity of relaxing though Calvin was, and is, nomi- the gravity of Sunday employments, nally, the oracle of Geneva. It lest the younger part of the comnearly resembled that of the Chris. munity should be disgusted, and tian Observer, and would have resort to less innocent amusements ranked with what is usually termed than were thus allowed them. I evangelical religion in England. trust that the progress of religious The clergy, I understand, receive truth in the renovated Republic, only about 601. per annum ;-but more particularly through the inthey are generally possessed of some fluence of the Bible Society, established last year at Geneva, may last twenty years. The middle tend to correct this evil, and to pro- classes are in general moral. The duce a sounder mode of thinking lower orders are the worst, having upon the important subject of the been much corrupted by the late in Sabbath."
tercourse with the French. Host Having mentioned the name of Calvin with reference to the stand
I shall be happy, Mr. Editor, if ard of religious doctrine in Geneva, the preceding extract from the jourit may not be amiss to add, how nal alluded to, should afford either much its citizens are indebted to information or pleasure to any of that celebrated man, not only as a your
nly as a your readers. The correctness of Reformer, but as 'a Legislator. Dur. the statements Tests upon the veraing nearly three centuries, the code city of of laws wbich he framed preserved
T OAN OLD FRIEND AND Geneva in a state of greater free
CORRESPONDENT, dom from suits and processes, than
Nov. 1815. was exhibited in any other city in Europe, The Council is now laTo the Editor of the Christian Obserder, bouring to restore some of its pro. In virtue of your character, you visions; but the intervention of the must observe with great pleasure French doininion has rendered it the variety of charities in this in a great measure impracticable. country. The subject is indeed What is called the College, deserves common - place and threadbare. in this view as well as others to be Every single calamity that can af. mentioned. This is a school, di- fect the human frame or circam. vided into various classes, and con- stances has somewhere a society taining many hundred boys, which fighting against it. Charity bas is free to the children of all the na- become fashionable, and benevolent rives, and, I believe, to all the inha- associations quite the rage. In this bitants of Geneva-wbere they are we must all rejoice, the poor re taught gratuitously, not only read- lieved sufferers not excepted. One ing, writing, and arithmetic, but the age and nation gain honour by such classics and the sciences, and from a general conspiration of philad: whence they may proceed to attend thropy. . .
: the equally gratuitous lectures of « Now mark a spot” apon. ibis the professors in the academy or beautiful tissued web of benevor university. Both these noble insti. lence. Some mixture indeed of tutions, the General Hospital, which worse motives must be expected, I visited and which is admirably and cannot be helped. One man conducted, together with much of will give from ostentation; another the general system of the Republic, from custom ; a third froun shame; political as well as ecclesiastical, a fourth from imitativeness; and, owe their origin and foundation to wish a fifth may not give out of Calvin. Whatever may be thought pure rivalry, and relieve the poor of his political opinions, the pre. to plague the rich. All this is very ceding facts, which I received from bad; but the directors and protu two gentlemen of great intelligence moters of charitable institutions and respectability in Geneva, may cannot provide against it, They serve to prove, that he was at least are forwarding a good work, and by his own' example a strenuous cannot answer for the motives of us supporter of good works. . who subscribe. Their concern &
I must only add, that Geneva is with our money, not our motivere by no means à dissipated or immo- apd, so long as the former is good, ral place. The higher ranks ap- they have no great right 1o be plja. pear to bave been much improved ing into the latter. , Warriola by the calamitous lessons of the Perhaps also (for I am willing .... concede as much as possible), these been robbed for the supply of his gentlemen have a right to enlist on neighbours were allowed a protest their side some feelings in human on the occasion, he might very nature, which, whatever they are, plausibly complain of the hardship are not precisely the benevolent he had sustained. Pope commends feelings. There is in mankind an a person for doing good by stealth; exciteability, which may, on ocea- but this is to do good by down. sion, be turned to a very good act right stealing. count. Large, crowded, rooms- I bave strong suspicions that a animated speeches-long lists of laudable anxiety to promote the splendid patrons, blazoned on wire, interests of particular clarities, wove paper-any appeal to curio- sometimes leads the friends of such sity, or the love of povelty, are charities to questionable modes of found at times to produce a won- gaining subscription and support. derful epanchement of the heart Rather, perhaps, it makes them to and the purse. In this way, many carry lawful modes of so doing most unpromising subjects are to an extreme. Nothing can be tricked into works of charity be- more lawful than what we hear, or fore they are aware.. I do not pre- hear of perpetually, charity-sermons tend to say that every kind and de- by occasional preachers. I say, this gree of this ingenious policy is appears to me lawful; and it is blampenble. - Though, after all, it surely very often expedient. It is looks 'a little like fighting Mammon lawful that the clergy should assist with his own weapons.
each other in the discharge of their But surely, there are limits to sacred duties; and it is useful. It these expedients for making people promotes mutual kindness; it revirtuous in spite of their worse lieyes what is frequently a labojudgmenti' -. If we deliberately rious office ; it affords them oppor. draw money from men by acting tunities of bearing each other. on their pride, ostentation, or any. Sometimes also (I reluctantly add) other bad feeling, we are on very it is a great relief to the congregatender. ground. Are we not, în tion. And, if we are to bave an faet, doing evil that 'good may occasional preacher, nothing seems come? There may be very illegi. more natural than that he should timate ways of promoting a very discourse on an occasional sabject, useful work. What is to be very Often, indeed, the minister selected charitably employed may be very has some such close connection uncharitably acquired. I will give with the charity to be recommend a familiar illustration. Ride to any ed as makes him a peculiarly fit inn in England, and place your spokesman on the occasion. I horse in a stall adjoining to that in Yet this principle may be pushed which a pair of jaded post-hotses" too far." It is pushed too far, when are sociably keeping a strict fast it grows up into a regular system of together; and what is the conse excitement. Hand-bills (I had alquence ! The moment you are out most said, play bills,) are scattered of view, the driver of the aforesaid far and near, to announce the inabstemious Rosinantes 'will dexte- tēnded performance ;-interest is rously purloin the contents of your excited by the name of a popular horse's manger, for the benefit of preacher curiosity is excited by his own famishing stud. I doubt a new face, a new voice, a new whether there are ten postilions in style and manner: the collections England, who can resist this temp. at the door are swelled in the yestation when it occurs. Here is an try by the contributions of the maact of charity undoubtedly, and nagers themselves : in short, the performed very privately too and whole scene is got up for effect. vet, of the poor animal who has In the mean time, it is probable
CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 108. 5L