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Jabours for the salvation of souls, ted by the colonial chaplains, the and speaks with fluency and energy Hon. and Rev. Mr. Twisleton and both in Cingalese and Portuguese. Mr. Bisset, the moral darkness pre-Mr. Chater, the Baptist Mission- vailing there is such as leads every ary, and his wife, adorn the doc- Christian to rejoice in the intellitrine of God their Saviour. Chris- gence. These gentlemen, with a tian David, a pious and zealous liberality which does them the native preacher, a pupil of Swartz, bighest honour, and with a lively sent hither by the Royal Danish solicitude for the salvation of the Missionaries, has recommended poor people who surround them, himself by his simple, fervent, pie. which cannot fail to create an affecty, and his persevering, steady, tion for them in every Christian conduct, to the favour of the Go- heart, have given the right hand vernor, and to the general esteem. of fellowship to every devoted serThe Missionaries experienced pe- vant of Christ who is disposed to culiar kindness, and uniform sup- labour in this corner of his Master's port from Viscount Molesworth. vineyard, have animated and guided One of them, Mr.Clough, observes;' their efforts, and have taken a bro“ He has been to me a father, a ther's interest in their success. Christian, a friend, and a guide.” It was Mr. Clough who was honoured as the instrument of con- AMERICAN FOREIGN MISSIONS. verting the Budhoo priest, of A BOARD of Commissioners for Fo whose public baptism we gave an reign Missions has been formed by account in a former Number, p. an act of incorporation, consisting 411. « This priest," Mr. Clough of distinguished ministers and laystates. " is to have a salary froin Go- men in the Northern States. The vernment as a translator; and is fifth annual meeting of this Board now about to translate the Bible
ranslate the Bible was held at Yale College, on the into the two languages of the island, 15th September. 1814. In Febru-the Cingalese and the Paariah, orary, 1812. tbis Board sent out fire Maggada, which is still spoken Missionaries, three of whom were in the interior. He is to study married. to Calcutta ; namely, the Scriptures under the care of Messrs. Judson, Newell, and Nott, the Rev. Mr. Armour, who now with their wives: and Messrs. Hall resides in Columbo, until he is
and Rice. On their arrival at qualified to preach. I fatter my
Calcutta, they were immediately self that, humanly speaking, this ordered by the Supreme Governman will be capable of doing as meut to return by the vessels in much good among the natives as which they came. Mr. and Mrs. fifty European Missionaries. Many Newell embarked for the Isle of of the priests are so shaken by France. The passage was tedious this conduct of their leader that and stormvi,
that and stormy; and Mrs. Newell, whose they also are wishful to embrace' health was in a precarious state, Christianity ;- but there is this dif- died on the
died on the passage*. Mr. Newell ficulty in the way: when they cast : off their robes, they lose all, even Mrs. Newell appears to have been a ·
their freehold estates, if they have most amiable and excellent person; and any, as our priest had to a consi- it is impossible pot to lament the harsh derable amount. But we hope and relentless measures which deprived soon to see the people coming India of her services. We have read over likewise, and then a way will
in her life and ber correspondence while be opened." '
" in India, but above all the account of ". Six new Missionaries are about
ber death, with deep interest; and we to proceed to Ceylon, and if we lowing testimony to her distingnished
think it but justice to say, that the fol can credit the statements transmit- worth appears to us to be marked with
afterwards went to Ceylou, where 11th of February, 1813. As might he was assured of the protection of have been foreseen, intelligence of the Governor, and where he applied the ill-judged step they had taken himself to the acquisition of the na. preceded them, accompanied by an tive languages, occasionally preach- order for their being sent to Eng. ing in English. His final destination land. Sir Evan Nepean shewed had not been fixed.
every disposition to favour them, Some delay having occurred in and permitted them to remain at the removal of the other four Mis- Bombay until he should try the sionaries from Calcutta, two of them, effect of a representation to the Messrs. Judson änd Rice, saw rea- Goveruor-general, Lord Minto, in son to change their sentiments on their favour. His efforts, however, the subject of baptism, and they were proving unsuccessful, he was under accordingly immersed at Serampore. the necessity of directing them to This occasioned a separation be- take their passage for England on tween them and Messrs. Nott and board the Carmarthen,"In this state Hall. The two former proceeded to of things, the Missionaries again most the Isle of Frauce, whence Mr. Rice unadvisedly resolved on quitting returned to the United States. The Bombay in the same clandestine plan of Mr. Judson was, however, to manner in which they had previ. effect, if possible, an establishment ously left Calcutta, and proceeding at Prince of Wales's Island. Messrs. to Ceylon. The vessel which conNott and Hall had determined on veyed them stopped at Cochin: going to Bombay; but the Governthere they were overtaken by an ment, which at first bad given them order from Bombay requiring ihem passports for that presidency, chan- to be sevt back to that place. They ged its purpose and ordered them accordingly returned. Sir Evan to proceed to England. Notwith- Nepean appears to have been justly standing this order, they impru- displeased with their conduct, as dently went on board the ship in it might, from the favour he had which they had engaged their pas- shewn them, subject him to censure, sage, and arrived at Bombay on the as having connived at their delinthe character of truth: –“ Her superior
quency; and his dissatisfaction inust and cultivated mind, her enlarged and
have been rather increased than active benevolence, her solid and ele- lessened, by the extraordinary jusvated piety, her steady and cheerful tification of it which they attempted. fortitude, her enlightened and sacred “The authority of the Lord Jesus." devotedness to the missionary canse, they affirmed, “ under which they adorned with all the endearing virtue's had been sent forth to preach the of the female character, had raised her Gospel to the heathen, was parahigh in Christian estimation, and given mount to any civil authority which no ordinary promise of distinguished
would frustrale or counteract their usefulness. But He, from whom all
mission." We will admit that a • these excellences proceeded, and to whom they were consecrated, best knew
ew man's understanding may be so how long to employ them in this world, misled as to believe that, under the and when to raise their possessor to per. peculiar circumstances of these Mis
fection for higher employment in a sionaries, there was the slightest • better. Mrs. Newell neither lived to weight in such an argument. Still · herself por died' to herself. Her wit as a mere matter of prudence, their
ness, we believe, is in heaven, and her conduct appears to have been alto. ', record on high, and we trust that her
gether unjustifiable. They were - fervent prayers, her readiness to forsake all for the service of Christ, and her ex
lowering the missionary character, emplary life and death, will not be lost
lost where it was of the utmost moment to her friends, or to that sacred cause it should be hel high, and alieto which she was so ardeutly devoted," nating their best friends without
5 X2 .,' ; ; in
a rational hope of succeeding in during the four years of its exist. their designs; for in what part of ence, the beneficial effects of its India could they reasonably expect operations have been sensibly felt to be allowed to fix themselves after throughout the whole of the North such a transaction? They were pro. Fast division of the metropolis, videntially called to give an exam. This district is the residence not ple of Christian endurance, and they only of great numbers of poor should have given it.The kindness weavers, but also of almost the and indulgence of Sir Evan Nepean, whole poor of the City of London. however,were not exhausted by this Hence arises a greater mass of occurrence, and he again permitted wretchedness than is to be found them to remain on shore at Bombay in any other quarter of the metro, until be should hear again from polis: among such multitudes of Calcutta. Great efforts were made poor, numerous cases of the greatest to procure a renission of the for- distress are continually occurring, iner order, but with what effect does arising from sickness and want of not appear; the last accounts, employ. dated 22d December, 1813, leaving It is a fundamental principle of them still at Bombay, but under this charity to afford no relief till orders to depart for England. The after the most particular examina. Board observes, that their grateful tion into the reality of the distress, acknowledgments are due to Sir at the habitations of the persons reEvan, for the candour, magnanimity, lieved. and kindness exhibited in his treat- The visitors engaged in this work ment of the Missionaries, so credit. are not content with relieving the able to his character as a magistrate temporal necessities of the poor ; and a Christian.
their aim is also to improve their moral and religious condition : and,
through the blessing of God, they SPITALFIELDS BENEVOLENT
have, in many instances, seen the SOCIETY.
dissolute become sober; the DegTo encourage the poor to help lecters of the Sabbath prevailed themselves, ought ever to be a on to attend Divine worship, and to leading principle of public charity. reverence that sacred day; numbers But however important this princi- of children destitute of instruction, ple may be in general, it is still to and in danger of falling a prey to be remembered, that there are many ignorance and vice, admitted into who cannot help themselves, and Sunday Schools, and in some cases must either be helped or perish. the parents themselves induced to Few, not in the habit of visiting the attend a school for adults. abodes of poverty, cau conceive the Besides relief from the institumisery of the sick poor. Illness is tion, additional aid is frequently oboften hard to be endured, even by tained for cases of more tban ordi. those who are in possession of all nary distress and interest, either by the additional comforts which it so private subscriptions or from indivi. much requires. How much more dual liberality, which does not ap grievous must it be to others, who pear in the accounts. la this way, are not only destitute of all such many families haye received effeecomforts, but who are often de- tual and permanent benefit.. prived, by the circumstance itself, In the year ending March 31, of their means to obtain the very 1815, the Society relieved 881 fanecessaries of life!
milies, containing 8920 individuals, To meet exigencies of this nature, to whose abode the members of the the Spitalfields Benevolent Society Committeemade 3889 distinct was first instituted iu January 1811: visits: the sum of 4914 9s. 4d. wus distributed, besides a considerable visitor found her ill, with her schor expenditure for linen, &c, for lyinglars around her. She had once in cases *. Many of the cases vi- been in good circumstances. She sited have exhibited the most de- had buried her busband and five plorable wretchedness and igno- children, and bad not a friend or rance; and others have been strik= relative left. " I never witnessed," ing instances of the support afford- says the visitor, " such a scene of ed by true piety, under the severest weeping, as while she was relating pressure of disease and poverty, her story... She wept, and the chil. The visitors have ample encourage- dren wept aloud, and also a woman ment to proceed in their endeavours. that shewed me the house." Her Every subscriber will be entitled to principal trouble appeared to be recommend, in writing, cases of dis- about the sum of four shillings and tress in order to their being in- sixpence, arrears of rent, and which quired into.
I she was afraid she should never be Opulent and benevolent persons, able to pay. A day or two after, who have it not in their power to the visitor took her this sum. The pay personal attention to the cases children were just going home: but and wants of the poor would do when it was understood that I had well to employ such almoners as this brought the four shillings and six. Society. If such persons could wit- pence, they stopped, and all bung ness the poverty, and ignorance, round her neck, and kissed her, and misery, which abound in this and she, in a very suitable inanner, quarter of the town, they could not returned thanks to God that had think their charitable fund better heard her prayers, and brought her employed.
out of this great difficulty. The • A ladies' committee has been relief made indeed the widow's appointed to take charge of lying-in heart to sing for joy. cases. Twenty boxes of linen, with 2. J. B. a convict under sentence one for twin cases, have been made of death in Newgate.- His case was up by them, which are lent during particularly distressing. At the the month, to destitute poor women. time that he was brought to trial, his Blankets and cast-off clothes pre- wife was pregnant ; and the shock sented to the Society form another which she received on hearing of means of administering relief. her husband'scondemnation, brought · Articles of this description may on premature delivery. She was be sent to No. 5, Raven Row, Spi- destitute of a bed; and, while lantalfields, where all applications on guishing on a trųss of straw, had the subject of the Society may be the misery of seeing her six young made. The Rev. Josiah Pratt is ehildren around her, nearly naked president of this Society, and Mr. and starving, without being able to Kincaid, Spital Square, treasurer. afford them any relief. From this
The following are a few of the deplorable .condirion, however, the cases relieved by the Society : kindness of Christian friends bas,
1. Elizabeth Ř. was found to be in some degree, raised her'; and a poor old schoolmistress, in the she expresses the most heartfelt gragreatest poverty. In a damp under- titude to Almighty God for the as. ground kitchen, she taught a few sistance which she has received poor children, which brought her from this and similar societies. The in about twenty pence'a week. The visitor was impressed with the great
... i. resignation evinced by her under . From the commencement of the such trying circumstances, and the charity. 2971 families, containing 12.851 more so, as it is apparent that she *individuals," have been visited 10,369 is rather above the lower order. 3 times, and the sum of 19157. applied for 3. John M. bad - lived in a very their relief.
respectable way, but had been re
duced to poverty by losses in trade, Great as hep trials were, yet the and by long illness. One of his visitor never beard a murmur, though arms is quite wasted and useless, by the tears would often chase one an. the rheumatic gout: he cannot move other down her cheeks, when reacross the room without crutches. lating her husband's bappy state of Much of their furniture had been mind during the latter part of his disposed of for food; and, scarcely illness, which seemed to have made expecting to retain even their bed, a deep and serious impression on they were truly thankful for the re- her own.-She often repeated many lief afforded them by the Society, excellent things which he said to and particularly for the loan of a her. “You have been a good wife pair of blankets, which were a great to me," he would say, " and a good comfort to the poor man. The un mother to our children; but be complaining resignation of this assured, that this alone will never young couple much interested the bring you to heaven." By her manvisitor: prayer and the Bible have ner and conversation she appeared, made them more happy than when indeed to feel the trulh of what he, in the greatest prosperity. They at that awful season, bad strength scarcely ever tasted dinger; and sufficient to tell her. She can read, are very thankful for the tea-leaves and has a Bible, which is to her now which a friend always saves for the greatest source of consolation. them. If the woman can get a little 5. Sarah C.'s was a very affecting work, which is binding and orna. case of distress. The husband had menting ladies' shoes, she has fre, been confined to the house, and quently sat up the greatest part of principally to his bed, for about the night, as the nursing of her in- half a year, by a violent rúeumatic fant and her husband employs the complaint; and she herself expeeting greatest part of her time. The every hour to be confined with her children are as mild and uncom- fourteenth child: several of the chil. plaining as their parents. During dren are young and at home, The the winter, the visitor desired ber to family came from Sheffield, a year call for some thick worsted stock ago, to seek employment in town; ings for her busband : it was very and as they were very well off for slippery, and as she came in pattens, apparel and furniture before the the visitor begged she would carry man's illness, they had derived their them, as it was dangerous both for chief support, during several weeks, herself and the child ; but it came from pawning almost every thing out that she had neither soles to they possessed to keep them from her shoes, nor feet to her stockings. starving. At the time the visitors
4. Susannah P.-The visitor ex. were directed to this family, they perienced much real pleasure in bad between thirty and forty, pawnwitnessing the piety and resigna- broker's duplicates; and, the poor tion of this poor widow. Her hus- woman having nothing further that band died in a deep decline, three she could pawn, had just been eus months previous to her confine deavouring to go out, to sell a part ment. She has six children: the of the duplicates, that she might re. two elder are apprentices, for whom deem a sheet, and one or two other she has to wash and viend; and the necessary articles, before her lyingremaining four are looking up to in. Some further lielp than the So. her for their entire support. Her ciety's funds could afford was oboccupation is selling crockery in tained at this juncture, which proved the markets and streets, which pro- a most seasonable relief, and was duces a very uncertain income: the most gratefully received. timely relief afforded her by the 6. Ann H. was a poor woman Society was peculiarly acceptable ; genteel manners, in a most and of this she was truly sensible. state. Her husband, bein