Early Physics and Astronomy: A Historical Introduction

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CUP Archive, Mar 11, 1993 - Science - 413 pages
The book is an introductory exposition of the development of the physical and astronomical notions of the universe. It covers the period from Greek antiquity to the Copernican revolution and the Renaissance, half of the text being devoted to medieval science within both the Aristotelian and the Archimedean traditions. The book is intended for a general audience interested in intellectual and scientific developments, but should also be useful as a guide to further studies. Thus it has an extensive bibliography classifying much of the secondary literature on the subject, and also a sixty page 'dictionary' of all the scientists and philosophers mentioned in the text. This contains references to printed editions of the sources and to a selection of books and periodicals.
 

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Contents

Science Before the Greeks
1
The New Concept of Nature
10
Plato and Greek Mathematics
21
Aristotle and the Knowledge of Nature
28
Practical Astronomy
34
Early Greek Cosmology
51
Mathematical Astronomy
59
The Foundation of Statics
90
1
180
The Development of Statics
185
The Establishment of Kinematics
191
1
199
Force and Motion in the Middle Ages
202
Mediaeval Astronomy
214
The Change Called Renaissance
246
The Reform of Astronomy
260

Dynamics in Antiquity
105
The Conception of Light and Sound
111
The Structure of Material Substances
123
Properties of Matter and Chemical Change
134
The Transmission of Greek Science
150
Experimental Physics in the Middle Ages
171
1
263
Bibliography
283
Biographical Appendix
297
Index
405
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