The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe, 6500-3500 B.C.: Myths and Cult Images

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University of California Press, 2007 - History - 304 pages
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In this beautifully illustrated study of sculpture, vases, and other cult objects portraying the Goddess, fertility images, and mythical animals, Marija Gimbutas sketches the matrilineal village culture that existed in southeastern Europe between 6500 and 3500 B.C., before it was overwhelmed by the patriarchal Indo-Europeans. The analysis of this rich mythical imagery tells us much about early humanity's concepts of the cosmos, of humans' relations with nature, and of the complementary roles of male and female.
 

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Contents

Preface to new edition
9
Cultural Background
17
Schematicism
37
Ritual Costume
44
The Mask
57
Shrines and the Role of Figurines
67
Cosmogonical and Cosmological Images
89
the Bird and Snake Goddess
112
The Great Goddess of Life Death and Regeneration
152
The Pregnant Vegetation Goddess
201
The YearGod
216
Conclusions
236
Bibliography
256
Catalogue
270
Index
300
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About the author (2007)

Marija Gimbutas (1921-1994) was Professor of European Archaeology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Curator of Old World Archaeology at what is now the Fowler Museum of Cultural History. She was the author of many books including The Living Goddesses (UC Press).

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