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Senate and Assembly, Number of Members.

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Every elector under this Constitution shall be eligible to a seat in the House of Representatives, and every elector who has reached the age of twenty-five years shall be eligible to the Senate: Provided, That no person shall be eligible to the General Assembly unless at the time of his election he has been a citizen of the State for five years and an actual resident of the district or parish from which he may be elected for two years immediately preceding his election. The seat of any member who may change his residence from the district or parish which he represents shall thereby be vacated, any declaration of a retention of domicile to the contrary notwithstanding; and members of the General Assembly shall be elected for a term of

Sec. Art.

the qualified electors of the districts into which the State shall

from time to time be divided. 2. IV. The House of Representatives

shall consist of one hundred and fifty-one members, to be elected by the qualified electors, for one year from the day next preceding the annual meeting of the Legislature. The Legislature, which shall first be convened under this Constitution, shall, on or before the fifteenth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, and the Legislature, within every subsequent period of at most ten years, and at least five, cause the number of the inhabitants of the State to be ascertained, exclusive of foreigners not naturalized and Indians not taxed. The number of Representatives shall, at the several periods of making such enumeration, be fixed and apportioned among the several counties as near as may be, according to the number of inhabitants, having regard to the relative increase of population. The number of Representatives shall, on said first apportionment, be not less than one hundred nor more than

hundred and fifty. 3. IV. Each town having fifteen hundred

inhabitants may elect one Representative; each town having three thousand seven hundred and fifty may elect two; each town having six thousand seven hundred and fifty may elect three; each town having ten thousand five hundred may elect four; each town having fifteen thousand may elect fire; each town having twenty thousand two hundred and fifty may elect


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Senate and Assembly, Number of Members.

Sec. Art.

the list of votes shall be attested by the selectmen and town clerks of towns, and the assesors and clerks of plantations, and sealed up in open town and plantation meetings, and the town and plantation clerks respectively shall cause the same to be delivered into the secretary's office thirty days at least before the first Wednesday of January. All other qualified electors, living in places unincorporated, who shall be assessed to the support of the government by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privilege of voting for Senators, Representatives and Governor in such town; and shall be notified by the selectmen thereof for that purpose accordingly

Sec. Art.

six; each town having twentysix thousand two hundred and fifty may elect seven; but no town shall ever be entitled to more than seven Representatives; and towns and plantations duly organized, not having fifteen hundred inhabitants, shall be classed, as conveniently as may be, into districts containing that number, and so as not to divide towns; and each such district may elect one Representative; and, when on this apportionment the number of Representatives shall be two hundred, a different apportionment shall take place upon the above principle; and in case the fifteen hundred shall be too large or too small to apportion all the Representatives to any county, it shall be so increased or diminished as to give the number of Representatives according to the above rule and proportion; and whenever any town or towns, plantation or plantations, not entitled to elect a Representative, shall determine against a classification with any other town or plantation, the Legislature may, at each apportionment of Representatives, on the application of such town or plantation, authorize it to elect a Representative for such portion of time and such periods, as shall be equal to its portion or representation; and the right of representation, 80 established, shall not be altered until the next general apportion

ment. 3. IV. The meetings within this state for

the election of Senators shall be notified, held and regulatel and the votes received, sorted, counted, declared and recorded in the same manner as those for Representatives. And fair opies of

MARYLAND. 5. III. Immediately after the taking and

publishing of the next national census, or after any State enumeration of population, as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of the Governor, then being, to arrange the representation in said House of Delegates, in accordance with the apportionment herein provided for; and to declare, by proclamation, the number of Delegates to which each county, and the city of Baltimore, may be entitled under such apportionment; and after every national census taken thereafter, or after any State enumeration of population thereafter made, it shall be the duty of the Governor for the time being, to make similar adjustment of representation, and to declare the same

by proclamation, as aforesaid. 8. III. Immediately after the Senate shall

have convened, after the first election under this Constitution,

Senate and Assenıbly, Number of Members.

Sec. Art.

the Senators shall be divided by lot into two classes, as nearly equal in number as may be Senators of the first class shall go out of office at the expiration of two years, and Senators shall be elected on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in the month of November, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, for the term of four years, to supply their places; so that, after the first election, one-half of the Senators may be chosen every second year. In case the number of Senators be hereafter increased, such classification of the adäitional Senators shall be made as to preserve, as nearly as may be, an equal number in each class.

MASSACHUSETTS. 2. I. (There shall be annually elected, by the freeholders and other inhabitants of this Commonwealth, qualified as in this Constitution is provided, forty persons to be Councilors and Senators for the year ensuing their election; to be chosen by the inhabitants of the districts into which the Commonwealth may, from time to time, be divided by the General Court for that purpose; and the General Court in assigning the numbers to be elected by the re pective districts, shall govern themselves by the proportion of the public taxes paid by the said districts; and timely make known to the inhabitants of the Commonwealth the limits of each district, and the number of Councilors and Senators to be chosen

therein: Provided, That the number of such districts shall never be less than thirteen; and that no district be so large as

to entitle the same to choose more than six Senators.

Sec. Art.
And the several counties in this

Commonwealth shall, until the
General Court shall determine
It necessary to alter the said
districts, be districts for the
choice of Councilors and Sena. I
tors (except that the counties of
Dukes County and Nantucket
shall form one district for that
purpose and shall elect the fol-
lowing number for councillors
and Senators, viz.: Suffolk, six;

six; Middlesex, five; Hampshire, four; Plymouth, three; Barnstable, one; Bristol, three; York, two; Dukes County and Nantucket one; Worcester, five; Cumberland, one; Lincoln, one; Berkshire, two.) Superseded by amendments, Art. XIII, which was also superseded by amendments, Art. XII. For provisions as to Council

ors, see amendments, Art. XVI. 2. I. The Senate shall be the first

branch of the Legislature; and the Senators shall be chosen in the following manner, viz.: There shall be a meeting on the (first Monday in April) annually, forever, of the inhabitants of each town in the several counties of this Commonwealth; to be called by the selectmen, and warned in due course of law, at least seven days before the first (Monday in April) for the purpose of electing persons to be Senators and Councilors (and at such meetings every male inhabitant of twenty-one years of age and upwards, having a free. hold estate within the Commonwealth, of the annual income of three pounds, or any estate of the value of sixty pounds, shall have right to give in his vote for the Senators for the district of which he is an inhabitant). And to remove all doubts concerning the meaning of


Senate and Assembly, Number of Members.


Sec. Art.

word “inhabitant in this constitution, every person shall be considered as an inhabitant, for the purpose of electing and being elected into any office, or place within this State, in that town, district or plantation where he dwelleth, hath his home. Manner and time of choosing Senators and Councilors. See amendments, Arts. X and XV. As to cities, see amendments, Art. II. Provisions as to qualifications of voters, superseded by amendments, Arts. III, XVIII, XXX, XXXI and XXXII. See also amendments, Art. XXIII,

which was annulled by XXVI. The selectmen of the several

towns shall preside at such meetings impartially; and shall receive the votes of all the inhabitants of such towns present and qualified to vote for Senators, and shall sort and count them in open town meeting, and in presence of the town clerk, who shall make a fair record, in presence of the selectmen, and in open town meeting, of the name of every person voted for, and of the number of votes against his name; and a fair copy of this record shall be attested by the selectmen and the town clerk, and shall be sealed up, directed to the secretary of the Commonwealth for the time being, with a superscription, expressing the purport of the contents thereof, and delivered by the town clerk of such towns, to the sheriff of the county in which such town lies, thirty days at least before (the last Wednesday in May) annually; or it shall be delivered into the secretary's office seventeen days at least before the said (Wednesday in May); and the sheriff of each county shall deliver all such

Sec. Art.

certificates by him received into the secretary's office, seventeen days before the said (last Wednesday in May). (As to cities, see amendments, Art. II. Time changed to first Wednesday of January. See amendments, Art. X.) And the inhabitants of planta

tions unincorporated, qualified as this Constitution provides, who are or shall be empowered and required to assess taxes upon themselves toward the support of government, shall have the same privilege of voting for Councilors and Senators in the plantations where they reside, as town inhabitants have in their respective towns; and the plantation meetings for that purpose shall be held annually (on the same first Monday in April), at such places in the plantations, respectively, as the assessors thereof shall direct; which assessors shall have like authority for notifying the electors, collecting and returning the votes, as the selectmen and town clerks have in their several towns, by this Constitution. And all other persons living in places unincorporated (qualified

aforesaid) who shall be 06sessed to the support of government by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privilege of giving in their votes for Councilors and Senators in the town where they shall be assessed, and be notified of the place of meeting by the selectmen of the town where they shall be assessed,

for that purpose, accordingly. (Time of election changed by

amendments, Art. XV.)


MICHIGAN. 2. IV. The Senate shall consist of thirtyreceived I Ece, seret e said est Cay). (As: nents, 4 first Weiss


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