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Supreme Court.

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lars, unless otherwise provided by law. Plaintiffs in error shall not be required to pay costs in said court when the usual pauper oath is filed in the court below.

IDAHO. 6. V. The Supreme Court shall consist

of three justices, a majority of whom shall be necessary to make a quorum or pronounce a decision. The justices of the Supreme Court shall be elected by the electors of the State at large. The terms of office of the justices of the Supreme Court, except as in this article otherwise provided, shall be six years. The justices of the Supreme Court shall, immediately after the first election under this Constitution, be selected by lot, so that one shall hold his office for the term of two years, one for the term of four years, and one for the term of six years. The lots shall be drawn by the justices of the Supreme Court, who shall, for that purpose, assemble at the seat of government, and they shall cause the result thereof to be certified to by the Secretary of State and filed in his office. The justice having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office by appointment or election to fill a vacancy, shall be the chief justice, and shall preside at all terms of the Supreme Court, and, in case of his absence, the justice having in like manner the next shortest term to serve

shall preside in his stead. 9. V. The Supreme Court shall have

jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the District Courts, the judges thereof. The Supreme Court shall also have original juris

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diction to issue writs of mandamus, certiorari, prohibition and

habeas corpus, and all writs necessary or proper to the complete exercise of its appel

late jurisdiction. 10. v. The Supreme Court shall have

original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but its decision shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the nature of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to the next session of the Legis

lature for its action. 21. V. Until otherwise provided by law,

the judicial districts shall be five in number, and constituted of the following counties, viz.: First district, Shoshone and Kootenai; Second district, Latah, Nez Perce and Idaho; Third district, Washington, Ada, Boise and Owyhee; Fourth district, Cassia, Elmore, Logan and Alturas; Fifth district, Bear Lake, Bingham, Oneida, Lemhi and Custer.

ILLINOIS. 2. VI. The Supreme Court shall consist

of seven judges, and shall have original jurisdiction in cases relating to the revenue, in mandamus and habeas corpus, and appellate jurisdiction in all other cases. One of said judges shall be chief justice; four shall constitute a quorum, and the concurrence of four shall be

necessary to every decision. 5. VI. The present grand division shall

be preserved, and be denominated Southern, Central and Northern, until otherwise provided by law. The State shall be divided into seven districts for the election of judges, and

or

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until otherwise provided by law

they shal be as follows: First district-The counties of St. Clair, Clinton, Washington, Jefferson, Wayne, Edwards, Wabash, White, Hamilton, Franklin, Perry, Randolph, Monroe, Jackson, Williamson, Saline, Gallatin, Hardin, Pope, Union, Johnson, Alexander, Pulaski

and Massac. Second district-The counties of

Madison, Bond, Marion, Clay.
Richland, Lawrence, Crawford,
Jasper, Effingham, Fayette,
Montgomery, Macoupin, Shelby,
Cumberland, Clark, Greene, Jer-

sey, Calhoun and Christian. Third district-The counties of

Sangamon, Macon, Logan, De Witt, Piatt, Douglass, Champaign, Vermillion, McLean, Livingston, Ford, Iroquois, Coles,

Edgar, Moultrie and Tazewell. Fourth district-The counties of

Fulton, McDonough, Hancock,
Schuyler, Brown, Adams, Pike,
Mason, Menard, Morgan, Cass

and Scott. Fifth district-The counties of

Knox, Warren, Henderson, Mercer, Henry, Stark, Peoria, Marshall, Putnam, Bureau, La

Salle, Grundy and Woodford. Sixth district-The counties of

Whiteside, Carroll, Jo, Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago, Boone, McHenry, Kane, Kendall, De Kalb, Lee, Ogle and Rock Island. Seventh district-The counties of Lake, Cook, Will, Kankakee and

DuPage. The boundaries of the districts

may be changed at the session of the General Assembly next preceding the election for judges therein, and at no other time; but whenever such alterations shall be made the same shall be upon the rule of equality of population, as near as county boundaries will allow, and the dis

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tricts shall be composed of contiguous counties, in as nearly compact form as circumstances will permit. The alteration of the district shall not affect the

tenure of office of any judge. 9. VI. The Supreme Court shall appoint

one reporter of its decisions, who shall hold his office for six years, subject to removal by the

court. 11. VI. After the year of our Lord one

thousand eight hundred and seventy-four inferior appellate courts, of uniform organization and jurisdiction, may be created in districts formed for that purpose, to which such appeals and writs of error as the General Assembly may provide, may be prosecuted from Circuit and other courts, and from which appeals and writs of error shall lie to the Supreme Court, in all criminal cases, and cases in which a franchise, or freehold, or the validity of a statute is involved, and in such other cases as may be provided by law. Such appellate courts shall be held by such number of judges of the Circuit Courts, and at such times and places, and in such manner as may be provided by law; but no judge shall sit in review upon cases decided by him; nor shall said judges receive any additional compen

sation for such services. 24. VI. The judge having the shortest un.

expired term shall be chief justice of the court of which he is Judge. In case there are two or more whose term expire at the same time, it may be determined by lot which shall be chief justice. Any Judge of either of said courts shall have

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all the powers of a circuit judge, and may hold the court of which he is a member. Each of them may hold a different branch thereof at the same

time. 31. VI. All judges of courts of record,

inferior to the Supreme Court, shall, on or before the first day of June of each year, report in writing to the judges of the Supreme Court such defects and omissions in the laws as their experience may suggest; and the judges of the Supreme Court shall, on or before the first day of January of each year, report in writing to the Governor such defects and omissions in the Constitution and laws as they may find to exist, together with appropriate forms of bills to cure such defects and omissions in the laws. And the judges of the several Circuit Courts shall report to the next General Assembly the number of days they have held court in the several counties composing their respective circuits, the preceding two years.

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said judges shall be elected from each district, and reside therein; but said judge shall be elected by the electors of the

State at large. 4. VII. The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction, co-extensive with the limits of the State, in appeals and writs of error, under such regulations and restrictions as may be prescribed by law. It shall also have such original jurisdiction as the General As

sembly may confer, 5. VII. The Supreme Court shall, upon

the decision of every case, give a statement in writing of each question arising in the record of such case, and the decision of the court thereon.

INDIANA. 2. VII. The Supreme Court shall consist

of not less than three, nor more than five judges; a majority of whom shall form a quorum. They shall hold their offices for six years, if they so long behave

well. 3. VII. The State shall be divided into

as many districts as there are judges of the Supreme Court, and such districts shall be formed of contiguous territory, as nearly equal in population as, without dividing a county, the same can be made. One of

IOWA. 2. v. The Supreme Court shall consist

of three judges, two of whom shall constitute a quorum to

hold court. 4. V. The Supreme Court shall have

appellate jurisdiction only in cases in chancery, and shall constitute a court for the correction of errors at law, under such restrictions as the General Assembly may, by law, prescribe; and shall have power to issue all writs and process necessary to secure justice to parties, and exercise a supervisory control over all inferior judicial tribunals

throughout the State. 10. V. The State shall be divided into eleven judicial districts; and after the year eighteen hundred and sixty, the General Assembly may reorganize the judicial districts and increase or diminish the number of dis

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tricts, or the number of judges of the said court, and may increase the number of judges of the Supreme Court; but such increase or diminution shall not be more than one district, or one judge of either court, at any one session; and no reorganization of the district, or diminution of the number of judges, shall have the effect of removing a judge from office. Such reorganization of the districts, or any change in the boundaries thereof, or increase or diminution of the number of judges, shall take place every four years thereafter, if necessary, and at no other

time. (Amendment.) At any regular session of the General Assembly, the State may be divided into the necessary judicial districts for District Court purposes, or the said districts may be reorganized and the number of the districts and the judges of said courts increased or diminished; but no reorganization of the districts or diminution of the judges shall have the effect of removing a judge from office. (The foregoing amendment was

adopted at the general election in 1884.)

Sec. Art. 3. III. The Supreme Court shall have

original jurisdiction in proceedings in quo warranto, mandamus and habeas corpus; and such appellate jurisdiction as may be provided by law. It shall hold one term each year at the seat of government and such other terms at such places as may be provided by law, and its jurisdiction shall be CO

extensive with the State. 14. III. Provision may be made by law

for the increase of the number of judicial districts whenever two-thirds of the members of each house shall concur. Such districts shall be formed of compact territory, and bounded by county lines, and such increase shall not vacate the office of any judge.

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KANSAS. 2. III. The Supreme Court shall consist

of one chief justice and two associate justices (a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum), who shall be elected by the electors of the State Et large, and whose term of office, alter the first, shall be six years. At the first election, a chief justice shall be chosen for six years, one associate justice for four years, and one for two years.

KENTUCKY. 134. The judicial districts of the State

shall not be changed, except at the first session after an enumeration, unless upon the establishment

new district.

LOUISIANA. Art. 81. The Supreme Court, ex

cept in cases hereinafter provided, shall have appellate jurisdiction only, which jurisdiction shall extend to all cases when the matter in dispute, or the fund to be distributed, whatever may be the amount therein claimed, shall exceed one thousand dollars, exclusive of interest; to suits for divorce and separation from bed and board, and to all cases in which the constitutionality or legality of any tax, toll or impost whatever, or of any fine, forfeiture or penalty imposed by a municipal corporation shall

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be in contestation, whatever may be the amount thereof, and in such cases the appeal on the law and the fact shall be directly from the court in which the case originated to the Supreme Court; and the criminal cases on questions of law alone, whenever the punishment of death or imprisonment at hard labor may be inflicted or a fine exceeding three hundred dollars ($300) is actu

ally imposed. 82. The Supreme Court shall be com

posed of one chief justice and four associate justices, a majority of whom shall constitute quorum. The

chief justice and associate justices shall each receive a salary of five thousand dollars ($5,000) per annum, payable monthly on their own warrants. They shall be appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The first Supreme Court to be organized under this Constitution shall be appointed as follows: The chief justice for the term of twelve years; one associate justice for the term of ten years; one for the term of eight years; one for the term of six years; one for the term of four years; and the Governor shall designate in the commission of each the term for which such judge is appointed. In case of death, resignation removal from office of any of said judges the vacancy shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term of such judge, and upon the expiration of the term of any of said judges the office shall be filled by appointment for a term of twelve years. They shall be citizens of the

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United States and of the State, over thirty-five years of age, learned in the law, and shall have practiced law in this State for ten years preceding their

appointment. 83. The State shall be divided into

four Supreme Court districts, and the Supreme Court shall always be composed of judges

appointed from said districts. The parishes of Orleans, St. John

the Baptist, St. Charles, St. Bernard, Plaquemines and Jefferson shall compose the first district, from which two judges

shall be appointed. The parishes of Caddo, Bossier,

Webster, Bienville, Claiborne, Union, Lincoln, Jackson, Caldwell, Ouachita, Morehouse, Richland, Franklin, West Carroll, East Carroll, Madison, Tensas and Catahoula shall compose the second district, from which one judge shall be appointed. The parishes of De Soto, Red

River, Winn, Grant, Natchltoches, Sabine, Vernon, Calcasieu, Cameron, Rapides, Avoyelles, Concordia, Pointe Coupee, West Baton Rouge, Iberville, St. Landry, Lafayette and Vermilion shall compose the third district, from which one judge

shall be appointed. And the parishes of St. Martin,

Iberia, St. Mary, Terrebonne, Lafourche, Assumption, St. James, Ascension, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, West Feliciana, St. Helena, Livingston, Tangipahoa, St. Tammany and Washington shall compose the fourth district, from which

one judge shall be appointed. Art. 84. The Supreme Court shall

hold its sessions in the city of New Orleans from the first

or

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