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This Edition of the Handbook has been subjected to a careful and thorough revision. The Editor trusts that the imperfections and errors will be found to have been considerably diminished. His own personal rectification of mistakes and omissions has been most materially aided by the communications of pumerous and obliging correspondents, many of them personally unknown to him, to whom he takes this opportunity of returning his acknowledgments. He begs, at the same time, to repeat his request that travellers who may in the use of the Handbook detect any faults or omissions which they can correct from personal knowledge, will have the kindness to mark them down on the spot, with the date when they are made, and communicate to him a notice of the same, favouring him at the same time with their names-addressed to the care of Mr. Murray, Albemarle Street. The Editor ventures to remind his correspondents that by such communications they are not merely furnishing the means of improving the Handbook, but are contributing to the benefit, information, and comfort of future travellers.
*** No attention can be paid to letters froin innkeepers in praise of their own houses; and the postage of them is so onerous that they cannot be received.
CAUTION TO TRAVELLERS. — The introduction into England of foreign pirated Editions of the works of British authors, in which the copyright subsists, is totally prohibited by Act of Parliament. Travellers should therefore bear in mind that even a single copy is contraband, and is liable to seizure at the English Custom-house.
CAUTION TO INNKEEPERS AND OTHERS.—The Editor of the Handbooks has learned from various quarters that a person or persons have been extorting money from innkeepers, tradespeople, artists, and others, on the Continent, under pretext of procuring recommendations and favourable notices of them and their establishments in the Handbooks for Travellers. The Editor, therefore, thinks proper to warn all whom it may concern, that recommendations in the Handbooks are not to be obtained by purchase, and that the persons alluded to are not only unauthorised by him, but are totally unknown to him. All those, therefore, who put confidence in such promises, may rest assured that they will be defrauded of their money without attaining their object.
HANDBOOK FOR TRAVELLERS
HOLLAND AND BELGIUM.
With Maps and Plans.
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET,
PARIS: GALIGNANI AND CO.; AND BOYVEAU,
The Right of Translation is reserved.
THE FOLLOWING AGENTS
Belgium, Holland, and Germany
BROCKHAUS.-TWIETMEYER MAYER. CHAPELLE
BENSHEIMER.--LÖFFLER. AMSTERDAM MULLER.-KIRBERGER.
HEIDELBERG • MOHR. ANTWERP • MERTENS.
ALCAN. BADEN-BADEN MARX.
• MANZ, ACKERMANN. BERLIN ASHER.- MITSCHER & ROS
. SCHRAG. ZEISER. BRUSSELS KIESSLING
HARTLEBEN.-G. HECKENAST. CARLSRUHE. • A. BIELEFELD.
--OSTERLAMM.-RATH. COLOGNE . GREVEN.-DUMONT.-EISEN. PRAGUE
CALVE. DRESDEN . BURDACH.-PIERSON.
• COEN.-SCHIMPFF. HAMBURG MAUKE SOHNE.
GEROLD.-BRAUMULLER. HANOVER SCHMORL & VON SEEFELD. WIESBADEN.
KAISER. BERNE • DALP JENT & REINERT. NEUCHATEL
. ORELL FUESSLI & CO.-MEYER LAUSANNE BENDA.-ROUSSY.
In Italy. BOLOGNA • ZANICHELLI.
ZANGHIERI. FLORENCE • GOODBAN. LOESCHER.
• NISTRI.-JOS. VANNUCCHI. GENOA • GRONDONA.-ANTOINE BEUF. PERUGIA
. VINCENZ.-BARTELLI. LEGHORN • MAZZAJOLI.
SPITHÖVER. -- PIALE, -- MOLUCCA . BARON.
NALDINI.-LOESCHER. MANTUA • NEGRETTI.
MAGGI.-L. BEUF, BOCCA
FRÈRES. LOESCHER. MODENA
VINCENZI & ROSSI.
• ONGANIA.-COEN.-MEINER3. FURCHHEIM. PALERMO • PEDONE.
In France. AMIENS • CARON.
AYNÉ.-SCHEURING.-MERA. ANGERS • BARASSE.
MARSEILLES, . CAMOIN FRÈRES-MEUNIER. AVIGNON CLÉMENT ST. JUST.
. BARBERY FRÈRES. JOUGLA. VAT.FERET.
• GATINEAU.-PESTY. CAEN BOISARD, HERVIEU
. GALIGNANI.-BOYVEAU. PAU
• LAFON. CALAIS • RIGAUX CAUX.
BRISSART BINET.GEOFFROY. CANNES • ROBANDY.
-GIRET. CHERBOURG. . LECOUFFLET.
• LEBRUMENT.-HAULARD. DIEPPE MARAIS.
ST, ÉTIENNE. . DELARUE,
MONGE ET VILLABUS. HAVRE • BOURDIGNON. FOUCHER. TOULOUSE
. GIMET ET COTELLE. BUYS.
• GEORGET. LILLE BEGAIN.
• LALOY.DUFEY ROBERT.
In Spain and Portugal. GIBRALTAR. ROWSWELL.
• DE MOYA. In Russia, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. ST. PETERSBURG. WATKINS.-WOLFF.
STOCKHOLM . • SAMSON & WALLIN.-FRITZ. At Malta.
In the Ionian Islands. At Constantinople. CRITIEN.--WATSON.-CALLEJA. CORFU J. W. TAYLOR.
S. H. WPISS.
At Alexandria and Cairo.
ALEXANDRIA BOOK CO.
BOMBAY-TIIACKER & co., LIMITED.
TAE Guide Books which preceded the Handbooks were for the most part either general descriptions compiled by persons not acquainted with the spots, and therefore antiquated and erroneous; or local histories, written by residents who did not sufficiently discriminate between what is peculiar to the place, and what is not worth seeing, or may be seen equally well or to greater advantage somewhere else. They were often mere reprints of works published many years before, by no means corrected or brought down to the day; and, whether accurate or not originally, had become, from the mere change which each year produces, faulty and antiquated. The principle upon which the Handbooks is constructed is that of obtaining the information on the spot, and not from books only.
The writer of the Handbook has endeavoured to confine himself to matter-of-fact descriptions of what ought to be seen at each place, and is calculated to interest an intelligent English traveller, without bewildering his readers with an account of all that may be seen.
This volume is so arranged as to be fitted for the use of the English traveller : it is complete in itself as far as it goes, and is intended to preclude the necessity of resorting to any local Guide Book in the countries which it professes to describe.
Should the book be found to possess any superiority over others of its class, it is because it is based upon a personal knowledge of the countries described ; since those routes which have not been travelled over by the author himself have, with very few exceptions, been revised by friends to whom they are actually known.
That such a work can be faultless is impossible. The mere progress of time and march of improvements necessarily introduce errors. The author has taken pains to correct these by careful and continual revision ; the effect of which may be seen by comparing every new edition with those preceding it. He throws himself on the indulgence of his readers, to excuse inaccuracies ; and he most particularly requests all who make use of it to favour him by transmitting, through his publisher, a notice of any mistakes or omissions which they may discover. The blunders of the