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Zánfara among those which belong to the faction of the Féllani; to its district or territory belong the smaller places of Alíbawá, Bidáji, Kasaráwa, Módomáwa, Fáddamáwa, Kontambáni, and the settlements of the Féllani-n-Dáwaki, and the Féllani

n-Také-adoy. 10th. Birni-n-Góga, on the east side of the same water

course. 11th. Kúsará, a small place inhabited by Fúlbe. 12th. Gwára, large walled place, having crossed a water

course. 13th. Bakúra, large walled place, formerly residence of

'Atíku, the son of Hámedu, till the town was
taken by the Góberáwa. To the territory of this
town belong the places : Sabóngarí, Dámmerí, Sála,

Dogóje.
Bakúra from A'nka one long day south, farther than

Gándi from Wurnó; Bakúra from Gándi one good
day south, passing by Gáumaché. The river forms
a large bend west of Bakúra, and at the angle lies

Týmba. 14th. Týmba, walled place on the west side of the Gulbi-n

Bakúra, at present in the hands of the A’zena.
Between Týmba and Bakúra lie the towns Birni-n-
Dámbo and Birni-n-Riyade, and hereabouts are the
places Alíbaná, Bidáji, Kasaráwa, Féllani-n-Dáwaki,
Féllani-n-Také-adoy, Módomáwa, Fáddamáwa, Kon-

tambáni. 15th. Galádi or Danfa, large place, with a pond of stagnant

water. 16th. A place of elephant hunters. 17th. Sókoto.

I shall now connect Bánagá, or rather Sabónbirni Dáraga, as it is more properly called, with a few other places, and shall then conclude this Appendix, reserving for Appendix III. an enumeration of the towns and villages situated along the course of the Gulbi-n-Zóma to where it joins the Gulbin-Sókoto.

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Between Bakúra and Zóma lie Damrí, Sabóngarí, Sála, Takáre; further on, entering the territory of Zóma, Dangarúnfa, Másu, Matsáfa, Gúsará, Bókuyum, Solli.

From Sókoto to Zóma, south, three days:- first day, Danchádi, the same as from Sókoto to Wurnó; then a long night's march, reaching in the morning Birni-n-Mágaji, distance the same as that from Zékka to Búnka; from Mágaji to Zóma short march. From Gandó the distance is shorter.

Zóma lies about half way between A'nka and Gúmmi, on a river called after it, Gúlbi-n-Zóma; but I shall give all the particulars with regard to the towns lying along this valley

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further on in Appendix IV., as this river, which, lower down, is called Gúlbi-n-Gíndi, unites with the Gulbi-n-Sókoto within the boundaries of Kebbi.

I here subjoin a list of the places situated along the watercourse, which lower down is called “Gúlbi-n-Sókoto," between Sansánne-'Aísa and Dímbisó, but at present almost all of them are destroyed and deserted: first, Tóze on the south side ; Gawangasó, where the branch of Marádi and Chéberi joins the greater trunk valley; Alkaláwa (written Alkadháwa), the former capital of Góber, destroyed by the Fúlbe, Laijínge, both south; Páday, north ; Tsámay, north ; Tsíche, north; Bóre, south; Kakákia, north; Márennú, south; Maráfa, south; Kiráre, north ; Shináka, south; Giyáwa, Dímbisó. The valley, which probably has a very winding course, must therefore approach Giyáwa a little nearer than it has been laid down on the map.

APPENDIX II.

A FEW HISTORICAL FACTS RELATING TO GOBER AND

ZANFARA.

(a.) Princes of Góber. Sóba residing in Magále, one day west from Chébiri, made war against Gurma and Barba (Bargu), beyond the river Kwára, wherein he discovered a ford.

U'ba Ashé succeeded to Sóba.

Babári, King of Góber, reigned about fifty years, was introduced by the chief men of Zánfara into Birni-n-Zánfara, then a wealthy place, and the centre of an important commerce (1764), which he conquered and destroyed; whereupon he founded Alkaláwa, which then became the capital of Góber. This was the origin of the national hatred which exists between the Góberáwa and Zánfaráwa.

Dángudé, killed by the A'sbenáwa.

Báwa, with the surname Mayákí, the warrior, on account of his restless and warlike character. During the eight years of his reign he only remained forty days in Alkaláwa, waging war the whole time.

Yákoba, a younger brother of Báwa, reigned seven years, was killed by Agoréggi, the ruler of Kátsena, which place appears at that time to have reached its highest degree of power.

Búnu reigned seven years, died in Alkaláwa.
Yúnfa reigned forty-four years.

Dáne or Dan Yúnfa reigned six years, made war against 'Othmán the Reformer, son of Fódiye, when he was killed by Bello, son of 'Othmán at the taking of Alkaláwa.

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