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Alláho kamsóli A'damu der togéfe God has distinguished Adam among all fukka

mankind. Nan súbtedí Núhu l'brahíma woddu Thus Noah and Abraham were dis. fukka ;

tinguished in all their dealings; Kuréshe Hashimo der baléje makko Kuresh and Háshem in their dwellings.

fukka. Wolláhe ansúbtida hesobbábe Alla By God thou hast been distinguished fukka.

over all God's creatures. Toggéfo Alla bedó bébelés hekalfiníma : All the creatures of God, in heaven and

on earth, bless thee : Toggéfo Alla bedó bébelés hetammi- all the creatures of God, in heaven and híma :

on earth, praise thee: Toggéto Alla bedó bébelés bebé chappe- all the creatures of God, in heaven and níma :

on earth, salute thee: Toggéfo Alla bedó bébelés hedótaníma: all the creatures of God, in heaven and

on earth, do homage to thee: Kaunay halfeníma awesíle tákele fukka: all that is blessed in creation is blessed

through thee. Subábe der takélle fú ídemá gamídemá all those who have been distinguished bechúbba :

among the creatures, have been dis.

tinguished on thy account: Libábe der takélle fú gam gaingumá all that has been created, has been crebelíba.

ated through thy grace. Ajéjiam ojúdiam gardoimi dótoma no- On account of thy blessing have I come némbo :

to thee: Gam nómbo bajá mererrétadúm tomá. for such a purpose have I addressed

thee. Gam derje mábe [mada ?] deúm turoye May God hear my prayer through thy dwaíjima.






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I here enumerate the towns and villages along the gulbi-nZóma, although only part of them belong to Kebbi. This is a branch which joins the gulbi-n-Sókoto at the town of Gindí, about eight miles S.E. from and opposite Bunza,


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and is equal to it in the quantity of water, although the whole valley (or fáddama) is said not to be of the same width. Commencing from Bámaga you pass on the S. side of the river the town of Zóma, which has given its name to the river, and is situated half-way between A'nka and Gummi, and three good days S. from Sókoto - starting from Sókoto you reach Danchádi, at the same distance as Wurno; thence to Mágaji, a long night's march the same distance as from Zekka to Bunka; from here Zóma, the same distance as Rába from Wurno; then you pass Dan Garúnfa, Jáka, Birni-n-Féllelé, B. Kaiwa (on the S. side of the river), B. Tuddú(still in the territory of Zóma), B. Kágal; B. Gummi (S. W. from the river, with a small territory of its own), Gelénge, B. Gússurá (in the territory of Gummi), B. Adábka, B. Gairi, Girkau (the first town of Kebbi), Zabga, Dánganám, Birni-n-Kebbe (different from Kebbi). Along the N. side of the river, — again beginning with B. Zóma: Takáre, Sabónbirni, B. Mágaji, B. Gazúrra (where 'Atíku the predecessor of 'Alíyu made a foray), Búkkuru, B. Solli, B. Fanda, B. Kunda (belonging to the territory of Gummi) B. Falamgúngu (N. of Gairi); from hence Gindi W. at a short distance. It is impossible to lay down the river from these data with accuracy. Probably not all the towns have been given in their natural order. According to other information, between A'nka and Takáre, which lie on the N. bank, there are Birni-n-Tuddú káramí and Bunkádo, and between Takáre and Gazúrra, Dan garúnfa and B. Mázu.

At Birni-n-Zondu, 25 m. from Gindi the máyo-rannéo, or dhannéo (a very general name, also to be recognised in Clapperton's Maiyarro), or fári-n-rúwa, joins the gulbi-nSókoto, and is said to be larger than the G. Zóma.

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