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DE'NDI OR SONGHAY TOWNS AND COLONIES. 543

Towns inhabited, or colonies founded, by Dendi or Songhay on the west side of the river, in the country of Barba or Burgu.

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| Gaya. B. Fárma.

I here add the itinerary of the track from Sókoto to Komba on the Niger, which was the common route of travellers a few years ago, and which will show the situation of several places mentioned in this and a former Appendix. Ist day. Tózo, open place, having passed the gulbi-n

Sókoto. 2nd. Katámmi, territory of Khalílu. 3rd. Aúgi, walled place, skirted on the west side by a

watercourse navigable in the rainy season. 4th. Kánará, in the same valley. 5th. Gulma, at the foot of a large mountain, skirted on

the east side by a fáddama. 6th. Sáwa, rich in corn. 7th. Kaikayági, a village skirted on the south side by a

fáddama. 8th. Kúka, birni, with a fáddama on the south side.

9th. Dáji (wilderness; no town). 10th. Débé, birni. 11th. Yélu, birni, in the valley of Fógha, where salt is found. 12th. Tunga, a hamlet on a fáddama, with plenty of rice

and fish. 13th. Sánebína, on a fáddama or backwater of the Kwára. 14th. Komba, on the other side of the Kwára, which you

here cross. The latter places, beginning with Débé, inhabited by Songhay or Jermábe.

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A FEW REMARKS ON THE PROVINCE OF YA’URI, AND

ON THOSE OF MA’URI AND ZABEYRMA.

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From BUNZA TO YÁuri.

(a.) Western road. 1st day. Tsáru. 2nd. A'llelú, on a river of the same name. 3rd. Dáji, perhaps the word meaning wilderness; no town. 4th. Gangu (gúngu, “the island” (on the Kwára ?]). 5th. Yáuri.

(6.) Eastern road. 1st day. Bussukúttu, according to this information, a vil

lage of Kebbi; but generally regarded as belonging

to the territory of Yáuri. 2nd. Kúsará, lying on the other side of a rivulet called

Gulbi-n-Chúso; here you sleep, when the river is full of water, the crossing of it occupying a long

time; else proceed, and halt in Zángo-n-dúmmia. 3rd. Gangwo. 4th. Yáuri.

I here give, as I have no other place, a short itinerary from Yáuri to Kotú-n-kúra, or rather Kotá-n-koró.

1st day. Rágadá, belonging to the territory of Yáuri,

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