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About this time Sóba, the mighty
king of Góber, residing in Mághale, one day W. of Chéberi, makes warlike expedi. tions beyond the Kwára.
Múláy А’hmed, the nephew of Mú- | 1680 1091
láy Ismáaíl, governor of Dara and
# There is great confusion in an article concerning this subject in a letter addressed by Jackson to Sir James Bankes, in the Proceedings of the African Association, vol. i. p. 366. Here the annual tribute which Timbuktu paid to this king is estimated at 5,000,000 dollars. The same sort of exaggeration we find in all Jackson's statements. | Even the very meritorious Gråberg de Hemso, in his Specchio di Marocco, p. 269., repeats this statement.
Sidi Mohammed built Swéra or Mo- | 1757 | 1171-2 Babári, powerful king in Guber. gadór.
1770 1184 'Abd el Káder produces a reli
gious revolution in Fúta, combined, perhaps, with a reaction of the Wolot against the conquerors *, or rather of the race of the Toróde,- the Wolof intermixed with the Fülbe -
gainst the element Málinke About this time Gógo, which bad
and Púllo. Sáttigi Samba. hitherto been ruled by the Rumá,
lámu, the last of the Soltans was conquered by the Tawárek
Deniankóbe. The order of the tribe of the Awelímmiden.
succession is as follows:Probably in consequence of this
Chéro Solimán Bal, event, A'gades, baving been de
Almáme 'Abdu, prived of its commercial resources,
Almáme Mukhtar, begins to decline.
mín, son of Mohammed
Birán. The chief Káwa, who rules seventy | 1780 1195 Venture collects his information years over the Awelímmiden, esta
from two Moroccain merblishes a powerful dominion on the
chants. Tombo very powernorth bank of the Niger (A'usa).
ful. Marka, the Aswánek, in Baghena. Kawár, the Fúlbe,
in Másina. Timbuktu, according to the very 1787 | 1202–3 About this period falls the doubtful statement of Shabíni f,
quarrel between the Sheikh under the supremacy of Hausa.
EI Mukhtar el kebír and the If this were true, it would be a very
Welád Bille, the former overimportant fact; but it is evidently
throwing the latter with the a mistake, A'usa being meant.
assistance of the Méshedúf
and the A'hel Zenághi. • See M. le Colonel Faidherbe, in Bulletin de la Soc. Géogr. 1850. | Shabini, p. 12.
Mohammed or Ahmed Lebbo brings 1816 | 1232-3 Great and sanguinary battle the religious banner from Gandó :
between the Songhay, Rumá, and gradually acquires the su
and Berabísh on the one side, premacy in Másina over the native
and the Awelímmiden on the chiefs.
other, near the island Kúrkozay.
• Proceedings of the African Association, ii. p. 322.
sunset | 75
Very cold, but no
Foggy morning. sunrise | 55 sunrise 43 1.30 p.m. 78 sunset 72
Heavy E. gale.
No observation. Sky all this time