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Woolstone (Little), Backsuit
los (St.), Monmouth
Witton with Twambrook, Cheshire Woodeaton, Stafford.
Wooley, Stafford C ollis
Wooley, Berks Ruthin'
Woolley, Huntingdon 2011
Woolstanwood, Cheshire in
Woolstone (Great), Bucksta
Woolstone with Martin
Woollos (St.), Monmouth in
Woolion (Little), Lancashire
Woodhorn, Northumberland Woolton Much), Lancater ",
Woolverstone, Suffolk 75'
Wooperton, Northumberland in
Woodland and Heathwaite, Lan. Wootton, Berks
Wootton-Newland, Dorset i llik
Woodlands and Chaddenwicke, Wootton-under-Edge, Gloucester
Wootton, Hants in
Wootton (St. Lawrence), Hants
Wootton, Lincoln dit
Wootton (North), Norfolk
Wooton, Oxon ius
Wooton. See Hisland, Salop
Wooton (North), Somerset ut
Wood-Newton, Northampton Wootton-Waven, Warwick
Wootton (South), Norfolk
Word or Worth, Kent
Woodside-Quarter, Cumberland | Wordwell, Suffolk -
Woodside, Northumberland Worfield, Salop
Woodspeen and Bagnor, Berks Worksop, Notts
Woodthorp. See Strubby, Lincoln Worldham (East), Hants
Worldham (West), Hantsenti
Worle, Somerset h
Worleston, Cheshire d !
Woodyates (East and West), Dorset Worlington (East), Devon
Worlington West), Devon
Wormegay, Norfolk (140
Wormington, Gloucester sind
Woo!avington (East and West), Worplesdon, Surrey
Worsall (High), York
Worsall (Luw), York
Woolsington, Northumberland Worstead, Norfolk
Yate (Great), Stafford
Wuerdale and Wardle, Lancashire Yately, Hants
Yatton (East and West), Somerset
Wycomb and Chadwell, Leicester Yaxford, Suffolk
| Yaxham, Norfolk
Yealand - Redmayne, Lancashire
Wyersdale (Over), Lancashire Yealand-Conyers, Lancashire
Wyersdale (Nether), Lancashire | Yealptop, Devon
Wyfordby with Bretbingby, Lei-Yeardsley, Cheshire
Wyke, in Worplesdon, Surrey Yeldham (Little), Essex
Yeldham Great), Essex
| Yellington, Northumberland
Yielding or Yelden, Beds
Yn y dre-Issa, Cardigan
Ynys-Cynhajarn, Caerparvou .
Yokir. Vechan, Brecon
Yspytty-Evan, Denbigh )
Yspytty. Ystrad - Meiric, Cardigan
Ystrad Devodwg, Glamorgan
Ystradgynlais (Upper and Lower).
Yardly-Gobion, Northampton | Ystrad-Owen, Glamorgan
| Yarnton or Yarrington, Oxon Zeal- Monachorum,
An INLAND COUNTY of England, bounded
on the North by Huntingdonshire and
bornestoke, Stodden, Willey, Wixham. tree. There are 131 PARISHES and TOWNSHIPS, and with distinct parochial jurisdiction ; and 10 MARKET-TOWNS ; namely, Ampthill, Bedford, Biggleswade, Dunstable, Harrold, Luton, Leighton - Buzzard, Potton, Shefford, Woburn. Bedford town sends 2 members to parliament; and its 2 members, with the 2 for the county, are all that this county is permitted to send. Before the Protestant “ Reformation," or devastation, there were 18 monastic establishments at the following places : Bedford, Biggleswade, Bissemede, Caldwell, Chicksand, Dunstable, Eaton-Socon, Elstow, Farle, Grovesbury, Harwood, Melchbourn, Market Street, Newenham, Northill, Warden, Woburn; under the names of which places a particular ac. count of these establishments is given. There are 24 PUBLIC CHARITIES in this county, mostly very ancient.--Of the 131 PARISHES which the county contains, there are 6 which have less than 100 inhabitants each; 10 which have no parsonage houses ; 39 which have parsonage houses, wbich, in a return inade to parliament in 1818, the in. cumbents represent as unfit for them to live in ; and, in the whole county, there are 124 churches; there being 7 parishes and townships with no churches. The poor-rates of the county amounted annually, agreeably to a return made to parliament in 1818, to 80,6381. 18. 5 d.; the number of PAUPERs was 7,030 ; the ANNUAL RENTAL of all the real property of the county amounted to 343,6821, 19s.
10d. ; the POPULATION, by return of an Hospital of St. Leonard's Hospitalers, 1821, was 83,716; and the number of founded in the reign of Edward IV., by houses 15,412. So that the poor-rates a townsman, whose yearly revenue was amounted to a fourth part, within a frac 161. 6s. 8d. in 26 Henry VIII.; now tion, of the whole of the rental; and worth 3261. 13s. 4d. A Franciscan there were, on an average, 1 pauper to Friary, founded by Mabilea de Platesevery two houses throughout the county. hull, in the reign of Edward II., valued According to the same return of 1818, yearly at 51., now worth 1001.; granted, the annual poor-rates of this whole 31 Henry VIII., to John Gostwyke; at county amounted, in 1776, to only Caldwell, an Augustine Priory, founded 16,3101.—There are, in this county, on in the reign of John, by Robert of an average, 181 persons to each square Houghton. Revenue 1481, 15$. 10d., mile, which is about 4 acres of land to now worth 2,9751. 16s. 8d.; granted, 5 every person ; and there are, within a Elizabeth, to Thomas Leigh"; and at fraction, 18 acres of land to every in Newenham, a Monastery of Augustine habited house, including the most miser. Canons, founded in the reign of Henry able houses in town and country, and II., by Simon Beauchamp. Yearly not excepting alms-houses.—The male revenue 3431. 15s. 51., now worth population of the county is 40,385. The 6,8751.8s. 4d.; granted, 32 Henry VIII., return states 10,754 families to be em to Urian Brereton. Popula. 5446. Mar. ployed in agriculture ; 4,827 families in ket, Mond., Tues. and Sat. Fairs, first trade and handicraft; and 1,792 families Tues. in Lent, Apr. 21, July 5, Oct. 11, to consist of all other descriptions of
Dec. 19 for cattle of all sorts. persons. The male agricultural popula. | BEESTON, in Sandy parish, and popula. tion must, therefore, be 25,000 all but a
included therein. 3 miles N.W, from fraction. Of these we must allow one
Biggleswade. half to be children, men past labour, or men infirm : there then remain, inclu- By
BIDDENHAM, 2 miles W. from Bedford. ding the farmers themselves, 12,500
Popula. 393. agricultural labourers; that is to say, BIGGLESWADE with Holme and Stratton, one labourer, on an average, to every seated on the river Ivel, 45 miles N.E. 234 acres of land.
from London. Popula. 2778. Market, AMPTHILL, 45 miles N.W, from London.
Wed. Fairs, Feb. 14, Sat. in Easter Popula. 1527. Market, Thurs. Fairs,
week; Whit-Monday; Aug, 2, Nov. 8. May 4, Nov. 30, for catile.
At this place there was a Chantry; reARLSEY, 264 miles S.E. from Shefford.
venue 71., now worth 1401. Popula. 562.
BILLINGTON, in Leighton-Buzzard paASPLEY GUISE, 2 miles N.E. from Wo
rish, and popula. included therein. ?
miles S. from Leighton-Buzzard, burg. Popula. 848.
BLETSOE, 6 miles N. from Bedford. PoASTWICK, 4 miles S.E. from Biggleswade.
pula. S83. Popula. 99. BARFORD (Great), 5 miles N.E. from
BLUNHAM,44 miles N. from Biggleswade.
Popula. 945. Bedford. Popula. 635.
BOLNHURST, 5 miles N.E. from Bedford. BARFORD (Little), 5 miles N.W. from Potton. Popula. 123.
Popula. 264. BARTON-IN-THE-CLAY, 3 miles s.
BROMHAM, 3 miles N.W. from Bedford. from Selsoe. Popula. 668.
Popula. 298. BATTLESDEN, 3 miles S. from Woburn. BROOK-END, in Northill parish, and poPopula. 151.
pula, included therein. BEDFORD, the county town of Bedford-BROOM, in Southill parish, and popula.
shire, seated on the river Ouse, 50 miles included therein. 14 mile from Big-
included therein. porate town, having a mayor, record.
CALDICOTTS (Upper and Lower), in er, deputy recorder, two bailiffs, two
Northill parish, and popula. included chamberlains, thirteen common-council.
therein. men, and an uncertain number of alder. men, and sends two members to parlia- CAMPTON with Shefford, 1 mile S.W. ment. At or near this place there were, from Shefford, Popula. 1,028.
CARDINGTON, 4 miles S.E. from Bed. | EGGINTON, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, ford. Popula. 1,194.
and popula. included therein. 14 miles CARLTON With Chellington, 7 miles N.W.
E, from Leightoa-Buzzard. from Bedford. Popula. 429.
ELSTOW, 2 miles S.W. from Bedford,
Popula. 548. Fairs, May 14, 15, Nov, CHALGRAVE, 34 miles N.W. from Dun 5, 6, cattle of all sorts. At this place stable. Popular710.
there was an Abbey of Benedictine CHELLINGTON with Carlton, 7 miles
Nuns, founded by Judith, niece to the N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 121.
Conqueror, and wife to Waltheof, Earl
of Huntington. Yearly value $251.28. 1 d., CHICKSANDS, (Extra Pa.) Popula. 56. now worth 6,5021, 2s. 6d. Granted, T At this place there was a Priory of Nans
Edward VI., to Sir Humphrey Radcliff. of St. Gilbert, founded in the year 1150, by Pain de Beauchamp and his
EVERSHOLT, 2 miles S.E. from Woburn, wife. Yearly value, 2301. 3s. 4 d., now
Popula. 870. worth 4,6031. 7s. 6d. Granted, 31 Henry
EVERTON with Tetworth, 2 miles N.W. VIII., to R. Snow.
from Potton. Popula. 334. CLAPHAM. 2 miles N.w. from Bedford. | EYWORTH, 3 miles N.E. from Bigglea Popula. 204.
swade. Popula. 111. CLIFTON, 14 mile N.E. from Shefford.
FARNDISH, 11 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 483.
Popula. 73. CLOPHILL, 2 miles N.E. from Selsoe.
FELMERSHAM, 6 miles N.W. from Bed.
ford. Popula. 390. Popula. 838.
FENLAKE, in Cardington parish, and poCOCKAYNE-HATLEY, 24 miles E. from pula, included therein.
Potton. Popula. 117.
FLITTON.-See Selsoe. ford. Popula. 450.
FLITWICK, 24 miles S. from Ampthill, COPLE, 44 miles S.E. from Bedford. Po
Popula. 489. pula. 524.
GOLDINGTON, 14 miles N.W. from BedCOTTON-END, in Cardington parish, and
ford. Popula. 426. popula, included therein.
GRAVENHURST (Lower), 2 miles S.E.
from Selsoe. “Popula. 63. CRANFIELD, 51 miles N.W. from Ampt. hill.
GRAVENHURST (Upper), 24 miles E. Popula. 1,153.
from Selsoe. Popula. 291. DEAN (Nether and Upper), 12 miles N.W. from Bedford. Popula. 479.
| GRITFORD.-See Sandy. DUNSTABLE, 34 miles N.W. from Lon
HARLINGTON, 5 miles N.E. from Dundon. Popula. 1,831. Market, Wed.
stable. Popula. 398. Fairs, Ash-Wed. and May 22 for HATCH, in Northill parish, and popula. horses, Aug. 12, Nov. 12 for cattle. At included therein. this place there was a priory of Augus.
HARROLD, 7 miles N.W. from Bedford. tine Canons, founded by Henry I.
Popula. 939. Market, Tuesd. Fairs, Yearly value 4021. 14s. 7 d.; now worth
Tues. before May 13, Tues. before July 8,0541. 12s.6d. Granted to Sir Leonard
6, Tues. before Oct. 11, cattle of all Chamberlayne.
sorts. At this place there was a Priory DUNTON with Millo, 3 miles S.W. from of Augustine Nuns, founded, in the reign Biggleswade. Popula. 332.
of Stephen, by Sampson le Forte. Yearly EAST-COTTS, in Cardington parish, and value 471. 38. 2d., now worth 9431. 3s. 4d. popula. included therein.
Granted to William Lord Parr, 35 EATON-BRAY, 3 miles S.W. from Dun
Hen. VIII. stable. Popula. 816. At this place there HARROWDEN, in Cardington parish, was a College, or Guild. Yearly value and popula. included therein. į miles 71. 168., now worth 1561.
from Bedford. EATON-SOCON with Wyboston, 2 miles HAYNES, 34 miles N.E. from Selsoe. Pou
S.W. from St. Neots, in Huntingdon pula. 775. sbire. Popula. 2,039.
| HEATH, in Leighton-Buzzard parish, and EDWORTH, 3 miles N.E. from Biggle popula. included therein. 1 mile N. swade. Popula. 87.