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Nov. 5.

the apples may be placed in order to be ment to undertake it. I own, for one, I Sweated. The apples on the ground- wish him to pursue his plan, as Reading floor should be laid on a bed of itraw, may furnish materials for a work of this and covered with hay, if there is no other kind, both from its antiquity, its natural covering at hand. The heaps on the and provincial situation, and the confpic. wooden floors need only be covered. cuous figure that it has made at different When they begin to press the apples, æras, as well as from the many eminent they are easily conveyed from thence to persons to whom it has given birth or the pressing rollers; and, when the juice consequence within its walls. is fermented, it will prove a much more If any of your numerous correspondpalatable, as well as a fronger liquor, ents can contribute any useful or orna. chan in the common way.

mental observations upon this subje&t, it The expence of this additional build- will oblige, among others, L. A. ing will be objected to; but if they attend to the iinprovement of the cyder, Mr. URBAN, which will confequently give a higher The taking of a new surname only, price, they will find the expence of the or in addition to the paternal name, additional building will in a few years be by a warrant under the King's fign-inare-paid.

AGRICOLA. nual, or by act of parliament, is very

common; but the assumption of a new Mr. URBAN, Wbittlefia, Nov. 6. Chriftian name by licence from the bishop TH! THE inclosed I have lately beep fa- of the diocele, as the present Sir Brooke*

voured with by a gentleman of this (William) Bridges is mentioned to have place. If this explanation of a very ob- done, p. 876, is an incident that now scure term be at all useful, you have his rarely occurs. In former days, to have leave to insert it. It is taken from made this alteration without the consent Domesday.

S. G. B. of the ordinary, would have exposed che “Benefactors often nominated the pare offending party to ecclesiastical cer.sures; ticular uses to which they chose their do- for in the Consistorial A&ts of the Bishop nations fhould be applied ; either to the of Rochester it is recorded, “O&. 13, maintenance or clothing of the monks, 1515, that Agnes Scharpe appeared, and

contcffed her having, of her own motion Ad vi&tum et veftitum--For their table and counsel, voluntarily changed at and clothing.

Confirmation the name of herinfant fon to De vielu monachorum-For the use of Edward, who was, when baprized, named the refectory of the monastery,

Henry; for which the submitted to per Quia de victú se'p fuer'--Because they nànce. The penance enjoined was, to were always alligned for furnihing the make a pilgrimage to the rood at Boxley, table.

and to carry in procession, on five Lord's Coquine pertinet archiep'i-Belongs to days, a ligliced taper, which she was to the kitchen of the archbishop. From offer to the image of the Blefsed Mary. whence we may reasonably suppose our , Agnes Scharpe comparuit et fatetur, manor *, called Coquinary, derives its quod voluntariè mutavit nomen infantis filii name, which once belonged to the abbey fui qui in baptismo nominabatur Henricus, et of Thorney, and might have been applied' in confirmatione fecit vocari Edwardus pro to culinary purposes.

motione et consilio fuo, pro quo submisit se And Andreas, abbot of Peterborough, penitentiis-Cui injungitur quod peregre about the year 1195, gave the manors of transeat ad Salvatoris ymaginem in Boxley, et Alwalion and Fiction, which then be. quod quinque diebus dominicis in proceflione longed to him, to the monks' kitchen fur loco fuo deferat candelam illuminatam, quam

offerat ymagini B. Mariæ.". Fol. 12;6. an augmentation of their commons.”

In the Life of Prynne, in the Biogra. Mr. URBAN,

phical Dictionary, it is noticed from A

RESPECTABLE clergyman (the Whitelock, that the Histriomastix by

Rev. Charles Coates, vicar of of. Prynne was licensed by Archbishop Abmington, near Weymouth, Dorfet) has

bot's chaplain. The name of this chapthoughts of publihing the History of lain is defired; and I thall be obliged to Reading, in Burks, nis native place, pro- any of your readers, who may have an vided he meets with fufficient encourage Sir Brooke Bridges, the grandfa:her,

was high. Therift of Kent in 1733, and die! * Whittlerea.

in that office in the 24th year of his age. GENT. MAG. Novemver, 1791.


&c. as,

Nov. 4.

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opportunity of referring to the book, to its holding saline particles diffolved, or inform me, whether it was an imprima. whether the large body of water the sea tur, without any terms of approbation or contains is at all contributing, or if any explanation, which licensers would some thing is particularly due to its comparatimes use.

W.& D. tive specific gravity ; whether the purity

of the air breathed during its use com

pared with that of a crowded city, and « Fies nobilium tu quoque Fontium."

the relaxation of the mind from bufiness, HoR. 3 Carm. xiii. 13.

and the amusement enjoyed in a large la Mr. URBAN,

cicty, where every member feems dir. He intention of the following lines poled :9 be and to make happy, has not troubling you with them. I hope and the greatett claim, it would perhaps be trust the hints they contain may make hard to determine, while it must be althem worthy the attention of many of lowed that each has its merit. Someyour readers, as well as contribute to the thing probably is due to its impregnation; health and comfort of some individualsof but the sum of all these circumstances that number; than which nothing can co-operating no doubt fills the mealure be more gratifying to the writer, whose of its effects; and in its use likewise, as fole view in their publication is the bene. well from my own observation as from fit of those who seek, what they deserve, the information of others, whose confiHealth.

utions were alike tender, I have learned The important good consequences of there is much less chance of taking cold, Cold-bathing needs nothing laid at this an accident to which the most tender are, time of day to recommend it to the notice even with the greatest care and circumof the debilitated. The experience of spection, occalionally expoled in using inaukiod has taught its uses and effects; the Cold Bath in the usual way. This which have been further sanctioned by circumstance has induced me for some many writers, and some of the most emi• years past to recommend, in the dipping nent in the medical world, who have, at weakly children at a distance from the different times, very ably employed their sea, the addition of as inuch sea or bay pens on its subject. To the latter for its fale to the water as would make the foluvirtues, and to the present enlightened tion nearly as salt, or rather a little falter Faculty for the propriety of its ule indi than fra-water; and the event has ever vwually, the app ication of invalids is fully rewarded the practice, and subftan. recommended. When that is determined, tiated the preference; for I have feer it is the inode only I am about to pre- fome unhealthy children more benefited fcribe.

by a few weeks bathing in this way than Waving, therefore, every endeavour by months in fresh-water; and others, at attempting to offer any thing new on

who have received no benefit by fresh the general subject, as to the medical long coatinued, very, foon get colour, powers of the Cold Bath, I hall only fpirits

, and strengih, from a change to Lriefly relate what led me to use the mode

the salied. The formation of such a recommended below; what were its ef.

bach was easy for infants, but less matects on myself, and on some ochers who, nageable for adults. To avoid, there. by my advice, have been in the habit of foie, in the common method of using the uling ir; adding a few practical bints, Cold Batlı, such temporary interruptions which, I hope, will make an operation, to its ule, and their disagreeable consevery frighful to inany, not only plea- quences, which I have frequently known fanter, but much more effectually, and, to be a continual distrels to the too I hope, more exted lively, uleiul.

quickly apprehensive mind of the valetuFiom a natural delicacy in my conlli dinarian; and Audious myself to enjoy tuuion, and withing to enjoy what one that luxury as often as possible, with would almost think some people thought every advantage to be derived from any 1166 worth having, I have been long ac- iinprovenient my fancy could suggest; it culiomed to this remedy, and have the claimed much of my attention: and many grea:eft icason to think lowe mucii com. Ichemes, fome inconvenient, and others fort to its friendly aid. Sca-bething, if impracticable, cccurred, till the followe any attentive observation has not deceived ing prelented itself to my mind; and, af. inc, in general has been more certainly ter long ule, I have the pleasure to think advania vous in its conic powers; but is highly deserving of notice, as it seems whether that superiority asiles only from to give the freth-water Cold Bach some


of the properties of sea-bathing, and to pleasant. The solution may be repeated, me that satisfactory incentive to its use, after three or four times uling them, by the recolleclion of never having caught those who are satisfied with one let of cold since it was adopted. It has still towels some time, as easily as once by another advantage or two of its own; the more nice. The roughness given to the first and not the smallest of which is the cloths, when dry, by the fali, affin. that by it, the towels being rendered ed probably by the stimulus of the falt rougher, the friction in drying after the itself, adds very considerably to the bath is increased ; and what is, I fear, much-to-be-wished-For glow. And as, in too often neglected, I mean the rubbing the action of rubbing the body, fome of by those with whom it should be particu- the fale becomes diffolved by the drops Jarly a matter of the firft consequence hanging to the skin, and is of course {the tender and chilly), who are gene. {pread over the whole surface of the body, rally those who are apt to be too much and is partly absorbed ; to that absorpin a hurry to get on their cloaths, and tion, which is perhaps more alive during by that means frequently take cold. For the empty flate in which bathing is genes their fakes, now that friction is the sub- rally recommended, are to be attribuixd ject, viewing the importance of that part the good effects of medicated baths, both of the operation, it would seem wrong to natural and artificial.

The common proceed without urging the practice of it lower-báth will be much improved in to a much greater extent than is cuflo. its efficacy by the addition of a proper mary, and that immediately before as quantity of falt in its water. well as after bathing. I believe, from What is in the present case the immemy own experience, that the good effects diare rationale of its action, or to what of this remedy will, in many cases, because is to be attributed the preference of confiderably increased, if, beto,e the im. sea over fresh water, as it is not the promerhion, the body and extremities be well fessed design of this paper, we wish to rubbed for a few minures with a ficfh leave undilculied. The safest means of brush. To the notice of those afflicted applying a powerful and pleasant remedy with chronic rheumatism, as well as to

to the disealed, the result of experience, the fhivering bather, it is very carnehly being all we intended, the modus operecommended. The say of the delicate ranai is left for a more ably-directed and those with tender bowels in the wa- pen. may be that the stimulus given ter should be very hort; the more robust by the saline fpicula to the curicular may indulge longer. The other, and glands, by its absorption, may not be perhaps not less important advantage, is the smallest of its causes, especially when that of using their own towels (which it is recollected how extensive is its apfhould be coarse and rough as can be plication, and at the same time the great borne), untainted wth the excrementi. importance of the functions of the ab. tious discharges of the skins of a multi sorbing surface. How powerful frequenttude, and perhaps often negligently ly is the application of a solution of some walhed; the truth of which no very nice of the neutral lalts in local glandular aldegree of perfe&ion in the oltactory fections topically applied ! Another cire nerves is decetrary to discover in the cumstance, wort notice in an enquiry of clean towels of a public bath. Except this kind, is the effect of lome neutral in this circumstance, perhaps no public falts in fresh-drawn blood; an example baths in the world exceed in their con of which every winter affords in a weil. veniences and perfection those of Lon- known culinary preparation of hog's don, as far as I have been able to learn. blood; I mean, thai of preventing its co

The practice alluded to, and which I agulation. In the extreme and minute can now with confidence recommend, is fanguiferous vefsels, where the circulathat of impregnating the towels with sea tion must necc1farily be very weak and salt, by dipping them in a solution of low, on account of their great distance chat salt in water, and then drying them.

from the source of its motion, its inoving The folution I have used is four ounces power, and efpecially in those of the skin, to a quart of water : a coarse hand towel when exposed to cold air in such fituaof the common fize, by being thoroughly tions; may not tomewhat like a dilpoliwetred in this folution, when dried, ac tion to coagulation exilt? and may not quires an increase of weight of about an the introduction of such particles do ounce, consequently contains that quan away an approaching evil? Perhaps ittity of sea salt, which is as much, per

finct firit recommended the use of that kaps, as is necessary, or as would be material with our food for some such

oa. 14.

wise purpose: the practice will be found, fixed by a ring at cach end, so as to have upon recollection, very general, and gives room to play, and in this manner water a probability to such an idea. The learned may be raised to any height. The lerer and ingenious Bihop of Landaff has said, by which the machine is worked must be in his “ Chemical Eflaus,” that the salt moved by machinery, the construction of in sea water applied to the skin is not ab. which is casy enough. The lever must forbed. I confess myself of a different be bent fo as to make the space passed opinion. That some of it is absorbed I through by each of the pisons (suppofing am convinced; or why is not rain, or any the bores of the pumps to be equal) other pure water, cqually efficacious, ap- equal.

MATHESIS. plied to scrophulous glands ? Before the subject be entirely quitted,

Mr. URBAN, the writer wishes to submit it to the ex MA

ANY and various are the recipes perience of the medical world, to deter aod noftrums offered to the pub. mine how far this mode of absorption lick for that terrifying accident, the bile may be usefully applied in a variety of of a mad dog, and yet few are the incascs requiring the various baths which stances published of rational and regular Narure has, probably for human ills, cures. oftentatious relations are indeed provided in different parts of the world, seen in the papers, that serve as adverand which are too frequently, from some tisements and wrappers to the medicines ; circumstance or oher, not within the. but these are generally considered as reach or power of those to whom they puffs to vend them, having in their fawould no doubt be of great service; and your the fortuitous application to bites to add that, in more than one instance, of dogs exasperated by cruelty, and not he has applied with the above faline folu. really mad. tion some few drops of the rinel. ferri While an ethiology of the nature and mur. he thinks with some success in Tome effects, more than the reputed consecases where chalybeates seemed to pro- quences of the bite, is a laudable pursuit urile relief. The Materia Medica will for scientific men, to trace those effects readily supply, through the medium of to a cause more certain than any hitherto Chemistry, a fund of powerful topicks ailigned; yet, to forward the general to the ingenious Physician.

purpose, it must Nill be of use to proYours, &c. BENEVOLUS. muigate whatever from public authority

comes recommended to general attention, Mr. URBAN,

enforced by certificates of efficacy.

One of the last remedies made knows, 1 SOLB MIT the confideration of

your mathematical readers che fola and discovered abroad, is an arcanum pur. lowing plan for the railing of water from chased by the late King of Pruffia, after

a particular investigation of its happy ef

fects by a commission of medical gentleLet ABCD re

y q Pr

men, one of which was the King's own present a section of E

surgeon. The secret was in the poilel. a well; let dv be a

sion of a peasant, who ambulently ap. common

CI pump,

plied the remedy for his subsistence, froin whose upper piston

the generous disclosure of a Silefian

geav is got more than

tieman, in whole family it had for years 33 or 34 feet from the lower'd; Za e Balls

been kept, and charitably administered.

The commission, having made enquiry on reservoirinto which

the spot, and taken evidence on oath of the water so raised

most creditable persons there, made a may flow, and into which the end x of fullt

report to his Majesty of the salutary ef.

fedt of the reinedy; upon which a sum of the similar pump

money was ordered to the peasant, suffi. tx is inserted, and

cient to fet him at ease during life. What through which the

he revealed was taken down by the comwater is raised into z

miffion, and published upon royal order the bucket f; in

by the College of Physicians, with a ipe. like manner it is

cial injunction to all apothecaries and Taised through any


veuders of drugs to prepare the medicine, sumber (és) to the A

B and keep it ready for immediate ule, earth's surface. Each of these pillons is throughout the King's dominions. To worked by rods from the lever Eygpt, give this discovery the molt ample scope


Nov. 4.

deep wells.

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