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Beeps into Westminster Abbey.
By Evelyn L. FARRAR.
General Wolfe, and, I daresay,
two shots. They carried him out of the battle, and as he lay dying, an officer exclaimed, “They run!
" Who run?” cried Wolfe. “The enemy," was the
• Then I die happy,” said the hero, and expired. Here is his monument, at the entrance of the three chapels of St. John, St. Michael, and St. Andrew, which were formerly divided by screens, but have now been thrown into one, which is commonly called the Nightingale Chapel. Wolfe's monument represents his death, and below is a bronze relief of the landing of the British army, and the scaling of the Heights of Abraham, near Quebec.
As we enter the chapel we are struck first by the beautiful tomb, on the right-hand side, of Sir Francis Vere (1619), who commanded the English army in the wars with the Netherlands. Four kneeling knights bear the dead man's arms on a canopy, and below he himself is represented, lying on a mat and clad in a loose gown. Sir Francis Vere died from an illness, not in battle, as he had always wished to do. In allusion to this, the following epitaph has been written on him :“When Vere sought Death arm'd with the sword and shield, Death was afraid to meet him in the field; But when his weapons he had laid aside, Death, like a coward, struck him, and he died.” The kneeling knights are beautiful figures. One of them has his mouth half open, as if about to address the spectator. It is said that the sculptor Roubillac was one day found standing before this figure with folded arms and rapt attention. “ Hush! hush! he vill speak soon," he whispered, when interrupted.
On the wall, among many others, we must especially notice a small tablet to Grace Scot, wife of the regicide, Colonel Scot (1645). Her
husband, who was afterwards executed, commemorates her in these touching lines :“He that will give my Grace but what is hers,
Must say that Death hath not
Made only her deare Scot, But Virtue, Worth, and Sweetnesse, widowers." Below this tablet is the statue of Sir George Holles (1626), in the dress of a Roman general. His is the first figure in the Abbey which is erect, instead of recumbent, and the first that does not wear the dress of the period.
Queen Elizabeth's court is here represented by the reclining figure of Lady Catherine St. John, one of her ladies.
Next comes the famous monument to Lady Elizabeth Nightingale, from which this chapel is named. It is one of the finest works of Roubillac, and is a most striking piece of sculpture. Death, a fearful skeleton figure, bursts out of a small door at the base of the tomb, and is about to hurl his dart at the bosom of the lady above. Her husband, with an expression of the utmost terror, tries to ward off the fatal dart with one hand, while, with the other, he clasps the sinking form of his dying wife, whose drooping head and languid hands show that life is gradually ebbing away from her. “It was whilst engaged on the figure of Death, that Roubillac one day, at dinner, suddenly dropped his knife and fork on his plate, fell back in his chair, and then darted forward and threw his features into the strongest possible expression of fear, fixing his eye so expressively on the country lad who waited as to fill him with astonishment. A tradition of the Abbey records that a robber coming into the Abbey by moonlight was so startled by the same figure as to have fled in dismay, and left his crowbar on the pavement.” *
Sarah, Duchess of Somerset (1692), is buried next, and on each side of her figure kneels a weeping charity boy, in allusion to the
many charitable institutions which she founded. Close beside this is a curious mural tablet to the
memory of Anne Keary (1603). The grief of her mourners is quaintly expressed by tears, which are sprinkled all over the surface, flowing from an eye at the top of the tablet.
The next huge structure at the end of the chapel is the tomb of Henry, Lord Norris (1601), and his wife Margaret. I daresay you have never heard much about him, but he was a famous man in the time of Queen Elizabeth, and much favoured by her because his father, who with several others was executed, had defended the
* Dean Stanley's “Memorials of Westminster Abbey."
PEEPS INTO WESTMINSTER ABBEY.
innocence of her mother, the unfortunate Anne
“It was not in the battle, Boleyn, with his last breath. The tomb is not an
No tempest gave the shock; interesting one, except for the beautiful figures of
She sprang no fatal leak, the six sons of Lord Norris, who kneel round
She ran upon no rock.
“His sword was in his hand,
His fingers held the pen, men, Edward alone survived his parents. Thus,
When Kempenfelt went down, while his brothers are represented in attitudes
With twice four hundred men." of prayer, he is
The latest monuIlooking upwards
ment in this chapel with a joyful face.
is the one erected Behind this is
by Lady Franklin the statue of Sarah
in memory of her : Siddons (1831), the
husband, Sir John celebrated actress;
Franklin, who was a ind near her a tab
lost with his crew I et to the memory
in the Arctic reof Sir Humphry
gions, where they Davy, the inventor
had sailed to try of the safety lamp
and discover the for mines, by which
North-West Pasir ivention he con
We cannot si derably lessened
linger here on the the danger of gas
details of the sad explosions, and
story-how Frankpirobably saved the
lin's ships got imlives of thousands
bedded in the ice; of poor miners.
how they waited Then comes the
many days in pala. Cge and ugly me
tient hope for the m prial of Thomas
melting of the ice; Telford (1634), the
how at last their co nstructor of the
brave hearts gave M enai Bridge and
way, and one after Bridgewater Ca
another died of cold
and starvation; Next we must
how ships were sent notice the memorial
again and again to Richard Kemp
from England to enfelt, who perished
news of with his crew in the
the lost ones; and sinking of the Wit
how at last they “Royal George”
came upon the sorat Spithead in
rowful traces of 1732. You know
their friends the Cowper's lines on
ice-bound ships, this event
Tomb of Edward III,
the boats which “ Toll for the brave,
they had vainly tried to drag over the ice, the The brave that are no more
little articles of personal property belonging to All sunk beneath the wave,
the men, here a Bible, there a watch or a pair Fast by their native shore."
of slippers, and a written record of the death of The bas-relief represents the admiral rising into Franklin himself. On his memorial, which is of heaven, where an angel is ready to receive him, beautiful white marble, is his bust and a bas-relief while the ship is slowly sinking in the quiet waves, of the ships among the ice, with the words, “O ye for
Frost and Cold, O ye Ice and Snow, bless ye the
THE HOME OF THE SEA KINGS.
Nhe Home of the Sea Kings.
By Robert W. Dibdin.
LONDON TO CHRISTIANIA.
Lord, praise Him and magnify Him for ever,” and
Toward no earthly pole.” Now let us come round to the south aisle of the choir, in which are the three chapels of St. Nicholas, St. Edmund, and St. Benedict. As we pass by Edward the Confessor's Chapel we get a beautiful view of the tomb of Edward III., with the little brass figures of six of his children, among them that of Edward the Black Prince. In the chapel of St. Nicholas there are few monuments of any great interest. In the centre is the tomb of Sir George Villiers, father of the famous Duke of Buckingham, who was assassinated at Portsmouth; and to the right, as we enter, is the tomb with the effigy of Philippa, Duchess of York, whose third husband was Edmund Plantagenet, fifth son of Edward III.
Here is an enormous monument to Lady Burleigh, wife of Elizabeth's famous statesman, and his daughter Anne, Countess Vere, whose deaths so overwhelmed Lord Burleigh with grief, that, but for the entreaties of the Queen, he would have retired altogether from public life. At the top of the monument is his figure “on bended knees, venerable from his hoary hairs, in his robes of state, and with the Order of the Garter, his eyes dim with tears for the loss of those who were dear to him beyond the whole race of womankind.” *
Here are also buried two little children, Anne Sophia, infant daughter of Count Bellamonte, the French ambassador in the reign of James I., and Nicholas Bagnall (1687), a baby of two months old, " by his nurse unfortunately overlaid.”
YT was night, and I lay ou
a little shelf in a very little cabin. I felt very
warm and tired, but sleep was quite impossible. No'n a clock struck twelve, and
then many other clocks did the same.
After a little tinie some of them struck the next quarter, and then the next, and
on till morning. All this while there was a terrible noi je going on-for the sailors we re busy putting the cargo on board —and the crank, and the chain,
and the shouting altogether, ma de the Isle of Dogs a very undesirable place in which to pass the night. The steamer was to sail ea rly next morning, and as I lived far away I had thought that it would be safer to sleep on board but I never tried that plan again. I was going to Norway, the "Home of the Sea Kings"; and
' next morning I started.
Down the Thames we went, passing hundred ; of ships coming and going. There was Greenwich, with its famous hospital for the old sailors; : ind further on the training-ships for the young sail ors. If there are any sea kings now, they must be the English, and all English boys and girls are interesited in the sea—but I must not wait to give you a history of our adventures in crossing it on this occasion.
After two days we were awakened very early in the morning, and heard that we were close to la ind. It did not take long to put on a few things and rush on deck. We were in Norway, and just entering the quiet harbour of Christiansand, the fourth largest city in the country. One never forgets the first view of a new country, and though I have often been there since, Christiansand still comes back to me as it appeared that early morning.
The water was clear, and we could see the fish far down in its blue depths. There was an old fort to the right with some guns; but it looked very harmless, and more as if it was put there to produce a picturesque effect ihan with the idea of frightening anybody. Just above the houses was
H dear! I wish Mamma would come,
And see how I have cut my thumb.
Translation of the Latin epitaph on the tomb, which is attributed to
his own pen.
THE HOME OF THE SEA KINGS.
the spire of the cathedral, which has since, with a great part of the city, been destroyed by fire.
We got on shore for an hour. The people all had fair hair and blue eyes, and most of the houses were built of wood. The windows were full of bright flowers, of which the Norwegians are particularly fond, and everything looked very quiet and peaceful. Nobody ever seems in a hurry in Norway. They have a word, “ strax,” which the dictionary says means “directly.” Travellers generally learn this word at once, and say it whenever they want anything; but I soon found that a much better word to use was the one that means “ If you please.” A lady told me she had found out by experience that“ strax” really meant three-quarters of an hour.
We were sorry to have to go on board again ; but we started presently, and were soon steaming up the Christiania Fjord. Of course you know that Christiania is the modern capital of Norway, as Bergen was the ancient one. Perhaps I had better explain at once what a fjord is. look at the map you will see that the coast of Norway is full of dents and inlets, up which the
These are called fjords, and some of them are more than a hundred miles long. They run up into the mountains, and you cannot easily imagine how grand is the scenery when they get narrower and narrower, and you have great walls of rock rising up sometimes for five thousand feet on each side of you. Very often waterfalls rush over the sides of the mountains. You see, too, many little houses perched on small green patches. You wonder how they got up there; and still more how the inhabitants get down. They do so, however, somehow, for you often pass a boat moored at the foot of the rocks; and, if the steamer stops, it pushes out, and perhaps a few passengers come on board.
The fjords are really some of the principal highways of the country, and there are hundreds of steamers always making their way in and out of their curious nooks and
There is a museum in Christiania, and a parliament house, and a university, and a palace; but I shall not trouble you with a description of these, as I want to tell you about the country and the people.
The politeness of everybody is very remarkable. If you go into a shop, you are expected to take off your hat, and acquaintances who meet each other in the streets always exchange elaborate bows. Some of the shop-windows are very tempting, being full of old silver ornaments, peasants' costumes, wood carvings, photographs, and various curiosities and pretty things.
In the Victoria Hotel breakfast and supper are served in a sort of covered balcony, which looks over the courtyard. I ordered a supper there, and told the waiters to bring what they liked, wishing to see what would come. You would have been astonished to see the variety of little dishes which arrived. There were more than a dozen. Several had thin slices of different kinds of sausages, others contained fish, such as sardines, Norwegian anchovies and prawns, then came ham, and cheese and butter of several sorts, and dark brown bread, and light brown bread, and white bread, which last is considered quite a delicacy. For all this I only
I paid a small sum.
In Paris once, at a very fine hotel, I remember finding that we were charged extra because we helped ourselves twice to butter. But to return to Christiania.
The sparrows are very amusing. They come hopping round your chair, and even on to your table, and scşamble and fight for crumbs like a number of fowls in a farmyard.
There is only one other thing that I must tell you about in Christiania. It is the Viking ship. This is probably the oldest ship in the world, and is one of the identical vessels in which the old sea kings embarked on some of their piratical excursions, perhaps a thousand years ago. It was dug out of a mound of earth which belonged to a poor widowwoman of Sandefjord, in the south of Norway, by her sons in the winter of 1880, when, being fishermen, they had nothing to do.
There was tradition that the mound contained a treasure. What they did find was this old ship, almost as perfect as when it used to sail to distant countries so many years ago. Its master had been buried in it, for in those heathen days it was thought that at the Resurrection he would be ready to sail off to sea at once in his old war-vessel. No treasure was found by the widow's sons, as it was evident that many years before, some one else must have
But we are approaching Christiania. To the left there is a pretty-looking little white castle, Oscar's Hall, the King's Summer Palace, and there are many spires and towers of churches and other buildings rising around you. It is very evident that a city is here, but what a different city from London, which we have left! It rises among woods and hills, and pretty villas scattered along the shore show that the descendants of the old Northmen know how to make themselves comfortable in their own land now.