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The Age we live in.
makes all his “ round coals square.” Now we find “ his own Farrier"—You have 66
money lent" in every street, and loads of useful
hand at every corner. A more humane age never existed. In England we have a Society devoted entirely to it, and in Scotland we have a Professor of Humanity. Our charity may be seen in large letters every where, and not sneaking at home, as it did with our ancestors. on the contrary, dares not rear its crest; för we have a self-dubbed knight-crrant society expressly to suppress it. And lastly, with regardl to sympathy, or feeling, the antients were sadly ignorant. Men knew a little of it, and the doctrine of Pythagoras extended it to the brute creation, but there, poor lieatheus they stopt. Not so with the Christian world--uc have“ SMpathetic tablas!"
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.
The feelings which the relation of master and scholar calls forth, are amongst the finest which can possibly be cherished. If the conduct of the master has been of that affectionate and interested kind, which is calculated to win the aföections of his scholars, no length of time or distance of place, can dealen the early impressions which it produces. And it is remarkable that the conduct, and not the abilities, of a professor produces the most lasting impressions. We remember even to old age, an instance of warın-heartedness, while we forget in a short time the finest speculation. When the master is severe or ungenerous in his temper, the students are disposed to thwart his plans, and even to neglect his instructions. But if there is a kindliness in all he says or does, the effect is very opposite. The students are anxious to obey him, and execute all their tasks with double alacrity. Long after they have left his class, they look back with pleasure on tlie exercises, by which he called forth and directed their powers. And when the subjects, perliaps even the nature of these exercises are forgotten, the warmth, the eagerness, and the little peculiarities of manner for whiclr:
On the University of GlasgownLogie Class.
he was distinguished, are all fondly treasured up, and afford matter for the most delightful rocollection.
These observations will not be considered impertinent to an essay, of which the Logic Class in Glasgow College is the subject. We know of no teacher who has more constantly or more de servedly, or for a longer period, been the object of popular fayour, than the venerable individual who presides in that class. How different soever the opinions respecting his philosophy may be, there is but one opinion respecting the man. Throughout the whole island, and his scholars are to be found in every corner of it, his virtues are mentioned with reverence. The Argonautic eye of malice itself has never discovered a spot in his conduct, nor has the voice of detraction for once been raised to blacken his fair and well-earned fame. He has laboured for nearly half a century in his honourable calling, and now that he is sinking fast into the vale of years, he can with much complacercy look back on the toils of his long and useful life. His fame may not rest on the same basis, with that of Reid and Hutchinson, but it is founded on the most solid of all foundations, that of public utility. To other teachers may belong the credit of ably instructing their scholars in their particular department, but Mr. Jardine
has the credit of preparing the mind for ezry pursuit, while he is at the same time ostensibly engaged only in teaching the elements of Pneumatology. Had I a dozen sons (said a very acute clergyman of our neighbourhood) and wished each of them to learn a separate profession, they should all begin with Mr. Jardine, for I know of no man who is better able to call forth the powers and put them in that particular state of preparation, in which they ought to be, when about to commence a new study."
Before entering the Logic class, the majority of students are ignorant of its business, many of them do not even know the meaning of its name. Up to this date, they have been employed in studying the works of other minds, now they must attend to the operations of their own. Their researches have been chiefly confined to the mere words of language, now they must attend to its philosophy. Hitherto every difficulty has been solved by the 'rule and the dictionary, but now neither rule nor dictionary can evolve to them the processes of thought. All their dealings have been with something palpable and distinct but now the object of their inquiries is of all others the most impalpable and
On the University of Glasgow-Logie Class.
obscure. In short there is not the most distant affinity between their former studies and those in which they are now to engage. Hence the difficulty and importance of the professor's situation. He cannot, like the schoolmaster, compel his students to exertion, by prescribing a certain length of task, and a certain modo of executing it, for he cannot compel them to think. He may indeed prescribe tasks, and advise as to the mode of performing them, he may even inflict a penalty in case of non performance, but he cannot by compulsory means insure any thing like excellence. While on the contrary if he is too easy, and too willing to invite rather than enforce, the students will to a certainty avail themselves of his facility. They will produce exercises got up for a purpose without much attention to their requisites. If, however, the manner of the professor is neither harsh nor feeble, but winning, and at the same time firm, the chance is that his students will perform all that he can require. Now these are, in our humble opinion, the very characteristics of Mr. Jardine's manner—and it is to his manner chiefly that we must look for the secret of his success in teaching; since with all our respect for his talents, we cannot suppose that he is in any way more eminently gifted than many of his cotemporaries, whose success in the same way has been far less. In ascribing so much to mere manner we would not be understood as alluding to riatural temperament only, for Mr. Jardine’s manner is unquestionably the product of much sound sense as well as of an excellent disposition.
The regulations of the class too, contribute in no small degree to the success of his instructions. We presume it will be unnecessary to enter at length into a detail of these, but we may state generally that there is no lecture delivered on which the students are not minutely examined, nor are there many subjects discussed on which they are not required to produce an essay. By this simple and admirable plair the professor and students exactly keep pace with each other.' The professor is able to ascertain on what particulars he has not been sufficiently explicit, and to afford those explanations of which he observes the students to stand in need. The students again strive to comprehend all the subjects of the lecture, that they may be prepared for the examination, and if from want of perspicuity or other defect in the lecture, they have not been able to comprehend its reasonings, there is now an opportunity of rectifying
On the Vuiversity of Glasgow. Logic Cinss.
the matter, by attending to the explanations given in the course of examination. As it is impossible to hear the essay
every student, the method adopted by the professor, to inform himself whether the whole class has performed the task, is this. He calls upon
all those who are not provided with an essay to stand пр.
If they can assign a good reason for their failure, no fine is imposed, but if they cannot they are fined in a smalt sum. Those who sit still are understood to declare upon their honour that they hạve prepared the essay. But if in the course of examination any one is found unprepared, and not to have stood up, he is see verely fined, and considered to have violated his word of hon
This circumstance seldom happens. Hence we may conclude that the task is performed by all the students, though pera haps no more than half a dozen may have an opportunity of reading each day. By such little pieces of management as theses, siggested by long experience and fountled on views of obvious expediency, the professor is enabled to exercise a control over his class, which has all the efficacy without the severity of personal chastisement,
There is still another point of view in which the address of the professor is very visible ; we mean in adapting his lectures to
progress of his scholars. At first they are simple and calculated rather to arrest the attention, than to convey much information respecting the proper business of the class. . By degrees they become more abstract, till the student insensibly finds Jumself diving deep into the mysteries of taste and toucli, of senses internal and external. The essays, like the lectures, are very progressive in their degrees of difficulty. In the outset, they are merely exercises of memory, by and by, they are more rrinotely connected with the lecture, till at last, the student is required to choose his own subject, and furnish his own illustra tions. Of this it would be difficult to give examples. Those who have studied under Mr. Jardinę need none, and those. vho have not, must be content with our authority for the facto
The object of the course, as stated in the Logic Compend is threefold. Part Ist, relates to the improvement of the powers of 1.nowledge. Part 2d, to the improvement of the powers of tastea Part 3d, to the powers of communication. This arrangement, şu far as we are capable of judging, is very judicious. Respectin the subdivisions there is room for considerable difference of
On the University of Glasgow-Logic Class.
opinion, and indeed, if we recollect rightly, Mr. Mylne's view of the intellectual
is entirely different. Into the controversy on this subject we are ne ther willing nor qualified to enter.
It is the business of the Logic Professor to train the mind to exercises of thinking, and we are of opinion, with great submis. sion, that the more closely the subjects of thought are connected with the business of life, the better for the thinker. If this opinion be well founded, it may fairly be asked, whether the subjects on which the students of Logic are called to exercise their powers, are those exclusively, to which their attention should be confined, at this stage of their progress? It is without question, that a knowlexige of metaphysics, should constitute an important part
of a liberal education, but it is not equally clear that they deserve all the time and attention, which is usually bestowed on this branch of study. A class, siūnilar :o that whicle was commenced by a Mr. Rennie sometime ago (we believe under the patronage of Mr. Jardine) and upon the same principles, vould be productive of more good, than even the present establishment, well managed as it is. If this opinion is il founded, it
may be some excuse for our stating it in this place, that it is frequently broached, and seriously entertained by persons, for whose superior judgment we have the higliest regard.
Mr. Jardine lately published an octavo volume, containing an, outline of his course--a work which is exceedingly characteristic of its author. The public journals have been lavish in his praise, and: we for our part have certainly no wish to dissent from their opinion. It was our intention to have given copious extracts from it, but we find that we cannot afford room for their insertion, consistently with our plan of introducing as great a variety of subjects into our number as possible.
M. Manse of Bogton, November, 1818.