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Governor May Remove Certain Officers.

GOVERNOR MAY REMOVE CERTAIN OFFICERS.

ARTICLE X.

I Section 1. Sheriffs, clerks of counties, district attorneys,

2 and registers in counties having registers, shall be chosen by

3 the electors of the respective counties, once in every three 4 years and as often as vacancies shall happen, except in the

5 counties of New York and Kings, and in counties whose boun

6 daries are the same as those of a city, where such officers shall 7 be chosen by the electors once in every two or four years as

8 the Legislature shall direct.

Sheriffs shall hold no other

9 office, and be ineligible for the next term after the termination

10 of their offices. They may be required by law to renew their Il security, from time to time; and in default of giving such

12

new security, their offices shall be deemed vacant.

But the

13 county shall never be made responsible for the acts of the

14 sheriff. The Governor may remove any officer, in this section

15 mentioned, within the term for which he shall have been

16 elected; giving to such officer a copy of the charges against

17 him, and an opportunity of being heard in his defense.

Soc. Art.

ALABAMA. 26. V. A sheriff shall be elected in each

county, by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold his office for the term of four years, unless sooner removed, and shall be ineligible to

Boc. Art.

such office as his own successor : Provided, That sheriffs elected on the first Monday in August, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, or at such other time as may be prescribed by law for the election in that year, shall hold their offices to

Governor May Remove Certain Officers.

Sec. Art.

election or appointment, in the several counties, of boards of supervisors, sheriffs, county clerks, district attorneys, and such other county, township and municipal officers as public convenience may require, and shall prescribe their duties, and fix their terms of offlce. It shall regulate the compensation of all such officers, in proportion to duties, and for this purpose may classify the counties by population; and it shall provide for the strict accountability of county and township officers for all fees which may be collected by them, and for all public and municipal moneys which may be paid to them, or officially come into their possession.

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the term of three years, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified. In the year 1880, at the general election for members to the General Assembly, sheriffs shall be elected for four years, as herein provided. Vacancies in the office of sheriff shall be filled by the Governor, as in other cases, and the person appointed shall continue in office until the next general election in the county for sheriff as provided by law.

ARKANSAS. 46. VII. The qualified electors of each county

shall elect one sheriff, who shall be ex officio collector of taxes, unless otherwise provided by law ; one assessor, one coroner, one treasurer, who shall be ex officio treasurer of the common school fund of the county, and one county surveyor, for the term of two years, with such duties as are now or may be prescribed by law : Provided, That no per centum shall ever be paid to as. sessors upon the valuation or assess

ment of property by them. 47. VII. The qualified electors of each town

ship shall elect a constable for the term of two years, who shall be furnished by the presiding judge of the County Court with a certificate of election, on which his official

oath shall be indorsed. 3. XV. The Governor, upon the joint address

of two thirds of the members elected to each house of the General Assembly, for good cause, may remove the Auditor, Treasurer, Secretary of State, Attorney-General, judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts, chancellors and prosecuting attorneys.

CALIFORNIA. 5. XI. The Legislature, by general and uni

form laws, shall provide for the

CONNECTICUT. 20. IV. A sheriff shall be appointed in each

county by the General Assembly (altered by amendment of 1838), who shall hold his office for three years (altered by amendment of 1886), removable by said Assembly, and shall become bound, with sufficient sureties to the Treasurer of the State, for the faithful discharge of the duties of bis office in such manner as shall be prescribed by law. In case the sheriff of any county sball die

or resign, the Governor may fill the vacancy occasioned thereby, until the same shall be filled by the General Assembly.

COLORADO. 21. VI, There shall be elected by the qualified

electors of each judicial district at each regular election for judges of the Supreme Court, a district attorney for such district, whose term of office shall be three years, and whose duties and compensation shall be as provided by law. No person shall be eligible to the office of district attorney who shall not,

Governor May Remove Certain Officers.

Sec. Art.

at the time of his election, be at least twenty-five years of age and possess all the other qualifications for judges of the district courts as

described in this article. 8. XIV. There shall be elected in each county

on the first Tuesday of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven, and every alternate year forever thereafter, one county clerk, who shall be ex officio recorder of deeds and clerk of the board of county commissioners; one sheriff; one coroner; one treasurer, who shall be collector of taxes; one county superintendent of schools; one county surveyor, and one county assessor.

Sec. Art.

and of the board of county commissioners, and recorder, and ex officio auditor of the county, each of whom shall hold office for four years. Their duties shall be prescribed by

law. 23. V. A constable shall be elected by the

registered voters in each justices' district, who shall perform such duties and under such regulations as may be prescribed by law.

GEORGIA 2. XI. Par. 1. The county officers shall be

elected by the qualified voters of their respective counties or districts, and shall hold their offices for two years. They shall be removed on conviction of malpractice in office, and no person shall be eligible to any of the offices referred to in this paragraph unless he shall have been a resident of the county for two years and is a qualified voter.

DELAWARE. 4. VII. The Attorney-General, registers in

chancery, prothonotaries, registers, clerks of the Orphans' Court and of the peace, shall respectively be commissioned for five years, if so long they shall behave themselves well; but may be removed by the Governor within that time, on conviction of misbehavior in office or on the address of both houses of the Legis lature. Prothonotaries, registers, in chancery, clerks of the Orphans' Courts, registers, recorders and sheriffs shall keep their offices in the town or place in each county in which the Superior Court is usually held.

FLORIDA. 15. V. The Governor, by and with the con

Bent of the Senate, shall appoint a State Attorney in each Judicial Circuit, whose duties shall be prescribed by law, and who shall hold office for four years. There shall be elected in each county a sheriff and a clerk of the Circuit Court, who shall also be the clerk of the County Court, except in counties where there are criminal courts,

IDAHO. 18. V. A district attorney shall be elected

for each judicial district by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold office for the term of four years, and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. He shall be a practising attorney at law and a resident and elector of the district. He shall receive as compensation for his services twenty-five hundred dollars per annum.

INDIANA. 2. V. There shall be elected in each county,

by the voters thereof, at the time of holding general elections, a clerk of the Circuit Court, auditor, recorder, treasurer, sheriff, coroner and surveyor. The clerk, auditor and recorder shall continue in office four years; and no person shall be eligible to the office of clerk, rocorder or auditor more than eight

Governor May Remove Certain Officers.

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the commissioner elected from district number three in each county shall hold his office for the term of three years; but no person shall hold the office of sheriff or county treasurer for more than two con

secutive terms. 5. IX. All county and township officers may

be removed from office, in such manner and for such cause, as shall be prescribed by law.

Soc. Art.

years in any period of twelve years. The treasurer, sheriff, coroner and surveyor, shall continue in office two years; and no person shall be eligible to the office of treasurer or sheriff more than four years in any period of six years.

IOWA. 13. V. The qualified electors of each judicial

district shall, at the time of the election of district judge, elect a district attorney, who shall be a resident of the district for which he is elected, and who shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shail have been

elected and qualified. (The foregoing section was stricken

out and the following substituted therefor at the general election in

1884.) (Sec. 13.) The qualified electors of

each county shall, at the general election in the year 1886 and every two years thereafter, elect a county attorney, who shall be a resident of the county for which he is elected, and shall hold his office for two years, and until his successor shall

have been elected and qualified. (The foregoing section was adopted

as substitute for the original section at the general election in 1881.)

KANSAS. 3. IX. All county officers shall hold their

offices for the term of two years, and until their successor shall be qualified, except county commissioners, who shall hold their offices for the term of three years: Provided, that at the general election in the year eighteen hundred and seventy-seven the commissioner elected from district number one in each county shall hold his office for the term of one year, the commissioner elected from district number two in each county shall hold bis office for the term of two years, and

KENTUCKY. 99. There shall be elected in eighteen

hundred and ninety-four in each county a judge of the County Court, a county court clerk, a county attorney, sheriff, jailer, coroner, surveyor and assessor, and in each justice's district one justice of the peace and one constable, who shall enter upon the discharge of the duties of their office on the first Monday in January after their election and continue in office three years, and until the election and qualification of their successors; and in eighteen hundred and ninetyseven, and every four years thereafter, there shall be an election in each county of the officers mentioned, who shall hold their offices four years from the first Monday in January after their election), and until the election and qualification of their

The first election of sheriffs under this Constitution shall be held in eighteen hundred and ninety-two, and the sheriffs then elected shall hold their offices two years, and until the election and qualification of their successors. The sheriffs now in office for their first term shall be eligible to re-election in eighteen hundred and ninety-two, and those elected in eighteen hun. dred and ninety-two for the first term shall be eligible to re-election in eighteen hundred and ninety-four, 1139

successors.

Governor May Remove Certain Officers.

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but thereafter no sheriff shall be eligible to re-election or to act as

deputy for the succeeding term. 103. The judges of the county courts,

clerks, sheriffs, surveyors, coroners, jailers, constables and such other officers as the General Assembly may, from time to time, require, shall, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, and as often thereafter as may be deemed proper; give such bond and security as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. Art.

Governor shall appoint for the re.

mainder of the term. Art. 124. There shall be a district at

torney for each judicial district in the State, who shall be elected by the qualified electors of the judicial district. He shall receive a salary of one thousand dollars per annum,

, payable monthly on his own warrant, and shall hold his office for four years. He shall be an actual resident of the district and a licensed

attorney at law in this State. He shall also receive fees; but no fees.

shall be allowed in criminal cases,

except on conviction. Any vacancy in the office of district attorney shall be filled by appointment by the Governor for the unexpired term. There shall be no parish attorney or district attorney pro tempore. (This article shall not ap

ply to the parish of Orleans.) Art. 127. There shall be a constable

for the court of each justice of the peace in the several parishes of the State, the parish of Orleans excepted, who shall be elected for the term of four years by the qualified voters within the territoral limits of the jurisdiction of the several justices of

the peace.

LOUISIANA. Art. 118. There shall be a sheriff and

coroner elected by the qualified voters of each parish in the State, except the parish of Orleans, whoshall be elected at the general elections

and hold office for four years. The coroner shall act for and in place

of the sheriff whenever the sheriff shall be partly interested, and when. ever there shall be a vacancy in the office of sheriff, until such vacancy shall be filled; but he shall not during such vacancy discharge the

duties of tax collector. The sheriff, except in the parish of

Orleans, shall be ex officio collector

of State and parish taxes. He shall give separate bonds for the

faithful performance of his duty in each capacity. Until otherwise provided, the bonds shall be given according to existing laws. The General Assembly, after the

adoption of this Constitution, shall pass a general law regulating the amount, form, condition and mode of approval of such bonds, so as to fully secure the State and parish,

and all parties in interest. Sheriffs elected at the first election

under this Constitution shall comply with the provisions of such law within thirty days after its promulgation, in default of which the office shall be declared vacant and the

The compensation, salaries or fees of

constables and the amount of their bonds shall be fixed by the General

Assembly. Art. 131. There shall be a district at

torney for the parish of Orleans, who shall possess the same qualifications and be elected in the same manner and for the same period of time as the district attorneys for other parishes, as provided by this

Constitution. He shall receive a salary of one thou

sand dollars per annum and such fees as may be allowed by law; but no fee shall be allowed in criminal

cases except on conviction. He may appoint an assistant at a sal

ary not to 'exceed fifteen hundred dollars per annum.

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