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models; and, amid the diffipation of pleasure, and the hurry of affected vivacity, I never confidered the gracefulness of virtue, and the bcauty of an open, fincere and manly character.




HE Elephant is not only the most tractables but the most intelligent of animals; sensible of benefits, refentful of injuries, and endued even with a sense of glory.

In Todia, they were once employed in the launching of ships. One was directed to force a very large ship into the water; the work proved fuperior to his strength; his master, with a sarcastic tone; bid the keeper take


this lazy beast and bring another; the poor animal instantly repeated his efforts, fractured his skull, and died on the spot.

3. In Delhi, an elephant passing along the streets put his trunk into a taylor's shop, where several people were at work; one of them pricked the end of it with a peedle ; the beast passed on; but, in the next dirty puddle, filled his trunk with water, returned to the shop, and spurting ev. ery drop among the people who had offended him, spoiled their work.

4. An elephant in Adsmeer, wliich often passed through the market, as he went by a certain herb-wonian, always. received from her a mouthful of greens. At length he was. seized with one of his periodical fits of rage, broke his fet: ters, and running through the market, put the crowd to fiaght; among others, this woman, who, in her halte, forgot a little child she had brought with her..

5. The animal recollecting the spot where his benefacatress was wont to sit, took up the infant gently in his trunk, and placed it in fafety on a ltall before a neighboring house. Another, in his madness, killed his governor ; the wife fees ing the misfortune;, took her two children and flung them before the elephant, saying, " have destroyed their father, you may as well put an end to their lives and mine,"

6. He instantly stopped, relented, took the greatest of the children, placed it on his neck, adopted it for his cor


nac or governor, and never afterwards would permit any body else to mount him.

7. A foldier at Pondicherry, who was accustomed, whenever he received the portion that came to bis share, to carry a certain quantity of it to one of these animals, having one day drank rather too freely, and finding himself purfued by the guards, who were going to take him to prison, took refuge under the elephant's body, and feel asleep.

8. In vain did the guard try to force hin from this asylum, as the elephant protected him with his trunk. The next morning the soldier recovering from his drunken fit, thuddered with horror to find hunfulf Stretched under the belly of this huge animal.

9. The elephant, which without doubt perceived the man's embarrassment, caressed him with his trunk, in order to inspire him with courage, and make him underitand that he might now depart in safety.

10. A painter was desirous of drawing the elephant which was kept in the menagerie at Versailles in an uncommon attitude, which was that of holding his trunk raised up in the air with his mouth open. The painte. * boy, in order to keep the animal in this posture, threw fruit into his mouth.

u. But, as the lad frequently deceived him, and made an offer only of throwing him the fruit, he grew angry ; and, as if he had known that the painter's inteption of drawing him was the cause of the affront that was offered him, instead of revenging himself on the lad, he returned his refentment on the matter, and taking up a quantity of water in his trunk, threw it on the paper on which the painter was drawing, and spoiled it.





WAS unwilling to interrupt the course of thi debate while it was carried on with calmness and decency by men who do not suffer the ardor of opposition to clou

their reafon, or transport them to such expressions as the dignity of this affembly does not admit.

2. I have hitherto deferred to answer the gentleman who declaimed against the bill with such fluency of rhetoric, and such vehemence of gesture ; who charged the advocates for the expedients now proposed, with having no regard any interest but their own, and with making laws only to consume paper; and threatened them with the defection of their adherents, and the loss of their influence, upon this new discovery of their folly and ignorance.

3. Nor, Sir, do I now answer him for any other pur. pole than to remind him how little the clamors of rage, and petulancy of invective, contribute to the purposes for which this affembly is called together ; how little the discovery of truth is promoted, and the security of the nation established by pompous diction and theatrical emotions.

4. Formidable founds and furious declamations, confi. dent assertions, and lofty periods, may affect the young

and unexperienced ; and perhaps the gentleman may have contracted his babits of oratory by conversing more with those of his own age, than with such as have had more opportunities of acquiring knowledge, and more successful methods of communicating their fentiments.

5. If the heat of his temper, Sir, would suffer him to attend to those whose age and long acquaintance with bufiness give them an indisputable right to deference and fuperiority, he would learn, in time, to reason rather than declaim, and to prefer justness of argument, and an accurate knowledge of facts, to sounding epithets and {plendid superlatives, which may disturb the imagination for a moment, but leave no lasting impression on the mind..

6. He will learn, Sir, that to accuse and prove are very different, and that reproaches, unsupported by evidence, affect only the character of him who utters them.. Excurfions of fancy and flights of oratory are indeed pardonable in young men, but in no other; and it would surely contribute more, even to the purpose for which some gentlemen appear to speak ; that of depreciating the conduct of the administration, to prove the inconveniences and injustice of this bill, than barely to assert them, with whatever mag-. Discence of language or appearance of zeal, honesty, or cumpaflion.




THE atrocious crime of being a young man, which the honorable gentleman has, with such spirit and decency, charged upon me, I shall neither attempt to palliate nor deny ; but content myself with wishing, that I may be one of those whose follies may cease with their youth, and not of th at number who are ignorant in spite of experience.

Whether youth can be imputed to any man as a reproach, I will not, Sir, assume the province of determin. ing ; but surely age may become juftly contemptible, if the opportunities which it brings have passed away without improvement, and vice appears to prevail, when the passions have subsided.

3. The wretch, who, after having seen the consequences of a thousand errors, continues still to blunder, and whose age has only added obstinacy to stupidity, is surely the object of either abhorrence or contempt, and deserves not that his grey head should secure him from insults.

4. Much more, Sir, is he to be abhorred, who, as he has advanced in age, has receded from virtue, and becomes more wicked with less temptation ; who prostitutes himself for

money which he cannot enjoy, and spends the remains of his life in the ruin of his country.

5. But youth, Sir, is not my only crime ; I have been accused of acting a theatrical part. A theatrical part may either imply some peculiarities of gesture, or a diffimulation of my real sentiments, and an adoption of the opinions and language of another man.

6. In the first fenfe, Sir, the charge is too trifling to be confuted, and deferves only to be mentioned that it


be despised. I am at liberty, like every other man, to use my owu language ; and though I may perhaps have some ambition to please this gentleman, I shall not lay myself under any restraint, not very solicitously copy his diétion or his mien, however matured by age, or modelled hy experience.


7. If any man fhall, by charging me with theatrical be havior, imply, that I utter any sentiments but my own, I shall treat him as a calumniator and a villain ; nor thall any protection thelter him from the treatment which he deferves.

8. I shall, on such an occafion, without fcruple, trample upon all those forms with which wealth and dignity entrench themselves ; por shall any thing but age reftrain my resentment. · Age, which always brings one privilege, that of being insolent and supercilious without punishment.

9. But with regard, Sir, to those whom I have offended, I am of opinion, that if I had acted a borrowed part, I should have ayoided their censure. The heat which offend. ed them is the ardor of convi&ion, and that zeal for the service of my country, which neither hope nor fear shall influence me to suppress.

I will not fit unconcerned while my liberty is invaded, nor look in filenee upon public robbery. I will exert my endeavors, at whatever hazard, to repel the aggressor, and drag the thief to justice, whoever may protect them in their villany, and whoever may partake of their plunder.



THE following relation proves, that incidents somewhat similar to those in the times of Jacob are still renewed in Egypt. In 1776, the plains of Syria were ravaged by clouds of locults, which devoured the corn to the

very root.

2. A famine followed, and a farmer near Damascus felt the effects of the general distress. To supply the wants of a numerous family, he fold his cattle ; which resource being foon exhausted, the unhappy father, wretched at present, but foreseeing greater wretchedness to come, pressed by hunger, fold his instruments of husbandry at Damascus.

3. Led by the invisible hand of Providence, as formerly Tobias was by the angel, while he bargained for corn, lately arrived froni Damietta, he heard speak of the success of Mourad Bey, who had entered Grand Cairo victorious, and in triumph.


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