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each other's shade. Toward the no doubt, in that filent room, wher North, I observe an orchard adjoining, the baleful spider has fix'd his web, and near it a lonely dome : I can just the votaries of Bacchus fat and top'& discover ihe chimney top, and part of and laugh'd aloud. the Nanting roof.--Let us see whether Immediately as I turn myself from time will permit me to visit it. My the dome, opposite the front, a smooth watch points at eight: 'tis yet an hour level spacious inclosure attracts my to the morning repait.—I'll just go attention. Round its banks I perceive a and peep at it-Yonder wicket gate, number of sender trees lately planted by I imagine, leads to it.

the industrious owner ; but alas ! few, Already I perceive the loneliness very few of them survive the scorching of the situation : between the two fummer. See how withered and blafthedges, here's a most pleating and re- ed they appear !-This fpot, though tir'd walk; but it appears to be but now converted into tillage, was once little frequented.-Sce! on one side a delightful green, and o'er its verthe red-berries hang in clusters on the dant surface, the gay gentleman rollid hawthorn ; on the other, the bramble the skipping bowl. Adjoining are shoots his luxuriant branches, and of several other fine enclosures and prifers me the protuberant jetty berry to vate walks, which render the whole refresh me in my walk. This is abso- exceedingly pleasing to a ferious mind ; lutely a fine, Thady, and agreeable as no place can be better adapted to avenue ; but here it terminates, and cherish or to inspire a contemplative the house rises to my view.

sedateness. It appears to be an antient structure.

What is that on my left? at this The tattered windows, and the grass distance it has the aspect of some fylgrowing on the threfhold, feem to in- van scene ; but as I approach nearer, dicate that 'tis not the delightful abode I perceive it to be a grove of Pomod of human society. No, 'uis entirely def. na's.-Ah! now I recollect, this is titute of inhabitant. How solemn! the very spot I visited in the month of how filent ! even the sleeky, agile May, when all the branches were armouse has forfaken it ; and only the rayed in a milk-white blossom : but solitary red-breast continues to haunt now the blooming maid is resigned it. Merhinks I am come to the house for the useful matron. The trees have of tranquility, such a deep, undisturbed drop't their filken gems, and hold composure reigns all around. Escap'd out the delicious blushing fruit ; from man and his busy walks, and however, nature here hath not been quite fequeftered from society, I'am profusely liberal this season. The struck with awe, as if some august boughs are not charged with such a personage was making his entrance, or heavy load, as I have sometimes seen some majestic being was upon the point upon them. Lo!' over the hedge opto speak. Awful solitude ! How plea- pofite me is another collection of fruit lingly horrid is the aspect of these fi- trees; but, at prefent I will not 'tra. lent retreats !-- What a profound me. verse that spot, for the ground is enlancholy has taken up its abode in this tangled with nettles and brambles, unfrequented and sequeltered manfion ! Let me revisit the dome, and pass on If I recollect right, this was once the to the bounds that lead to the furzy resort of weary itrangers *; and there, heath. - Here's a beautiful clump of

firs !-How majestically they rear aloft

their towering cones, and spread their The building alluded to above, is situated fable branches over this retired walk ? in a very rural and retired spot, about half a -A pie, I observe, has constructed mile from Market Lavingron, at some distance his fortified mansion in that which from a much frecuerted toad, called Broadt

looks over the gate. I dare say, the way, which leads to Devizes. It was formerby a repu:able innbyt at prefent is unia.

anxious parent reard his little family cd.

there in safety, "unmolested and undisRural Excursion in September,

turbed.

II

terbed. Indeed the hut is not inac-on each side, and cast a most refresh. cefible ; but I believe it escap'd the ing shade.- How happy for me that I penetrating eye of the school-boy.- on screen’d from Sol's burning beams! Farewell ye folemn walks, adieu ma- Was it not for the cooling breeze, jestic firs, clad in everlasting green and this sheltered walk, how should I I must bow be going. Nature solicits be able to pursue my excursion in the 2 reparation. Soon P'll visit you again, glowing element ?-Í am naturally of and contemplate under your embowcra tender frame, and the springs of life ed shade.

have been long, long relax'd ; but my Inftantly I launch into open day, languid nature revives at the prospect, and the wide extended heath bolts on the charming prospect of this ravishing ray fight. Mine eye, lately immur'd, scene. How chearing, how animating (though in pleasurable confinement) and exhilarating to the drooping spirits now expands her view into a space al are such rural views ! Methinks they inmoft boundless, and amidit objects, (pire health and vigoarin the heart, and little fort of innumerable. - Trans. touch with transport all the movements ported for a while, at the wonderful of the soul. I am never tired, never variety of beauteous images, pour'd in weary of admiring the it upendous work {weet confusion all around, the hardly of the creation. Never more delightknows where to fix, er which to pursue. led than when stolen away from fociRecovering at length from the pleasing ety, and liftening to the murmurs of perplexity, fe glances quick and income filver fream, or contemplating Aantaneous across the intermediate in the filent shade, amid the umbrage plain, and marks the distant hills of clustering trees. How inelegant, which run from the ealt to the weit, or how infenfible is the mind, which and seem to wrap their diminish'd sum- has no awakened lively relish for these mits in the clouds.

sweet rece Tes, and their exquisite suNext, with delight, she furseys the perlative beauties? cultured fields and adjacent meadows, As I ftrale along this shady walk, I where cattle of every graceful form, am entertained with the most delightand every valuable quality, crop the ful melody. The little birds perched tender herb, or drink the crystal rills on the adjacent bough, and fluttering Soon my excursive eye quits these over the heath, play a thousand airs, diftant objects, and ranges the ruflet wildly, yet sweetly harmon:ous. heath. This, methinks, wild and un- While the plains low, the hills bleat, cultivated as it is, is exceediugly pleaf- and the woods resound with the uniing, and like well disposed shapes in versal fong. My attention is particupainting, throws an additional luftre larly attracted by a number of pretty on the more ornamented part of the chorifters that frequent this barrea landscape. Nor is its usefulness rela- heath, and sport about me among the tive only, but real. Here spring a- furze. There are what the naturalists bundance of useful herbs, which ar-. call Birds of Palage, for they visit us Iwage the smart of our wounds, and only in the summer. Hark! how allay the fiery tumults of the fever ; they chant their sweet notes ! Did ever which impart floridity to our circu- mulic exceed their untaught sprightly lating fluids, and add a more vigorous warblings? or can any colours outvie tone to our active solids.

their gay and glossy plumage? Amazing! how the sun is come Ah! I am now arrived at the exforth in his ttrength, since I have been tremity : am emerged from the emcontemplating in yon filent retreats ! bowered shade and fully expired.--Sol his rays are become troublesome, and intermit thy burning beams, and with. beat fiercely on my throbbing pulse. draw thy fiery glare, elle I must Fortunately here's a shady walk leads quickly retire to yonder shady thicket, directly towards my dwelling. A and prostrate my weary limbs under beautiful row of graceful trees extend its bowery receis---Hiw profusely I

SIC.

1

perspire !-How impetuously the blood of land are there mixed with aquatic ruihes through my veins !

Melis, probably hurled from the hores

of the Atlantic ocean In vain I high,

or other adjaAnd reliels turn, and look around for night;

cent seas. Night is far oil, and holter hours approach.

(Ta be continued.)
Thrice hap;y he, who on the funleis lice
Of a romantic mountain, forest cown'd,
Beneath the whole collected inade rcclines :
Or in the red caverns, woodbine wrought,

of the Powers and PROGRESS of And freih bedew'd with ever ipouting itreams

Music. Siis conlly calm; while all inc world with. out,

From Sr John Hawkins's preliminary Un'atisty'd and lick colles ir no'n--THOMPSUN's Summer, p. 63

Discourse to the History of Mu.

Vol. I.
But yonder agreeable fight !-.A

(Continued from Suf: 711.) fleecy clond is wafted from the west, and will quickly spread itself over Sol's au- EFORE this time mulic had spicious orb. - Hail! welcome messen- ceased to be a subject of specuger! come agreeable stranger, I salute thy lation: Ptolemy was the last that had arrival.-Now my blood ceases to boil, written profefredly on it. my finews are new ftrung, and life bounds brisker through all lier crim- To these causes, and the zeal of the son channels.-I fee the broad, thick, fathers above mentioned, and more efdusky meteor, Avats but lowly, and pecially of St. Gregory, to disseminate will favour me with a welcome shade, its precepts, it is to be ascribed that til I arrive at yonder dome.

the cultivation of music became the Now I am enabled to trip fast along peculiar care of the clergy. But here the dusty road, and shall soon reach a distinction is to be made between the the gate before me, and the riling emi- ttudy and the practice of the science, nence called Spin-hill.-Really this is for we find that at the time of the ina delightful mound, and affords a mort ititution of the feast of St. Ambrose, extenlive and animating profpect. an order of clergy was also established, Here the cooling zephyis suveep along whose employment it was to perform over the plains, and inhale strength and such parts of the service as was requi. vigour to the drooping heart. - But, red to be fung; there were called Oh dear! what a precipice is here on Pfalmitæ, psalm lingers : and though my right hand! Let me approach the margin : tremendous! How deep it is!

Almost every part of the earth, even I shudder at the fight ! On one fide it the highell eminences, produce the spoils of is shagged with tangling briers and the occan, deposited there at the general de pendent bushes ; on the other, the ve.

lug. The Alps, the Appenvines, the Py

rennes, the Andes, Aulas and Ararat ; every ry trees that grow on the margin, Mhew

moun'ain of every region under heaven, from their naked roots, and hang, dread-J-pan to Mexico, all con pire in one uniform fully, visible, cver the subterraneous universal prouf, that they all had the sea (pread road. What should be the cause of ove their highelt lummits. Search the carth, this ghaftly chalm ! 'Tis supposed to be and you will find the moole deer, vatives of

America, buried in Ireland; clephan's, natives the havock of the prineval flood.

of Aliz and Africa, buried in the midst of There no doubt the boisterous waves

England ; croco iles, natives of the Nie, in roared and fuained ; there the liqnid she licast of Germany; Mell-filh, vever known element rushed with violent irr petu ).

buc in the American fras; logciber wühen

lire skeletons of whales, in divos o his counfity, with irrctiftible fury, down the riting precipices, and growled along which are not known to grow. in any rigion

ries; also trees and plants of various kinds, the land, till it formed the dizzy dread:

under Heaven: All which are a perla" deful canal. See, the relics of the delnge monftration, thiar Moses's account of the deare very corfpiduous : what niountains lage is incontestibly cruc,

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Powers and Progress of Music.

13 by Bellarmine, and a few other wri- deceffors, which is not more apparent ters, they are confounded with Lector, in their commendations of music, as or readers, yet they are by the canon- affociated with religious worship, than ils accounted a separate and distinct in their severe censures of that which order. The reason for their inftitu- was calculated for private recreation. Lion was, that whereas in the aposto. As to the songs of the stage, in the lica! age the whole congregation sang ages immediately succeeding the Chriin divine service, and great confusion stian æra, we know little more of them and disorder followed therefrom, it than, in general, that they were suited was found necessary to settle what the to the corrupt manners of the times ; church calls a regular and decent song, and these, by reason of their lewdness, which, as it was framed by rule, and and perhaps impiety of sentiment, fouoded in the principles of harmony, might be a just subject of reprehenfion; required skill in the performance ; and but against the music, the sounds to accordingly we find a canon in the which they were uttered, or the parcouncil of Laodicea, held as early as ticular instruments that assisted the the beginning of the fourth century, voice in singing them, an objection can forbidding all, excepting the caroni. scarce be thought on; and yet so free cal fingers, that is to say those who quent and so bitter are the invectives were stationed in the Ambo, where of the primitive fathers, Clemeus, the singing desk was placed, and who Alexandrinus, . . and St. fang out of a book or parchment, to Chryfoftom, who were lovers and projoin in the pfalms, hymns, and other moters of music against wicked meaparts of musical divine service. We fures and effeminate melodies, the noise may well suppose that this order of of flutes, cymbals, harps, and other men were endowed with all the re- inftruments of deceit, feducing the quilites for the discharge of their hearers to intemperance and even idofunction, and that that particular formlatry, that if credit be given to their which the council of Carthage directs opinions of the nature and tendency to be used for the ordination of fla:- of secular music, we must be inclined mia, or fingers, (fee vol. I. p. 284, n.) to believe, as they in good earnest prowas in effect a recognition of their fess, that it was the invention of Satan. kill and abilities.

The cultivation of music, as a sciThe order of men abovementioned ence, was the employment of men in can be considered in no other view whom all the learning of the times than as mere practical musicians, the may then be said to have centered : principal object of whose attention these were the regular clergy, of such Fis to make themselves acquainted of whom as Aourished in the eleventh with the songs of the church, and to century and afterwards, it must, in utter them with that decency and gra- justice be faid, that what they wanted vity, and in such a manner as tended in knowledge, they made up in indusmolt to edification. From the fre- try; and that those frequent barbaquent repetition of the fame offices it risms which occur in their writings must be supposed that in general they were, in no small degree, atoned for laag by rote : at least we had no bet- by the clearness and precision with ter reafon to afsign than that they must which, on every occafion, they delihave so done, for the establishment of a vered their sentiments. Nor was the íchool by St. Gregory for the instruc- conciseness and method of the monktion of youthia church mulic, as reform. ifh treatiscs on mulic a less recommened by himself, and for that sedulous dation to them than their perspicuity. attention to their improvement in it They confifted cither of such 'maxims which he manifested in fundry inttances. as were deemed of the greatest impori

At the same time as we applaud the ance in the study of the science, or of zeal of this father of the church, we familiar dialogues belveen a master faggot but wonder at that of his pre- and his disciple, in which, in an order.

ly

had driven a great number of learned tacks of the spitefuland fplenetick, and Greeks thence, who bringing with cleared of the accusation of being altothem an immense treasure of manu gether weaker vesseis, as some would. scripts, took refuge in Italy. Being be-wits have endeavoured to prove settled there, they opened their stores, them ; the poem I refer to is the fecond took possession of the public schools, in the book, and may afford no small and became the profeffors and teach entertainment and instruction on the ers of the mathematical and other fci. reading of it, to eitbep sex-but how. ences, and indeed philosophy, clo ever the author may have taken pains quence, and literature in general, in all to ingratiate himself into female favour, the great cities. Of the many valuá by espousing the cause of the injured ble books of harmonies that are known and unfuspecting fair, againt the opto have been written by the mathema- probrious and unmanly aspersions of the ticians and other ancient Greeks, some conceited coxcomb or the opinionative had escaped the devastation which learn-fool, yet he cannot but acknowledge ing is sure to experience from the ra there is too much reason for censure vage of conquest, and the contents of and unpleasing reflections respecting these being made public, the principles the conduct and behaviour of those of of the science began to be known and whom he writes ; tho' be seems to be understood by many, who, till then most desirous of commending and ex. were scarcely sensible that it had any pressing his approbation, wherever the principles at all.

least opportunity is given him of so dos This communication of intelligence ing, and justly concludes the poem awas propitious to music, as it deter- bove-mentioned, with the following mined many persons to the study of pertinent remark, which I would rea the feience and harmony.

commend to the regard of all, in atten, tion to which, both sexes may find real benefit, and be taught to difpife that

love of scandal and defamation so un, To be continued.)

happily encouraged by the gay, fashi, onable and polite part of mankind, in the present day, to the reproach of good

nature, benevolence and philanthropy, Tbe FEMALE REFORMER. Imperfection and errors to each sex belong,

Men as well as the women may often be wrong; By BOB SHORT, Jun.

They both have their failings we all of us own,

Let him that is perfect then, throw The firi (Continued from Vol. X. page 651.). fione.

BoD SHORT. Number XXII. On FEMALE FRAILTY and FAILINGS. The ferpens beguiled me and I did çat.

A Philefopbical Question for the LA N a treatise lately publifhed, under

the title of Thoughts in Younger Life, the foibles of the Fair Sex our tea-pots are made with a are with candour and delicacy pointed small bole in them, what is the use out in verse to those whom it may con thereof? çern, while at the same time the ladies are defended from the malicious ar

HENRIETTA D

Genesis in. 13.

DIES.

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