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specific than the mere silence of the treaty with respect to their destination.
These are the considerations which have determined the conduct which I mean to pursue. It will be a great satisfaction to me to find that they are not erroneous; and I trust that your lordship will excuse the liberty I take in mentioning the difficulty which has thus presented itself to my mind, and which, perhaps, I have magnified by endeavouring (through my anxiety to promote them) to see further into the intentions of his Majesty's Government than it was necessary for the present that I should do.
I have the honour to be, &c, B. Frere.
The Hon. F. Lamb to Lord Castlereagh.
Munich, January 13, 1816.
My dear Lord—I have the honour to enclose to your lordship a copy of a private letter to Lord Stewart, in writing which, I hope your lordship will be persuaded that I was animated only by the most sincere desire to neglect no means of bringing this very unpleasant negociation to an amicable conclusion. The detail contained in it relative to the Count Capo d'Istria was received in confidence from Count Pahlen, with whom he passed some hours on his passage through this town for St. Petersburgh. The Austrian Charge- d'Affaires here assures me that he and M. de Wacquant have urged the policy of concession to their Court, but he does not give me much reason to expect that their representations will produce any effect.
I also enclose a copy of a letter to Lord Clancarty, with which I should not have thought of troubling your lordship, if he had not informed me that he had sent home his letter to me of the 4th January, to which mine is an answer. I have less apology to make to your lordship for troubling you with it, as it contains some points which I should otherwise have been forced to lay before your lordship in another form.
If your lordship should not be satisfied with the note to Count Montgelas, let me request you to recollect the difficulties which always attend the combining a joint representation. The instructions of the Prussian Ministry are considerably stronger than mine or those of Count Pahlen. He is not confined to amicable representations; and it was only by obtaining the omission of several sentences which he wished to insert, that we could succeed in avoiding all language which might bear a hostile interpretation. This was my principal object, as it will always be in your lordship's power to strengthen the interference, if you should deem it expedient, and as I am convinced that a change in the policy of this Government can only be arrived at by the determination of the three Courts to support the line they have adopted, and not by the strength of the language employed by their Ministers.
The Russian and Prussian Ministers have agreed with me to demand a conference of M. de Montgelas, in order to take advantage of the concluding sentence of his Note, by desiring him to state what are the expedients which Bavaria will admit of, in order to reconcile the existing differences. As Austria has already made repeated propositions, it appears equally regular and reasonable that Bavaria, if she is really animated with a desire to conciliate, should, in her turn, propose a basis of negociation. I have no expectation that it will either be such a one as Austria will accept, or as, under our instructions, we can propose to her: but we may thereby succeed in throwing the difficulty upon Bavaria; and, if her propositions are unreasonable, the case of Austria will be strengthened, and a better ground of argument prepared than, I think, we at present possess.
I believe that the real object of Bavaria, if she cannot obtain a diminution of the cessions claimed by Austria, is the acquirement of the northern part of the grand-duchy of Baden, by which Wiirzburg and Aschaffenburg would be connected with the transrhenane provinces. The territory thus obtained would include Manheim, which would become the residence of the Crown Prince, instead of Salzburg. Should the negociation take this turn, it is impossible to foresee an end to it; nor do I believe that the Grand-Duke would ever consent to the ces$ion required.
A pretended address from the inhabitants of Salzburg was forwarded to your lordship through Lord Clancarty; two other publications of the same nature have since appeared; one of them was even more obnoxious, but, upon the representations of the Austrian Charge- d'Affaires, they were immediately suppressed, so that I am not enabled to forward copies of them to your lordship. Their publication is calculated to throw much discredit on the Bavarian cause, and I believe it to be very contrary to the wishes of M. de Montgelas.
I have the honour to be, &c, F. Lamb.
Munich, January 7, 1816. My dear Stewart—I enclose copies of the Notes demanding the intervention of the three Powers, and of that addressed by them to Count Montgelas. Thus the intervention of Russia is obtained, but there is great reason to doubt how far it will be supported. I know, from undoubted authority, that Capo d'Istrias is extremely unfavourable to the whole proceeding, and that, before leaving Paris, he wrote to the Emperor of Russia a strong remonstrance upon the subject. He has since, upon his own authority, directed Count Pahlen to use only the mildest language, and to put himself forward as little as possible until he shall receive the further orders of the Emperor; and, as the Protocol was signed at Paris after the deposition of the Emperor, and the Bavarians have since sent representations upon the subject, it seems not impossible that some change in the views of Russia may take place. This alone would not have induced me to write to you, but I understand from Lord Clancarty that the Ministers are anxious that this question should be finally arranged before the meeting of Parliament.
Of this I see no possibility, unless Austria should be inclined to make some further cessions to Bavaria; unless she should adopt this line, I do not think that she will ever obtain the provinces in question without a demonstration of force; and even then it is highly probable that Bavaria will allow them to be occupied without signing any arrangement or relinquishing her claims upon them. This result appears to me to be calculated to produce so bad an effect in Europe, and particularly in England, that I lose no time in acquainting you with the state of the negociation, in order that you may judge how far you are authorized, or think it expedient, to attempt to dispose Austria to some further concessions.
What Bavaria wishes to obtain is the Innviertel, relinquishing the other provinces; but I should suppose that a smaller concession might be sufficient to induce a renewal of the negociation with every prospect of success. The principle of contiguity has only been asserted at last by Bavaria, when she saw that the offers of Austria were not sufficiently advantageous to induce her to relinquish it.
The Hon. F. Lamb to the Earl of Clancarty.
Munich, January 13, 1816. My dear Clancarty—I must answer your letter of the 4th at some length, and begin by agreeing with you that the Austrian negociation has been extremely ill conducted. It is only lucky that Wacquant has not taken some violent step, which he was once on the eve of doing. He is a hot-headed little General, who would delight in a war, but, though sixty years old, is much too wild and too lively to be employed as a conciliator.
I conclude you are right about the origin of his mission, and the fixing upon Munich as the place for the negociation; but, having never seen the Protocol of the 17th, I knew nothing of it before your letter arrived. If, however, this negociation depended upon the supposed renunciation of the principle of contiguity contained in M. de Rechberg's note of the 11th, I am totally at a loss to imagine how such an interpretation could ever have been put upon that note. Bead it attentively, and I think you will find it the most carefully guarded exposition that ever was put together.
After asserting the perfect right of the King to yield nothing, except en raison des convenances qu'on lui offre, and his expectation that, in return for his even entering upon the discussion, the cessions which are demanded from him will be diminished, he proceeds to qualify the order of things proposed as entirely new to him, and declares that he has no instructions whatever upon the subject. This alone is surely sufficient to prevent the note in question from being looked upon in any other light than that of a first step towards establishing a basis of negociation. It declares that, from M. de Rechberg's knowledge of the King's conciliatory disposition, he takes upon himself to say that he will perhaps consent to treat and to pass the Rhine, not on condition of receiving an equivalent for the territority which he cedes, but provided he shall obtain such advantages in population and finance as may in some measure repay him for the losses attached to the relinquishment of an arrondissement qui lui a ete tant de fois garanti. What is this "arrondissement which has been so often guaranteed to him V It is either the one which he actually possesses, extending from Aschaffenburg to the Lake of Constance, or such other as shall form, according to the Treaty of Ried, une contiguité parfaite avec le royaume de Baviere et a sa bienseance. I believe the words non interrompue are there also; but, as no one of the treaties has been sent to me, I cannot be perfectly certain. By renouncing this, he by no means