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perceived by that General. The conjunc- not to post a body of infantry along the tion of this Prince with the Duke of Marl- bank for the security of their camp, and to borough was generally known; and Mar-gain intelligence of the motions of the Al. thal de Villeroy might have waked from his lies. Inactivity, and forced the lines, which were 6. They were so injudicious, as to form only guarded by an inconsiderable body of their center of battle out of the right and left militia; and might afterwards have advan. wings of their two armies, instead of proviced with his army through the duchy of ding a formidable center of infantry Wirtemberg to the Neckar, which would 9. They shut up the greatest and best part have rendered the Allies incapable of pre- of Marshal de Tallard's infantry in the vilserving their communication with the Lower lage of Blenheim, where they were posted Neckar for the security of the provisions without the least order, and rendered inčawhich were conveyed to Norlingen, from the pable of forming any motion; and they had Rhine and the Mein. And thus would this not even the least precaution to secure a

lingle motion have limited the supply of the communication from one brigade or regi· provisions of the A Mies to Nuremberg, and, ment to another.

consequently, they could never think it safe 8. They did not survey the ground, to be remote from that city,

which extended from their right to the rivuMarshal de Villeroy might even have com- lét and the Danube; and they posted drapelled the Allies to retire, in part, to the goons there instead of infantry. Phine, and leave the Elector of Bavaria to 9. When they arrived at their camp, they act with freedom in the heart of Germany, neglected to detach a body of cavalry, beif that General had forced the lines of Biel, yond the left of thefr armies, to observe the and then marched his army down the Rhine lituation of the camp of the Allies, which near Philipsburg. For this motion alone they were unacquainted with to such a dewould have obliged the enemy to separate, in gree, as not to know that Prince Eugene in order to protect Philipłburg and the had joined the Duke of Marlborough with Lower Neckar. This march might likewise his army; and they imagined, that the have been effected without the least dan- Prince of Baden was engaged with a consiger, because, when the lines had been once derable body of troops at the fiege of Inforced, Marthal de Villeroy might have goldstadt, thrown a bridge over the Rhine, in case the 10. After the first disorder in their grand Allies had approached him with all their center of cavalry, and after they had Mrunk forces; and, if they had attempted that mo from their ground, till they formed a contion, they would have abandoned Austria, fased line with the infantry, who were emand even the city of Vienna, to the Elector bartalled in the village of Blenheim, the of Bavaria.

Elector of Bavaria's army did not close on These were the errors committed, with their right, to form an attack in flank upon respect to the general state of the war in Ger- the enemy, who had advanced beyond the many; the rett related to the particular dif- interval of ground that extended between the position and order of battle, and were as two villages. Had they difpofed themselves follow :

into this motion, they might either have suf1. The French and Bavarians incamped tained, or drawn off the French infantry their tivo armies, as if they were to engage from Blenheim, and have given their cafeparately.

valry, who had been disordered by the fire 2. They disposed them on the day of of the enemy's foot, an opportunity of ralbattle in the order of their incompment, and lying in order of battle. But, instead of only in the front of the camp,

this obvious motion, that whole arny was 3. They did not chuse their field of battle only attentive on their retreat to Ulm; and fo near the rivulet as would have prevented they abandoned Marshal de Tallard's inthe Allies from passing it, and not have left fantry, while the cavalry of that Generals them a sufficient extent of ground to form army never attempted to recover their proper their troops between the rivulet and the front order, or make any effort to disengage their of the French line

infantry, when they saw the Elector's army 4. They neglected to advance their right retreat from the field of battle. and center upon the Allies, when they law 11. When Marshal de Tallard was taken they had passed the rivulet, and forincd prifoner, and the center of the French army them felves on the front of the French. intirely thrown into disorder, not one of the

s. They had not the precaution to take a General Officers of the Marthal's atmy made ftriét view of the rivulet, when they arrived the least endeavour to draw the infantry at their camp ; and were lo inconliderate as from Blenheim, while they had an opportu



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nity of affording them that relief, by march-, Allies an opportunity of gining ground.
ing them along the Danube, till they had As the Duke of Marlborough, who was
rejoined their cavalry; but, on the contrary, now in person among them, was preparing a
thole who were charged, in particular, with fresh attack, Marthal de Tallard caused ten
the command of the body of infanty, either of his battalions to advance, to fill up the in-
intirely abandoned them, even before they tervals of his cavalry, in order to make a laft
were attacked, when they saw the cavalry effort ; which, the Duke perceiving, caused
defeated, and plunging themselves into the three battalions of the troops of Zell to come
Danube, in hopes of swimming to the other up and sustain the horse.' Then the Prince
lide; or else they continued in the village of Helle Cassel, General of the horse, and
without daring to leave it, and were even to the Lieutenant-generals Lumley, Bulaw,
destitute of thought, as not to attempt any Hompesch, and Ingoldiby, returned with
communication between the battalions. In their troops to the charge ; but the superior
short, they fee:ned to continue there with no fire of the enemy's infantry pad their firft
other view than to charge themselves with line into some disorder, so that it shrunk
the despicable province of making a brave set back, and remained for some time at about
of battalions lay down their arms with re- fixty paces distant from the enemy, neither
luctance, and of furrendering to the enemy party advarcing against the other. At
twenty-seven battalions, and twelve fqua- length, the Confederates pushed forwards
drons of the best troops of France: Which with so much bravery and succefs, that, hav-
svas fo infamous an action, that it would ing broke and routed the enemy's horse, the
Scarce be credited by posterity, especially ten battalions who found themselves aban-
when it is informed, that, except one Bri- doned by them were cut to pieces, none ef-
gadier of foot, who was broke, all the other cáping but a very few soldiers, who threw
authors or spectators of this contemptible ti- themselves on the ground as dead to fave
midity were rewarded, and advanced to sta- their lives.
tions of dignity.

Marshal de Tallard rallied his broken At length the Duke's cavalry moving to. cavalry behind fome tents which were still wards the hill, that of Marshal de Taliard standing in his camp ; and, seeing things in came down, and charged them with a great this deliberate condition resolved to draw off deal of fury; the French infantry, which his dragoons and infantry out of the village were posted at Blenheim, making at the same of Blenheim. He thereupon sent one of his time a terrible fire from behind come hedges Aids-de-camp to Marshal de Marfin, who, on their fank, which were advanced too with the Eleétor of Bavaria, commanded on near that village, so that the first line was put the left, to desire him, “ to face the enemy into such disorder, that part of them retired with some of his troops on the right of the beyond the rivulet. Upon this, the Duke village of Oberklau, to keep them in play, gave orders to Lieutenant-general Bulaw, and favour the retreat of the infantry that was Commander in chief of the troops of Lu- in Blenheim. But Marshal de Marfin re. nenburgh, to bring up! '; c:n regiment of picsented to the messenger, “That he had

a vi the troops of Zell, too much business in the front of the village, which ch... 126 enemy's horse with fó where he was posted, and where he had to much vigyting wat they broke them, and deal with the Duke of Marlborough, who drove their beyond the second rivulet, called was come to the assistance of Prince Eugene, Meul Weyer, and from thence to the yery as well as in the rest of the line, to fpare any hedges of the village of Blenheim. This troops ; since he was so far from being vicgave time to those who had given ground to torious, that all he could do was te maintain repass the rivulets and to form a second line his ground.' behind thoic regiments of dragoons, and In the mean time Ingoldsby made the fome others that had joined them, to that other Generals of the fame attack sensible those dragoons remained in the first line du how easily they might intirely deft at the ring the rest of the action.

French cavalry by charging them on the The cavalry of the Confederates left wing, right Aank.This advice being put into exhaving by this success gained the advantage ećution with a great deal of vigour, the of forming themselves intirely in order of enemy were foon thrown into disorder, and battle, advanced leisurely to the top of the put to fight, part of them endeavouring to hill, and several times charged the enemy's gain the bridge which they had over the Da. horse, who were always routed, but who, nube between Blenheim and Hochstet; and neverthelefs, rallied every time, though at a the other part, among whon were the Gens confiderable distance, and thereby gave the d'Armes, were closely pursued by the Lu


dragoons, and

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renburgh dragoons, and those who escaped hind the village of Sonderen, not far from the Naughter threw themselves into the Da- the Danube, by Monsieur de Boinenburg, a nube, where most of them were drowned. Lieutenant-colonel of the troops of Hello, Those who fled towards Hochstet rallied Aid-de-camp to the Prince of Helle-Caffel. once more, making a thew to fuccour the The Marquis de Montperoux, General of reft ; bert the fame regiment of Bochmar Horfe ; de Seppeyile, de Silly, and de la faced them, and kept them in awe for some Valiere, Major-generals ; Monsieur de la time, tilt it was joined by fume other regi. Melfiliere, st. Pouange, de Legondais, and ments, when the enemy made the best of several other Officers of note, were likewife their way to save themselves by flight. made prisoners in this defeat. This Marshal de Tallard was furrounded

[ To be continued. ) by the fugitives, and taken near a mill beNatural History of the ROE-BUCK, with a finely-engraved Figure

of that Animal. HE roe-buck, or roe-deer, is called again; and, when he has confounded, by apriolus; in French, chevreuil; in Italian, and returning i when he has mingled the capriolo ; in Spanish, zorlito, cabronzillo present with the past emanations; he springs montes ; in Portuguese, cabramontes ; in from the ground, and, darting aside, couches German, rehe ; in Swedilh, ra-diur ; and, down, and lets país by him, without ftirin Dapith, raa-diur.

ring, the whole pack of hounds. The stag, as the most noble of the inhabi The roe-buck differs from the stag and tants of woods, occupics, in forests, the parts fallow-deer in disposition, constitution, manthat are haded by the lofty tops of the highest ners, and likewise in almost all natural hatrees: The roe-buck, as being of an infe- bits. Instead of herding, as they, together, rior species, rests contented with a more he remains confined to his fanily. The fire, hunible roof, and ufually abides anidft the the dam, and the young go together; and thick foliage of the youngest underwoods; they are never seen to aliociate with stranbut, if he is less noblé, less strong, and lefs gers ; they are also as constant in their atall and majestic than the itag, he is more mours, as the stag is inconftant; and, as graceful, more lively, and more courage- the fernale produces commonly two fawns, ous; he is more {prightly, spruce, and neat; of both texes, these young animals, reared his form is rounder, more elegant, and his and fed together, conceive fo Itrong an af. Sgure more agreeable; his eyes especially are fection for each other, that they never part finer, more brilliant, and appear animated unless one of the tivo has met with the inwith brisker sensations; his linbs arc more juftic: of fate, which ought never to separate Yupple, his motions more agile; and he lovers; but this is attachment rather than bounds, without effort, with equal strength love, for, though always together, they are and lightness. His coat is always clean, his not sensible of the ardors of rutting, but once hair sleek and smooth. He never roils about a year; and this time lasts bùt a fortnight in mire as the stag. He delights in the beginning about the end of October, and highest and driest grounds, where the air is ending before the 15th of November. They pureft. He is also more cunning, more are not then overloaded, as the Itag, with dexterous in stealing away, more difficult to fuperabundant Aeth; they have no ftrong follow, than the stag; and has withal more smell, no furious rage; nothing, in Thort, subtlety, and more resources of instinct. that alters and changes their condition : For, though he has the mortal disadvantage They do not, however, fuffer their fawns to of leaving after him stronger impressions, remain with them, during this time; the which fill the dogs with more ardor, and fire drives them away, as it were, to oblige more vehemence of appetite, than the scent them to give up their place to others thar, of the stag; yet he knows better to with. are to come, and to form themselves into a draw from their pursuit by the rapidity of new family; but, when rutting is over, his first course, and the multiplicity of his the fawns return to their dam, and stay with, turns : He does not wait till strength fails her for some time longer, after which they him, for having recourse to stratagem; on leave her for ever, and go both in quest of the contrary, to soon as he perceives, that an establishment at some distance froin the

the first efforts of a rapid flight have been place of their birth. unsuccessful, ke ruas back, retums, comes The female goes five months and a half


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