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been ; as infants which never saw light.] Or like an 10. 11. intending, it is likely, to remember him abortive, which was never numbered among men. also of the destruction of the Emims by the chile'
Ver. 17. There the wicked cease from troubling, and · dren of Moab, (Deut. ij. 10. 11.), and of the Zamthere the weary be at rest.] There are none can hurt zummims, (ver. 20. 21.), who were rooted out by us in the grave, though they be never so malicious, the children of Ammon, as the Horims by the chil. nor shall we toil any more when we come thither. dren of Esau: from whose grandchild Eliphaz
Ver. 18. There the prisoners rest together, they hear seems to have been descended, and called by the not the voice of the oppressor.] The captives, and they ]
name of the eldest son of Esau. He tells Job also who are condemned to hard servitude, take no pains. of a vision he had to confirm the same truth, That there, and do not dread the voice of the exactor of man's wickedness is the cause of his destruction. their labours. Ver. 19. The small and great are there, and the ser. Ver. 1. THEN Eliphaz
the Tenianite answered and vant is free from his master.] There none are greater
said,] Then Eliphaz (one of his most than others; but the servant in that place is as free ancient friends, descended from Teman) replied to as his master.
him, and said, Ver. 20. Wherefore is light given to him that is in Ver. 2. If we assay to commune with thee, wilt thou misery, and life to the bitter in soul?] Is it not strange be grieved ? but who can with-hold himself from speak. that a man should be forced to live, when he hath no ing?] We must either still keep silence, or speak mind to it?
what will not please thee. But truth sure is more to Ver. 21. Which long for dent), but it cometh not, and be regarded than friendship; and therefore I must dig for it more than for bid treasures ?] But wishes for remember thee. death, though in vain, and seeks it more eagerly than Ver. 3. Behold thou hast instructed many, and thou she greatest riches ?
hast strengthened the weak hands.] That thou, it is well Ver. 22. Which rejoice exceedingly, and are glad, known, hast given good counsel 'unto others, (and when they can find the grave?] Leaping for joy when perhaps reproved their impatience), thou hast encouhe can meet with his grave, as far more welcome to raged those who were dispirited ;. him than a mine of silver?
Ver. 4. Thy words have upholden bien that was falla Ver. 23. Why is light given to a man whose way is ing, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees.] And bid, and whom God hath hedged in?] Not knowing by thy discourse hast supported those whose hearts which way to turn himself, but only thither? were ready to sink, and settled those who trembled
Ver. 24. For my sighing cometh before I eat, and my under their burden. rearings are poured out like the waters.] This is my Ver. 5. But now it is come upon thee, and thou faintcondition, whose meat merely sustains a miserable est; it loucheth thee, and thou art troubled.]
And now: life, which is all sighs and sobs, as loud as the roar- that thou art fallen into the same condition, thou canst ings of the lion.
not practise thy own lessons ; but faintest, and art Ver. 25. For the thing which I greatly feared is come struck with consternation. upon me, and that which I was afraid of is came unto Ver. 6. Is not this thy fear, thy confidence, thy hope, me.] For the very thing which I dreaded is fallen and the uprightness of thy ways ??] is not this the time upon me, notwithstanding all my care to prevent it. to exercise thy piety, (so much famed), thy confi..
Ver. 26. I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither dence in God, thy hope, thine integrity ? was I quiet, yet trouble came.) I did not confide in Ver. 7. Remember, - I pray thee, who ever perished riches, nor in the least lull myself in security, (chap. being innocent ? ar where were the righteous cut off ?] i. 5.) and yet that did not preserve me from being Consult thine own observation, and tell me when thou miserable.
ever sawest a righteous man forsaken by God.
Ver. 8. Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, CHAP. IV.
and sow wickedness, reap the same.] Quite contrary, I
have seen the wicked reaping the fruit of their doings. THE ARGUMENT.-Eliphaz, incensed at this complaint Ver. 9. By the blast of God they perish, and by the
of Job, instead of condoling with him, and pitying breath of his nostrils are they consumed.] God blasts the miseries which had put him into this agony, and consumes them as the nipping wind, or the fire and applying fitting lenitives to his anguish, bluntly doth the corn in the field. rebukes him for not following the good advice that Ver. 10. The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the he used to give to others in their adversity; and fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions are broken.] tells him, he had reason to suspect his piety, be. Though they be as ficrce as the lions, and as strong, cause the innocent were not wont to suffer such their power is broken. things, but only wicked oppressors, whom, though Ver. 11. The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and never so mighty, God had always humbled. Wit- the stout lions whelps are scattered abroad.] The greatness the Horims, who dwelt in Seir, (Deut. ii. 12.) est tyrants and their posterity, after they have long whom the ancestors of Eliphaz (Gen. xxxvi. 11.) enjoyed their power, are deprived of all their riches had overcome, though they were as fierce as ļions. gotten by oppression, and come to nothing. To those beasts of prey, of all sorts, he compares Ver. 12. Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and the tyrants whom he speaks of in this chapter, ver, mine fair receited a little thereof.] If these observar
tions be not sufficient to cativince thee, hear what God this opinion : and if an angel should appear to thee, himself secretly whispered to me.
(as there did to me), thou wouldst have no other inVer. 13. In thoughts from the visions of the night, formation but this; when deep sleep falleth on men,} As I was ruminating Ver. 2. For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy one night, when all were asleep, of some visions slayeth the silly one.)
slayeth the silly one.) That God in his anger and inwhich I had had,
dignation destroys the wicked, and him that errs from Ver. 14. Fear came upon me and trembling, which his precepts. made all my bones to shake.] I was on a sudden seized Ver. 3. I bave seen the foolish taking root : but sudwith such a fear, that it made every joint of my body denly I cursed bis habitation.] This is so certain, that tremble.
I have predicted his downfall, when he seemed most Ver. 15. Then a spirit fassed before my face, the hair firmly settled in his prosperity. of my flesh stood up.] Whereupon I saw a spirit pass Ver. 4. His children are far from safety, and they by me, which made mine hair stand on end.
are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver Ver. 16. It stood still, but I could not discern the form - them.] His children also fell with him; justice theresf: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, took hold of them, and would not let them escape. and I heard a voice, saying,] I am not able to describe Ver. s. Whose harvest tbe hungry eateth up, and what it was like ; for though it stood still, and I saw talleth it even orit of the thorns ; and the robber swallowan image of something, yet I can only tell what I ed up their substance.] The hungry soldier devoured heard in a still voice, saying,
their harvest, there was no fence could secure it; but Ver. 17. Skall mortal man be more just than GOD? the rest of their riches became a prey to the robber. skall a man be more pure than his Maker ?] Can any Ver. 6. Although afliction come not forth of the dust, one think that a miserable man is more righteous than neither doth trouble spring out of the ground :) For we God his judge ? or that it is possible for any body to are not to ascribe the trouble and misery of mankind be more unreprovable than he that made him ? merely to earthly causes, which are but the instru.
Ver. 18. Bohold, be put no trust in his servants; and ments of God's justice : bis angels he charged with fdly :] The heavenly mi- Ver 7. Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly nisters themselves may fails for they are not perfectly upward.] Who hath made it as natural to man to wise, though they have no flesh and blood as we have. suffer, (having offended him), as it is for the sparks to
Ver. 19. How much less on them that dwell in houses Ay upward. Cype clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crush- Ver. 8. I would seek unto God, and unto GOD ed before the moth?] How can we pretend to perfec- would I commit my cause :] Wherefore, if I were in tion, who dwell in bodies of dirt; which stand upon thy case, I would humbly address myself to God, no firm foundation, but are as subject to be destroyed, and desire him to order all things as he pleases. as a garment to be fretted with moths ?
Ver. 9. Which doth great things, and unsearcbable, Ver. 20. They are destroyed from morning to even. marvellous tbings without number.] For he is the ing: they perish for ever without any regarding it] author of all those wonderful things, whose causes We see continual examples of those that are cut off : we can no more find out, than we can count their they are quite taken away, when nobody thinks of it. number.
Ver. 21. Dith not their excellency which is in them Ver. 10. Who givetb rain upon the earth, and send. go away ? they die even without wisdom. Though eth waters upon the fields :) of the rain, for in]
Of , their dignities be never so great, and their posterity stance, in its season, and of the springs which run
; never so numerous, all go away with them, and they in the fields; die like so many beasts, who have no understanding of Ver. 11. To set up on high those that be low ; tbat their latter end.
those which mourn may be exalted to safety.] Whereby
men of low condition are enriched and grow great ; CHAP. V.
as the plants and corn shoot out of the earth, after THE ARGUMENT.-Eliphaz still prosecutes the very they are moistened with showers.
same argument ; endeavouring to confirm it from Ver. 12. He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, the opinion and observation of other men, as well
so that their bands cannot perform their enterprize.] as from his own. And thereupon exhorts him to
And, on the contrary, he defeats the craftiest designs repentance, as the surest way to find mercy with
of subtle men to raise themselves; and it is not in God; and to be not only restored to his former
their power to effect that which they have most wiseprosperity, but to be preserved hereafter from the ly contrived. incursions of savage people, or of wild beasts, and
Ver. 13. He taketh the wise in their own craftiness : from all the rest of the disaster's which had befallen
and the counsel of the froward is carried beadlong. ] him. Of this he bids him, in the conclusion, be Nay, they produce that which they studied to avoid ,
, assured for it was a point he had studied.
and when they think themselves sure, make too much
haste to their ruin. Ver. 1. CALL now, if there be any that will answer Ver, 14. They meet with darkness in the day-time,
thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou and grope in the noon-duy us in the night.] They trip turn?] If thou dust not believe me, thou mayest in the plainest way; and sce not their danger, when inquire of others. There is no good man but is of it is visible to every body but themselves.
Ver. 15. But be saveth the poor from the stvord, from beir mouth, and from the band of the mighty.) Where
CHAP. VI. by many a helpless man is delivered, both from the open force, and from the treacherous flatteries or ca. The ARGUNENT. --Job, not at all convinced by these lumnies of those that are too strong for them.
discourses, justifies the complaint he had made, Ver. 16. So tbe poor bath hope, and iniquity step- (chap. iii.), which Eliphaz had now accused; peth ber mouth.] And therefore he that is oppressed maintaining that his grief was not equal to the should not despair, nor should the oppressors boast
cause of it. And therefore he renews his wishes themselves; for there is hope that God will save the of death ; at which, though they might wonder one, to the utter destruction of the other.
who felt nothing to make them weary of life, yet Ver. 17. Bebold, bappy is the man whom GOD cor- he had reason, he shews, for what he did ; and one Tectetb : therefore despise not thou the chastening of the more than before, which was their unkindness, who Almigbty :) Behold then, how little reason there is pretended to be friends ; but by this rude reproof to complain of God's chastisements, which if thou of him at the very first, without so much as one dost not refuse, he is able to turn to thy good :
compassionate word, or the least syllable of conVer. 18. For be maketh sore, and bindeth up: he solation, shewed how little sympathy they had with woundeth, and his bands make whole.] For he doth him in his sufferings. These things he desires not merely wound, but, like a wise chirurgeon, by them to consider, and weigh the cause of his comthat very means he cures and heals.
plaint a little better, before they passed any farther Ver. 19. He shall deliver thee in six troubles ; yea, in judgement on it. seven there shall no evil touch thee.] Thy troubles cannot be so many, but if thou submissively accept them, Ver. 1. BUT Job answered and said,] Here Jobs he will free thee from them.
replied to Eliphaz, and spake in these Ver. 20. In famine be sball redeem tbee from death; terms to him, and in war from the power of the sword.] He will Ver. 2. O that my grief were thoroughly weighed, feed thee in the most barren years, and defend thee in and my calamity laid in the balances together'] Would the day of battle.
to God some more equal person than you would lay Ver. 21. Thou shalt be bid fron the scourge of the my complaint and my sufferings one against the other, tongue : neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when and judge sincerely which is the heaviest ! it cometb] False accusers shall not be able to hurt Ver. 3. For now it would be beavier than the sand thee; and when whole countries are depopulated, of the sea : therefore my words are swallowed up.] He thou shalt be secure.
would soon find, that the sand of the sea is not so Ver. 22. At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh; heavy as my misery; and that I am not able to comneither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth :) plain enough. When nothing is to be seen but wild beasts, whom Ver. 4. For the arrows of the Almighty are within famine forces from their dens, thou shalt be chearful me, the poison whereof drinketb up my spirit: the terand undaunted :
rors of GOD do set themselves in array against me.
] Ver. 23. For thou shalt be in league with the stones The Almighty himself hath given me such a wound, of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace that I am dispirited : for nothing but dreadful speca with thee.] For the stony parts of the country shall tacles present themselves ready armed against me. not fail to bring forth its fruits plentifully; and the Ver. 5. Doth the wild ass bray when he hath
grass ? beasts of field shall not devour them.
or loweth the ox over his fodder ?] It is easy for you who Ver. 24. And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle feel no pain nor want, to forbear complaints, which shall be in peace ; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, is no more than the very ass and other brute creatures and shalt not sin.) Wheresoever thou pitchest thy do. tent, thou shalt find it in safety: and when thou ta- Ver. 6. Can that which is unsavoury be eaten without kest an account of thine estate, all things shall an- salt? or is there any taste in the white of an egg?] swer thine expectation.
But may not he who eats insipid things, call for a Ver. 25. Thou shalt know also that tby seed shall be little salt to make them go down better? (How much great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.] more then may we call for something to qualify that Thou shalt find thy posterity also very great and nu which is bitter?) merous, like the grass ; though now thou art as bare Ver. 7. The things which my soul refuseth to touch,
, as the earth in winter.
are as my sorrowful meat.] As I do now, who have
, Ver. 26. Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, nothing afforded me for my support, but such dislike as a shock of corn cometh in bis season.] Thou courses as yours, which my very soul loathes. shalt not die a violent and untimely death; but be Ver. 8. Ob that I might have my request ! anıl that carried to thy grave as corn is to the barn when it is GOD would grant me the thing that I long for!] I can
1 fall ripe and fit to be gathered.
not but cry unto God, and beseech him to grant me Ver. 27. Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; bear my heart's desire : it, and know thou it for thy good.] Doubt not of Ver. 9. Even that it would please God to distrop this, for we have thoroughly considered it, and find me ; that he would let loose his hand, and cut me off 1 it so receive it, therefore, and keep it in memory. Which is, that he would be pleased not to let me lar
guish in this miserable condition, but with one stroke Ver. 23. Or, deliver me from the enemies band? or, inore quite cut me off.
redeem me from the hand of the mighty??] I do not exVer. 10. Then should I yet have comfort, yea, I would pect you should deliver me from these calamities, harden myself in sorrow ; let him not spare, for I have which as so many mighty enemies oppress me. : not concealed the words of tbe Holy One.] It would Ver. 24. Teach me, and I will bold my tongue : and be a great comfort to me, to hope for this, and would cause me to understand wherein I bave erred.] Do not strengthen me to endure the severest pains: for I mistake me, nor think that I despise the assistance of would receive the sentence of death with acclama- your counsel and advice : no, lam ready to receive tions of praise, if God would pronounce it against your reproofs, and humbly to submit to them, if you me.
can better inform me. Ver. 11. What is my strength, that I should hope ? Ver. 25. How forcible are right words! but what and what is mine end, that I should prolong my life?] doth your arguing reprove ? ] O what power is there For I have not strength enough to endure any longer; in truth! but your reprehensions are ineffectual. nor any hope of better days in the conclusion, which Ver. 26. Do ye imagine to reprove words, and the should make me willing to have my life prolonged. speeches of one that is desperate, which are as wind ?]
Ver. 12. Is my strength the strength of stones? or You only study to shew your eloquence, and in vain is my flesh of brass.?] God hath not made me in- use words to drive me to desperation.. sensible ; and therefore do not wonder that I desire Ver. 27.. Yed, ye overwhelm the farberless, and you to be released from the sharpest pains.
dig a pit for your friend.} You fall upon him who is Ver. 13. Is not my belp in me? and is wisdom already depressed, and without defence, and in a bar. driven quite from me?] Do not think my reason
barous manner devise counsel against your friend. hath forsaken me, and that I do not understand any- Ver. 28. Now, therefore, be content, look upon me, self.
for it is evident unto you if I lie] But let it please Ver. 14. To him that is afflicted, pity should be shewn you to consider my case a little better, and then judge from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the if I be in the wrong. Almighty.) Were it so, a friend should shew me the Ver. 29. Return, I pray yout, let it not be imquity; more pity; as you would do, but that you fear not yea, return again, my righteousness is in it.] Discuss God, nor remember that he can afflict you as he things over again, I beseech you, and do it fairly. I
say, let me have a second hearing, it will but the more Ver. 15. My brethren have denlt deceit fully as a shew
innocence. brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away :] Ver. 30. Is there iniquity in my tongue ? cannot my My dearest friends prove as deceitful as the torrents, taste discern perverse things.] Have i said any thing which make a great noise, and run with a violent hitherto that is faulty? I do not think my judgement is
so corrupted, but that I can discern what is bad, though Ver. 16. Which are blackish by reason of the ice, spoken by myself. and wherein the snow is hid.] When the melted ice and snow fall thick into them.
CHAP. VII. Ver. 17. What time they wax warm, they ưunish: when it is bot, they are consumed out of their place.] THE ARGUMENT.-Job proceeds still in the defence of They promise water, but in the summer-time are his complaint, and of his wishes to see an end of so
miserable a life ; which at the best is full of toil Ver. 18. The paths of their way are turned aside ;
and trouble. And since his friends had so little they go to nothing, and perish.] So that you can scarce
consideration of him, he addresses himself to God, find any mark of the course wherein they ran, they and hopes he will not be angry, if he ease his grief are so perfectly vanished.
by representing to him the dolefulness of his con. Ver. 19. The troops of Tema looked, the companies dition, and expostulating a little with him about the of Sheba waited for them.] They that travel into continuance of it, and his release from it. our neighbouring countries expected to quench thirst there, where they had sometimes seen so much wa. Ver. 1. Is there not an appointed time to man upon
earth are not his days also like the days of Ver. 20. They were confounded because they had hop- an hireling ? ] is not the whole life of miserable man ed; they came thither, and were ashamed.] But were a perpetual conflict with various troubles? And must shamefully disappointed, and blushed to think they he not at best undergo much toil, labour, and wearishould seek relief from such uncertain streams.
pess? Ver. 21. For now ye are nothing ; ye see my casting
Ver. 2.: As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, down, and are afraid.] Just such are you, good and as an bireling looketh for the reward of his work : 1 for nothing ; who, seeing my calamity, shrink from Why may I not then as passionately wish to see an
end of it, as the slave in a hot day grasps for the re. Ver. 22. Did I say, Bring unto me! or, Give a res freshment of the shade ? or the labourer longs for ward for me of your substance ?] And yet I never the evening, when he may rest and be paid for his sent for you, nor do I ask, now you are come, any pains ?
Ver. 3. So am I made to possess months of vanity,
dried up :
relief from you..
ana wearisome nights are appointed me.) I am sure my most violent dealli, than carry tiiis carcase any longer days are no less void of contentment than theirs ; and about with me. in the night, when men are wont to forget their sor. Ver. 16. I loatb it, I would not live oktay: let me rows, I can do nothing but restlessly increase them. alone, for my days are vanily.] It is loathsome to me :
Ver. 4. Wben 1 lie down, I say, when shall I arise, I would not, it I might, live always in it. Dismiss and tbe night be gone ? and I am full of tossings to and me, therefore, since I have no pleasure in life, whici fro unto the dawning of the day.] I no sooner am laid of itself will end shortly. down, but I wish to be up again; and the night seems Ver. 17. I but is 1801, that thou shouldest mugnify very tedious while I toss up and down in unquiet and bim ? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him) tormenting thoughts, calling for the morning. Is mortal man so considerable, that thou shouldest
Ver. 5. My flesh is cloathed with worms and clods of honour him so much as to contend with him, and set dust ; my skin is brokeri, and become loathsome.] How thyself against him? can I do otherwise, when my body is nothing but ul- Ver. 18. And that thou shouldest visit bim every cers, full of worms, and crusted over with scabs; morning, and try bim every moment . ] That thou which have made such clefts in my skin, that I am shouldest send new afflictions on him every mornloathsome to my self?
ing; nay, try his strength and courage every moVer. 6. My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle, ment? and are spent without bope.] All my happy days are Ver. 19. How long wilt thou not depart from me, run away in a moment, and there is no hope I should nor let me alone till I swallow deen my spittle :] lo recover them,
is time to turn away thy displeasure from me; at Ver. 7. O remember that my life is wind : mine eye least for so short a space, as to give me leave to sball no more see good.] O my God, remember how breathe. short the most pleasant life is, which, when it is gone, Ver. 20. I have sinned; what shall I do unto thee, I cannot live over again.
Otbou preserver of men? Why hast thou set me as e Ver. 8. The eye of bim that hath seen me, shall see mark against ther, so that I am a burden to myself] I me no more : thine eyes are upon me, and I am not.). I am not able to give thee satisfaction for my offences can never return to my friends after I have left them: against thee, O thon observer of men ! But why dost thon dost but frown upon me, and I vanish quite out thou not remove me quite out of thy sight, if I be a. of the world.
burden to thee? Ver. 9. ds the cloud is consumed, and vanisheth away: Ver. 21. And why dost thou not pardon my transso be that gocth down to the grave shall come up ne gression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I more.) Just as a cloud dissolves on a sudden before sleep in the dust, and thou shalt seek me in the morning, the sun, so doth man sink down into his grave, and but I shall not being Or else forgive my sins, and so appear no more..
far release me froin its punishment, as to let me die; Ver. 10. He sball returna 110 more to his house, neither which I shall do presently, and not be found to-morsball bis place know him any more.] He must make his row to endure these aflictions, if thou dost not still habitation there, för hither he cannot return; but hold me under them. others shall take his place, which will no longer acknowledge him the owier of it.
CHAP. VIII. Ver, it. Therefore I will not refrain my mouth, I will speak in the anguish of my spirit, I will complain The ARGUMENT. The foregoing apologies of Job, it in the bitterness of my soul.] Suffer me then to speak seems, made little impression on bis friends : for freely, and to give vent to my grief, by complain- he had no sooner done, but another of them, called ing a little of the inexpressible miseries which oppress Bildad, continued the dispute, with as little interme.
mission, as there was between the messengers that Ver. 12. Am I a sea, or a whale, that thou settest, brought him (chap. i.) the sad tidings of his caa watch over me?] Am I like a sea, or a whale, (or lamities. And it doth not appear by his discourse, wild beast), that must be shut up and confined under that he differed at all in his principles from Eliphaz: these insupportable sufferings, and by no means For though he give him very good counsel, yet break through them?
he still presses this as the sense of all antiquity, Ver, 13. When I say, My bed sball comfort me, my (ver. 8.), that God ever prospers the just, and roois couch shall ease my complaint :] If death may not come out the wicked, be they never so flourishing for a and put an end to them, one would have hoped:
And he being descended from Shuah, one at least to have found some intermission of them by of Abraham's sons by Keturah, (Gen. xxv. 2.), sleep.
seems to me to have a particular respect, in this Ver. 14. Then thou scarest me with dreams, and appeal to history, unto the records which then reterrifiest me ihrough visions :] But then I am haunt- mained of God's blessing upon that faithful inan's ed with such frightful dreams, and such horrid appa- posterity, who hitherto, and long after, continued in ritions,
his religion; and of the extirpation of those eastern Ver. 15. So tbat my soul chuseth strangling and death, people, (neighbours to Job), in whose country they rather than my life.] That I had much rather die the were settled, because of their wickedness.