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CHARLES PHILIP EMANUEL BACH.
“ He died at the age of seventy-five, || heroes are not in possession; for Bach's leaving behind him a fortune which he had boldness in this particular, not only suraccumulated' of nearly thirty thousand passed that of all his brethren, but even of pounds."
the most intrepid generals and great captains of the Prussian army. The conse
quence of this unusual remonstrance was “This original, great, and learned com- the disgrace and banishment of Bach from poser, was the second son of John Sebas- | the Court. tian Bach, and born at Weimar in the year “ In the year 1753, when his reputation, 1714. He was, in 1750, appointed cham- | both as a composer and a performer, was at ber-musician to Frederic the Great, at Ber- ! its acme, he published the first part of an lin. In this situation he continued some | Essay on the true Art of playing on the Harptime, until on going with the rest of the | sichord. The second part of this admirable band from Potsdam to Sans Souci, in win- || work did not appear
till 1762. ter, he was so frightened by the badness “ Emanuel Bach was considered by of the road, as to say to one of the officers | Haydn as the author of all modern elegance of the household, in rather strong terms, and gracefulness of execution; and, with • Tell your master, Sir, that no honour or his accustomed modesty, he has been heard profit will be a sufficient compensation to | to declare, that had it not been for studyus for such a dangerous service; and unlessing the works of Bach, he should have the roads are rendered more safe, we can been himself but a clumsy composer. not come hither again.'
“ In 1767, Bach went to reside at Ham“ But cowardice is sometimes desperate, | burgh, and was appointed director of the and situations will occasionally give a cou opera there; in which office he died in the rage, in remoustrance of which the greatest " year 1788, at the age of seventy four.”
CELESTIA; OR, INNOCENCE.
(Concluded from Vol. IX. Page 260.)
Then the old man, being alone with The old man being desirous of knowCelestina, began questioning her. " And ing positively whether Celestina had passwhose," said he, “is this child who is ed a year in a desert cell, resolved to along with you?"_" Alas!" said Celestina, send Eusebius, his eldest son, to the moweeping, “I am its father."_“You, my nastery of Nitrea, to gain all the infor
Oh, yes.”—“ Good heavens ! You mation he could on the subject. Euse. cannot be above seventeen: who could have bius was wonderfully astonished at learncorrupted you thus?"_“ Mary, the daugh- | ing that Lea owed her birth to brother ter of the innkeeper of Nitrea.”—“You, my Celestine. “Oh, my dear father,” said son, who were so pious, so full of inno-he; “it is the simplicity of this poor cence!"_" Ah, I have repented heartily, youth which can alone have caused his and will do penance for my sin all the rest' being led astray: who could believe him of my days.”—“ And have they banished guilty, with that angelic figure, with those you the monastery?"_“They have justly blue eyes full of mildness and innocence?" driven me away above a year since; and I _“You are right," said the old man; "and, have passed that time in one of the grottos besides, his repentance appears so genuine, in the wilderness." Here Celestina con and he has shed so many tears.”—“Ah, cluded. She would not, from humility, father, let us not abandon him then.”mention the happy dream which had so “ Yes, soul," replied the good old man; “he happily directed her: she felt herself too shall remain with us : he is in distress, unworthy of the favours of heaven to ven young, and unsupported. Providence has ture to reveal them.
sent him to us, and we must be thankful;
for is it not a benefit when we can afford, the warmest attachment for Celestine, and relief to an unfortunate being?"
resolved to visit Nitrea himself when his After this discourse Eusebius departed; I son returned, that he might justify bis inand Celestina remained in the friendly asy nocence by all the means in his power: at lum, granted her with a goodness which || the same time he determined to leave Cerendered it still more dear. At the end of lestine in his error until every thing was a few days she had made herself adored in | cleared up. the family, by her softness, her sensibility, One day, when the heat was very exher exquisite modesty. The more the old | cessive, the old man proposed to Celestina man examined her conduct, the more he to bathe in a neighbouring rivulet. Celelearned of her character, the less could he || stina, who had never bathed, felt an emoconceive how Celestine could have com tion of terror at plunging into the water, mitted such a fault. In the mean time, and wished to leave it immediately. At curiosity overcoming discretion, the old that instant, her shirt opening, discovered man questioned Celestina, asking her in her bosom ; and the old man, who was what manner Mary had seduced her? | close by her, discovered, with inexpressible “ There was no seduction,” answered Ce- astonishment, that brother Celestine was a lestina." How!" repljed the old man, young maiden. Recollecting at that mo“ did you not love her?"-"Pardon me; ment that Celestina had been brought up for I thought her a good girl: she often as a boy at the monastery from the age of gave me little baskets of fruit.”-“ Well, two years, he thought she must be ignorant and what then ?" Then Celestina recount- || of her sex, as well as all the religious with ed at length all that had passed between | whom she had lived; and was confirmed herself and Mary the night she lay at the in the idea at seeing that Celestina at that inn. While she made the recital she shed moment discovered nothing but her usual a torrent of tears, continually exclaiming, modesty, without the slightest embarrass
Indeed, I was ignorant of the consequence ment, although the old man gazed earnestly of all this."
at her. When she had finished her story, the old
On his return to the house he confided man, affected by it, and already convinced his discovery to his wife.
Celestina was of her innocence, said, “ And is this all | again questioned : she told them that her that passed between you and this girl ?"
father had promised to reveal to her a great “ Ah!” replied Celestina, “ you well know | secret when she should attain the age of that that was but too much to ruin me." seventeen, but that he died suddenly before " But how did you know that you were the that time arrived.
The old man easily father of this child ?"_“ By undeniable || guessed what the secret was, and was still proofs. Mary became pregnant, and de more affected at the fate of the gentle clared to the governors that I was the fa- || and lovely penitent. He charged his wife ther of the poor little one; and our superior to reveal to her the secret which her told me it was in consequence of my fami- father had carried to his grave. Her surliarities with her.”_" And did not the || prise was unbounded; yet she could not superior question you 'in private ?”—“ No, convince herself that she was absolutely for it was not necessary: the crime was unconnected with the child whom she averred, and I, as was most fit, acknow- || loved so tenderly. “But," said she, “ if it ledged myself guilty."
be true that I am a girl, ought I not to be At these words the old man was fully this child's mother? And, besides,” added convinced of the perfect innocence of bro-she, “ I will keep it: they gave it to me, ther Celestine, not merely from her story, and it would be unjust to take it from me but from the inimitable candour and inge- || because I am innocent." They assured her nuousness of character which gave such that means should be found to satisfy her graces to her discourse and her counte- | in this respect; and she consented to asnance. He embraced her with paternal sume the habits of her sex. They took fondness. “ Child,” said he,“ you shall || from her her woollen frock to give her a never leave us more; and all will end well.” robe of linen dazzlingly white; they placed From this instant the old man conceived on her head a muslin veil; and in the new No. 60.-Vol. X.
dress she appeared so lovely, and they delighted shall I feel to give him these praised her person so much, that for the good tidings!" first time in her life she cast her eyes on a At these words the old man again smiled; 'mirror with an emotion of curiosity, and he arose, and went to seek Celestina. The perhaps of new-born vanity, since she be latter, on entering the chanıber and pergan to learn that there is a kind of beauty reiving Eusebius, looked more lovely than independent of the mind or of virtue. The ever from the blush that suffused her most modest and ingenuous of maidens was cheeks. Eusebius, petrified with surprise not the less, however, the humble Celestine and admiration, remained motionless with of the wilderness.
his eyes fastened on Celestina. They exThe next day Eusebius returned from plained, in a few words, her wonderful adNitrea: he took the warmest interest in venture, and how her ignorance and ingebrother Celestine, and returned full of joy, nuous openness had caused all her misforfor he brought admirable news. When he || tunes. At the recital, soft tears started arrived, Celestina was in her own cham- || into the eyes of Eusebius : "Oh, prodigy ber: the old man, willing to enjoy bis of innocence, of truth, and humility,” cried surprise, mentioned nothing of what had he; “interesting and pure virgin, who happened in his absence. As soon as Eu could see thee with indifference?" Eusesebius beheld his father, he exclaimed, || bius paused; he was too much affected to “ Celestine is innocent, he is not the father || say more. His virtuous parents noticed of the child."—“I thought so," said the these expressions: they made much of Ceold man, with a smile.--"Our good inte-lestina, and in a few days, perceiving that resting Celestine is innocent, and fully Celestina's sentiments accorded with their justified.”—“ And how?"_“ Why, that views, they formed that union which Euwicked Mary had calumniated him, for | sebius desired with ardour. Celestina wishCelestine never had the least intercourse ed to keep little Lea; and the magistrates with her. This girl has just lost her father, | of Nitrea even decided that the child inherited his property, and recalled her should remain in such worthy hands. lover, who is a soldier, and father of the After his marriage, Eusebius yielding to child." _“ Well!"-" She has declared the the desire Celestina felt of going to offer truth in public; and she and the soldier her prayers in the desert, accompanied her wish to have the infant back again: they in this species of pilgrimage. Celestina, have been to seek it at Celestine's grotto, || bathed in the soft tears of gratitude, kneeland Mary shewed great grief at his having | ing in her grotto, returned thanks to the left it. I reached Nitrea in the midst of all || almighty Protector of innocence. She prothese things.”—“ Have you been to the mised to merit her happiness, by exercising monastery?" Yes; and they have learn- | all the virtues of the wife and the mother. ed the justification of brother Celestine. She was faithful to a vow so dear to her Every body regrets him, and he would be heart, and she enjoyed to the end of a long received with open arms; but let us keep life all the blessings of which it is suscephim here, my father, for here he will be tible.. happy. And now, where is he? for how
MAXIMS CONCERNING LOVE.
BY A GENTLEMAN OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
Those who affirm that to love truly | able, than those by whom we are beloved. one must be loved in return, were certainly | It is more likely, in order to gain the favour persuaded that Justice and Love went hand of the fair sex, for a gallant man to be iu hand; but, to speak with sincerity, they | successful rather than an amorous one. were unacquainted, in general, with the Great passions are always attended by sor. temper of women. We are much more row; and love is more easily bred from joy liable to love those who are peculiarly ami- Il than grief. Thence it is, that melancholy
lovers, who are continually complaining other times he may comport himself with before the object of their affections, give that easy air of indifference, as to shew that their rivals the advantage over them, if his time is not yet come for him to wear those rivals chance to be of a lively temper. | their chains. I therefore recommend the following max
IX. It is not also amiss for a man to use ims, which, by long experience, I have that kind of artifice as may make him to found advantageous and certain :
be feared by those who would seek to in1. A man ought to love whatever he jure him, and to know how to make use of finds amiable, provided there seems more that fascinating kind of raillery, so as to likelihood of pleasure than trouble in the
cause his mistress to make a jest, in concurconquest he proposes to himself.
rence with him, even of a favoured rival. II. A man should take care, when in X. And as the tyranny of women and the company of ladies, never to profess their caprices are but too well known, a himself fickle or inconstant; yet, in reality, man must, by all means, avoid a too imhe must not be too scrupulously constant, | plicit obedience; for that only serves to be for a thousand loves are better than only
a source of trouble to a lover, for which he one during a man's life.
receives no thanks from the injustice of his III. A lover must, above all things, make fantastical mistress. it his business to please; but to divert with
XI. But above all things, let a man reout making himself ridiculous.
member, that if he ought to instruct while IV. A lover must never acquaint his he amuses, it is much better for him to mistress with his real secrets; for since a
please himself while he persuades; he man who is very well acquainted with the should never profess love to make himself world should never have any one particular unhappy; neither to be so violently in love object of pursuit, he ought to make his as to cease being amiable, for that will renconfidences among persons of either sex, der him utterly incapable of inspiring love and ouly direct his attentions, his wit, and in the breast of another. his sonnets to his mistress : but to please her he may invent some secrets, as if of
There were so many gay young men of importance, as it accustoms ladies to speak | fashion at that time who subscribed to the low, and may therefore be of infinite ad- || justness of this gentleman's remarks, that vantage to them as well as to bimself. he was tempted to draw up his ideas in the
V. A man must do all in his power to above form, and publish them under the render himself pleasing ; but, in order not title of the Baron von Torren's “ Morality to ruin himself, he should take special care
of Love.” He met with some opponents, how he fixes his love: let every one ap
who undertook to answer him; one of plaud his wit, his gaiety, his art of pleasing which answers we transcribe, and wherein in company; for it is no honour to any every one of his maxims seemed ingeniously one to be admired by that woman who only refuted. seeks to add to the number of her slaves. “ Those who never knew what it was to
VI. It is also good that the lady. he loves | love, have become great converts to the should not think his heart so much at her new morality of Baron von Torrens ou that devotion, but that she may very probably | sublime passion, and have adopted that, his lose it if she slights him; and also that she | mistaken opinion, that a man should be should be well persuaded that, if she re more gallant thau amorous. He is content, jects it, another will be very happy to ac then, to wound other hearts, without feeling
his own touched in any degree. Indifference VII. He must farther endeavour, as much in love can never bring with it but a medias in him lies, to make himself perfect in ocrity of pleasure; and a man who feels no all the gallant customs of the place where more can never make any illustrious conin he resides. The fair are as easily per- quest. Certainly a man ought to seek to suaded by examples and the usages of the amuse the person he loves, but it is not times, as by arguments.
enough to divert her, unless he has some VIII. A man must have the art of saying || influence over her heart: to act rationally, flattering things to all beauties; but at he must not only render it alive to joy, but
cept of it.
he must make it also susceptible of grief, || that the lady beloved should believe herself and know how to turn each feeling to his inspired with a mutual passion; but this advantage. Two or three sighs, seasonably persuasion ought to proceed from the great breathed, may be more effectual than all merit of the gentleman, and not from his the sonnets in the world.
insinuations that another may be glad to “ I. A multitude of mistresses are not to accept the heart she thinks proper to rebe endured, for even he who has two has ject. not any at all.
“ VII. In regard to the gallant customs “ 11. Whoever would banish constancy of the place he lives in, a man who is really out of the empire of love, destroys love it in love cannot so easily adopt them: a sinself; for no sooner does it enter into the cere man takes his resources from that afimagination of man that the time may come fection whitch pervades his whole heart, when he shall love no more, than he ceases and that teaches him sufficiently the whole to love at that very instant: the greatest art of love. satisfaction of the tender passion is to be “ VIII. I agree with Von Torrens that a lieve an eternity in love.
mən ought to pay universal homage to “ III. No doubt but a man ought to study beauty: when he loves but one, however, to please and divert, but not by way of this will degenerate into mere compliment, raillery. Every lover ought to accommo
and even that adulation must be well temdate himself to the humours of the person pered, lest it should wound the peace of the beloved.
only object of his real affections. • IV. Whoever can conceal from his “ IX. 1 disapprove much of that artifice mistress his dearest secrets has not given proposed by the Baron in regard to railher his heart; for it is utterly impossible to lery, or that provoking kind of insinuation conceal any thing from those we love. A which renders a mistress as satirical as himman deprives himself of all delicate plea- self against a formidable rival: such a tasure, if he does not repay the candour of lent, he may depend upon it, will rather his mistress by mutual confidence. Those excite fear than love in the breast of his trifling secrets which he may please to in- mistress. vent signify nothing, and such inventions « X. As to obedience, if you deprive only belong to those who never knew love love of that, you take away his empire: he but by name.
who cannot yield implicit obedience to the “ V. Von Torrens says, “a man should person he affects to love, loves her not in do all in his power to please his mistress, reality, and should be banished from her | without, however, ruining himself.' As to || society.
excessive magnificence in entertainments “ XI. For the last article,--that man who given to the fair, it certainly ought to be expects to be always prosperous in love is avoided; yet love renders that splendour either a fool or a madman; but this passion excusable, and love was certainly the sole || being involuntary, the torments which atinventor of such entertainments. Yet ex tend it are the same. All that remains, travagance in our retinue or clothes ought therefore, to be said on the maxims of the to be dispensed with ; and a lover should Baron von Torrens, is, that he knows very endeavour at gaining the heart of his mis- | well how to be a man of gallantry, but tress by more intrinsic qualifications. never yet knew what it was to really
“ VI. It is certainly no small advantage love."
THE DIVORCE.-A TALE.
I HAVE been exposed to, and have la- birth to that of my death, the laws of my boured under very severe calamities: al- country have undergone a great alteration; though I dare not affirm that it was not but I have ever retained my former sentithrough my own fault, yet my consciencements, neither has there been any change upbraids me not. From the period of my llin my manner of viewing matters : from