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For the Monthly Magacine.

ties amidst thoals and rapids in the upper ·

country, they arrived at length at the GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES IN Hot Springs, lituated toward the fource TILE BACK SETTLEMENTS

of the river, in latitude 34° 31'. NORTH AMERICA.

In prosecuting this expedition, it was [The public naturally expected, on the discovered that frequent falines or falteslabliment and repose of the government licks esited there. They learned that of the United States, that measures would in the furrounding country, and in the unknown country which lie between the west, the rivers Walhita, Arkansa, and be adopted for exploring the wait tracts of spaces lying far towards the north and Minilippi and the Pacific Ocean. Hitherto the Red River, were too brackish to be these expectations have been disappointed ; but the recent cestion of Louisiana has, in potable in dry tealons. Salt springs, and an especial manner, drawn the attention of plains incrutied with talt, are reported the American government towards its western to be interspersed through those regions. territories, and the result of several expedic Ou the Wallita they saw fwans and alli: tions have just been ande public.

gators. We are indebted to a correspondent in New About the latitude 330, the line of York for the power of first introducing a demnarkation between Orleans and Loukaowledge of thete discoveries to the Euro- ibana, the long niofs or tillandsia alınost pean public, and we shall not fail to lay be suddenly ceases, being found no further tore our readers every now fact as it trail- to the northward; and about the faino spires, till every part of this immense con- place the ofiers, which grow on the banks tinent has been explored, and till we have of the river, céafe, and show themselves introduced the particulars to them.]

further on to the southward. Account of a Journey up the ashita (or the llot Springs, which are fix in num

The party proceeded no further than Ouuchita) River, in Louijiana, per, ber, and are útuated about six miles formed by Williani Dunbar, Esq. and from the main treain to the north-west

, Dr. Hunter.

as it there runs, and a little above the THA THESE gentlemen were employed by great rapids. Their heat is too great for

Mr. Jefferson, Pretident of the thc hand to bear; the highest temperaUnited States, pursuant to a provision turc is about 1500 The water, on cool. of Congress for exploring, is palatable, and very good to drink, They set out from St. Catharine's Landing, having but little foreign impregnation. on the Millillippi, on the 10th of Octo- The body of the mountain from which it ber, 1804, and proceeded to the mouth issues is wlicious, partly flint and partly of the Red River. This is so called from free-stone; but the fuperficial parts; the red appearance of the water, caused which have been overflowed by the effuby foine earthly iinpregnation tinged lions froin the fprings, are incrotiated probably with iron.

with a stratum of calcareous matter, that, At a little more than twenty-three in the course of time, has been depofited miles from the Milliflippi they entered from their water. A trifling portion of the Black River, so called fruin ibe clear- iron is contained in it too, and precipiness of its water, looking dark when tated with the lime. contrasted with the muddy hue of the In the hot water of these springs a Red River.

green plant vegetated, which seemed to They proceeded Nowly upwards, palt- be a specias of the conferra growing in ing the place where the river Tensa en- fuch hituations; probably the fontinalis. ters from the east, and the Catahoola But what is more remarkable, a bivalue from the west, and visiting the station testaceous animal adhered to the plant, called Fort Miro, about 200 miles from and lived in such a high tenperature too. the entrance below, and which is the Here they discovered a kind of wild cabout-post of the United States in that bage, which they cooked, and found to quarter. As far up as the junction of be inild and good for food. Betweca the three rivers just mentioned, the coun- the Hot Springs and the place where the try is alluvial and flat, the water fluggilh, voyngers landed, are several licks and and the current scarcely perceptible. oozings of alt-water. They relate their Immediately above, the high land and surprite at beholding plants, fhrubs, and perinanent itratn of soil begin.

trees, at the outlet of the springs, abThe latitude of Fort Miro is about folutely growing and appearing healthy, 300 30. After vilting various feedle while their roois were exposed to a heat ments, and cncowitering many difliculi of 1309,


The coldness of the weather was very This country was colonized early by remarkable. On the oth of December the French, They projected and began the quick-lilver sunk to 9o ; on the ed of extensive settlements on the Walliita; January, 1805, to 6o. On this latter but the general inaflacre planned and eccation, when the temperature of the executed in part by the ludians againit atinotphere was 60, and of the river the French, and the consoquent mallacre water 320, a condensed vapour Heated of the Natchez tribe by the French, we its furtace, as is usual in such cales. put an end to thele undertakings, and On January 11th, the mercury in the air they were never resumed under the was at 11°, and in the Wathita water at French government. 39o. On the 19th, the atmosphere was The prairies of this region are describat 20®, and the river at 40°. In thute ed as plains or favannas, without tiiber, cases of unequal temperatures, much generally very fertile, producing an exuwatery vapour bovered over the stream. berance of strong, thick, and coarte The observers relate, that although 20° herbage. When a piece of ground is of difference are more than enough to once got into this state in an Indian make this exhalation appear visible, yet country, it can have no opportunity of tat 130 of variation are not enough tor reproducing timber; it being an invariathe purpose.

ble rule tu tire the dry grals in the fall Above the alluvial country, the rocks or winter, to obtain the advantage of were clujefty of a sort of schiltus, fome of attracting game when the young tender It aluminous, and all of it untit for co- grass begins to spring. Thus the young rering houses; it kind of filicious coin- timber is deftroyed; and annually the pofition, resembling oil-stone, or turkey, pruirie encroaches upon the woodland. kone, but too brittle for gun-fints; and It is probable that the inmense plains a fort of fandy aggregate, which seemcd known to exist in America may owę, as if it might be employed for grind- their origin to this practice. The plains koues. The mineralized and carbonated of the Waflita lie chietly on the east wood was found in several places. There fide; and being generallý formed like were no certain indications of the pro- those of the Mittitiipp;, hoping from the pe fodfil coal; nor did they meet with banks of the river towards the great my ftrata of gypsum. And, notwith- river, they are more or lefs liable to the funding the heat of the springs, they met influence of inundation in the rear. This with no lavu, pumice, or other volcanic has been known to adv:ince so far in matter.

certain great floods, as to be ready to Having, in the course of the voyage, pour over the margin into the Watinita collected confiderable information about Such an occurrence has however latterly the Caddaux, the Qfages, and the other become very rare, and it may be gene? nations of Indians which fometimes fre- rally eltimated that itom one-fourth of a quent the Wallita and the little Missouri, mile to a whole mile in depth, will re. which runs into it; baving acquired à maio exeinpt from inundation during the good deal of knowledge about the im- high floods. teule prairies, which are compared to Fili are not very plentiful in the WaPeradila, lying toward the fources of fita. In the year 1799, the waters of the Red-River and the Arkansas; and the Miflitüppi, during an inundation, Laving ronde nany astronomical, geolo- dammed up the Washita by regurgita peal, and meteorological observations tion, 'to fuch a degree, that they tielle! festa day to day, the adventurers, with contiderably above Fort Miro. The fears their crew of folliers, got back to Nat- nation and corruption of the water from cet about the end of January, 1805. this cause, deitroyed all the fish in that

From the journal of the survey, which part of the river; and they bave been they kept with all potible correctness

, a Icarce ever since. trap of the Washita has been compiled Tlie bois d'ore (bow-wond), or yellow and published at Washington, forming dye-wood, is tometimes feen near the afbánntial addition to Alcrican geo Wathita. It bears a gold-coloured fruit

as laige as the egg of the ofrich; its

dcep-green foliage resembles that of the As foon as we receive this and other orange-tree; and nu foreil-tree can come i defenewly explored districts, we diall pare with it for ornamental grande'ır. them into the Monthly Maga- About 300 miles above Vaclitiches, on the Red-River, tho baviation is opo


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pofcd by a very serious, obstacle. This stances, which diflay at once the favoy,
is the raft, or natural covering, which the genius, and the absurd fuperftition of
conceals the whole river for about seven- the writer and of the age. When dying,
teen leagues, and is continually aug. a sudden illumination enters tuis foul, he.
menting by the drift-wood brought down, abjures the impious Mahound and his
with every conliderable frem. This, rabble of gods, and begs to be baptised.
bridge, which was for a time nothing but by his conqueror. After this pious-deed,
Boating trees, &c. fupports at this time ultich the good Orlando does not hesitate
a growth of every thing growing in the to perform, be beholds angels descend-
neighbouring forest, not excepting trees ing in a visible flape to bear away his
of a considerable fize. The river may foul to Paradife. The last request of
be frequently pafled without any knows, this unfortunate giant is expresfed in an
ledge of its existence, so perfectly is it interesting and affecting mauner.
concealed by the superincumbent mats One act of grace before his fpirit fled,
of materials; and it is reported, that. Only one act the fainting chief requir’d:
the water is working for itself a pew If chance Orlando's footsteps ever led
passage through the neighbouring low To her whose beauty bad his bolom fir'd,

That he would tell her how her warrior bled,
KF In our next will be introduced And how, by love to his last hour inspir'd,
Objervations on certain Parts of the His breath just parting from this mortal

frame Country in Louisiana ; by Anthony Soulord, Elg. Surveyor-general of Upper (Constant in death) figh'd out his fair one's Louisiana.


And he would beg her to confess his merit,
For the Monthly Magazine.

Sometimes the folitary cumb to see

Where his cold bones their native dust inherit, KEMARKS on the MOKGANTE MAGGIORE And call upon his name, and lay “ For of LUIGI PULCI.

thee EACE, however, had not long been Thy Clariella grieves, unhappy {pirit,

Whose only fault was too well loving me!" promises began to wax cold and be forgot- Might call his fpirit back to earth again. ten. Gano, whose banishment had been Evin as, tire spreading mulberry tree beneath a principal article, was recalled ; new fufpicions and jealoufies sprung out of On Thisbe's name the lover call'd in death,

(Witness of amorous fighs in days of yore), the old animosity of the emperor against And brought the fleeting ghost from Heavini Rinaldo; most of the Paladins retired

once more, in displeasure to their castles in the pro Meantime, celeftial sounds began in breathe ; vinces; and Orlando (whose disgust was Strains, more than earthly, palied their greater in proportion to his refpontibility

fancies o'er, for having brought about the récoucí The soft, melodious, hymning of the sphaeres, liation,) set off in search of new adven- And harmony too pure for mortal ears. tures, with a refolution never to return

C. 12. f. 67. again to the ungrateful court of Charles Orlando was, after this, received and magne.

entertained for some time very courte After a month's travelling, he mud his outly by the dmostante and his fair fquire Terigi find themselves on the con- daughter; but, as the former was a very fines of Pcrlia, and arrive at the camp zealous Pagan, be performed all his acts of a Pugan giant, Marcovaldo, who is of hospitality in perfect ignoranec of the belieging the Amoftante, for love of his game, tiyle, auel title of his guest. How daughter Clariella. We will not enter ever, the Suldan of Babylon, who : Neinto the details of this ailventure, fo ditated a war against the Amoliante, dittimilar to that of Manfredonin; but, covers, by means of a necromancer, wlip once for all, obferve that in this second this powerful struger was ; and takes expedition very little of variety or no- care to unve the information conveyed velty occurs; and we shall pass over our to the court of Perlia, in consequence of account of it very Mortly, only stopping which he causes both the knight awd bis where any palages of particular merit fquire to be leized while alleep, and appear to deterie translation.

thrown into a molt horrible dungeon. Marcovaldo, after a fierce combat, Erom this place of confinement, through falls by the land of Orlando; and his Clariella's good oflices (who is deeply in death is attended with peculiar ,ircune lure with her deliverer), Terigi



length set free; and immediately haliens The fea was represented in the third to Paris, to procure allittauce for his division, and, among a great variety of inalter.

appropriate figures and einblems, As Paris, in the inean while, a great Here were the huge immeasurable whales, revolution had happened. Charles was

Tholc vast and diedful moniters of the Indensay depored, Gano a fecond time

deep, expelled the kingdom, and Rinaldo qui- That seize with furious fway the passing fails, etly leated on the imperial throne. But

And to the bottom of the ocean sweep ; nu louer dues he bear of the confine- There tunefultyrens, to the dying gales mnout of his beloved coulin, than he Soft finging, loll unwary tars asleep. throws slide the dignities and dangers of Here dolphins, gliding swift io wanton sport, royalty once more, retiores the crown Guide the glad veffel tu her deftin d port. to his degraded fisvereign, and sets off, The moft picturcfque of the various, accompanicu by Oliver and Richardetto, images usought on the fourth divifion, on the enterprise of delivering Orlando.

which reprefented curth, is that of Ceres la luis paulage through Spaill, he per- fecking her ravith'd daughter. Snros lume figned services for King Marfilius; and is adinitted into the favoar There, through the world's sematelt regions and contidence of that powerful prince,


Unhappy Ceres, mournful and alone, who, thout a Pagan, offers him the Sceking her ravith'a Prolenuine, and saying afundanre of a large ariny, with his mar

“ I've luft my child -oh whither has the tal diuenter, the lovely Luciana, for its flown ?" Comarander, wait the Amoftante. La- And here appeard the lovely virgin, playing einna id talico in love with Rinaldo On beds of flowers, herlelt a role freln during his relidence at her father's court

blown; of Saragulla, and presented him with a Behind, the gloomy form of Pluto lay, ricis pavilion worked with her own hand, Marking the thoughtless victim tor bis prey.. which is described with much elegance Rinaldo makes every compliment that and fancy. It was divided into four parts, accord the occasion suggested; alluring the fair

so magnificent a present deinanded, and ing to the different elements. That embroiderer that the buft have learned which reprefented fire was adorned with carbuncles and rubies and other blazing la's web was nothing in comparison :-to

to work in Paradise, and that Philometones, so as to dazzle all beholders, all which the very prettily antwers, arrd in it were represented the figures of Cherubim and Seraphim, such as play in Not if the treasures of the earth below, the beains of eternal love. The second Not if the glories of the ky I brought, divifiog was appropriated to air, and Could I a prelent worthy thee below, contained all the heavenly phenomena, Or pay thy glorious merit as I ought ; and every kind of bird, from the eagle,' But, if you wilh the real truth to know, Who, ftedfast gazing on the neighbouring fun,

Wbele fancy plann'd it, and soboje fingers Sheds bser proud plumage oʻct the subject To call it mine a power superior wrangs,

wrought : main, But tricks herself in gayer robes anon,

To Love, and Love alone, the praise belongs.

C. 14, f. 43, &c. Burfts forth afreth, and flames in youth again;

After this interchange of civilities, Down to the sparrow,

the whole armament sets forth, and soon That frequest haunts the melancholy wood, arrives in Perlia. And joyi in sadness and deep folitude. The war against the Amostante, like In the fane divifion of this beautiful

all wars in romances, was very fertile in


wonderful incidents, but is not very amuf

ing in the recital. Orlando was set at And in the mida, resplendent, stately, fals:. liberty through the intercetion of the

Szt Jung, with her heav'nly circlet crown'd; enanoured Clariella, under an engage Deiopesa by her furry chair Was plac'd, and nymphs uanumber'd

ment to affift the monarch againit bis throng'd around

now invaders. lIc is brought, of course, The mighty monarch of the Winds was there, to a single coinbat with Rüaldo; and the Who with huge chains his boisterous bre combatants are separated by night. Now thren hoand;

adventures occur, difcorerics are jonde, Fierce Aquilo, and Nutus lour and Arong, the city is entered by tratagem, the A dark Orion bringing storms along. Amottante MOSTULY Mac. No, 153.

furprised and killed, end die


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Paladins made masters of his empire, poison from her eyes) accepted the chalwhich they poslefs for some time in great lenge, but invited her to remain with joy and festivity. The part which Cla- them one day, and partake of an enter viella takes in these proceedings is not tainment which he would cause to be very dutiful : but romance-writers make provided in honour of her. To this Anit fo far from a crime, that it becomes thea readily confented ; and Oliver, who with them a splendid virtue to allista was charged by Rinaldo to arrange the chrittian knight against an infidel father. feaft, prepares for his labours with the

Mcan-while Anthea, the Soldan's following naïve reflection on the new daughter of Babylon, another female paffion with which he faw the lord of warrior, and far more famous both for Montauban was inspired: beauty and courage than all the preced

Cofi va la fortuna, ing, animated by the fame of Rinaloto's

Cercati d'altro Amante, Luciana ! exploits, perfuades ber father to send her at the head of a numerous arıny to re

The reflections of Rinaldo, the night venge the Ainofiante. The description after his grand fellival, were not very faof her personal charins is thus managed the fucceeding morning. Orlando finds

vourahle to the exertion of his prowess by Pulci: Her hair was bright as Danaë's locks of gokd, verith and fleepless bed; and his admo

hiin at day-break ftill tolling on his fer Her face was fair as Cytherea's breast; Her eyes like stars, which heaven's bright re

nitions on the occalion are worth tranfgions hold;

lating only as they afford a specimen of a Great Jumu's form her beauteous nose con:

fiugular affectation of language, of which feit;

Pulci and inany of the old Italian poets Her ivory teeth in some celestial mould

were often guilty: Were caft, her mouth with rusy dimples Oh where, Rinaldo, is thy valor gode? drest;

Oh where, Rinaldo, is thy power, thy And mighty Pallas had confpir'd to deck

fame? Her snowy shoulders and her polithed neck.

Oli where, Rinaldo, is thy fense o'erthrown? Her smooth round arms for action form’d and Oh where, Rinaldo, is thy ancient name? grace,

Oh where, Rinaldo, has thy fancy Aown?
And white and long and pliable ber bands, Oh where, Rinaldo, halt thou loft thy
Fitted to bend the twanging bow in chale

Amung the nobleft of Diana's bands; Oh where, Rinaldo, is thy proud command?
Tempting the tender lover's warm embrace, Oh where, Rinaldo?-In a woman's haod!
Her swelling bosom full and free expands ;

Is this a feason fit for sport and play?
And Proferpine's enchanting form is trac'd

Is this a feason to be spent in love? la the futt yielding of her fiender waift.

Is this a wanton summer's holiday ?
C. 15, 4. 99.

Is this the Idalian hill, or Paphian grove?
Notwith auding all thefe feminine ex-

Is this a time in idle peace to stay? Helloncies, this limber-tunded lady had at Is this a time to jouft with harmlefs tance ?

Is this the faith Orlando hoped to prove? different times overcome all the knights Is this the soft and peaceful realm of France ? of Persia, Phoenicia, and Erypt; and was therefore adored by her father and And is it thus our conquest we shall fave? the people.

And is it thus we gain a glorious tlme? Her first introduction to the Paladins And is it thus Anthea's boats we brave ? was in the character of an cubaftadress,

And is it thus we conquer Babylon ? rather than of an evemy; Be was there. And was it thus qur plighted faith we gave? fore received with the utmult courtesy

And is it thus that plighted faith is shown? and magnificence by them, and made in And is it thus our hearts and fouls we fever? full aferntly cxcellent proof of her ta- Aduenturous hepe and joy, farewel for

C. 16, f. 49 lents for eloquence. She addressed berfelf particularly to Rinaldo, with whom Oliver allo was entreated to try his He was already enamoured on report ; powers of perfuation with the enamoured gud proposed that it bould be deciucd kuight; but, llung of luis own fuccettive by a lingle couibat between tliem, when enthrallon to the charms of Florifone ther the Paladins dould remain masters and Meridiana, declines the office with of Perla, or relign to ber father the a witty allution to the tale of the abbels throue of the dinollante. Rinaldo wha who wore the breeches. Wbether the bad sul thuis uijue been driuking delicious original bonour of this tale, which has



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