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honour under worldly instead of mental regulations.

We have a powerful argument before us, in the struggle between the friends of Henry the Sixth of England, in their endeavours to establish him on the French throne, and the heroic devotion of the Maid of Orleans, endeavouring to restore Charles the Sixth's Dauphin to the right of his forefathers. We are not disposed to enter upon a critical essay, to prove whether the heroine was justified in indulging her superstitious calling, but our aim is to consider how simple an instrument may affect a great nation when justice is on the feeble side, might of arms on the wrong.

Beautiful enthusiast ! ill-requited were thy services; thy noble head bowed to the destroyer's power, but thy heart bravely encountered all for the sake of that which thy enthusiastic soul taught thee to call right. With the

!

king's faults Joan had no part; the fate of birth had made him the son of a king; the faults of our ancestors ought not to be heaped upon our shoulders ;—to Charles the Oppressed belonged the right of the French throne, and Joan never rested until the oppressed became the victorious. The reader may probably weary of these ramblings amongst ages gone by, we will therefore launch at once into the Medici

era.

Stop ! cries the critic, the Medici was political. Aye, but the justice of policy was not hers; the cunning, the avarice, the murder, the treachery to which policy may be perverted, belonged to this black-hearted woman; but its beneficence, its religion, its humanizing influence upon mankind were totally wanting ; and of all her sons, all her abettors, all her admirers, not one proved more humane than she, whose plots and horrid deeds have de

ness.

scended to posterity, as a warning to her sex of what a woman may become when her heart is unshielded by religion, truth, and gentle

The dreadful wars she falsely ascribed to religious motives showed that she forgot that He, for whose cause she pretended to fight, is the Prince of Peace, not of War. That policy which she might have made instrumental to a whole nation's welfare, served only to add agency to her natural abilities— abilities which, as misused talents, must be accounted for at a high and impartial tribunal.

A melancholy feeling sheds itself over the mind when retrospecting Catherine's

re

gency

She stood a queen in power, a queen in will, а queen

in
appearance,

amidst her indolent sons, —and how did she govern them?

Memory! recall that terrible regency; recall it as a lesson for posterity; and ye, who question what a queen can really do, either on the side of virtue or vice, bring to mind the Medici.

A Queen is upon our British throne, a queen with gentle virtues and feminine attributes ; she stoops to please, and exalts herself whilst stooping. And, whilst leaving to the lords of the creation the active conjugation of the word Fame, upon her reign the glory will be reflected; for the truest type of a great mind is to encourage those high qualities which our limited strength cannot positively grasp at. A queen need not be a heroine, and yet she may be glorious. That discrimination which awards recompense to the meritorious, reproof to the undeserving; that gentle patience, which rather awaits events than commands war ;

that religion, which casts the halo of its bounty around the nation she loves : these attributes, Queen Victoria, have made thee beloved, whilst birthright made thee the Queen.

Let, then, those who please, prate of the Salic law, it was not made for such as thou,domestic peace guards thy gentle heart, thy laws inspire thee with deeper virtue than all the intrigue of the most subtle art. And whilst thou shinest like some bright yet tranquil star, the orbs of glory move around thee, and the attractive powers of thy charms are gentleness and love.

It is too unfortunately true, that when we bring forward the misfortunes of Louis the Sixteenth of France, the French talk of those of Charles the First of England. But England tardily, yet truly, taught the barbarity of its conduct, committed no more similar atrocity. Nor can the two examples bear so close a semblance if they be rightly considered. Charles the First, wrongly taught by his pedantic father, imbibed unconstitutional notions of monarchy; but it is very probable

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