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held in the solar rays, directly opposite the sun, it particularly to teach them to investigate the causes collects the rays into a focus before it, so as to act of every appearance that may seem mysterious or as a powerful burning-glass, and in this way a hole inexplicable, and not to ascribe to occult or supermay be burned in a thin board. 3. When hung at natural causes what may be explained by an inves. an elevation of about five feet, and a person placed tigation of the established laws of nature; and to opposite to it, at 6 or 7 feet distant, he will see his guard them against drawing rash or unfounded conimage hanging in the air in an inverted position, clusions from any subject or phenomenon which they betw him and the mirror, and if he approach a have not thoroughly explored, or do not fully comlittle nearer the mirror, and hold out his hand to- prehend. wards it, the image will appear to do the same, as if about to shake hands, and if he stretches his hand

NAPOLEON'S ADVICE TO A YOUNG AMERICAN. still nearer the mirror, the hand of the image will appear to pass by his hand, and approach nearer his “You soon depart for the Western, and I for the body. 4. Such a mirror is of use in explaining the Eastern hemisphere. A new career of action is now construction of a reflecting telescope. When it is opened before me, and I hope to unite my name with held opposite to a window, the image of the sash new and great events, and with the unrivalled greatand the objects without the window will be seen ness of ihe republick; you go to unite yourself once depicted in its focus on a piece of white paper held more with a people among whom I behold at once between it and the window, which represents the the simple manners of the first ages of Rome, and manner in which the first image is formed by the the luxury of her decline : where I see the taste, the great mirror of a reflecting telescope ;—and the sensibility and science of Athens, with her factions ; manner in which the small speculum of a Gregori- and the valour of Sparta without her discipline. an reflector forms the second image, may be shown “ As a citizen of the world, I would address your by holding the mirror at a little more than its focal country in the following language : Every man and distance behind a candle, and throwing its magni- every nation is ambitious, and ambition grows with fied image upon an opposite wall, in the same way power, as the blaze of a vertical sun is the most as the lens, fig. 1, p. 278, by refraction, produced the fierce. Cherish, therefore, a national strengthenlarged image, C D. 5. If a bright fire be made in strengthen your political institutions—remember that a large room, and a very smooth, well-polished ma- armies and navies are of the same use in the world hogany table be placed at a considerable distance as the policy in London or Paris, and soldiers are near the wall, and the concave mirror so placed that not made like potter's vessels in a minute—cultivate the light of the fire may be reflected from the mir- union, or your empire will be like a colossus of gold, ror to its focus on the table, a person standing at a fallen on the earth, broken in pieces, and the prey of distance towards the fire, but not directly in the line foreign and domestick Saracens. If you are wise, between the mirror and the fire, will see an image your republick will be permanent; and, perhaps, of the fire upon the table, large and erect, as if the Washington will be hailed as the founder of a glotable had been set on fire.

rious and happy empire, when the name of BonaVarious illusions and deceptions have been pro- parte shall be obscured by succeeding revolutions." duced by means of concave mirrors. Pagan priests are supposed to have rekindled the vestal fire by this instrument; and with the same instrument, on

DISCOVERIES SINCE 1766. a large scale, Archimedes is reported to have burned

The old steam-engine improved, 1769. Ancient the Roman fleet. When the mirror is concealed from the view of the spectator by certain contrivan- religion in India, 1774. Patent bird-shot

, 1775.may be easily deceived, and tantalized with Spinning by steam, 1782. Air-balloons ; Herschell's a shadow instead of a substance. He may be made telescope and four new planets ; to unstop the lachto see a vessel half full of water inverted in the rymal duct;, recovering drowned persons ; sus. air without losing a drop of its contents. He may press and telegraphs, 1794. The back operation

penders ; umbrellas and cut nails, 1792. Hydraulic be desired to grasp what appears a beautiful flower, for the stone, 1800. Percussion powder ; Galvanand when he attempts to touch it, it vanishes into ism; the names in chymistry, 1803. The Argand air, or a death's head appears to snap at his fingers. Iamp; boring for water, coal, &c., 1804. Roman He may be made to behold a terrifick spectre suddenly starting up before him, or a person with a

cement; gas light, 1808. Sugar cultivated in Louis

iana, 1809. The Nautical Almanack ; navigation drawn sword, as if about to run him through. An exhibition of this kind was sometime ago brought

by steam, 1813. Printing by steam-power ; stereobefore the publick, which was effected by a concave of beet; anthracite coal; lithographick impressions,

type plates; the circular saw; sugar from the root '. A wards, in the focus of the mirror än erect image of

1816. Musical boxes, 1817. Safety-lamps; chainhim was exhibited, while his real person was con- looms for cloths, stockings, &c.; tread-mills for

cables, 1820. Chronometers persected; power. cealed, and the place of the mirror darkened; the spectators were then directed to take a plate of fruit prisons; the stomach-pump; railways; lead and from his hand, which in an instant was dexterously Steam-guns and carriages, 1832.

coal mines in the U. States; craniology, 1828.changed for a dagger or some other deadly weapon. shoes and boots 1833.

Gum-elastick It may not be improper occasionally to exhibit such deceptions to the young, and leave them for some time to ruminate upon them till the proper explana- Experience is the mother of science. tions be given, in order to induce them to use their Learning refines and elevates the mind. rational powers in reflecting on the subject, and Pursue useful and profitable studies.

ces, be

on it.

MISCELLANY.

in Georgia. 2, on Cumberland river, near Rock

Castle. 3, on the Ohio, fifty miles below Pittsburgh, CURIOUS RELICK OF ANTIQUITY.

and two miles below King's or Indian creek. 4, at We have now before us a very curious and interest- Kenhawa and Elk. 5, on the Allegany, fifteen

a spot within four miles of the confluence of ihe ing specimen of ancient art, presented to us by a miles below Venango and seventy miles to the southfriend, the work probably of a people who inhabited

ward of Lake Erie. this country previous to the present race of aborigi- is not very hard, is sculptured, on the side facing the

A rock, of which the substance nes; for it displays a perfection in the arts far surpassing the rude state in which they at present exist and curves, of different forms. The lines which

river, with figures of various animals, and with lines among this people.

This relick was found in Michigan, in one of those compose them are about the tenth of an inch deep ancient fortifications which are scattered over our

and a quarter of an inch broad. 6, on the Housacountry. It is a piece of sculpture, the material of tonic, at Schaghticoke. 7, on the Connecticut, on

a pine tree in Wethersfield. 8, on the same river, which resembles, somewhat, black slate, but is as hard as flint. A knife will make no impression up-rock on the bank of a cove, near its confluence with

on rocks at the Great falls. 9, on West river, on a It evidently must have been carved when in the Connecticut. 10, in Narraganset bay, Rhode a softer state than the present. It was probably Island, near Newport, on the lands of Mr. Job Almy, formed of some earthly material into a proper con: 11, in the same, on the lands of the late Colonel sistence to be cut, and was then hardened by baking. Almy, on the Peninsula of Paucatuc, on the east side

The figure is that of a female sitting on the ground, of the bay, and six miles from the shore. 12, in the in an attitude and air of sadness and despondency, leaning her head upon the back of her left hand, the same, at Tiverton. '13, in the same, on Taunton river. elbow resting on the top of a small vessel in the form of a cask ; the right hand resting on the knee the “Bug Light,” about a mile from town, a brass

A RELICK-A citizen of this place lately found near and holding something which appears to have en-arrow-head, about an inch in length, sharp at the graved on it some written characters, but which are too small and indistinct to enable us accurately to lar. It is well known that the Indians formerly

edges, and in the centre not thicker than half a doldiscern their form. Over the head is thrown a loose inhabiting this island did make use of arrow-heads drapery, falling down upon the shoulders and back, of silex, or other hard stone, wrought into shape with leaving the left arm, on which she reclines, and the lest breast naked; but folding across in graceful of the kind of which we have yet had any knowledge.

great labour ; but this metallick specimen is the first folds over the right arm and breast, and covering Near to the centre is a perfectly round hole, of suffithe front part of the figure. On the forepart of the cient size to admit an ordinary darning-needle; and head, which is not covered by the drapery, the hair in every respect it resembles those described by the is gracefully parted, and a portion of it hangs down writer of an article in the American Monthly Magain tresses upon the left breast. The little cask on which she leans, shows the staves in regular order, zine, on the subject of the antiquities of North

.

Nantucket Inquirer. with three hoops at the top, and two at the bottom. The head of the cask comes up even with the chime,

IMPORTANT ANTEDILUVIAN DISCOVERIES. -Docand seems to be formed of narrow strips like the tor Kilppstein, a German savant

, who has long destaves ; on the front part of the cask there

appears to

voted himself to the study of geology, and who is at have been something attached like a handle, but of what form is not distinguishable, as a portion of the present directing the excavations in the neighbourfront part of the figure is broken off. Around the where numerous fossil bones had been found, has

hood of Alzei, (a small town in Rhenish Hesse,) cask lengthwise, over the hoops, passes something lately made a most valuable discovery for natural like a band, which was designed, perhaps, for the history. In digging 28 feet below the soil

, near Ep; purpose of carrying it.

From the size of the vessel, compared with that pelsheim, about a league distant from Alzei, he found of 'the figure, we should judge its use was to carry a dino therium giganteum, probably the most colossal

in a state of the most perfect preservation the head of water. Every part of the figure and its appendages of the antediluvian animals, whose existence was is very distinct, and the sculpture admirably perform- first indicated, and nearly specifically determined by ed, and yet the whole height by exact measurement, Doctor Camp, the learned zoologist.

The head is but one ir.ch and one eighth. The head, which dis

measures six feet in length, by three and a half in plays very petfectly the features, and even a counten;breadth ; and its weight is nearly five quintals. Near ance indicative of wo, is not larger than a good-sized the head was found an humeral bone, six feet long, pea. What this tiny figure was meant to when was the age in which it was made, and who weighing two quintals, appertaining apparently io

the same animal. No remains of this kind have were the people whose ingenious artists could pro

ever been found before.

Gazette Allemande. duce such works-are interesting inquiries, but will probably never be satisfactorily answered.

PHENICIAN RELICK.-The Society of Antiquaries, in London, possess a cylindrical vessel of granite,

decorated with a peculiar Grecian ornament on a In a late number of the Family Magazine we gave hoop-like circle, which surrounds the exteriour. It n account of the inscription on Dighton Rock, Mas- was brought, many years ago, from the Moscheto sachusetts. This, however, is not the only monu- shore of Central America, and is considered an adment of this kind in the United States. They are ditional proof that the shores of the western contiound—1, on the Alatahama, called also Ooakmulgee, nent wore peopled by the ancient Phenicians.

Genesee Farmer.

LITERARY NOTICES. a vignette, designed by Weir. It is from the press of the Messrs

.

Harper. The Diary of a Désennuyée. Two volumes in one. New York: Harper & Brothers. A lively picture of English fashionable life, the scene of which is laid partly in London, and partly Dr. Des Berger by an English Physician. We have glanced

The Marriage Almanack, Translated from the German of on the Continent. Although by no means equal in point of in

over the pages of this little volume which contains much that is terest to Mrs. Jameson's “ Diary of an Ennuyèe,” it is rather an

interesting to the young married female. It is imported from amusing publication. It is one of the cheap series of novels, the London by William A. Colman, Broadway, New York. price at retail being only fifty cents.

Letters to Young Ladies. By Mes. L. H. SIGOURNEY. Thiril The Thrce Eras of the Life of Woman. By Elizabeth edition. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1836. This series ELTON SMITH. Two volumes in one. New York: Harper & of letters here addressed to young ladies, by one of the most Brothers, 1836. Another of the fifty-cent series, and much superiour to the book mentioned above. The three eras in the been favourably received by the publick; the fact that a third

distinguished of her sex, is extremely valuable and has already life of a woman which are considered important enough to form edition is called for shows that their value is appreciated. the groundwork of a novel, are, as a maiden, a wife, and mother

. Among the different subjects on which this volume treats

, we The work contains much fine delineation of character, written notice, the value of time, religion, knowledge, industry, domesin rather a spirited style, and the language is frequently elegant rick employments, health and dress, manners and accomplishand eloquent.

ment, sisterly virtues, books, friendship, cheerfulness, conversa

tion, benevolence, utility, &c. We commend it to our readers. The Adventures of Gil Blas of Santillane. Translated from the French of LE SAGE. BY T. SMOLLETT, M. D. To which is

We have received our monthly number of the Western Liler. prefired a Memoir of the Author, by Thomas Roscoe. Illustrated by George Cevikshank. In two volumes. New York: ary Messenger. It is filled as usual with interesting matter;

and is one of the cheapest magazines published in this country. Harper & Brothers, 1836. A new and very elegant edition of a most amusing and talented book, which has been made the sub- An agency for it has been established in Boston, with Messts

.

James Munroe & Co. ject of much dispute ; the French maintaining that it must have been written by one of their countrymen, or it could not have delighted them so much, while the Spaniards regard it as derived

Homer, Translated by ALEXANDER POPE. New York: Harper originally from Spanish manuscripts, several of which belonged & Brothers, 1836. The twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, and twenty. to Cervantes, the popular author of Don Quixote, and consid- seventh volumes of the Classical Library, contain Pope's popular er Le Sage to be merely as it were a worker in mosaick, deriv- translation of Homer. We are glad to see these standard works ing a pebble from this author, and a jewel from that. Be of antiquity put within the reach of every one. this as it may, the book as is well known is one of the most amusing in the English language. This edition 100 is extremely The Merchant's Clerk, and other Tales. By SAMUEL WARwell executed, and is ornamented with twelve illustrations by REN, LL. D. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1836. A new Cruikshank, which are admirable. Gil Blas is uniform with volume by the author of that fascinating book the “ Diary of a Tom Jones and Humphrey Clinker.

Physician.” The tales now presented to the publick for the

first time in their present shape, are equal in interest to any of Herodotus ; Translated from the Original Greck, by the Rev. this writer's previous productions. The question, as to the auWilliam Beloe. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1836. We thorship of the “Diary of a Physician," is now, we presume, are happy to welcome this old acquaintance in his English dress, settled. and are glad, ton, to find that this popular Greek historian has been introduced into the Classical Library of which it forms the

Home, by Mrs. STICKNEY. New York: Harper & Brothers, twenty-second, twenty-third and twenty-fourth numbers. It is 1836. A well-written work, and one too which bids fair to bo embellished with a portrait of Herodotus drawn from an antique extremely popular. We commend it to the attention of parents, bust.

satisfied that if read with care, the moral which it inculcates

may be the means of preventing much unhappiness. The September numbers of the Petit Courrier des Dames are uncommonly lively and entertaining. This periodical, although devoted to the fashions, frequently contains much that is amusing.

We are happy to learn that the Mecsrs. Harper have in press The plates are extremely well executed. It is published by Behr a new novel from the pen of that admired novelist W. GILMORE & Astoin, at 94 Broadway, New York.

Simms, Esq. This book, which will be issiied soon, is intimately

connected with the history of our country, and will as is usual The Fairy-Book, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1836. One with the productions of this writer, be purely American ; it is of the prettiest gifts for children that we have seen for many a

one of the series promised us in the preface to his last producday; embracing some of the standard juvenile tales, as Cinder- tion, “The Partisan.” The title of the new book is Mellichampe. ella, &c., and in addition many which have been translated from We predict for it an extensive sale. the French expressly for this work. It is embellished with numerous wood-cuts by Adams. The frontispiece designed and The same gentlemen have in hands, a little work, which we drawn on the wood by Mr. J. G. Chapman, is truly a beautiful think will be highly useful to medical students and practitioners

. specimen ofwarı

, equal to any thing of the kind ever seen in this Its title is, the Anatomist's Manual, Translated from the French or in any other country.

of J. L. Bayle by A. SIDNEY DOANE, A. M., M. D., of New York.

The book contains a concise and clear account of the human body, Poems, by William CULLEN BEYANT. "This new and improv. expressed in very simple terms, and accompanied also with ed edition of Mr. Bryant's poems will be welcomed by all his ad- practical directions for preparing the different parts for dissection

, mirers. It contains in an extremely neat and elegant volume, its size fits it particularly for the lecture-room or anatomical not only what was comprised in the former editions, which have theatre, and the price of it will be much less than that of other met with a rapid and extensive sale, but many choice scraps, books on the same subject. The work has already passed Duw collected for the first time. The book is embellished with (through four editions in Franíe.

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