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republicanism was confined to a very small number of the educated classes ; when those who were known to entertain such opinions were exposed to personal danger from the populace; and when a spirit of anti-Jacobinism was predominant, which I cannot characterise more truly than by saying, that it was as unjust and intolerant, though not quite as ferocious, as the Jacobinism of the present day.”.
" In my youth, when my stock of knowledge consisted of such an acquaintance with Greek and Roman history as is acquired in the course of a regular scholastic education, when my heart was full of poetry and romance, and Lucan 'and Akerside were at my tongue's end, I fell into the political opinions which the French Revolution was then scattering thronghout Europe; and following those opinions with ardour, wherever they led, I soon perceived that inequalities of rank were a light evil compared to the inequalities of property, and those more fearful distinctions which the want of moral and intellectual culture occasions between main and man. At that time, and with those opinions, or rather feelings (for their root was in the heart, and not in the understanding), I wrote War Tyler, as one who was impa. tient of all the oppressions that are done under the Sun.' The sub. ject was injudiciously chosen, and it was treated as might be expected hy a youth of twenty, in such times, who regarded only one side of the question. There is no other mis-representation. The sentiments of the historical characters are correctly stated. Were I now to dra. matize the same story, there would be much to add but little to alter. I should not express those sentiments less strongly, but I should op: pose to them more enlarged views of the nature of man and the pro. gress of society. I should set forth with equal force the oppressions of the feudal system, the excesses of the insurgents, and the treachery of the Government; and hold up the errors and crimes which were then committed, as a warning for this and for future ages. I should write as a man, not as a stripling; with the same heart, and the same desires, but with a ripened understanding and competent stores of knowledge."
“Such, Sir, are in part the views of the man whom you have tra. duced. Had you perused his writings, you could not have mistaken them, and I am willing to believe that if you had done this, and formed an opinion for yourself, instead of retaining that of wretches who are at once the panders of malice and the pioneers of rebellion, you would neither have been so far forgetful of your parliamentary character, nor of the decencies between man and man, as so wantonly, so unjustly, and in such a place, to have attacked one who had given you no provocation.”
“ Did you imagine that I should sit down quielly under the wrong, and treat your attack with the same silent contempt as I have done all the abuse and calumny with which, from one party or the other, Anti-jacobins or Jacobins, I have been assailed in daily, weekly, monthly, and quarterly publications, since the year 1796, when I first became known to the public? The place where you made the attack, and the manner of the attack, prevent this.”
“ How far the writings of Mr. Southey may be found to deserve a favourable acceptance from after ages, time will decide ; but a name, which whether worthily or not, has been conspicuous in the literary history of its age, will certainly not perish. Sonne account of his life will always be prefixed to bis works, and transferred to literary histo:
ries, and to the biographical dictionaries, not only of this, but of other countries. There it will be related, that he lived in the bosom of his family, in absolute retirements that in all his writings there breathed the same abhorrence of oppression and immorality, the same spirit of devotion, and the same ardent wishes for the amelioratiou of mankind; and that the only charge which malice could bring against him was, that as he grew older his opinions
altered concerning the means by which that amelioration was to be effected."
We never remember to have read any passage which gave us so fine an idea of solitariness, as that one in the Arabian Nights Entertainments ; in which Zobeide wanders about a city and through the halls of its palace and finds the inhabitants turned into marble, At night she lies down to rest, and is started with hearing one voice. reading the Alcoran. The voice sounds hollow and lonely through the rooms,--and it " tells of life, though but in one.” The effect is grandly terrific-a single voice is heard, unexpectedly, breathing in, the midst of darkness and marble-one voice mocking at silence !
The following beautiful passage is from Coleridge's Wallenstein, and will deligņit many of our readers :
“ For fable is Love's world, his home, his birth-place,
C REPROACH ME NOT.”
Oh! gentle shadereproach me pot,
For hours of mirth too late gone by; Thy loveliness is ne'er forgot
However wild the revelry. For o'er the silent goblet thou
Art still remembered and a cloud Comes o'er my heart, and 'o'er my browo
And I am lone, while all are loud. Reproach me not-Reproach me not
For mingling in the noisy scene; Nine is indeed a gloomy lot
To think on joys which but have beco: To meditatc ou woes, which yet
Must haunt my life, and speed my fall, Some minds would struggle to forget,
But mine would faio remember all.
I think on thee I think and sigh
Though thoughts are sad, and sighs aro vain, There's something in thy memory,
That gives a loveliness to pain :But yet, ah! gentle shade, forgive
The faults this wretched breast hath kpown; Had fate allow'd thee but to live,
Those shadowing faults bad oc'er been shewa. Thy friends are fading from my sight,
But from my mind they ne'er departs They leave behind them in their fight,
Their images upon my heart :And better 'i were that all should go
From this dark world ;-since thou art goaeg I need no friend to share my woe
Į love to weep a part-alone.
To gaze upon that eye—that cbeek-
Which fancy teaches even to speak Oh! I have hung so long at night,
O'er thy still 'semblance, charmed from pain, That I have thought the living light
Came beaming from those eyes again,
At my dark heart thy image glows,
In life and light divinely fair,
And faithful memory placed it there :
In lovelisesg 'tis ne'er forgot-
Keproach me not--Reproacá me not.
THE DISTANCE OF THE FIXED STARS.
Since the Phythagorcan system of the world has been revived by Copernicus, and now adopted by all the ma. thematicians for the true one, there seemed ground to imagine, that the diameter of the earth's annual orbit, which, according to our best astronomers, is at least 40,000 times bigger than the semidiameter of the earth, might give a sensible parallax to the fixed stars, therea by to determine their distance; but there are some considerations, which make us suspect that even this basis Is not large enough for that purpose : M. Huygens, who is very exact in his astronomical observations, tells us, he could never discover any visible magnitude in the fixed stars, though he used glasses which magnified the apparent diameter above 100 times; now since in all likelihood the fixed stars are suns, perhaps of different magnitudes, we may, as a reasonable medium, presume that they are generally about the magnitude of our sun; let us then, for instance, suppose the dog-star to be so; the distance from us to the sun being about 100 times. the sun's diameter, it is evident, that the angle under which the dog-star is seen in M. Huygen's telescope must be nearly the same with the angle of its parallax to the sun's distance, or semidiameter of the earth's annual orbit; so that the parallax to the whole diameter can be but double such a quantity, as even to M. Huygen's nice observation is altogether insensible; the dis. tance therefore of the fixt stars seems hardly within the reach of any of our methods to determine ; but from what has been laid down, we may draw some conclusi. ons, that will much illustrate the prodigious vastness thereof. l. That the diameter of the earth's annual orbit, which contains at least 160 millions of miles, is" but a point in comparison of this distance, at least it must be above 6000 times the distance of the sun; for if a star should appear through the aforesaid telescope half a minute broad, which is a pretty sensible magnia tude, the true apparent diameter would not exceed 18"", which is less than the 6000th part of the apparent diameter of the sun; and consequently, the sun's distance is not the 6000th part of the distance of the star. 2. That could we adyance towards the stars 99 parts of the whole distance, and have only the 100th part remaining, the stars would appear little bigger to us than they do here; for they would shew no otherwise than they do through a telescope, which magnifies an hundred foid. 3. That at least 9 in parts in 10 of the space be. tween us and the fixed stars can receive no greater light from the sun, or any of the stars, than what we have from the stars in a clear night. 4. That light takes up more time in passing from the stars to us, than we in making a West India voyage, which is ordinarily pera formed in six week's; that sound would not reach us at that distance in 50,000 years; nor a cannon-bullet in a much longer time; this is easily computed, by allowing, according to Mr. Newton, 10 minutes for the passage of light from the sun hither, and that sound moves above 1300 feet in a second of time.
MEMORANDA RESPECTING HAYTI.
Character and Anecdotes of Dessalines. Dessalines, at the time of the revolution, in 1791, was slave to a negro. His quondam master still lived in Cape Francois, and was well known to Mr. His name was Dessalines; and the emperor Jean Jaques, took that şurname from him. He was a shingler (what would be called a tiler in this country), and the now emperor formerly worked with him at that trade. The old man told Mr.
that the emperor had always been “a stubborn dog, but a good workman.”
Dessalines retained great affection for his master; one more proof of that gross falsehood, so industriously propagated by the adyocates of the present West-Indian system, that free negrocs are more cruel than whites to their slaves. He had appointed him to the office of his chief butler. I asked whether he could find no more honourable station for him, and was answered, none that the old man would have liked half so well. He was extremely happy, and made amends for the abstemiousness of the emperor, who though he kept a good cellar, drank nothing but water.