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12-15. Whether in the change of
of the relation, as of its
16. Consciousness makes the 20. The notion of the rela.
tion is the same, whether
the rule, any action is
26, 27. Person a forensic term.
1. Ideas, some clear and dis.
tinct, others obscure and
2. Clear and obscure, ex.
plained by sight.
6. Confusion of ideas, is in
actions to these rules.
14. This, if not heeded, causes
confusion in our argu.
2. Metaphysical truth cone
tains a tacit proposition.
ance in the mind, true
Of real and fantastical ideas.
ther man's idea without
24. Fourthly, When judged to 5. From a wrong connexion represent the real essence.
of ideas. 25. Ideas, when false.
6. This connexion how made. 26. More properly to be call. 7, 8. Some antipathies an effect ed right or wrong.
of it. 27. Conclusion.
9. A great cause of errours. 10-12. Instances.
13. Why time cures some dis. CHA P. XXXIII.
orders in the mind, which
reason cannot. Of the association of ideas.
14-16. Farther instances of the SECT.
effects of the association 1. Something unreasonable in
of ideas. most men.
17. Its influence on intellec2. Not wholly from self.
tual habits. love.
18. Observable in different 3. Nor from education, 4. A degree of madness.
Secondly, To the reality of
things. Of words or language in general.
6. Words by use readily excite SECT.
ideas. 1. Man fitted to form articu.
7. Words often used without late sounds.
Of general terins.
1. The greatest part of words CHA P. II.
2. For every particular thing Of the signification of words.
to have a name, is impossiSECT
cessary for communication. 5. What things have proper 2, 3. Words are the sensible signs
of his ideas who uses them. 6-8. How general words are 4. Words often secretly refer
made. red, First, to the ideas in 9.. General natures are nothing other men's minds,
but abstract ideas.
io. Why the genus is ordinar 11. Simple ideas, why underily made use of in defini.
fioable further explained. tions.
12, 13. The contrary showed in 11. General and universal are complex ideas by instances creatures of the under.
of a statue and rainbow. standing,
14. The names of complex ideas 12. Abstract ideas are the es.
when to be made intelligi. sences of the genera and ble by words.
15. Fourthly, Names of simple 13. They are the workmanship
ideas least doubtful. of the understanding, but 16. Fifthly, Simple ideas have have their foundation in few ascents in linea prædi. the similitude of things.
camentali. 14. Each distinct abstract idea 17. Sixthly, Names of simple is a distinct essence.
ideas, stand for ideas not at 15. Real and nominal essence.
all arbitrary. 16. Constant connexion between the name and no.
CHAP. V. minal essence.
Of the names of mixed modes and 17. Supposition, that species
relations. are distinguished by their
SECT. real essences, useless.
1. They stand for abstract ideas 16. Real and nominal essence
as other general names. the same in simple ideas
2. First, The ide:is they stand and modes, different in
for are made by the under. substances.
standing. 19. Essences ingenerable and
3. Secondly, made arbitrarily, incorruptible.
and without patterns. 20. Recapitulation
4. How this is done.
5. Evidently arbitrary, in that CHAP. IV.
the idea is often before the Of the names of simple ideas.
6. Instances, murther, incest, 1. Names of simple ideas, stabbing.
modes, and substances, have 7. But still subservient to the each something peculiar.
end of language. 2. First, Names of simple ideas 8. Whereof the intranslatable
and substances, intimate words of divers languages real existence.
are a proof. 3. Secondly, Names of simple 9. This show's species to be
ideas and modes signify al- made for communication. ways both real and nominal 1o, . In mixed modes, it is the essence.
name that ties the combi. 4. Thirdly, Names of simple nation together, and makes ideas undefinable.
it a species. 5. If all were definable, it 12. For the originals of mixed
would be a process in infi. modes, we look no farther nitum.
than the mind, which also 6. What a definition is.
shows them to be the work7. Simple ideas, why undefi. manship of the understand. nable.
ing. 8, 9. Instances, motion,
13. Their being made by the 10. Light.
understanding without pat
terns, shows the reason why 24. Not by substantial forms,
they are so compounded, 25. The specific essences 14. Names of mixed modes made by the mind.
stand always for their real 26, 27. Therefore very various and esserices.
uncertain, 15. Why their names are usu. 28. But not so arbitrary as ally got before their ideas.
mixed modes. 16. Reason of my being so large 29. Though very imperfect. on this subject.
30. Which yet serve for com.
31. But make several essences C H A P. VI.
signified by the same name. Of the names of substances.
32. The more general our ideas
are, the more incomplete SECT.
and partial they are. 1. The common names of sub.
33. This all accommodated to stances stand for sorts.
the end of speech. 2. The essence of each sort is
34. Instance in cassuaris, the abstract idea.
35. Men make the species. In. 3. The Aominal and real es.
stance gold. sence different.
36. Though nature makes the 4-6. Nothing essential to indi.
37. And continues it in the 7-8. The nominal essence bounds
races of things. the species.
38. Each abstract idea is an es. 9. Not the real essence, which we know not.
39. Generà and species are in 10. Not substantial forms,
order to naming. Instance, which we know less.
40. Species of artificial things
less confused than natural. species, farther evident from
41. Artificial things of distinct spirits.
42. Substances alone have pro.
43. Difficulty to treat of words
with words. water and ice. 14-18. Difficulties against a certain
44, 45. Instances of mixed modes
kineah and niouph. number of real essences.
46, 47. Instance of substances in 19. Our nominal essences of
48. Their ideas imperfect and
49. Therefore to fix their spe.
cies, a real essence is sup. 22. Our abstract ideas are to us
50. Which supposition is of no 23. Species not distinguished by Conclusion.