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and hence I am very well assured proceeds the Scurvy, No. 246. the Evil, and many other Distempers. I beg of you,

Wednesfor the Sake of the many poor Infants that may and

day,

Dec. 12, will be saved, by weighing this case seriously, to exhort 1711. the People with the utmost Vehemence to let the Children suck their own Mother, both for the Benefit of Mother and Child. For the general Argument, that a Mother is weakned by giving Suck to her children, is vain and

simple; I will maintain, that the Mother grows stronger e by it, and will have her Health better than she would

have otherwise : She will find it the greatest Cure and

Preservative for the Vapours and future Miscarriages, > much beyond any other Remedy whatsoever. Her ¿ Children will be like Giants, whereas otherwise they are

but living Shadows and like unripe Fruit; and certainly, if a Woman is strong enough to bring forth a Child, she is beyond all Doubt strong enough to nurse it afterwards. It grieves me to observe and consider how many poor Children are daily ruined by careless Nurses; and yet how tender they ought to be of a poor Infant, since the least Hurt or Blow, especially upon the Head, may make it senseless, stupid, or otherwise miserable for ever ?

But I cannot well leave this Subject as yet; for it * seems to me very unnatural that a Woman that has

fed a Child as Part of her self for nine Months, should

have no Desire to nurse it farther, when brought to is Light and before her Eyes, and when by its Cry it

implores her Assistance and the Office of a Mother, Do not the very cruellest of Brutes tend their young Ones with all the Care and Delight imaginable ? For how can she be called a Mother that will not nurse its young Ones?

The Earth is called the Mother of all things, not because she produces, but because she maintains and nurses what she produces. The Genera tion of the Infant is the Effect of Desire, but the Care of it argues Virtue and Choice. I am not ignorant but that there are some cases of Necessity where a Mother cannot give suck, and then out of two Evils the least must be chosen; but there are So very few, that I am sure in a thousand there is hardly one real Instance; for if a Woman does but know that

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No. 246. her Husband can spare about three or six Shillings a
Wednes- Week extraordinary (although this is but seldom con
day, sidered), she certainly, with the Assistance of her
Dec. 12,
1711.

Gossips, will soon persuade the good Man to send the
Child to Nurse, and easily impose upon him by pre
tending Indisposition. This Cruelty is supported by
Fashion, and Nature gives Place to Custom

Sir,
T

Your humble Servant'

WE.

No, 247,
[ADDISON.]

Thursday, December 13.
Τών δ' ακάματος ρέει αυτή
'Εκ στομάτων ηδεία-

-Hes.
E are told by some ancient Authors, that

Socrates was instructed in Eloquence by a Woman, whose Name, if I am not mistaken, was Aspasia. I have indeed very often looked upon that Art as the most proper for the Female Sex, and I think the Universities would do well to consider whether they should not fill the Rhetorick Chairs with She Professors,

It has been said in the Praise of some Men, that they could talk whole Hours together upon any thing; but it must be owned to the Honour of the other Sex, that there are many among them who can talk whole Hours together upon nothing. I have known a Woman branch out into a long extempore Dissertation upon the Edging of a Petticoat, and chide her Servant for breaking a China Cup in all the Figures of Rhetorick

Were Women admitted to plead in Courts of Judicature, I am persuaded they would carry the Eloquence of the Bar to greater Heights than it has yet arrived at If any one doubts this, let him but be present at those Debates which frequently arise among the Ladies of the British Fishery.

The first kind therefore of Female Orators which I $ shall take notice of, are those who are employed in stirring up the Passions, a part of Rhetorick in which

Socrates

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Socrates his Wife had perhaps made a greater Pro- No. 247. ficiency than his above-mentioned Teacher,

Thursday, : The second kind of Female Orators are those who Dec. 13,

1711. : deal in Invectives, and who are commonly known by the Name of the Censorious. The Imagination and

Elocution of this Sett of Rhetoricians is wonderful With what a Fluency of Invention, and Copiousness of Expression, will they enlarge upon every little Slip in the Behaviour of another? With how many

different Circumstances, and with what variety of Phrases, will they tell over the same Story? I have known an old Lady make an unhappy Marriage the Subject of a Month's Conversation, She blamed the Bride in one

place; pitied her in another laught at her in a third ; wondered at her in a fourth; was angry with her in a fifth, and in short, wore out a pair of Coach-horses in expressing her Concern for her. At length, after having quite exhausted the Subject on this side, she made a Visit to the new married Pair, praised the Wife for the prudent Choice she had made, told her the unreasonable Reflections which some malicious People had cast upon her, and desired that they might be better acquainted. The Censure and Approbation of

this kind of Women are therefore only to be considered as Helps to Discourse.

A third kind of Female Orators may be comprehended under the Word Gossips. Mrs. Fiddle Faddle is per

fectly accomplished in this sort of Eloquence ; she launches out into Descriptions of Christenings, runs Divisions upon an Head-dress, knows every Dish of Meat that is served up in her Neighbourhood, and

entertains her Company a whole Afternoon together with the Wit of her little Boy, before he is able to speak.

The Coquet may be looked upon as a fourth kind of Female Orator. To give her self the larger Field for Discourse, she Hates and Loves in the same Breath, talks to her Lap-Dog or Parrot, is uneasie in all kinds of Weather, and in every part of the Room: She has false Quarrels, and feigned Obligations, to all the Men of her Acquaintance ; Sighs when she is not Sad, and

Laughs

No. 247. Laughs when she is not Merry. The Coquet is in Thursday, particular a great Mistress of that part of Oratory which Dec, 13, is called Action, and indeed seems to speak for no 1711

other Purpose, but as it gives_her an Opportunity of stirring a Limb, or varying a Feature, of glancing her Eyes, or playing with her Fan.

As for News mongers, Politicians, Mimicks, Story Tellers, with other Characters of that nature, which give Birth to Loquacity, they are as commonly found among the Men as the Women; for which Reason I shall pass them over in Silence.

I have often been puzzled to assign a Cause, why Women should have this Talent of a ready Utterance in so much greater Perfection than Men. I have sometimes fancied that they have not a Retentive Power, or the Faculty of suppressing their Thoughts, as Men have, but that they are necessitated to speak every thing they think; and if so, it would perhaps furnish a very strong Argument to the Cartesians, for the sup, porting of their Doctrine, that the Soul always thinks But as several are of Opinion that the Fair Sex are not altogether Strangers to the Arts of Dissembling, and concealing their Thoughts, I have been forced to relinquish that Opinion, and have therefore endeavoured to seek after some better Reason, In order to it, a Friend of mine, who is an excellent Anatomist, has promised me by the first Opportunity to dissect a Woman's Tongue, and to examine whether there may not be in it certain Juices which render it so wonderfully voluble and flippant, or whether the Fibres of it may not be made up of a finer or more pliant Thread, or whether there are not in it some particular Muscles, which dart it up and down by such sudden Glances and Vibrations; or whether, in the last place, there may not be certain undiscovered Channels running from the Head and the Heart, to this little Instrument of Loquacity, and conveying into it a perpetual Affluence of animal Spirits. Nor must I omit the Reason which Hudibras has given, why those who can talk on Trifles, speak with the greatest Fluency: namely, that the Tongue is like a Race

Horse

Horse, which runs the faster the lesser Weight it No. 247. carries.

Thursday Which of these Reasons so ever may be looked upon 1711

Dec. 13, as the most probable, I think the Irishman's Thought was very natural, who after some Hours Conversation with a Female Orator told her, that he believed her Tongue was very glad when she was asleep, for that it had not a Moment's Rest all the while she was awake,

That excellent old Ballad of the Wanton Wife of Bath has the following remarkable lines.

I think, quoth Thomas, Women's Tongues

Of Aspen Leaves are made.
And Ovid, though in the description of a very Bar-
barous Circumstance, tells us, that when the Tongue
of a beautiful Female was cut out, and thrown upon
the Ground, it could not forbear muttering even in
that posture.

Comprensam forcipe linguam
Abstulit ense fero. Radix micat ultima linguae.
Ipsa jacet, terraeque tremeos immurmurat atraes
Utque salire solet mutilatae cauda colubrae

Palpitat-
If a Tongue would be talking without a Mouth, what
could it have done when it had all its Organs of
Speech, and Accomplices of Sound about it! I might
here mention the Story of the Pippin Woman, had not
I some reason to look upon it as Fabulous.

I must confess, I am so wonderfully charmed with the Musick of this little Instrument, that I would by

no Means discourage it All that I aim at, by this - Dissertation, is, to cure it of several disagreeable Notes,

and in particular of those little Jarrings and Dissonances which arise from Anger, Censoriousness, Gossiping and Coquetry. In short, I would have it always tuned by

망 - Good nature, Truth, Discretion and Sincerity.

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